Orkdal

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Orkdal kommune
Municipality
View of Orkanger
View of Orkanger
Coat of arms of Orkdal kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Orkdal kommune
Sør-Trøndelag within
Norway
Orkdal within Sør-Trøndelag
Orkdal within Sør-Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°17′20″N 9°43′34″E / 63.28889°N 9.72611°E / 63.28889; 9.72611Coordinates: 63°17′20″N 9°43′34″E / 63.28889°N 9.72611°E / 63.28889; 9.72611
Country Norway
County Sør-Trøndelag
District Orkdalen
Administrative centre Orkanger
Government
 • Mayor (1999) Gunnar H. Lysholm (Orkdalslista)
Area
 • Total 594.36 km2 (229.48 sq mi)
 • Land 564.18 km2 (217.83 sq mi)
 • Water 30.18 km2 (11.65 sq mi)
Area rank 185 in Norway
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,276
 • Rank 97 in Norway
 • Density 20/km2 (50/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 10 %
Demonym Orkdaling[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1638
Official language form Neutral
Website www.orkdal.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Orkdal is a municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Orkdalen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Orkanger. Other villages in the municipality include Kjøra, Geitastrand, Gjølme, Thamshavn, Fannrem, Vormstad, Svorkmo, and Hoston.

Agriculture plays a significant role in the municipality. The Thamshavnbanen was used to transport ore from Løkken Verk to the port of Thamshavn, and is now a vintage railway. The Fannrem concentration camp was located in Fannrem during World War II.

Orkanger with the Orkla river

General information[edit]

Orkdal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 July 1920, the port of Orkanger (population: 1,715) and the southern district of Orkland (population: 1,760) were separated from Orkdal to form separate municipalities. On 1 January 1963, the municipalities of Orkanger, Orkland, and Geitastrand were merged with Orkdal to form a new, larger municipality of Orkdal.[2]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Orkardalr. The first element is the genitive case of the name of the river Ork (now Orklaelva) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". Historically, the name was spelled Orkedalen.[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 25 April 1986. They show a silver line on a green background, representing the Orklaelva which runs through fertile Orkdalen valley throughout the municipality. It is also a canting because the name of the municipality is derived from the name of the river.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Orkdal. It is part of the deanery (prosti) of Orkdal and the diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Orkdal
Parish
(sokn)
Church name Year built Location
Geitastrand Geitastrand kirke 1859 Geitastrand
Orkanger Orkanger kirke 1892 Orkanger
Orkdal Orkdal kirke 1893 Fannrem
Søvasskjølen fjellkirke 1981 Svorksjødalen
Orkland Moe kirke 1867 Vormstad

Geography[edit]

A large part of the population is concentrated in the Orkanger/Fannrem area, which is situated at the head of the Orkdalsfjord, a branch of the large Trondheimsfjord. The Orkla River, one of the better salmon rivers in Norway, meets the sea at Orkanger.

The lakes Hostovatnet, Gangåsvatnet, Våvatnet and Svorksjøen are lakes located around the municipality.

The municipalities of Agdenes, Snillfjord and Hemne lie to the northwest, Rindal (in Møre og Romsdal) and Meldal to the south, and Melhus and Skaun to the east, and Trondheim and Rissa lie to the northeast across the Trondheimsfjord.

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Orkdal is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 125. 
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 27 October 2008. 
  5. ^ "Mostar Gradovi prijatelji" [Mostar Twin Towns]. Grad Mostar [Mostar Official City Website] (in Macedonian). Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 

External links[edit]