Pauillac

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the French commune. For the Appellation d'origine contrôlée, see Pauillac AOC.
Pauillac
Chateau Lafite
Chateau Lafite
Coat of arms of Pauillac
Coat of arms
Pauillac is located in France
Pauillac
Pauillac
Coordinates: 45°12′00″N 0°44′56″W / 45.1999°N 0.7488°W / 45.1999; -0.7488Coordinates: 45°12′00″N 0°44′56″W / 45.1999°N 0.7488°W / 45.1999; -0.7488
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Lesparre-Médoc
Canton Pauillac
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Sébastien Hournau
Area
 • Land1 22.74 km2 (8.78 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 5,195
 • Population2 density 230/km2 (590/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 33544 / 33250
Elevation 0–29 m (0–95 ft)
(avg. 6 m or 20 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Pauillac (Occitan: Paulhac) is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.

History[edit]

The United States Navy established a naval air station on 1 December 1917 to operate seaplanes during World War I. The base closed shortly after the First Armistice at Compiègne.[1]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 2,858 —    
1800 2,014 −29.5%
1806 2,599 +29.0%
1821 2,640 +1.6%
1831 3,352 +27.0%
1836 3,658 +9.1%
1841 3,805 +4.0%
1846 3,752 −1.4%
1851 3,900 +3.9%
1856 3,727 −4.4%
1861 3,863 +3.6%
1866 3,621 −6.3%
1872 4,222 +16.6%
1876 4,145 −1.8%
1881 4,735 +14.2%
1886 623 −86.8%
1891 4,564 +632.6%
1896 5,180 +13.5%
1901 6,125 +18.2%
1906 5,914 −3.4%
1911 5,872 −0.7%
1921 5,292 −9.9%
1926 4,650 −12.1%
1931 4,836 +4.0%
1936 5,452 +12.7%
1946 5,367 −1.6%
1954 5,609 +4.5%
1962 5,703 +1.7%
1968 5,640 −1.1%
1975 6,363 +12.8%
1982 6,145 −3.4%
1990 5,670 −7.7%
1999 5,175 −8.7%
2008 5,195 +0.4%
Port

Wine[edit]

Main article: Pauillac AOC

The commune consists of only 3,000 acres (12 km²) of vineyards in the Haut-Médoc between the villages of Saint-Julien to the south and Saint-Estèphe to the north, but is home to three of Bordeaux's five first-growth wines: Château Lafite Rothschild, Château Latour, and Château Mouton Rothschild.

Selection of Pauillac estates[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Van Wyen, Adrian O. (1969). Naval Aviation in World War I. Washington, D.C.: Chief of Naval Operations. p. 45.