Cumbria //, is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. Cumbria came into existence as a county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. The county consists of six districts, Barrow-in-Furness, South Lakeland, Copeland, Allerdale, Eden and City of Carlisle. The county has a total population of 498,800. Cumbria, the third largest county in England, is bound to the west by the Irish Sea, to the south by Lancashire, to the southeast by North Yorkshire, and to the east by County Durham and Northumberland. Scotland lies directly to the north. Much of the county is mountainous, with the highest point of the county (and of England) being Scafell Pike at 978 m (3210 ft). All the territory in England that is over 3,000 feet above sea level is in Cumbria. (more...)
William Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett, QC PC
(6 September 1883 – 10 February 1962) was a British barrister
, judge, politician and preacher who served as the alternate British judge during the Nuremberg Trials
. Educated at Barrow-in-Furness Grammar School. He was a Methodist preacher and a draper
before attending Emmanuel College, Cambridge
, in 1907 to study theology, history and law. Upon graduating in 1910 he worked as a secretary and was called to the Bar
Declared medically unfit for military service during World War I, Birkett used the time to make up for his late entry into the legal profession and was made a King's Counsel in 1924 (known as Queen's Counsel since the 1952 accession of Elizabeth II). He became a criminal defence lawyer and acted as counsel in a number of famous cases including the second of the Brighton trunk murders. A member of the Liberal Party, he sat in Parliament for Nottingham East twice, first in 1923 and again in 1929.
Despite refusing appointment to the High Court of Justice in 1928, he was offered the position again in 1941 and accepted, joining the King's Bench Division. In 1945 he served as the alternate British judge at the Nuremberg trials, and he was made a Privy Councillor in 1947. He joined the Court of Appeal of England and Wales in 1950 but retired in 1956 when he had served for long enough to draw a pension. From 1958 he served in the House of Lords, and his speech against a private bill in 1962 saw it defeated by 70 votes to 36, two days before he died on 10 February 1962.
Described as "one of the most prominent Liberal barristers in the first half of the 20th century" and "the Lord Chancellor that never was", Birkett was noted for his skill as a speaker, which helped him defend clients with almost watertight cases against them. As an alternate judge, Birkett was not allowed a vote at the Nuremberg Trials, but his opinion helped shape the final judgment. During his tenure in the Court of Appeal he oversaw some of the most significant cases of the era, particularly in contract law, despite his avowed dislike of judicial work. (more...)
is a mountain
in the Lake District National Park
in the United Kingdom
. With a summit at 931 m (3,054 ft) above sea level it is the fourth highest mountain in England (the third highest if Scafell Pike
and Sca Fell
are regarded as one mountain), and the lowest above 3,000 feet (910 m). It lies just north of the town of Keswick
, and dominates the skyline in this part of the northern lakes. It is the simplest of the Lake District mountains of this height to ascend (as there is a well-trodden tourist track from a car park to the north-east of Keswick, near the summit of Latrigg
) and, as such, many walking guides recommend it to the occasional walker wishing to climb a mountain. This is the first summit of the fell running
challenge known as the Bob Graham Round
when undertaken in a clockwise direction.
The mountain lends its name to the surrounding areas of "Skiddaw Forest", and "Back o' Skidda'" and to the isolated "Skiddaw House", situated to the east, formerly a shooting lodge and subsequently a youth hostel. It also provides the name for the slate derived from that region: Skiddaw Slate. Tuned percussion musical instruments or lithophones exist which are made from the slate, such as the Musical Stones of Skiddaw held at Keswick Museum and Art Gallery. (more...)
is a small lake in the central region of the Lake District
. It is located near the hamlet
, between Grasmere
in the Rothay Valley
. The lake is 1290yd (1.18km) long and varies in width up to a maximum of 380yd (350m), covering an area of 0.12mi² (0.31km²). It has a maximum depth of 65ft (17m) and an elevation above sea level
of 177ft (54m). The lake is both drained and replenished by the river Brathay
, flowing out of Grasmere
upstream and into Windermere
downstream. The waters of the southern half of the lake are leased by the Lowther Estate
to the National Trust
, whilst those of the northern half belong to the estate of Rydal Hall
. Navigation is prohibited, except for residents of Rydal Hall. (more...