Antigo, Wisconsin

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This article is about the city. For the adjacent town, see Antigo (town), Wisconsin.
Antigo
City
Location of Antigo, Langlade County in Wisconsin
Location of Antigo, Langlade County in Wisconsin
Close-up of Antigo
Close-up of Antigo
Coordinates: 45°8′28″N 89°9′12″W / 45.14111°N 89.15333°W / 45.14111; -89.15333Coordinates: 45°8′28″N 89°9′12″W / 45.14111°N 89.15333°W / 45.14111; -89.15333
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Langlade
Founded 1878
Seat of Langlade County 1880
Government
 • Mayor Bill Brandt
Area[1]
 • Total 6.60 sq mi (17.09 km2)
 • Land 6.54 sq mi (16.94 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)  0.91%
Elevation 1,500 ft (500 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 8,234
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 8,044
 • Density 1,259.0/sq mi (486.1/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Zip Code 54409
Area code(s) 715 & 534
Website http://www.antigo-city.org

Antigo (/ˈæntɪˌɡ/ AN-ti-goh)[4] is a city in and the county seat of Langlade County, Wisconsin, United States.[5] The population was 8,234 at the 2010 census. Antigo is the center of a farming and lumbering district, and its manufactures consist principally of lumber, chairs, furniture, sashes, doors and blinds, hubs and spokes, and other wood products.

History[edit]

The name "Antigo" comes from the Chippewa Indian name for the river that flows through the area, "Nequi-Antigo-sebi" meaning "spring river" or "evergreen".

The city was founded in 1876[6][7] by Francis A. Deleglise,[8][9] accompanied by George Eckart.[10] The log cabin in which Deleglise lived is preserved and on display at the Langlade County Museum. A street in Antigo also bears his name. The city gained its charter in 1883.

In the early part of the 1900s, Antigo was best known for its sawmills. At the turn of the millennium, the city's economy had a balance of industry and agriculture. High on the list are potatoes, dairy products, fur, shoes, fertilizer, steel and aluminum products, along with the lumber and wood product industries established in the earlier years.

Geography[edit]

Antigo is located at 45°8′28″N 89°9′12″W / 45.14111°N 89.15333°W / 45.14111; -89.15333 (45.141218, -89.153385),[11] about 160 miles (260 km) northwest of Milwaukee.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.60 square miles (17.09 km2), of which, 6.54 square miles (16.94 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.[1]

Antigo sits on a plateau about 1,500 feet (460 m) above sea level. The wide expanse of level land, the fine stand of timber and the fertility of the "Antigo Flats" soil soon attracted many settlers. Today the Antigo Silt Loam soil is the state soil of Wisconsin.

Climate[edit]

Antigo has a cool humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with long, cold winters and short, mild summers. Annually the temperature drops below 32 °F (0 °C) on 187 days, and below 0 °F (-17.8 °C) on 43 days.

Climate data for Antigo, Wisconsin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 60
(16)
59
(15)
78
(26)
90
(32)
100
(38)
99
(37)
101
(38)
99
(37)
94
(34)
87
(31)
73
(23)
59
(15)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 20.2
(−6.6)
26.1
(−3.3)
35.5
(1.9)
52.4
(11.3)
66.6
(19.2)
74.9
(23.8)
79.0
(26.1)
76.4
(24.7)
66.5
(19.2)
55.0
(12.8)
38.3
(3.5)
24.6
(−4.1)
51.29
(10.71)
Daily mean °F (°C) 9.8
(−12.3)
15.1
(−9.4)
27.0
(−2.8)
41.4
(5.2)
53.9
(12.2)
62.6
(17)
67.0
(19.4)
64.9
(18.3)
55.4
(13)
44.4
(6.9)
29.9
(−1.2)
15.6
(−9.1)
40.58
(4.77)
Average low °F (°C) −0.7
(−18.2)
4.1
(−15.5)
16.9
(−8.4)
30.3
(−0.9)
41.2
(5.1)
50.2
(10.1)
54.9
(12.7)
53.4
(11.9)
44.3
(6.8)
33.8
(1)
21.4
(−5.9)
6.5
(−14.2)
29.69
(−1.29)
Record low °F (°C) −39
(−39)
−40
(−40)
−23
(−31)
−2
(−19)
17
(−8)
26
(−3)
30
(−1)
30
(−1)
13
(−11)
5
(−15)
−14
(−26)
−35
(−37)
−40
(−40)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.87
(22.1)
0.78
(19.8)
1.64
(41.7)
2.61
(66.3)
3.01
(76.5)
3.67
(93.2)
3.96
(100.6)
4.23
(107.4)
4.02
(102.1)
2.60
(66)
2.07
(52.6)
1.17
(29.7)
30.63
(778)
Snowfall inches (cm) 13.8
(35.1)
9.1
(23.1)
9.5
(24.1)
4.1
(10.4)
0.5
(1.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.0
(2.5)
7.3
(18.5)
14.6
(37.1)
59.9
(152.1)
Source: Midwestern Regional Climate Center[12]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 8,234 people, 3,613 households, and 2,049 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,259.0 inhabitants per square mile (486.1/km2). There were 3,972 housing units at an average density of 607.3 per square mile (234.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 0.5% African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 3,613 households of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.3% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 40.6 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 8,560 people, 3,630 households, and 2,221 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,328.7 people per square mile (513.2/km²). There were 3,938 housing units at an average density of 611.3 per square mile (236.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.27% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.86% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,630 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,548, and the median income for a family was $40,883. Males had a median income of $29,932 versus $20,156 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,592. About 10.2% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The area's general aviation needs are served by the Langlade County Airport.

Highways[edit]

WIS 47.svg
WIS 47 splits off U.S. 45 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Antigo then runs south to Shawano, Wisconsin, and runs north concurrent with U.S. 45 to Rhinelander.
US 45.svg
U.S. 45 Northbound US 45 to Eagle River, Wisconsin. Southbound, US 45 routes to Wittenberg, Wisconsin.
WIS 52.svg
WIS 52 travels east to Wabeno, Wisconsin, and west to Wausau, Wisconsin.
WIS 64.svg
WIS 64 travels east to Marinette, Wisconsin, and west to Merrill, Wisconsin.

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

  • Antigo High School
  • East Elementary School
  • Antigo Middle School
  • West Elementary School
  • North Elementary School
  • Spring Valley Elementary School
  • Pleasentview Elementary School
  • All Saints Catholic School
  • Peace Lutheran
  • Crestwood Elementary School

Athletics[edit]

Antigo's high school football team won Division 1 state championships in 1976, 1978 and 1982. It also won three state titles prior to the introduction of the WIAA tournament system in 1976. From 1920 to 2007, the school won 23 Wisconsin Valley Conference championships and six state titles from 1970–1982, including seven seasons in which the team did not lose a game. In 1976 and 1982, Coach Gordon Schofield was the WFCA Coach of the Year.[14]

Other state championships for Antigo high school sports includes the boys' hockey championship in 1993, the state wrestling championship in 1984, and the girls' bowling championship in 2007. In 1990, the 13-year-old boys' junior baseball all-star team was the Wisconsin-Minnesota state champion. In 1998, the 15/16 yr. old Senior League baseball all-star team won the Wisconsin state championship and the Wisconsin-Minnesota-Iowa championship.[citation needed]

Culture[edit]

The Langlade County Museum is housed in the 1902 Carnegie library building on the corner of 7th Avenue and Superior Street. The building housed the Antigo Public Library from 1905 to 1997. The museum contains historical artifacts and archives of Langlade County and the City of Antigo.[15]

Recreation[edit]

In Antigo and the surrounding area recreational activities include fishing, hunting, swimming, snowmobiling. The Kettlebowl ski area, in nearby Bryant, Wisconsin, provides downhill and cross country skiing opportunities. The Midwest Collegiate Hockey Association is in Antigo.

The Clara R McKenna Aquatic Center opened in 2005 on the site of Antigo High School, offers Antigo area residents a year-round recreation pool and lap pool.

The Langlade County fairgrounds, located in Antigo, has an indoor ice rink in winter and facilities for off-road racing and demolition derbies in summer. As well as Friday night Stockcar races, the National Anthem starts at 7 pm.

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  4. ^ Webster's New Geographical Dictionary (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1972), p. 57.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "Antigo's Pioneer is Dead". Oshkosh Daily Northwestern. 14 June 1914. p. 1. Retrieved August 10, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  7. ^ Washington, William Penn. 1976. Antigo Centennial, 1876-1976: City of Antigo, Wisconsin. Antigo: Washington-Penn Publishing Company.
  8. ^ "To Erect Memorial to City's Founder". Oshkosh Daily Northwestern. 15 March 1928. p. 7. Retrieved August 10, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  9. ^ "Antigo Honors Founder of City". The Capital Times. 14 June 1928. p. 5. Retrieved August 10, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  10. ^ Leitermann, C. Luke. 1930. History of St. John the Evangelist Church, Antigo, Wisconsin: Golden Jubilee, 1880-1930. Antigo: Berner Brothers, p. 18.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Climate of the Midwest: Climate Summaries". Midwestern Regional Climate Center. 2012.  Retrieved on October 1, 2012.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ http://www.wihsfb.com/history.htm
  15. ^ Langlade Historical Society

External links[edit]