Parklife is the third studio album by the English alternative rock band Blur, released in April 1994 on Food Records. After disappointing sales for their previous album Modern Life Is Rubbish (1993), Parklife returned Blur to prominence in the UK, helped by its four hit singles: "Girls & Boys", "End of a Century", "Parklife" and "To the End". Certified four times platinum in the United Kingdom, in the year following its release the album came to define the emerging Britpop scene. Britpop in turn would form the backbone of the broader Cool Britannia movement. Parklife therefore attained a cultural significance above and beyond its considerable sales and critical acclaim, cementing its status as a landmark in British rock music.
After the completion of recording sessions for Blur's previous album, Modern Life Is Rubbish, Damon Albarn, the band's vocalist, began to write prolifically. Blur demoed Albarn's new songs in groups of twos and threes. Due to their precarious financial position at the time, Blur quickly went back into the studio with producer Stephen Street to record their third album. Blur met at the Maison Rouge recording studio in August 1993 to record their next album. The recording was a relatively fast process, apart from the song "This Is a Low".
While the members of Blur were pleased with the final result, Food Records owner David Balfe was not pleased with the record, telling the band's management "This is a mistake". Soon afterwards, Balfe sold Food to EMI.
Blur frontman Damon Albarn told NME in 1994, "For me, Parklife is like a loosely linked concept album involving all these different stories. It's the travels of the mystical lager-eater, seeing what's going on in the world and commenting on it." Albarn cited the Martin Amis novel London Fields as a major influence on the album. Oasis guitarist Noel Gallagher was once quoted saying that Parklife was, "Like Southern England personified".  The songs themselves span many genres, such as the synthpop-influenced hit single "Girls & Boys", the instrumental waltz interlude of "The Debt Collector", the punk rock-influenced "Bank Holiday", the spacey, Syd Barrett-esque "Far Out", and the fairly New Wave-influenced "Trouble in the Message Centre". Journalist John Harris commented that while many of the album's songs "reflected Albarn's claims to a bittersweet take on the UK's human patchwork", he stated that several songs, including "To the End" and "Badhead" "lay in a much more personal space".
Title and cover 
The album was originally going to be entitled London, and the album-cover shot was going to be of a fruit-and-vegetable cart. Albarn stated, "That was the last time that Dave Balfe was, sort of, privvy to any decision or creative process with us, and that was his final contribution: to call it London". The cover refers to the British pastime of greyhound racing. Most of the pictures in the CD booklet are of the band in the greyhound racing venue Walthamstow Stadium, although the actual cover was not shot there. The album cover for Parklife was among the ten chosen by the Royal Mail for a set of "Classic Album Cover" postage stamps issued in January 2010.
Parklife remains one of the most acclaimed albums of the '90s, released in April 1994, debuted at number one on the UK Album Charts. The album stayed on the chart for 90 weeks. However, the album only charted at number 6 on the Billboard Top Heatseekers album chart in the United States. Johnny Dee, reviewing Parklife for NME, called it "a great pop record", adding "On paper it sounds like hell, in practice it's joyous." Rolling Stone gave the album four out of five stars. Reviewer Paul Evans wrote, "With one of this year's best albums, [Blur] realize their cheeky ambition: to reassert all the style and wit, boy bonding and stardom aspiration that originally made British rock so dazzling." AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine commented: "By tying the past and the present together, Blur articulated the mid-'90s zeitgeist and produced an epoch-defining record." Conversely, Robert Christgau stated that the only good song on the album was "Girls & Boys".
Parklife has been receiving accolades since its official release and is largely seen not only as one of the best albums of 1994 and its decade, but of all time. The album was nominated to the 1995 Mercury Prize, but it lost to M People's Elegant Slumming. Blur also won four awards at the 1995 Brit Awards, including Best British Album for Parklife. The album was listed as one of the 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
In 2006, British Hit Singles & Albums and NME organised a poll of which, 40,000 people worldwide voted for the 100 best albums ever and Parklife was placed at number 34 on the list. The album has been hailed as a "Britpop classic". Parklife influenced a number of British guitar bands, including Pulp, The Boo Radleys, Supergrass, Gene, Echobelly and Menswear.
Track listing 
All music by Blur and all lyrics by Damon Albarn, except "Far Out" lyrics by Alex James.
- "Girls & Boys" – 4:50
- "Tracy Jacks" – 4:20
- "End of a Century" – 2:46
- "Parklife" (starring Phil Daniels) – 3:05
- "Bank Holiday" – 1:42
- "Badhead" – 3:25
- "The Debt Collector" – 2:10
- "Far Out" – 1:41
- "To the End" – 4:05
- "London Loves" – 4:15
- "Trouble in the Message Centre" – 4:09
- "Clover Over Dover" – 3:22
- "Magic America" – 3:38
- "Jubilee" – 2:47
- "This Is a Low" – 5:07
- "Lot 105" – 1:17
- Damon Albarn – lead-backing vocals, keyboards, hammond organ, moog synthesizer, machine strings, harpsichord on "Clover Over Dover", melodica, vibraphone, recorder, programming
- Graham Coxon – backing vocals, guitar, clarinet, saxophone, percussion
- Alex James – vocals on "Far Out", bass guitar, crowd noise
- Dave Rowntree – drums, percussion, programming, crowd noise
Additional musicians 
String quartet 
- Chris Tombling
- Audrey Riley
- Leo Payne MBE
- Chris Pitsillides
Duke strings 
- Louisa Fuller – violin
- Rick Koster – violin
- Mark Pharoah – violin
- John Metcalfe – string arrangement, viola
- Ivan McCready – cello
Kick horns 
Charts and certifications 
Weekly charts 
- Harris, John. Britpop! Cool Britannia and the Spectacular Demise of English Rock, 2004. ISBN 0-306-81367-X
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- ^ a b Johnny Dee (April 1994). Oasis guitarist Noel Gallagher was once quoted saying that Parklife was, "Like Southern England personified". "Blur: Parklife at NME." NME. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- ^ Pitchfork review
- ^ "15 Years Later: Blur's 'Parklife'". PopMatters. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- ^ a b Robert Christgau. "Robert Christgau: CG: Blur". Robert Christgau website. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
- ^ a b Evans, Paul (30 June 1994). "Parklife". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- ^ Harris, p. 142
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- ^ Jason Dietz (2 March 2010). "Inside the Gorillaverse: A Look at Alt-Rock's Best Cartoon Band". CBS Interactive. Metacritic. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Parklife at Allmusic. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- ^ "Parklife - Blur - Credits". Allmusic. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- ^ "Australian chart positions". australian-charts.com. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- ^ ブラーのCDアルバムランキング "Japanese chart positions". oricon.co.jp. Oricon Style. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- ^ "New Zealand chart positions". charts.org.nz. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- ^ "Norwegian chart positions". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- ^ "British chart positions". chartstats.com. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- ^ http://www.bpi.co.uk/certifiedawards/search.aspx
- ^ http://www.musiccanada.com/GPSearchResult.aspx?st=&ica=False&sa=Blur&sl=&smt=0&sat=-1&ssb=Artist
- ^ http://www.ifpi.org/content/section_news/plat1996.html