Politics of Beijing

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The politics of Beijing is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland of the People's Republic of China.

The Mayor of Beijing is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Beijing. Since Beijing is a centrally administered municipality, the mayor occupies the same level in the order of precedence as provincial governors. However, in the city's dual party-government governing system, the mayor is subordinate to the Beijing Municipal Committee Secretary of the Communist Party of China.

The office of Beijing Party Secretary (Chinese: 北京市委书记) has always historically been a high-profile post. Since the founding of the People's Republic, the Party Secretary of Beijing has almost always held a seat on the Politburo of the Communist Party of China, the country's top ruling organ. Because of Beijing's position as the national capital, the Secretary is also involved in major decision making of national events. Peng Zhen, the first Beijing party secretary, was an important political figure nationally, and was purged by Mao in the opening act of the Cultural Revolution. Xie Fuzhi, whose term lasted from 1967 to 1972, was concurrently China's top security official, and held significant influence nationally. Chen Xitong's (term 1992-95) political influence was considered a threat to the Shanghai clique that he was removed from the position and tried on corruption charges. When the People's Republic celebrated its 50th Anniversary, it was Beijing Party Secretary Jia Qinglin (term 1997-2002) who presided over the festivities. Liu Qi (term 2002–2012) was the chair of the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games (BOCOG), and spoke at both the opening and closing ceremonies of the games.

List of CPC Secretaries[edit]

Number Image Name Term Start Term End
1 Peng zhen.jpg Peng Zhen
(1902–1997)
1948 1966
2 Li Xuefeng
(1907–2003)
1966 1967
3 Xie Fuzhi
(1909–1972)
1971 1972
4 Wu De
(1913–1995)
1972 1978
5 Lin Hujia
(born 1916)
1978 1981
6 Duan Junyi
(1910–2004)
1981 1984
7 Li Ximing
(1926–2008)
1984 1992
8 Chen Xitong
(1930-2013)
1992 1995
9 Wei Jianxing
(born 1931)
1995 1997
10 Jia Qinglin.jpg Jia Qinglin
(born 1940)
1997 2002
11 Liu Qi
(born 1942)
2002 2012
12 Guo Jinlong
(born 1947)
2012 Incumbent

List of Mayors[edit]

  • 1948-1949: Ye Jianying (叶剑英; PLA general, one of the Ten Great Marshals)
  • 1949-1951: Nie Rongzhen (聂荣臻; one of the Ten Great Marshals)
  • 1951-1966: Peng Zhen (彭真)
  • 1966-1967: Wu De (吴德; acting)
  • 1967-1972: Xie Fuzhi (谢富治)
  • 1972-1978: Wu De (吴德)
  • 1978-1981: Lin Hujia (林乎加)
  • 1981-1983: Jiao Ruoyu (焦若愚)
  • 1983-1993: Chen Xitong (陈希同; arrested for corruption)
  • 1993-1996: Li Qiyan (李其炎)
  • 1996-1999: Jia Qinglin (贾庆林; acting 1996, permanent 1997-1999; now CPPCC Chairman)
  • 1999-2003: Liu Qi (刘淇)
  • January - March 2003: Meng Xuenong (孟学农; sacked for mishandling SARS outbreak)
  • 2003-2007: Wang Qishan (王歧山; acting mayor 2003, permanent 2004-2007)
  • 2007–2012: Guo Jinlong (郭金龙; acting until January 2008)
  • 2012–present: Wang Anshun (acting 2012–2013; incumbent)

List of Chairmen of Beijing People's Congress[edit]

  1. Jia Tingsan (贾庭三): 1979-1983 
  2. Zhao Pengfei (赵鹏飞): 1983-1993 
  3. Zhang Jianmin (张健民): 1993-2001 
  4. Yu Junbo (于均波): 2001-2007  
  5. Du Deyin (杜德印): 2007-incumbent

List of Chairmen of Beijing CPPCC[edit]

  1. Liu Ren (刘仁): 1955-1967
  2. Ding Guoyu (丁国钰): 1977-1979
  3. Zhao Pengfei (赵鹏飞): 1979-1983
  4. Liu Daosheng (刘导生): 1983-1985
  5. Fan Jin (范瑾): 1985-1986
  6. Bai Jiefu (白介夫): 1986-1993
  7. Wang Daming (王大明): 1993-1998
  8. Chen Guangwen (陈广文): 1998-2003
  9. Cheng Shi'e (程世峨): 2003-2006
  10. Yang Anjiang (阳安江): 2006-2013
  11. Ji Lin (吉林): 2013-incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]