Politics of Guangdong

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The Politics of Guangdong follows a dual party-government system like the rest of China's provinces. Guangdong is known for a surge of legislative activism in recent years, often called the Guangdong Phenomenon (Guangdong Xianxiang). The Guangdong Provincial People's Congress has enacted measures to increase democracy and transparency, and exert more control over the financial sector. In a well-publicized case in 2000, the Guangdong PPC also harshly criticized the Environmental Protection Bureau for allowing the construction of an electroplating park without a proper environmental impact investigation.[1]

List of Party Committee Secretaries[edit]

Party chief Term Start Term End Notes
1 Ye Jianying (叶剑英) August 1949 July 1955 Civil War Communist general
Marshal of the People's Republic of China
leading national figure in the late stages of the Cultural Revolution
2 Tao Zhu (陶铸) July 1955 February 1965 Purged in 1967 during Cultural Revolution
3 Zhao Ziyang (赵紫阳) February 1965 March 1967 Premier (1983-87)
General Secretary of the Communist Party(1987-89)
4 Huang Yongsheng (黄永胜) February 1968 November 1969 General; close associate of Lin Biao
Purged in 1972
5 Liu Xingyuan (刘兴元) November 1969 December 1972
6 Ding Sheng (丁盛) December 1972 December 1973 General
7 Zhao Ziyang (赵紫阳)
(Second term)
April 1974 October 1975 Premier (1983-87)
General Secretary of the Communist Party(1987-89)
8 Wei Guoqing (韦国清) October 1975 December 1978 Director of the PLA's General Political Department (1977–82)
9 Xi Zhongxun (习仲勋) December 1978 November 1980 Vice-Premier (1959-62)
Father of Xi Jinping
10 Ren Zhongyi (任仲夷) November 1980 July 1985
11 Lin Ruo (林若) July 1985 January 1991
12 Xie Fei (谢非) January 1991 March 1998
13 Li Changchun (李长春) March 1998 November 2002 Politburo Standing Committee (2002-12)
National propaganda chief
14 Zhang Dejiang (张德江) November 2002 October 2007 Politburo Standing Committee (2012-)
Chairman of the National People's Congress (2013-)
15 Wang Yang (汪洋) October 2007 December 2012 Vice Premier (2013-)
16 Hu Chunhua (胡春华) 18 December 2012 - Incumbent

List of Governors[edit]

  1. Ye Jianying (叶剑英), November 1948 - September 1953
  2. Tao Zhu (陶铸): September 1953 - August 1957
  3. Chen Yu 陈郁 (1957-1967)
  4. Huang Yongsheng (黄永胜): November 1967 - June 1969
  5. Liu Xingyuan (刘兴元): June 1969 - April 1972
  6. Ding Sheng (丁盛): April 1972 - April 1974
  7. Zhao Ziyang (赵紫阳): April 1974 - October 1975
  8. Wei Guoqing (韦国清): October 1975 - January 1979
  9. Xi Zhongxun (习仲勋): (1979-1981)
  10. Liu Tianfu (刘田夫): (1981-1983)
  11. Liang Lingguang (梁灵光): (1983-1985)
  12. Ye Xuanping (叶选平): (1985-1991)
  13. Zhu Senlin (朱森林): (1991-1996)
  14. Lu Ruihua (卢瑞华): (1996-2003)
  15. Huang Huahua (黄华华): (2003-2011)
  16. Zhu Xiaodan (朱小丹): (2011-present)

List of Chairmen of Guangdong People's Congress[edit]

  1. Li Jianzhen (李坚真): 1979-1983
  2. Luo Tian (罗天): 1983-1990
  3. Lin Ruo (林若): 1990-1996
  4. Zhu Senlin (朱森林): 1996-2001
  5. Zhang Guoying (张帼英): 2001-2003
  6. Lu Zhonghe (卢钟鹤): 2003-2005
  7. Huang Liman (黄丽满): 2005-January 2008
  8. Ou Guangyuan (欧广源): January 2008-incumbent

List of Chairmen of Guangdong CPPCC[edit]

  1. Tao Zhu (陶铸): 1955-1960 
  2. Ou Mengjue (区梦觉): 1960-1967 
  3. Wang Shoudao (王首道): 1977.-1979 
  4. Yin Linping (尹林平): 1979-1983 
  5. Liang Weilin (梁威林): 1983-1985
  6. Wu Nansheng (吴南生): 1985-1993 
  7. Guo Rongchang (郭荣昌): 1993-2003 
  8. Liu Fengyi (刘凤仪): 2003 
  9. Chen Shaoji (陈绍基): 2004-April 2009

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yang, Dali (2004). Remaking the Chinese Leviathan: Market Transition and the Politics of Governance in China. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. pp. 273–274. ISBN 0-8047-5493-4.