||This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010)|
promotional image of Troughton
|Born||Patrick George Troughton
25 March 1920
Mill Hill, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
|Died||28 March 1987
Columbus, Georgia, United States
|Cause of death||Heart Attack|
|Partner(s)||Ethel Margaret 'Bunny' Troughton (widow)|
(4 others, also 2 stepchildren)
Patrick George Troughton (25 March 1920 – 28 March 1987) was an English actor most widely known for his roles in fantasy, science fiction and horror films, particularly in his role as the second incarnation of the Doctor in the long-running British science-fiction television series Doctor Who, which he played from 1966 to 1969, reappearing in 1973, 1983 and 1985. He was also the first actor to play Robin Hood on television.
Early life 
Troughton was born on 25 March 1920 in Mill Hill, Middlesex, England to Alec George Troughton, a solicitor, and Dorothy Evelyn Offord, who married in 1914 in Edmonton, and had an elder brother, Alec Robert (1915–1994), and a younger sister, Mary Edith (1923–2005). Troughton attended Mill Hill School and continued to live in Mill Hill for most of his life. While at Mill Hill School, he acted in a production of J.B. Priestley's "Bees on the Boat Deck" in March 1937. His brother A.R. ('Robin') Troughton shared the 1933 Walter Knox Prize for Chemistry with the future Nobel Prize winner Francis Crick, who also attended Mill Hill School.
He later attended the Embassy School of Acting at Swiss Cottage, under Eileen Thorndike. After his time at the Embassy School of Acting, Troughton won a scholarship to the Leighton Rallius Studios at the John Drew Memorial Theatre on Long Island in New York, U.S..
When the Second World War broke out, he returned to Britain on a Belgian ship. The ship hit a mine and sank off the coast of Britain; Troughton escaped in a lifeboat. Troughton had joined the Tonbridge Repertory Company in 1939 and in 1940 joined the Royal Navy. He was a Lieutenant, R.N.V.R. on East Coast Convoy duty from February to August 1941, and Coastal Forces (M.G.B.'s) based at Great Yarmouth from November 1942 to 1945, and was "Mentioned in Dispatches". He was concerned in an "E" boat action, when one was successfully destroyed by ramming, and his ship and another destroyed two others by gunfire. His decorations included the 1939-45 Star, and Atlantic Star. He used to wear a tea cosy on his head in cold weather in the North Sea.
Acting career 
Before Doctor Who 
After the war, Troughton returned to the theatre in 1945. He worked with the Amersham Repertory Company, the Bristol Old Vic Company and the Pilgrim Players at the Mercury Theatre, Notting Hill Gate. He made his television debut in 1947. In 1948, Troughton made his cinema debut with small roles in Olivier's Hamlet, the TCF production Escape (one of the stars of which was William Hartnell), and a minor role as a pirate in Treasure Island appearing only during the attack on the heroes' hut. However, television was his favourite medium. In 1953 he became the first actor to play the famous folk hero Robin Hood on television, starring in six half-hour episodes broadcast from 17 March to 21 April on the BBC, and titled simply Robin Hood (Vahimagi, 42). (His grandson Sam Troughton played one of Robin's colleagues in the 2006 BBC TV Series of the same name, and Patrick himself would make an appearance on the Adventures of Robin Hood starring Richard Greene.) Troughton's other notable film and television roles included Kettle in Chance of a Lifetime (1950), Sir Andrew Ffoulkes in The Scarlet Pimpernel (1955), Vickers in the episode entittled Strange Partners in the Invisible Man (the ITP Series also starred one of Pat's future Doctor Who co-stars, Deborah Watling, as Sally) (1958), Phineus in Jason and the Argonauts (1963), Quilp in The Old Curiosity Shop (1962), Paul of Tarsus (BBC 1960, title role), Dr. Finlay's Casebook (BBC 1962, semiregular). He voiced Winston Smith in a 1965 BBC Home Service radio adaptation of Nineteen Eighty-Four. Prior to Doctor Who he appeared in numerous TV shows including, The Count of Monte Cristo, The Adventures of Robin Hood, Ivanhoe, Dial 999, Danger Man, Maigret, Compact, The Third Man, Crane, Detective, Sherlock Holmes, No Hiding Place, The Saint, Armchair Theatre, The Wednesday Play, Z-Cars, Adam Adamant Lives! and Softly, Softly. He appeared as the murderer Tyrrell in Olivier's 1955 Richard III.
Doctor Who (1966-1969, 1973, 1983, 1985) 
In 1966, Doctor Who producer Innes Lloyd replaced William Hartnell in the series' lead role. The continued survival of the show depended on audiences accepting another actor in the role, despite the bold decision that the replacement would not be a Hartnell lookalike or soundalike. Lloyd later stated that Hartnell had approved of the choice, saying, "There's only one man in England who can take over, and that's Patrick Troughton". Lloyd chose Troughton because of his extensive and versatile experience as a character actor. After he was cast, Troughton considered various ways to approach the role, to differentiate his portrayal from Hartnell's amiable-yet-tetchy patriarch. Troughton's early thoughts about how he might play the Doctor included a "tough sea captain", and a piratical figure in blackface and turban. Doctor Who creator Sydney Newman suggested that the Doctor could be a "cosmic hobo" in the mould of Charlie Chaplin, and this was the interpretation eventually chosen. Troughton was the first Doctor to have his face appear in the opening titles of the show. In the episode, The Enemy of the World, Troughton played two parts as both the protagonist (The Doctor) and the antogonist (Salamander).
During his time on the series, Troughton tended to shun publicity and rarely gave interviews. He told one interviewer, "I think acting is magic. If I tell you all about myself it will spoil it". Years later, he told another interviewer that his greatest concern was that too much publicity would limit his opportunities as a character actor after he left the role.
A rare interview with Ernest Thompson from Radio Times reveals that Patrick "always liked dressing up, and would have been happy as a school teacher as children keeps one young". Troughton gave away the secret of what Jamie (Frazer Hines) wore underneath his kilt - "khaki shorts".
Troughton was popular with both the production team and his co-stars. Producer Lloyd credited Troughton with a "leading actor's temperament. He was a father figure to the whole company and hence could embrace it and sweep it along with him". Troughton also gained a reputation on set as a practical joker.
Many of the early episodes in which Troughton appeared were wiped by the BBC (a full list of Doctor Who episodes missing from the BBC Archives is available here). Troughton found Doctor Who's schedule (at the time, 40 to 44 episodes per year) gruelling, and decided to leave the series in 1969, after three years in the role. This decision was also motivated in part by fear of typecasting. Troughton's decision would eventually become something of an unwritten law (the "Troughton Rule") among actors, in order to prevent one from becoming typecast in a particular role in a potentially long-running television programme. Patrick Troughton was succeeded in the role by Jon Pertwee.
Troughton returned to Doctor Who three times after he originally left the programme, returning to the character more than any other actor who played the part after leaving the series. The first time was in The Three Doctors, a 1973 serial celebrating the programme's 10th anniversary. Ten years later, Troughton overcame some reluctance to reprise his role and agreed to appear in the 20th anniversary special The Five Doctors at the request of series producer John Nathan-Turner. He also agreed to attend Doctor Who conventions including the show's 20th anniversary celebrations at Longleat in 1983. He also appeared around the world with Nathan-Turner. Troughton enjoyed the return to the programme so much that he readily agreed to appear one more time as the Second Doctor, with Colin Baker's Sixth Doctor in The Two Doctors (1985). Reportedly, he also advised the Fifth Doctor, actor Peter Davison, to limit his time in the role to three seasons in order to avoid being typecast and the young actor followed that advice.
In 2013, the BBC commissioned a docudrama about the early days of Doctor Who, as part of the programme's fiftieth anniversary celebrations. Troughton will appear as a character in the production, called An Adventure in Space and Time, portrayed by actor Reece Shearsmith.
After Doctor Who 
After Troughton left Doctor Who in 1969, he appeared in various films and television roles. Film roles included Klove in Scars of Dracula (1970), a bodysnatcher in Frankenstein and the Monster from Hell (1973), Father Brennan in The Omen (1976) and Melanthius in Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger (1977). Television roles included the recurring role of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk in five of the six episodes of The Six Wives of Henry VIII (1970) (for which he commenced rehearsals just one week after completing his final studio recording on Doctor Who), the villainous Nasca in Thames Television's Aztec-themed drama The Feathered Serpent (1976–78), a guest starring spot in the comedy series The Goodies in the episode "The Baddies", as well as episodes of Paul Temple, Dr. Finlay's Casebook, Doomwatch, The Persuaders!, A Family at War, Coronation Street, Softly, Softly: Taskforce, Colditz, Play for Today, Z-Cars, Special Branch, Sutherland's Law, The Sweeney, Jason King, Survivors, Crown Court, Angels, Warship, Van der Valk, Space: 1999, The Onedin Line, All Creatures Great and Small, Only When I Laugh (Series 2 Episode #9), Nanny, Minder (in a March 1984 episode entitled Windows, Season 4 Episode 9), and the first episode of Inspector Morse in January 1987. He also portrayed Cole Hawlings in a BBC Television dramatisation of the John Masefield children's book The Box of Delights (1984). In the same year he also appeared in a "Two Ronnies" Christmas Special playing a judge.
Troughton's health was never entirely robust and later in his life he refused to accept his doctor's advice that he had developed a serious heart condition through overwork and stress. He suffered two major heart attacks, one in 1978 and the other in 1984, which prevented him from working for several months. Following each of these attacks, his doctor's warnings were again ignored as Troughton committed himself to a heavy TV and film schedule.
He featured in the 1974 11-part radio adaptation of Evelyn Waugh's Sword of Honour. In 1986, he was a regular in the 1st series of the LWT sitcom The Two of Us, and guested in an episode of Super Gran in May 1987, which was the last role he filmed. His final television appearance was in the autumn of the same year in Knights of God, which had actually been filmed two years earlier.
Although he had been warned by his doctors before leaving the UK not to exert himself because of his heart condition, Troughton appeared to be in good spirits and participated vigorously in the day's panels, and was looking forward to a belated birthday celebration, which was planned for the coming Saturday evening, as well as a screening of the Doctor Who story The Dominators, which Troughton had requested personally, on the Saturday afternoon.
Troughton suffered a third and final heart attack at 7:25 a.m. the next day (28 March 1987) just after he had ordered his breakfast from the hotel staff. According to the paramedics who were called, Troughton died instantly.
Family life 
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Troughton was married three times and he is survived by his second partner Ethel Margaret 'Bunny' Troughton. He had two daughters, four sons, one stepdaughter and stepson.
- Joanna Troughton, author and illustrator of children's books
- Jane Troughton
- David Troughton, actor
- Michael Troughton, actor
- Peter Patrick Troughton
- Mark Troughton, pastor of York Evangelical Church
Troughton's grandchildren include:
- Sam Troughton (son of David Troughton) is an actor, known for Robin Hood.
- Jim Troughton (son of David Troughton) plays professional cricket for Warwickshire
- Harry Melling (son of Joanna Melling, née Troughton) plays Dudley Dursley in the Harry Potter films.
Selected filmography 
- Badger's Green (1949)
- The Franchise Affair (1951)
- The Moonraker (1958)
- Jason and the Argonauts (1963)
- The Black Torment (1964)
- Scars of Dracula (1970)
- The Omen (1976)
- An Hour with Jon Pertwee, BBC Radio 7 Friday 18 June 2010
- Howe, Stammers and Walker, p. 68
- Howe, Stammers and Walker, pp. 68–69
- Howe, Stammers and Walker p. 72
- KTEH interview
- Haining p. 54
- (Haining p. 56
- Howe, Stammers and Walker p. 68, 74
- Howe, Stammers and Walker p. 75
- Mulkern, Patrick (18 February 2013). "Doctor Who - Reece Shearsmith cast as Patrick Troughton". Radio Times. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "Home Briefs". Evening Times. 29 January 1979. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
- FidoNET Newsletter, Volume 4, # 15, March 1987
- "Patrick Troughton, 67, played `Doctor Who' on British TV Series: Obituaries". Tampa Bay Times. 31 March 1987. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
- Lewis, Stephen (24 March 2005). "Who are you?". York Press. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
- Jardine, Cassandra (6 October 2009). "Harry Potter star: My life after Dudley Dursley". The Telegraph. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
- Lewinski, John Scott (3 June 2008). "The Doctor Dates His Daughter From ‘The Doctor’s Daughter’". Wired News. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
- "Troughton reaches new level". BBC Sport. 29 May 2003. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
Further reading 
- Roderick Braithwaite. "'Strikingly Alive', The History of the Mill Hill School Foundation 1807-2007"; published Phillimore & Co. ISBN 978-1-86077-330-3
- Haining, Peter & British Broadcasting Corporation 1984, Doctor Who : the key to time : a year-by-year record, W.H. Allen, London. ISBN 0-491-03283-8
- Howe, David J., Mark Stammers and Stephen James Walker. Doctor Who: The Sixties. London: Virgin Publishing, 1993. ISBN 0-86369-707-0.
- Troughton, Michael "Patrick Troughton, by his son Michael Troughton"; to be published by Hirst Publishing November 2011.
- Vahimagi, Tise. British Television: An Illustrated Guide. Oxford: Oxford University Press / British Film Institute. 1994. ISBN 0-19-818336-4.
- Patrick Troughton at the Internet Movie Database
- Into The Unknown - Patrick Troughton article at Kasterborous.com
- Patrick Troughton Biography - British Film Institute