Rhinelander, Wisconsin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rhinelander, Wisconsin
City
Looking east at downtown Rhinelander with view of the Oneida County Courthouse dome
Looking east at downtown Rhinelander with view of the Oneida County Courthouse dome
Location of Rhinelander, Wisconsin
Location of Rhinelander, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 45°38′22″N 89°24′44″W / 45.63944°N 89.41222°W / 45.63944; -89.41222Coordinates: 45°38′22″N 89°24′44″W / 45.63944°N 89.41222°W / 45.63944; -89.41222
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Oneida
Area[1]
 • Total 8.61 sq mi (22.30 km2)
 • Land 8.34 sq mi (21.60 km2)
 • Water 0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
Elevation[2] 1,549 ft (472 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 7,798
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 7,653
 • Density 935.0/sq mi (361.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 715 & 534
FIPS code 55-67200[5]
GNIS feature ID 1572231[2]

Rhinelander is a city in and the county seat of Oneida County,[6] Wisconsin, United States. The population was 7,798 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The area that eventually became the city of Rhinelander was originally called Pelican Rapids by early settlers, named for the stretch of rapids just above the convergence of the Wisconsin and Pelican Rivers. Around 1870, Anderson W. Brown of Stevens Point and Anson P. Vaughn traveled up the Wisconsin River in order to cruise timber for Brown's father, E. D. Brown. Upon arriving at the meeting point of the Wisconsin and Pelican Rivers at the site of John Curran's trading post, and seeing the high banks along the rapids and the excellent pine stands, Anderson Brown envisioned a mill town with a lumber mill powered by the waters of the Wisconsin River. Brown's vision would not come to fruition for some years, however after subsequent expeditions with others including his brother and Rhinelander's first mayor, Webster Brown, the brothers managed to convince their father and uncle to purchase the land from the federal government and build a town. In its charter, the city was named Rhinelander after Frederic W. Rhinelander of New York, who was president of the Milwaukee, Lake Shore & Western Road at the time. This was part of a bid by the Brown brothers to induce the railroad to extend a spur to the location to further their lumbering business. Ultimately, after over ten years of negotiations, the Brown family agreed to convey half their land holdings in the area to the railroad in exchange for a rail line to their future city. In 1882, the railroad line from present-day Monico to Rhinelander was completed, jump starting the development of Rhinelander as the commercial hub of the region.[7]

Geography[edit]

Rhinelander is located at 45°38′22″N 89°24′44″W / 45.63944°N 89.41222°W / 45.63944; -89.41222 (45.639515, -89.412086).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.61 square miles (22.30 km2), of which, 8.34 square miles (21.60 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 7,798 people, 3,545 households, and 1,876 families residing in the city. The population density was 935.0 inhabitants per square mile (361.0 /km2). There were 3,981 housing units at an average density of 477.3 per square mile (184.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.2% White, 1.0% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 3,545 households of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.6% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.1% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the city was 40 years. 21.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.0% male and 53.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 7,735 people, 3,214 households, and 1,860 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,002.5 people per square mile (386.9/km²). There were 3,430 housing units at an average density of 444.5 per square mile (171.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.83% White, 0.39% African American, 0.96% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population.

There were 3,214 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,622, and the median income for a family was $37,629. Males had a median income of $29,750 versus $22,157 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,047. About 9.4% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Economy[edit]

Rhinelander is a commercial, industrial, and recreation hub for the Northwoods area of Wisconsin. Because of the forests, lakes, and trails in the area, it is both a summer and winter vacation destination. It has a paper mill and a hospital.

Transportation[edit]

WIS 47.svg
WIS 47 runs south to Antigo, Wisconsin, and runs north to Woodruff.
Business plate.svg
US 8.svg
BUS US 8 serves the city of Rhinelander.
US 8.svg
U.S. 8 eastbound US 8 to Crandon, Wisconsin. Westbound, US 8 routes to Prentice, Wisconsin.
WIS 17.svg
WIS 17 travels north to Eagle River, Wisconsin, and south to Merrill, Wisconsin and the route is on the east side of Rhinelander.

Rhinelander-Oneida County Airport (KRHI) serves the Rhinelander area with both commercial and general aviation services. The airport handles approximately 29,200 operations per year, with approximately 75% general aviation, 20% commercial air service, and 5% air taxi. The airport has a 6,799-ft. runway with approved ILS, GPS, and VOR approaches (Runway 9-27) and a 5,201-ft. runway with an approved GPS approach (Runway 15-33).[9]

Tourism[edit]

Rhinelander is one of Wisconsin’s top vacation destinations, offering fishing, boating, canoeing, kayaking, ATVing, mountain biking and hiking, hunting, golfing, cross country skiing and snowshoeing, snowmobiling, and bird watching. It also serves as the main shopping and lodging area for the Northwoods. During the summer, there is a popular flea market on the Highway 17 bypass.

Media[edit]

Rhinelander is home to NBC affiliate WJFW-TV. In addition to serving Rhinelander, WJFW-TV also serves the Wausau area. Conversely, Wausau's area stations, including CBS affiliate WSAW-TV and ABC affiliate WAOW, also serve Rhinelander. WXPR, a public radio station at 91.7 FM, is based in Rhinelander.

Culture[edit]

A modern statue of the Hodag on display in front of the Rhinelander chamber of commerce.

Rhinelander is the home of the Hodag, a folkloric green and white creature said to stalk the local woods. The Hodag serves as mascot for the city and for Rhinelander High School and Northwoods Community Secondary School.

  • The Rhinelander Flea Market is held every Wednesday between Labor Day and Memorial Day by the ice arena.
  • An arts and cultural center is in the former Federal Building downtown. ArtStart Art Gallery artstartrhinelander.org
  • There is an annual Christmas parade on the day after Thanksgiving in the downtown. Santa Claus is among the parade participants.
  • Rhinelander is home to the Hodag Country Festival, a country music festival.
  • Oneida County Fair
  • Hext Theater
  • Oktoberfest
  • Potato Fest

Museums[edit]

  • ArtStart Art Museum
  • Rhinelander Historical Society Museum
  • CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) Museum
  • Logging Museum
  • Rhinelander School Museum

Parks[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]