Redcar and Cleveland
|Borough of Redcar & Cleveland|
|Unitary Authority, Borough|
BOC Refinery in Redcar
Redcar and Cleveland shown within North Yorkshire
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North East England|
|Ceremonial County||North Yorkshire|
|• Type||Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council|
|• Leadership:||George Dunning (L)|
|• MPs:||Tom Blenkinsop (L)
Ian Swales (LD)
|• Total||94.6 sq mi (244.9 km2)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Rank||Ranked 150th|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (550/km2)|
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)|
|• Summer (DST)||British Summer Time (UTC+1)|
|ONS code||00EE (ONS)
The borough of Redcar & Cleveland is a unitary authority in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England consisting of Redcar, Saltburn-by-the-Sea, Guisborough, and small towns such as Brotton, Eston, Skelton and Loftus. It had a resident population of 135,200 in 2011, and is part of the Tees Valley economic area. It is represented in Parliament by Ian Swales (Liberal Democrat) for the Redcar constituency and by Tom Blenkinsop (Labour) for the Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland constituency.
The district was created in 1974 as the borough of Langbaurgh, one of four districts of the new non-metropolitan county of Cleveland. It was formed from the Coatham, Kirkleatham, Ormesby, Redcar and South Bank wards of the county borough of Teesside, along with Guisborough, Loftus, Saltburn and Marske-by-the-Sea, Eston Grange and Skelton and Brotton urban districts, from the North Riding of Yorkshire. The borough was named after the ancient Langbaurgh wapentake of Yorkshire. On 1 January 1988 the borough was renamed as Langbaurgh-on-Tees.
Cleveland County was abolished on 1 April 1996, with its districts becoming unitary authorities. At this time Langbaurgh-on-Tees was renamed Redcar and Cleveland. Cleveland County was a two-tier local authority, with the county council being superior to its four districts, of which Langbaurgh-on-Tees was one. Upon becoming a unitary authority, Langbaurgh-on-Tees (renamed as Redcar and Cleveland) acquired all the full rights and duties as a county, whilst retaining the same boundaries as before. The borough borders Scarborough and Hambleton in North Yorkshire, and the unitary authorities of Stockton-on-Tees, Middlesbrough and Hartlepool.
The Borough Council's town hall was situated in Teesville, on Fabian Road, until its demolition in 2012. Civic facilities were relocated, with full council and other larger political meetings taking place at Inspire 2 Learn, formerly the Eston City Learning Centre, on Normanby Road, also in Teesville. The Leader and Deputy Leader's office, together with offices for political groups, have temporarily moved there until new facilities are available within the £31 million Redcar Leisure & Community Heart scheme. In addition, The Mayor's office has been temporarily relocated to Kirkleatham Museum, before also switching to Redcar in 2013. The Council also has offices in Redcar at Kirkleatham Street and in Guisborough.
The town hall closure also provides an environmental boost as it was the authority's worst-performing building for carbon dioxide emissions.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross 'value added' of South Teesside at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
^ includes hunting and forestry
^ includes energy and construction
^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
The main industries within the greater district of the town of Redcar are the Thai steel producers SSI who operate Europe's largest blast furnace and the Chemical Industry based close to Wilton village on the Chemical Industry Park known internationally as Wilton. The steel and chemical companies are all members of the Northeast of England Process Industry Cluster (NEPIC).
The Wilton chemical site is owned by Singaporese utility company Sembcorp and companies operating there include SABIC who have recently built the worlds largest low density polyethylene plant (LDPE)and still operate an ethylene cracker. Lotte Chemicals are expanding both PTA and PET production. Huntsman manufacture polyurathane intermediates and Ensus have built Europe's largest bioethanol facility. Biffa Polymers now operate a polymer recycling plant that handles up to 30% of the UKs plastic milk bottles. While in support of Semcorp who built the UKs first wood fired power station (Wilton 10), UK Wood Recycling Limited have a significant facility on the site providing waste wood to fuel Wilton 10.
Wilton International is a multi occupancy business and research centre and is one of the main offices used by the economic cluster body the Northeast of England Process Industry Cluster (NEPIC). Many occupants of the Wilton International facility are members of the NEPIC Cluster. The Wilton International complex is one of the largest R&D facilities in Europe and is also home to the Centre of Process Innovation an National Innovation Catapult facility. Wilton International has both laboratories and scale-up facilities for the chemistry using process industries that are accessed by many companies on a commercial or contract basis.
Coast and Country Housing Limited
Coast and Country is the largest social housing provider within Redcar and Cleveland. It took over the ownership and management of homes from Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council in July 2002. In addition to providing core housing services the company has also invested in independent living services, including the development of a new Telecare service in partnership with the Borough Council.
Local nature reserves
The council maintains a number of Local nature reserves. These are Guisborough Branch Walkway, Flatts Lane Woodland Country Park and Rosecroft Wood, Loftus Wood, Whitecliff Wood, Clarksons Wood, Errington Wood and Eston Moor.
The makeup of the council following the 2011 elections was as follows:
|East Cleveland Independents
The turn-out was 42.01 per cent.
Redcar and Cleveland is twinned with:
- Troisdorf, Germany, since 1990
- "Table P07 2011 Census: Number of usual residents living in households and communal establishments, local authorities in England and Wales". 2011 Census, Population and Household Estimates for England and Wales. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- The Northern Echo: Redcar News - Earlier town hall closure to save cash
- Middlesbrough Evening Gazette: Redcar and Cleveland council leader hits out at party's 'hypocrisy'
- Town Hall move to save council millions
- Regional Gross 'Value Added' of South Teesside (pp. 240–253)
- "Local Nature Reserves". Redcar and Cleveland Council. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Redcar and Cleveland website: May 2011 Election Results
- UK Youth Parliament Website
- Statistics about Redcar & Cleveland from the Office for National Statistics Census 2001
- http://www.redcar-cleveland.gov.uk - Borough Council website
- Greater Eston Website
- BBC Tees - the latest local news, sport, entertainment, features, faith, travel and weather.