Portal:Cumbria

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Cumbria

Herdwick sheep crop.jpg

Cumbria /ˈkʌmbrɪə/, is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. Cumbria came into existence as a county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. The county consists of six districts, Barrow-in-Furness, South Lakeland, Copeland, Allerdale, Eden and City of Carlisle. The county has a total population of 498,800. Cumbria, the third largest county in England, is bound to the west by the Irish Sea, to the south by Lancashire, to the southeast by North Yorkshire, and to the east by County Durham and Northumberland. Scotland lies directly to the north. Much of the county is mountainous, with the highest point of the county (and of England) being Scafell Pike at 978 m (3210 ft). All the territory in England that is over 3,000 feet above sea level is in Cumbria. (more...)

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Norman Birkett in 1945
William Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett, QC PC (6 September 1883 – 10 February 1962) was a British barrister, judge, politician and preacher who served as the alternate British judge during the Nuremberg Trials. Educated at Barrow-in-Furness Grammar School. He was a Methodist preacher and a draper before attending Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1907 to study theology, history and law. Upon graduating in 1910 he worked as a secretary and was called to the Bar in 1913.

Declared medically unfit for military service during World War I, Birkett used the time to make up for his late entry into the legal profession and was made a King's Counsel in 1924 (known as Queen's Counsel since the 1952 accession of Elizabeth II). He became a criminal defence lawyer and acted as counsel in a number of famous cases including the second of the Brighton trunk murders. A member of the Liberal Party, he sat in Parliament for Nottingham East twice, first in 1923 and again in 1929.

Despite refusing appointment to the High Court of Justice in 1928, he was offered the position again in 1941 and accepted, joining the King's Bench Division. In 1945 he served as the alternate British judge at the Nuremberg trials, and he was made a Privy Councillor in 1947. He joined the Court of Appeal of England and Wales in 1950 but retired in 1956 when he had served for long enough to draw a pension. From 1958 he served in the House of Lords, and his speech against a private bill in 1962 saw it defeated by 70 votes to 36, two days before he died on 10 February 1962.

Described as "one of the most prominent Liberal barristers in the first half of the 20th century" and "the Lord Chancellor that never was",[1] Birkett was noted for his skill as a speaker, which helped him defend clients with almost watertight cases against them. As an alternate judge, Birkett was not allowed a vote at the Nuremberg Trials, but his opinion helped shape the final judgment. During his tenure in the Court of Appeal he oversaw some of the most significant cases of the era, particularly in contract law, despite his avowed dislike of judicial work. (more...)

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The Skiddaw group and Keswick from Walla Crag
Skiddaw is a mountain in the Lake District National Park in the United Kingdom. With a summit at 931 m (3,054 ft) above sea level it is the fourth highest mountain in England (the third highest if Scafell Pike and Sca Fell are regarded as one mountain), and the lowest above 3,000 feet (910 m). It lies just north of the town of Keswick, Cumbria, and dominates the skyline in this part of the northern lakes. It is the simplest of the Lake District mountains of this height to ascend (as there is a well-trodden tourist track from a car park to the north-east of Keswick, near the summit of Latrigg) and, as such, many walking guides recommend it to the occasional walker wishing to climb a mountain. This is the first summit of the fell running challenge known as the Bob Graham Round when undertaken in a clockwise direction.

The mountain lends its name to the surrounding areas of "Skiddaw Forest", and "Back o' Skidda'" and to the isolated "Skiddaw House", situated to the east, formerly a shooting lodge and subsequently a youth hostel. It also provides the name for the slate derived from that region: Skiddaw Slate. Tuned percussion musical instruments or lithophones exist which are made from the slate, such as the Musical Stones of Skiddaw held at Keswick Museum and Art Gallery. (more...)

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Rydal Water seen from the summit of Nab Scar
Rydal Water is a small lake in the central region of the Lake District. It is located near the hamlet of Rydal, between Grasmere and Ambleside in the Rothay Valley. The lake is 1290yd (1.18km) long and varies in width up to a maximum of 380yd (350m), covering an area of 0.12mi² (0.31km²). It has a maximum depth of 65ft (17m) and an elevation above sea level of 177ft (54m). The lake is both drained and replenished by the river Brathay, flowing out of Grasmere upstream and into Windermere downstream. The waters of the southern half of the lake are leased by the Lowther Estate to the National Trust, whilst those of the northern half belong to the estate of Rydal Hall. Navigation is prohibited, except for residents of Rydal Hall. (more...)

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Featured articles Featured article

Brougham CastleHMS Cardiff (D108)Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett

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File:Derwent Water, Keswick - June 2009.jpgFile:Helvellyn Striding Edge 360 Panorama, Lake District - June 09.jpgFile:Keswick, Cumbria Panorama 1 - June 2009.jpgFile:Keswick Panorama - Oct 2009.jpgFile:Catbells Northern Ascent, Lake District - June 2009.jpgFile:Glenridding, Cumbria, England - June 2009.jpg

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Andrew Johnston (singer)Askam and IrelethBrough CastleGrayrigg derailmentHerdwickLady in the Lake trialNethermost PikeThe Story of a Fierce Bad RabbitThe Story of Miss MoppetThe Tale of Benjamin BunnyThe Tale of Jemima Puddle-DuckThe Tale of Mr. Jeremy FisherThe Tale of Mr. TodThe Tale of Mrs. Tiggy-WinkleThe Tale of Mrs. TittlemouseThe Tale of The Flopsy BunniesThe Tale of Timmy Tiptoes

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A panoramic view of Derwent Water, one of the principal bodies of water in the Lake District National Park, as seen from the northern shore of Keswick.
Credit: Diliff
A panoramic view of Derwent Water, one of the principal bodies of water in the Lake District National Park, as seen from the northern shore of Keswick.

Topics

CumbriaList of Cumbria-related topicsLake District

Towns (list of places in Cumbria)

Barrow-in-FurnessCarlisleCleator MoorCockermouthDalton-in-FurnessEgremontKendalKeswickMaryportMillomPenrithUlverstonWhitehavenWindermereWigtonWindermereWorkington

Lakes (list of lakes in the Lake District)

Bassenthwaite LakeBrotherswaterButtermereConiston WaterCrummock WaterDerwent WaterDevoke WaterElter WaterEnnerdale WaterEsthwaite WaterGrasmereHaweswater ReservoirHayeswaterLoweswaterRydal WaterThirlmereUllswaterWast WaterWindermere

Mountains (list of fells in the Lake District, list of hills in the Lake District)

Scafell PikeScafellHelvellynSkiddawGreat EndBowfellGreat GablePillarNethermost PikeCatstycamEsk PikeRaise (Lake District)FairfieldBlencathraSkiddaw Little ManWhite SideCrinkle CragsDollywaggon PikeGreat DoddGrasmoorStybarrow DoddSt Sunday CragScoat FellCrag HillHigh Street

Farming, food and wildlife

Cumberland sausageHerdwickJennings BrewerySchellyVendaceYan Tan Tethera

History

Carlisle CathedralCarvetiiCastlerigg stone circleCastlesClifton Moor SkirmishCumberlandDialectHistoric housesRhegedShootings (2010)Westmorland

People (Demography of Cumbria)

Donald CampbellSamuel Taylor ColeridgeMargaret FellEmlyn HughesStan LaurelCatherine ParrArthur RansomeStella RimingtonGeorge RomneyJohn RuskinBeatrix PotterAlfred WainwrightWilliam Wordsworth

Sport

Cricket (Cumberland County Cricket Club, North Lancashire and Cumbria League) • Cumberland and Westmorland wrestlingFell running • Football • (Barrow A.F.C., Carlisle United F.C., Workington A.F.C.) • Rugby League (Barrow Raiders, Barrow & District League, Carlisle Centurions, Carlisle RLFC, Cumberland League, Whitehaven RLFC, Workington Town) • Uppies and Downies

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  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference jldh was invoked but never defined (see the help page).