Przysucha

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Przysucha
Monument on Main Square
Monument on Main Square
Coat of arms of Przysucha
Coat of arms
Przysucha is located in Poland
Przysucha
Przysucha
Coordinates: 51°22′N 20°37′E / 51.367°N 20.617°E / 51.367; 20.617
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
County Przysucha County
Gmina Gmina Przysucha
Established 15th century
Town rights 1710
Government
 • Mayor Tadeusz Tomasik
Area
 • Total 6.98 km2 (2.69 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 6,245
 • Density 890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 26-400
Area code(s) +48 48
Car plates WPY
Website http://www.przysucha.umig.gov.pl

Przysucha [pʂɨˈsuxa] is a town in Poland. Located in historic Lesser Poland, it is part of the Masovian Voivodeship, about 100 km southwest of Warsaw and 40 km west of Radom. It is the capital of Przysucha County, and the town 6,762 inhabitants (2004). Its name in Yiddish is פשיסחא or פשיסכא (pronounced: Pshiskhe). In the past, it was home to a number of Hasidic Rabbis, such as The Holy Jew and Simcha Bunim of Peshischa.

Przysucha is located on the Radomka river, along national road nr. 12 (which in the future will make Expressway S12). Rail station Przysucha is located in the village of Skrzyńsko, on the line from Radom to Łódź.

First mention of Przesucha, as it was known then, comes from 1415. In the early 16th century, the village belonged to the Morsztyn family. Przysucha had a public house, a watermill, and a forge, and it belonged to the parish of Skrzyńsko. On December 11, 1710, upon a royal privillege, issued by King Augustus II the Strong, artisans were allowed to settle in the town, and a weekly market was established. Later on, two markets a week were permitted, and a manufactory was opened in town, along the Radomka river.

German artisans from Silesia and Saxony founded in the early 18th century a settlement called Czermno, which today is part of Przysucha. In Przysucha itself, the number of Jews rapidly grew. At that time, the town was a major center of Hasidism. In 1777, Przysucha had 39 German, 85 Jewish, and 29 Polish houses. The town was divided into three parts - Germans lived in Czermno, Jews in Przysucha, and Poles - in Urszulin. Przysucha also was one of centers of early industry. In the late 18th century, it had a blast furnace, a sawmill, and a paper mill. Since its origins to 1795 Przysucha belonged to Sandomierz Voivodeship.

After the Partitions of Poland, the period of prosperity ended. Przysucha remained a private town, and its industry was obsolete. In 1870, Tsarist authorities deprived Przysucha of its town rights. Jews still made a significant part of the population, in 1939, out of 4850 residents, 2980 were Jewish.

During World War II, Przysucha was bombed on September 6, 1939, when 70 houses were destroyed. Later on, Germans opened a ghetto there, with more than 5,000 Jews. Most of them were murdered at Treblinka extermination camp.

Further information: Timeline of Treblinka

Underground resistance was very strong in Przysucha and the county. Numerous skirmishes took place, on September 6, 1944, Germans lost 140 soldiers, and 230 were wounded in a battle near the village of Stefanów. Soviet troops entered the town on January 17, 1945.

Immediately after the war, Przysucha had 1,500 inhabitants. In 1956 it became the seat of a county, and two years later it regained its town rights. During Communist times, several enterprises were opened there - clay mine, ceramics factory, fruit and vegetable processor.

Among points of interest are:

  • classicist parish church (1780-1786),
  • 19th century houses,
  • Dembiński Manor House - currently a museum,
  • Jewish cemetery,
  • monument of Polish soldiers in a town square.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°22′N 20°37′E / 51.367°N 20.617°E / 51.367; 20.617