The Peace Society, International Peace Society or London Peace Society originally known as the Society for the Promotion of Permanent and Universal Peace, was a society founded on 14 June 1816 for the promotion of permanent and universal peace; it advocated a gradual, proportionate, and simultaneous disarmament of all nations and the principle of arbitration.  The Society in London established Auxiliary Societies in various cities and towns in the United Kingdom: for instance at Doncaster and Leeds. The Society's failure to condemn the outbreak of World War I in 1914 resulted in internal divisions and led to the resignation of its leader, William Evans Derby. His successor, Revd. Herbert Dunnico, led the society's unsuccessful campaign for peace negotiations.
In 1930 it merged with the International Christian Peace Fellowship and was renamed the International Peace Society. At some time thereafter it became defunct. It published a monthly journal, The Herald of Peace, founded in 1819.
- Evan Rees (?–1821) - Secretary
- Nun Morgan Harry - Secretary, ?–1842
- John Jefferson - Congregational pastor; Secretary, 1842–1848 
- Henry Richard - Congregational pastor and politician; Secretary, 1848–1885 
- W. Evans Darby - Secretary, 1885–1915
- Herbert Dunnico - Secretary, 1915–?
- William Allen- Quaker philanthropist; founding member
- Rev. Thomas Harper - founding member (Obituary in The Herald of Peace 1831, p. 528)
- Joseph Pease; founding member, and uncle of the Joseph Pease above
- John Bowring - Bentham's editor, governor of Hong Kong
- John Bright - Quaker politician
- Richard Cobden, MP
- Hugh Stowell Brown - leader of Liverpool branch
- Robert Charleton - Quaker pin manufacturer and Peace Envoy.
- Charles Gilpin - Quaker publisher and later MP
- Joseph Sturge - Quaker abolitionist; founded the Birmingham Auxiliary
- Sir Wilfrid Lawson Radical MP
Records of the Peace Society
- International Peace Society Records, 1817-1948 at Swarthmore College. Note: this is a large file of pamphlets and other printed publications of the Society. There is an historical introduction to the collection but no business archives are in the collection.
- Other records of the Peace Society are said to be in the possession of Mr CP Dunnico
There are also records at the Savings Bank Museum http://www.savingsbanksmuseum.co.uk/collection.html as the founder of the first parish savings bank Henry Duncan wrote on this subject.
- German Peace Society (German: Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft), founded in 1892
- American Peace Society, founded in 1828
- New York Peace Society, founded in 1815
- International Peace Congress
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wood, James, ed. (1907). "Peace Society". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.
- Peter Barberis, John McHugh, Mike Tyldesley, Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2000, p.345.
- Researching Yorkshire Quaker History (2007) p.95, Item 1.5.6: Doncaster Auxiliary Peace Society p.97 1.5.13: Leeds Peace Association
- Herald of Peace, Volume 8 (1831) available online at Googlebooks.
- Cornell University Library has produced a facsimile of The Herald of Peace 1824 (April, May, June) issues (pages on Amazon.com) ISBN 978-1-4297-2848-5
- Spartacus article on Joseph Pease
- The Memoirs of Evan Rees, the first Secretary, were published in 1853. They are available online at GoogleBooks.
- details of four published texts by Rev Nun Morgan Harry are to be found in the British Library Integrated Catalogue.
- The British Library Integrated Catalogue list The Unlawfulness of War: a Discourse [on Luke ii. 14] (1832) by John Jefferson of Stoke Newington, together with a large number of other titles by this author. They are likely to be the same person at the Secretary of the Peace Society. Also listed is: The Proceedings of the first General Peace Convention held in London, June, ... 1843. With the Papers laid before the Convention, etc. [Edited by J. J., i.e. John Jefferson, and published by the Society for the promotion of permanent ... Peace, etc.]
- Harry, Jefferson and Richard are all buried at Abney Park Cemetery.
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1895). "Pease, Edward". Dictionary of National Biography 44. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Researching Yorkshire Quaker History (2007)p.95, Item 1.5.6.
- Paul Laity The British Peace Movement, 1870-1914, Cambridge University Press, 2001 ISBN 0-19-924835-4, some pages available at GoogleBooks - Chapter 1 concerns the founding of the British Peace Society in 1816.
- The Times, Wednesday, 23 May 1866; p. 12; Issue 25505; col C: THE PEACE SOCIETY.-The 50th anniversary