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In its most general form, a playlist is simply a list of songs. They can be played in sequential or shuffled order. The term has several specialized meanings in the realms of radio broadcasting and personal computers.
The term originally came about in the early days of top 40 radio formats when stations would devise (and, eventually, publish) a limited list of songs to be played. The term would go on to refer to the entire catalog of songs that a given radio station (of any format) would draw from. Additionally, the term was used to refer to an ordered list of songs played during a given time period. Playlists are often adjusted based on time of day, known as dayparting.
On computers and the Internet
As music storage and playback using personal computers became common, the term playlist was adopted by various media player software programs intended to organize and control music on a PC. Such playlists may be defined, stored, and selected to run either in sequence or, if a random playlist function is selected, in a random order. Playlists' uses include allowing a particular desired musical atmosphere to be created and maintained without constant user interaction, or to allow a variety of different styles of music be played, again without maintenance.
Some websites allow categorization, editing, and listening of playlists online, such as Project Playlist, 8tracks, Plurn, imeem and Webjay. Other sites such as Musicmobs focus on playlist creation aided by personalized song recommendations, ratings and reviews. Another site, PlaylistHQ, creates playlists based on upcoming concerts. On certain sites, users create and share annotated playlists, giving visitors the option to read contextual information or reviewer comments about each song while listening. Some sites only allow the sharing of the playlist data with the actual music being delivered by other channels e.g. plurn, others provide a closed catalog of content from which the playlists can be generated while sites like imeem allow users to upload the music to central servers to be shared and accessed by any user of the site.
On video hosting service websites such as YouTube and Vimeo, users can make playlists of select videos from themselves or other users for topical purposes; paid accounts can upgrade playlists of their own videos to "shows".
The idea of generating automatically music playlists from annotated databases was pioneered by Pachet and Roy. Constraint satisfaction techniques were developed to create playlists that satisfy arbitrary "sequence constraints", such as continuity, diversity, similarity, etc. Since, many other techniques were proposed, such as case-based reasoning.
Other playlist methods
- A CD player that holds multiple CDs with a programmable grid mapper.
- MP3 CDs
- Prerecording a mixtape; which is purely sequential.
- Active disc-jockeying where the user manually selects the next song one after another as opposed to a preprogrammed playlist (shuffled or not).
- A jukebox with a programmable vinyl record changer
Types of playlist files
The playlist types are:
- .asx, an XML style playlist containing more information about the items on the playlist.
- .bio, BioniX Wallpaper Changer (  ), a text-based list of items, with each item on a new line. Each item represents the full path to the file.
- .fpl, is a format used by foobar2000.
- .kpl, Kalliope PlayList, is a kind of XML playlist storing developed to speed up loading and managing playlists.
- .m3u, a simple text-based list of the locations of the items, with each item on a new line. This is one of the most popular playlist types.
- .pla, Samsung format(?), binary, Winamp handles these
- .aimppl, .plc, file extensions for AIMP.
- .pls, a text playlist similar to .ini (program settings) files. It normally contains only the location of the items in the playlist.
- .smil is an XML recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium that includes playlist features. In addition to audio, it supports video and screen layout and is heavily used in Digital Signage.
- .vlc is a format used by VLC Media Player.
- .wpl, is an XML format used in Microsoft Windows Media Player versions 9–12.
- .xspf, an XML format designed to enable playlist sharing.
- .zpl is a format used by Zune Media Player, Zoom Player and Creative Zen Media Players.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- Knaster, Scott (February 15, 2005). "iPod shuffle Tips and Tricks". Mac OS X Excerpts. O'Reilly Media. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- Paolo Avesani, Paolo Massa, Michele Nori, & Angelo Susi. "Collaborative Radio Community". Italy: ITC irst.
- Poff, Ann Chihak (April 11, 2011). "iWorkout Muse Pro and iWorkout Muse for IPhone". MacWorld. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- Nagy, Evie (July 19, 2009). "Equinox fitness chain pumps up celebrity playlists". Reuters. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- Jamieson, Ruth (9 April 2009). "The best celebrity Spotify playlists". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "How to create a compelling YouTube channel without your own original content". TNW. April 8, 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- Pachet, F. and Roy, P., Automatic Generation of Music Programs. Proceedings of Constraint Programming Conference, CP 99, LNCS 1713/2004, pages 331-345, Washington, VA, 1999. Springer Verlag.
- Baccigalupo, Claudio; Plaza, Enric (2006). "Case-Based Sequential Ordering of Songs for Playlist Recommendation". Advances in Case-Based Reasoning. LNCS 4106. pp. 286–300. doi:10.1007/11805816_22. ISBN 978-3-540-36843-4. CiteSeerX: 10.1.1.98.9829.
- "Information about the Multimedia file types that Windows Media Player supports". Microsoft Knowledge Base. Microsoft. November 17, 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- ".SMIL File Extension". FileInfo.com. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- ".vlc File Extension". videolan.org. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "The XSPF Playlist Format, version 0". The Xiph Open-source Community. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- What a playlist is and is not, by XSPF.org
- A sample playlist on the Minnesota public radio
- A survey of playlist formats (Lucas Gonze, November 17, 2003)