Peace Sells... but Who's Buying?
|Peace Sells... but Who's Buying?|
|Studio album by Megadeth|
|Recorded||February 15 – March 20, 1986 at the Music Grinder Studios in Los Angeles, California
Additional recording at Track Records and Rock Steady Studios in Los Angeles and Maddog Studios in Venice, California
|Producer||Dave Mustaine, Randy Burns|
Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? is the second studio album by American thrash metal band Megadeth. Released in October 1986, the project was originally handled by Combat Records, resulting in the first mix of the album being co-produced by Randy Burns. Capitol Records then bought the rights to the album and hired another producer, Paul Lani, to mix it himself. The album's front cover, featuring Vic Rattlehead, was created by Ed Repka. The recording of the album was difficult for the band because of the ongoing drug issues the members had at the time. This was the last Megadeth album to feature drummer Gar Samuelson and guitarist Chris Poland, who were fired shortly after the album was released.
Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? is regarded as a thrash metal classic and as an album that gave prominence to extreme metal. It has been featured in several publications' best album lists, including Robert Dimery's 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die and Martin Popoff's Top 500 Heavy Metal Albums of All Time. The album was reissued several times over the years. In 2004, the album was remixed and remastered by Megadeth frontman Dave Mustaine, with extensive liner notes detailing the album's background. In 2011, the three different versions were reissued as part of the album's 25th anniversary celebration. All of them, besides the 2004 mixes, feature new remastering.
Background and recording
In an interview for Metal Forces in December 1985, frontman Dave Mustaine revealed that the band had already started writing new material for their second album. He said that two songs ("Black Friday" and "Bad Omen") were finished and described them as "a total blur", being much faster that "Rattlehead". Speaking about the lyrical content of the album, Mustaine and bassist David Ellefson stated that they wanted to change the public perception of heavy metal by writing songs that contained socially aware lyrics. Mustaine further noted that the band was not immune to the political situation at the time and that some of his political beliefs were reflected in the songs. Professional rock critic Steve Huey noted the album's combination of "punkish political awareness with a dark, threatening, typically heavy metal worldview".
During the first two months of 1986, Megadeth commenced a brief tour at the East Coast of the United States. At the shows, which were practically a continuation of the Killing for a Living tour, the band performed a number of songs from its upcoming album. Following the conclusion of the tour, the band intended to start making the record at the Music Grinder studio on Melrose Avenue in Holywood. Mustaine lifted the title from an article in Reader's Digest, which was titled "Peace Would Sell But No One Would Buy It". Their current label, Combat Records, provided a recording budget of $25,000, which allowed the band to hire a freelance producer, Randy Burns. The recording of the album was very difficult for the band, because Mustaine and Ellefson were homeless at the time. Furthermore, guitarist Chris Poland and drummer Gar Samuelson would not show up for hours because of their heroin addiction. Shortly after the band finished the final recordings of the album for Combat, they were approached by Tim Carr, an A&R representative of Capitol Records. After securing a contract with the group, Capitol hired producer Paul Lani to remix the original mixes done by Randy Burns, the previous producer.
Release and promotion
Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? was released in the fall of 1986. The album's artwork was designed by Ed Repka, who had his first collaboration with the group. The cover art depicts the band's mascot, Vic Rattlehead, in front of the United Nations building. He is portrayed as a real estate agent, who is selling the devastated remains of the organization's headquarters. The title track was released as a single, for which the band filmed its first video. In 1987, a video was made for the second single, "Wake Up Dead", which exposed the band performing in a steel cage. Soon after the album's release, Megadeth began a tour as a supporting band for Motörhead. The tour took place in California and the southwestern parts of the United States. However, due to disagreements between the managements of the two bands, Megadeth were pulled from the last three shows. Following the short stint with Motörhead, Megadeth were added as the opening act on Alice Cooper's Constrictor tour, which took place at the beginning of 1987.
"Wake Up Dead" features lyrics which describe a man who has been cheating on his wife or girlfriend and is sneaking into his house, knowing that if his wife finds out about his other lover, she will kill him. Mustaine said that "Wake up Dead" was written about him cheating on a girl he was living with. He stayed with her because he was homeless at the time and needed a place to stay. Unfortunately, he was in love with another girl and thought the one he lived with would be mad because he was cheating her. He had to leave her because he thought she had intentions to kill him. "The Conjuring", according to author Bob Larson, simulates a Satanic ceremony. The song also makes references about being the devil's advocate and his salesman. Mustaine explained the song is about black magic and contains instructions for hexes. However, due to his conversion to Christianity, the song has not been played live since 2001.
"Peace Sells" reflects Mustaine's political and social beliefs. The lyrics are disapproval of the American way and convey Mustaine's wish for a new social structure. Ellefson has stated that during the tour prior to recording the album, the band could tell then that the song was going to be a hit. The video for the title track became an MTV mainstay and the opening bass line was used as introduction to MTV News. However, Mustaine proclaimed that they received no royalties because the song was excluded shortly before MTV would have to pay them for its use. "Devils Island" expresses the thoughts of a prisoner who is about to be executed in the notorious former French penal colony on Devil's Island. In the song, the prisoner's life is spared by God right before he is about to be killed, but he is condemned to spend the rest of his life on the island.
"Good Mourning/Black Friday" is a two-piece song, which begins with an instrumental part called "Good Mourning". Lyrically, Mustaine has described "Black Friday" as being about "a homicidal madman who goes on a killing spree". With an excessive use of gory language, the song chronicles the acts of a serial killer. It was inspired by Dijon Carruthers, who was briefly the band's drummer prior to the hiring of Gar Samuelson. According to Mustaine, Carruthers was hanging out with people who were practicing occultism, and they inspired him to write songs based on spiritual themes.
"Bad Omen" explores the theme of occultism. Mustaine described "Bad Omen" like "two happy campers who have stumbled onto a satanic orgy in the middle of the woods" and then "they see these fools waiting around for Satan's blessing". Asked whether the band members really believe in the subject matters they write, Mustaine responded: "We're aware of the subject we write about— witchcraft, satanic sacrifices and the like— but we're not condoning them." "I Ain't Superstitious" was written by Willie Dixon and originally recorded by Howlin' Wolf in 1961. However, Megadeth's version is vastly different from the original. "My Last Words" is about a game of Russian roulette and the fear one goes through when playing the game. Despite being one of the lesser known tracks on the record, music journalist Martin Popoff said that the song was an example of the band's "fast thrashers" and an evidence why Megadeth were dubbed as the "fearless speed progenitors".
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Martin C. Strong||8/10|
Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? was well received by contemporary music critics. Billboard's critic Fred Goodman facetiously remarked that the album is an "array of impressive tracks" that he does not recommend for "the weak-hearted". Colin Larkin, writing in the Encyclopedia of Popular Music, viewed the album as a vast improvement over their previous record, from both technical and musical aspect. Kerrang! deemed Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? as the album that saw the inception of Megadeth's always-distinctive sound. Writing in The Rolling Stone Album Guide, author Nathan Brackett said that Megadeth were representing "the dark and nasty side" of American thrash throughout the 1980s. However, he considered the album to be almost identical to the rest of their discography from this period.
In retrospect, Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? has been regarded as a milestone of the American thrash metal movement. Along with Metallica's Master of Puppets and Slayer's Reign in Blood, which were also released in 1986, Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? is considered pivotal in giving prominence to extreme metal. Allmusic's Steve Huey recognized the record as a notable achievement in the band's history, and called it a "classic of early thrash". Similarly, Chad Bowar of About.com said that the album captured Megadeth in their prime, and recommended it as a "mandatory" recording for the fans of this genre. Sputnikmusic's Mike Stagno named the album a "bona-fide masterpiece" and said it was the main reason why Megadeth became one of the leading acts of the underground scene. Joel McIver, writing in Record Collector, said that the album's main strength was its fluidity, with all songs moving in a continuous, steady stream. According to him, the album was "flip the bird" to the critics who were hostile to this type of music at the time.
Pitchfork Media's Jess Harvell said that thanks to this album, Megadeth developed a strong cult following. He viewed the record as a resistance against the glam metal acts from the day, because bands like Megadeth were more appealing to the "dead-end kids". Adrien Begrand of Popmatters praised the album for making strong impression both musically and visually. Although Begrand acknowledged that this was not Megadeth's most technically proficient album, he explained that the unique combination of "the extreme and the accessible" is why this album remained a fan-favorite. Spin magazine's Mike Powell cited the record as an example of "glossy hardcore" with satanic lyricism. Jeff Treppel from Decibel noted that the album exhibits a distinctive sound, which set Megadeth apart from their contemporaries: "Peace Sells was a leaner, nastier predator. Megadeth preferred to kill with speed and precision instead of size and power." According to him, the album influenced countless heavy metal bands that followed, from Arch Enemy to Dragonforce.
In addition to being critically acclaimed, the album received numerous accolades since its release. It has been featured in Robert Dimery's book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die, as well as in Martin Popoff's edition of the Top 500 Heavy Metal Albums of All Time. About.com ranked it third on their list of "Essential Thrash Metal Albums", commenting that more than two decades after its release, the record holds a status as an undisputed classic.
In 2003, Capitol Records re-released the album on DVD-Audio, with the original tracklist, in 96k/24-bit resolution for both surround and stereo mixes, and music videos for "Wake Up Dead" and "Peace Sells". On July 12, 2011, the band re-released the album in both a 2-Disc reissue and a special 5-Disc + 3-LP box set, to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the album. The reissue features liner notes written by Mustaine and Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich. The 25th anniversary re-release sold approximately 2,000 units in its first week of release.
The 25th Anniversary edition box set features five discs. Discs 1–3 all feature the original album, with disc 1 having the original mix (remastered version from 2011), disc 2 featuring the 2004 remix, and disc 3 featuring the Randy Burns mixes (several examples of which appear as bonus tracks on the album's 2004 release). Disc 4 features the same 1987 show available on the 2-disc set. Disc five contains both the original album (again, remastered version from 2011), and the above listed 1987 show in hi-resolution audio. The 25th anniversary 2 CD edition features the original album on disc one and a previously unreleased 1987 concert on disc two.
|1.||"Wake Up Dead"||3:40|
|5.||"Good Mourning/Black Friday"||6:41|
|7.||"I Ain't Superstitious"||2:46|
|8.||"My Last Words"||4:57|
|2004 remixed/remastered edition bonus tracks|
|9.||"Wake Up Dead" (Randy Burns mix)||3:40|
|10.||"The Conjuring" (Randy Burns mix)||5:01|
|11.||"Peace Sells" (Randy Burns mix)||4:00|
|12.||"Good Mourning/Black Friday" (Randy Burns mix)||6:39|
|25th Anniversary 2-CD reissue: Disc two|
|2.||"Wake Up Dead"||3:38|
|6.||"Killing Is My Business... And Business Is Good"||3:14|
|7.||"Looking Down the Cross"||4:29|
|8.||"My Last Words"||4:42|
|10.||"These Boots Were Made for Walkin'"||4:07|
|12.||"Last Rites/Loved to Deth"||5:19|
Production and performance credits are adapted from the album liner notes.
|Japanese Albums Chart||182|
|US Billboard 200||76|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||100,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Silver||60,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
Except where otherwise cited, all listed accolades attributed to Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? are adapted from Acclaimed Music.net.
|Exposure||Canada||50 Greatest Albums not to make the Greatest Albums lists||2005||30|
|Martin Popoff||Top 500 Heavy Metal Albums of all Time||2004||31|
|About.com||United States||Best Thrash Metal Albums||2012||3|
|Best Heavy Metal Albums Of 1986||2012||3|
|Robert Dimery||1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die||2006||*|
|Classic Rock & Metal Hammer||United Kingdom||The 200 Greatest Albums of the 80s||2006||*|
|Classic Rock||The 100 Greatest Rock Albums of All Time||2001||86|
|Kerrang!||Albums of the Year||1986||6|
|The 100 Greatest Rock Albums||2006||67|
|Terrorizer||The 100 Most Important Albums of the 80s||2000||*|
|Rock Hard||Germany||Top 300 Albums||2001||22|
- Doe, Bernard (December 1985). "Megadeth - Love It To Death". Metal Forces. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- Matsumoto, Jon (October 16, 1986). "Megadeth: These Heavy Metalers Thrash For Peace". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- Huey, Steve. "Peace Sells... But Who's Buying? - Megadeth". Allmusic. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
- Ellefson 2013, p. 60.
- Kajzer 2009, p. 163.
- Ellefson 2013, p. 61.
- Ellefson 2013, p. 59.
- Ellefson 2013, p. 62.
- "The History Of Vic Rattlehead". Roadrunner Records. October 19, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
- Kajzer 2009, p. 167.
- "Megadeth History (1986)". Megadeth.com. Retrieved April 27, 2014.
- Wallach, Jeremy (2008). Modern Noise, Fluid Genres: Popular Music in Indonesia, 1997–2001. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 132. ISBN 978-0-299-22900-9.
- Ellefson 2013, p. 66.
- Ellefson 2013, p. 67.
- Konow, David (2009). Bang Your Head: The Rise and Fall of Heavy Metal. Crown Publishing Group. p. 244. ISBN 0-307-56560-2.
- Popoff 2002, p. 134.
- Larson, Bob (1989). Satanism: the seduction of America's youth. T. Nelson Publishers. p. 206. ISBN 0-8407-3034-9.
- Lewis, G. Craige (2009). The Truth Behind Hip Hop. Xulon Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-1-60791-916-2.
- Parker, Matthiew (March 18, 2011). "Dave Mustaine: "Black magic ruined my life!"". Total Guitar. Music Radar. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (October 12, 2009). "Megadeth's Dave Mustaine Invites Fans to 'Meet the Real Me'". Noisecreep. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- Leland, John (March 1987). "Megadeth: Peace Sells (Capitol)". Spin 2: 34. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- Kajzer 2010, p. 164.
- Ellefson 2013, p. 58.
- Mustaine, Dave (2010). Mustaine: A Life in Metal. New York, New York, USA: Harper Collins. p. 346. ISBN 0-00-732410-3.
- "Devil's Island". Rockmetal.art.pl. Retrieved January 31, 2014.
- "23 Questions With Dave Mustaine". Metal Sludge. September 4, 2001. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Scorpion". Megadeth.com. Retrieved February 17, 2014. "Black Friday discusses an imaginary serial killer, and goes into graphic details about his actions"
- Berelian, Essi (2005). The rough guide to heavy metal. Rough Guides. p. 195. ISBN 0-313-36599-7.
- Popson, Tom (February 6, 1987). "Megadeth Hed To Go Here". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- Ramirez, Carlos (September 13, 2013). "10 Most Underrated Megadeth Songs". Noisecreep. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- Popoff 2002, p. 352.
- Larkin, Colin (2006). Encyclopedia of Popular Music 2. Oxford University Press. p. 1654. ISBN 0-19-531373-9.
- Johnson, Howard (October 30, 1986). "Megadeth 'Peace Sells...But Who's Buying?'". Kerrang! 132 (London, UK: United Magazines ltd.). p. 20.
- Brackett, Nathan; Christian Hoard (2004). The Rolling Stone Album Guide. New York City, New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 534. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Strong, Martin C. (November 30, 2004). The Great Rock Discography (7th ed.). Canongate U.S. p. 689. ISBN 1-84195-615-5. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Megadeth Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- Goodman, Fred (October 18, 1986). "Megadeth - Peace Sells... but Who's Buying?". Billboard 98: 94. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- "Megadeth - Where to Start with". Kerrang!. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- Brackett, Nathan; Christian Hoard (2004). The Rolling Stone Album Guide. New York City, New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 534. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- "Critic Reviews for Peace Sells... But Who's Buying (25th Anniversary Special Edition)". Metacritic. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- Bowar, Chad. "Megadeth - Peace Sells...But Who's Buying? Review". About.com. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- Harvell, Jess (July 20, 2011). "Album Reviews: Megadeth: Peace Sells... But Who's Buying? (25th Anniversary Edition)". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Begrand, Adrien (July 18, 2012). "Megadeth: Peace Sells... But Who's Buying? (25th Anniversary Edition)". PopMatters. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- "Megadeth - Peace Sells... But Who's Buying?". Q. CD Universe. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
- McIver, Joel (August 2011). "Megadeth - Peace Sells… But Who's Buying?: 25th Anniversary Edition". Record Collector (391). Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- Powell, Mike (July 12, 2011). "Megadeth, Peace Sells...But Who's Buying? (25th Anniversary Edition)". Spin. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- Stagno, Mike (October 18, 2006). "Megadeth - Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? (staff review)". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
- Paoletta, Michael (August 14, 2004). "Vital Reissues". Billboard: 45. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
- Treppel, Jeff (July 14, 2011). "The Answer Is Still "Nobody:" Megadeth's Peace Sells… But Who's Buying? At 25". Decibel. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "Megadeth: Peace Sells... But Who's Buying?". Acclaimed Music.net. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
- Popoff, Martin (2004). The Top 500 Heavy Metal Albums of All Time. ECW Press. ISBN 1-55022-600-2.
- Bowar, Chad. "Essential Thrash Metal Albums". About.com. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
- "Megadeth: Details of 25th Anniversary Edition of 'Peace Sells…But Who's Buying?' Announced". Revolver. April 19, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "Megadeth Bassist Talks About Lars Ulrich's Liner Notes To 'Peace Sells' Reissue". Blabbermouth.net. May 5, 2011. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
- "Megadeth's 'Peace' 25th-Anniversary Reissue Sells Less Than 2K Copies First Week". Blabbermouth.net. July 20, 2011. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
- "Megadeth's 'Peace' Expanded 25th-Anniversary Reissue Rocks Times Square". Blabbermouth.net. April 28, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- Peace Sells... But Who's Buying? liner notes (2004 reissue). Capitol Records. 2004. pp. 4–12.
- "メガデス-ORICON STYLE ミュージック" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved September 30, 2008.
- "Megadeth Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
- "Canadian album certifications – Megadeth – Peace Sells... but Who's Buying?". Music Canada.
- "British album certifications – Megadeth – Peace Sells... but Who's Buying?". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Peace Sells... but Who's Buying? in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- "American album certifications – Megadeth – Peace Sells... but Who's Buying?". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- Bowar, Chad. "Best Heavy Metal Albums Of 1986". About.com. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- Ellefson, David (2013). My Life with Deth: Discovering Meaning in a Life of Rock & Roll. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4516-9988-3.
- Kajzer, Jackie (2009). Full Metal Jackie Certified: The 50 Most Influential Metal Songs of the '80s. Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-1-4354-5569-6.
- Popoff, Martin (2002). The Top 500 Heavy Metal Songs of All Time. ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-55022-530-3.