Saint-Émilion

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For the Italian wine grape known as Saint Emilion, see Trebbiano.
Saint-Émilion
Saint-Émilion, Aquitaine.jpg
Saint-Émilion is located in France
Saint-Émilion
Saint-Émilion
Coordinates: 44°53′37″N 0°09′17″W / 44.8936°N 0.1547°W / 44.8936; -0.1547Coordinates: 44°53′37″N 0°09′17″W / 44.8936°N 0.1547°W / 44.8936; -0.1547
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Libourne
Canton Libourne
Intercommunality Saint-Émilion
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Bernard Lauret
Area
 • Land1 27.02 km2 (10.43 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 2,020
 • Population2 density 75/km2 (190/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 33394 / 33330
Elevation 3–107 m (9.8–351.0 ft)
(avg. 23 m or 75 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Monolithic church of Saint-Émilion and its bell tower
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, iv
Reference 932
UNESCO region Europe
Inscription history
Inscription 1999 (23rd Session)

Saint-Émilion (pronounced: [sɛ̃t‿e.mil.jɔ̃]; Gascon: Sent Milion) is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.

History[edit]

Saint-Émilion's history goes back to prehistoric times and is a World Heritage site, with fascinating Romanesque churches and ruins stretching all along steep and narrow streets.

The Romans planted vineyards in what was to become Saint-Émilion as early as the 2nd century. In the 4th century, the Latin poet Ausonius lauded the fruit of the bountiful vine.

The town was named after the monk Émilion, a travelling confessor, who settled in a hermitage carved into the rock there in the 8th century. It was the monks who followed him that started up the commercial wine production in the area.

Geography[edit]

Saint-Émilion is located 35 km (22 mi) northeast of Bordeaux, between Libourne and Castillon-la-Bataille.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1962 3,335 —    
1968 3,403 +2.0%
1975 3,323 −2.4%
1982 3,010 −9.4%
1990 2,799 −7.0%
1999 2,345 −16.2%
2008 2,020 −13.9%

Sights[edit]

Wine[edit]

Main article: Saint-Émilion AOC

Saint-Émilion is one of the principal red wine areas of Bordeaux along with the Médoc, Graves and Pomerol. The region is much smaller than the Médoc and adjoins Pomerol. As in Pomerol and the other appellations on the right bank of the Gironde, the primary grape varieties used are the Merlot and Cabernet Franc, with relatively small amounts of Cabernet Sauvignon also being used by some chateaux.

Saint Émilion wines were not included in the 1855 Bordeaux classification. The first formal classification in Saint-Émilion was made in 1955. Unlike the 1855 classification, it is regularly revised.

Château Ausone and Château Cheval Blanc are the only two wines currently classified as Premiers grands crus classes A (First Great Growths category A). There are then 13 Premiers grands crus classés B and 53 grands crus classés. In addition, a large number of vineyards are classified as Grand Cru.

A panoramic view of the town of St Emilion, France.
Panoramic view of St Emilion, August 2012.
A panoramic view of the town of St Emilion, France.
Panoramic view of St Emilion, August 2012.

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]