La Plata

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For other places with the same name, see La Plata (disambiguation).
La Plata
Ciudad de La Plata
From top left: Estación del Ferrocarril Roca • High view of Plaza Dardo Rocha • Garibaldi's statue • Legislatura Provincia de Buenos Aires • Palacio Municipal • Catedral • Museo de Ciencias Naturales • Estadio Ciudad de La Plata.
From top left: Estación del Ferrocarril Roca • High view of Plaza Dardo Rocha • Garibaldi's statue • Legislatura Provincia de Buenos Aires • Palacio Municipal • Catedral • Museo de Ciencias Naturales • Estadio Ciudad de La Plata.
Flag of La Plata
Flag
Coat of arms of La Plata
Coat of arms
La Plata is located in Argentina
La Plata
La Plata
Location in Argentina
Coordinates: 34°55′16″S 57°57′16″W / 34.92111°S 57.95444°W / -34.92111; -57.95444Coordinates: 34°55′16″S 57°57′16″W / 34.92111°S 57.95444°W / -34.92111; -57.95444
Country  Argentina
Province  Buenos Aires
Partido La Plata
Founded 1882
Founded by Dardo Rocha
Government
 • Intendant Pablo Bruera
Area
 • City 203 km2 (78.5 sq mi)
 • Land 203 km2 (78.5 sq mi)
 • Metro 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi)
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (2001)2001 census [INDEC]
 • City 740,369
 • Density 3,600/km2 (9,400/sq mi)
 • Metro 894,253
Demonym platense
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
CPA Base 1900
Area code(s) +54 221
Website http://www.laplata.gov.ar

La Plata (The Silver) is the capital city of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and of the partido de La Plata. According to the 2001 census [INDEC], has a population of 740,369 and its metropolitan area has 894,253 inhabitants.

La Plata was planned and developed to serve as the provincial capital after the city of Buenos Aires was federalized in 1880, and it was officially founded by Governor Dardo Rocha on 19 November 1882. Its construction is fully documented in photographs by Tomás Bradley Sutton.[1] La Plata was renamed Eva Perón City (Ciudad Eva Perón) between 1952 and 1955.

The city is home to two important football (soccer) teams: Estudiantes de La Plata, that play in the first division, and Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata, who ascended back to first division in 2013.

History and description[edit]

Governor Dardo Rocha (1838–1921), founder of La Plata.

Rocha decided to erect a new city to host the provincial government institutions and the planned university. Urban planner Pedro Benoit designed a city layout based on a rationalist conception of urban centers. The city has the shape of a square with a central park and two main diagonal avenues, north-south and east-west. (In addition, there are numerous other shorter diagonals.) This design is copied in a self-similar manner in small blocks of six by six blocks in length. Every six blocks, there is a small park or square. Other than the diagonals, all streets are on a rectangular grid, and are numbered consecutively. Thus, La Plata is nicknamed "la ciudad de las diagonales" ("city of diagonals"). It is also called "la ciudad de los tilos" ("city of tilia (linden trees)") because of the large number of linden trees lining many streets and squares.

The city design and its buildings are said to possess a strong Freemason symbolism. This is said to be a consequence of both Rocha and Benoit being Freemasons.[citation needed]

The designs for the government buildings were chosen in an international architectural competition. Thus, the Governor Palace was designed by Italians, City Hall by Germans, etc. Electric street lighting was installed in 1884, and was the first of its kind in Latin America.

Panoramic view of La Plata.

The cathedral of La Plata, in neo-Gothic style, is the largest church in Argentina.

The Curutchet House is one of the two buildings by Le Corbusier in the Americas. The Teatro Argentino de La Plata is the second most-important opera house in Argentina after the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires.

The University of La Plata was founded in 1897 and nationalized in 1905. It is well known for its observatory and natural history museum. Ernesto Sabato graduated in physics at this university; he went on to teach at the Sorbonne and the MIT before becoming a famed novelist. Doctor René Favaloro was another famous alumnus. During its early years, the university attracted a number of renowned intellectuals from the Spanish-speaking world, such as Dominican Pedro Henríquez Ureña.

La Plata in the 20th century[edit]

Under Alvear's administration (1922–1928), Enrique Mosconi, the president of the oil state company Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales, created the distillery of La Plata, which was the tenth largest in the world.[2]

Railway station, La Plata.

On 10 December 1945, in the Parish of St. Francis of Assisi in this city, Juan Domingo Perón and Eva Duarte married.[3]

The city was renamed in 1952 as Eva Perón, though the original name was restored in 1955. La Plata's residents are served by numerous daily newspapers, the most prominent of which is El Día.

In 1997, La Plata was used as a setting for the film "Seven Years in Tibet", which featured performances by Brad Pitt, David Thewlis, BD Wong, Mako, Danny Denzongpa, Victor Wong, Ingeborga Dapkunaite and Jamyang Jamtsho Wangchuk, among others. one of the locations used was used as a local train terminal, as it had a design similar to stations in Austria. The film is a drama and was shot mostly in the U.S. and in the province of Mendoza, Argentina.

In October 1998, UNESCO approved the city's bid to gain recognition as World Heritage. The distinction is still pending due to various objections to the criterion of maintaining architectural and landscape over recent decades, which in the opinion of other specialists has produced severe damage to the original design and contextual aesthetics.[4][5][6][7]

Present[edit]

Sports and stadiums[edit]

The Estadio Ciudad de La Plata, also known as the "Estadio Único", opened on June 7, 2003 as one of the most modern football stadiums in Latin America. Various other construction and renovation projects have continued, including the addition of a roof structure. Estudiantes has become a permanent tenant of the new stadium while their own stadium is being constructed; Gimnasia La Plata has only played occasional home games in the stadium. In 2011, Estadio Ciudad de La Plata was one of the host sites for the 2011 Copa America including an opening round match between Argentina and Bolivia, a semifinal game, and a the third-place final. Now, the stadium is additionally used for concerts and Puma matches.

During 2009, following a series of agreements between the city municipality, the governor of the province and the nation's presidency, progress was made in the final transfer of the land of the Paseo del Bosque to Estudiantes and Gimnasia La Plata clubs. On June 24, 2009, the Deliberative Council adopted the Convention and the ordinance for which Gimnasia and Estudiantes clubs received "grants" for the lands on which their home grounds are currently located within El Bosque (The Forest).

Elections and civic advances[edit]

On 28 October 2007, Pablo Bruera was elected mayor with 26% of the vote, replacing Julio Alak, who had been mayor since 1991.

On 25 February 2009, La Plata debuted a parking system that uses text messaging (sms), making La Plata the first city in Argentina to use technology applications to control parking.

In April 2009, reopened its doors as Pasaje Rodrigo shopping. The mall was opened in 1929 by Spanish immigrant Basilio Rodrigo and had been closed to the public for 10 years.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Located in the northeastern province of Buenos Aires, La Plata is bordered by Ensenada and Berisso to the northeast, Berazategui and Florencio Varela to the northwest, San Vicente and Coronel Brandsen to the southwest and south, and Magdalena, to the southeast, occupying an area of 893 km.

The metropolitan area of La Plata includes the neighborhoods of Tolosa, Ringuelet, Manuel B. Gonnet, City Bell, Villa Elisa, Melchor Romero, Abasto, Gorina, José Hernández, Ángel Etcheverry, Arturo Seguí Los Hornos, Lisandro Olmos, Villa Elvira and, Altos de San Lorenzo, all of which have community centers that operate as local delegations.

Climate[edit]

Climogram

La Plata has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa under the Köppen climate classification).[8] During winter, temperatures are cool during the day and cold during the night which can reach below freezing.[9] The average temperature in the coldest month, July is 8.9 °C (48.0 °F). Snowfall in the city is rare. The last significant snowfall fell on 9 July 2007 and the second to last snowfall was on 22 June 1918. Winters tend to be cloudier than summer averaging around 10 overcast days in June to August compared to 6 overcast days from December to February.[9] Summers are warm to hot with a January high of 29 °C (84.2 °F) while nighttime temperatures are cooler, averaging 18 °C (64.4 °F). Spring and fall are transition seasons featuring warm daytime temperatures and cool nighttime temperatures and are highly variable with some days reaching above32 °C (89.6 °F) and below 0 °C (32.0 °F).[9] The city is fairly humid, owing to its coastal location and the average humidity greater than 75% in each month. La Plata receives 1,092 millimetres (43 in) of precipitation a year, with winters being the drier months and summer the wetter months. On average, La Plata receives 2285 hours of sunshine a year or 51% of possible sunshine, ranging from a low of 41% in June and July to 62% in February.[10]

Climate data for La Plata
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.5
(99.5)
37.0
(98.6)
35.9
(96.6)
29.3
(84.7)
28.2
(82.8)
23.1
(73.6)
28.4
(83.1)
25.2
(77.4)
28.0
(82.4)
32.1
(89.8)
35.8
(96.4)
38.4
(101.1)
38.4
(101.1)
Average high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
27.8
(82)
25.4
(77.7)
21.8
(71.2)
17.8
(64)
14.4
(57.9)
14.0
(57.2)
16.1
(61)
17.6
(63.7)
21.1
(70)
24.0
(75.2)
27.3
(81.1)
21.4
(70.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
22.0
(71.6)
19.8
(67.6)
16.3
(61.3)
12.6
(54.7)
9.7
(49.5)
8.9
(48)
10.7
(51.3)
12.3
(54.1)
15.6
(60.1)
18.5
(65.3)
21.0
(69.8)
15.9
(60.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
17.3
(63.1)
15.1
(59.2)
11.8
(53.2)
8.3
(46.9)
5.6
(42.1)
5.2
(41.4)
6.4
(43.5)
7.5
(45.5)
10.7
(51.3)
13.6
(56.5)
15.9
(60.6)
11.3
(52.3)
Record low °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
4.1
(39.4)
3.6
(38.5)
1.3
(34.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
−2.8
(27)
−2.6
(27.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.0
(33.8)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.6
(23.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 115.7
(4.555)
107.9
(4.248)
140.2
(5.52)
70.1
(2.76)
88.6
(3.488)
37.5
(1.476)
47.5
(1.87)
61.4
(2.417)
79.1
(3.114)
126.6
(4.984)
118.1
(4.65)
99.9
(3.933)
1,092.6
(43.016)
Avg. precipitation days 8 7 9 7 7 6 7 7 7 9 9 9 92
 % humidity 75 79 80 82 81 84 84 81 79 79 77 74 80
Mean monthly sunshine hours 251.1 229.6 210.8 186.0 155.0 120.0 127.1 161.2 171.0 207.7 225.0 238.7 2,283.2
Percent possible sunshine 57 62 55 55 48 41 41 48 48 52 54 52 51
Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[9]
Source #2: NOAA (extremes and sun 1961–1990)[10]

Earthquakes[edit]

The region lies on the 'Punta del Este' fault and its ultimate expression occurred on 5 June 1888 (122 years), at 3:20 UTC−3 with a magnitude of 5.5 on the Richter scale. (Earthquake of Rio de la Plata, 1888.)

Government[edit]

Casa de Gobierno de la Provincia de Buenos Aires.

Given the federal system of government in Argentina there are 3 orders or ranks: the National, Provincial and Municipal. Thus it is referring to the three branches in each of these tiers.

The executive branch in La Plata, is exercised by the municipal mayor, elected by popular vote every four years with the possibility of unlimited reelection. The government building is known as the Palacio Municipal, located between the streets 51, 53, 11 and 12, in the city center, is separated from the cathedral across the plaza Moreno. The current mayor is Paul Bruera.

The city government is divided into different areas. These are: Private Secretary, Secretary General, Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Public Management, Social Development Secretariat, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Modernization and Economic Development, Ministry of Justice Faltas, Secretary of Health and Social Medicine, Chief of Staff, Regional Market La Plata, Management Consortium Puerto La Plata, Executive Unit Revenue Agency, Environment Agency Implementation Unit, Human Rights Department, Ministry of Government, Policy Planning Council, Regional Production and Employment, and the city council.

La Plata, also for being capital, is home to three provincial powers. That is, the provincial executive (by Daniel Scioli) along with their ministries, the judiciary and the provincial Legislature, have their seat in La Plata.

Economy[edit]

Banco Provincia headquarters in La Plata.

According to the National Economic Survey 2004–2005, a total of 23,844 local listings, 90% are dedicated to the production of goods and services, 4% belonged to the Civil Service, 2% for semi sideshows or removable; 1% for worship, political parties and unions, and the remaining 2% was in the process of classification.

Finance[edit]

La Plata has a Stock Market (Bolsa de Comercio) founded in 1960, member of the Argentine stock market system.

In the city there are branches of major banks operating in the country, including Banco Nación, Banco Provincia, Banco Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Banco Hipotecario, HSBC, Citigroup, Banco Itaú, Francés, Macro, Standard Bank, etc.

Population[edit]

The urban area, according to the National Census of Population and Housing 2001, has a population of 740,369 inhabitants.

Evolution of the population of La Plata from 1960 to 2001.

Furthermore, the La Plata partido's population since 1960 was developed as follows:[11]

  • Census 1960: 337,060 inhabitants.
  • Census 1970: 391,247 inhabitants.
  • Census 1980: 459,054 inhabitants.
  • Census 1991: 521,759 inhabitants.
  • Census 2001: 763,943 inhabitants.

In 1991–2001 population growth slowed, as was the case in many cities in Argentina, but the city continues to grow. Meanwhile in La Plata was reconstituted with 763,943 in 2001, which makes the city the sixth largest agglomeration in Argentina by population. Following the population growth rate in 2009 it is estimated the city has: 894,253 inhabitants.[12]

The population is predominantly descended from Spaniards and Italians, but there are also groups of German, Arabic, Bolivian, Jewish, Paraguayan, Peruvian and Polish descent.

Spanish community[edit]

As for the Spanish community, stands out in their contributions, for example with renowned Spanish Hospital. Spain has also acknowledged the community by installing a consulate in the city of La Plata.

Italian community[edit]

It highlights the Italian Federation of the consular district of La Plata which brings together many institutions involved in the community. This community also has a school. Italy has also set up a Consulate in La Plata. The city boasts the renowned Italian Hospital.

Arab community[edit]

The Arab community also has several institutions, including the Syriac Orthodox Welfare Assoc, Assoc Islamic Argentino de La Plata and the Lebanese Society of La Plata.

Jewish community[edit]

The Jewish community of La Plata has numerous institutions, including AMIA La Plata (Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina), which has under its orbit Hebrew School Chaim Nachman Bialik and the Jewish cemetery of the city, the Beit Chabad La Plata, part of Chabad Lubavitch Argentina, and has a library and a Synagogue, the Central Sephardic Jewish Cultural Association and Max Nordau.

Education[edit]

Statistics[13]
Educational Institutions
Educational Level Total State Private
 Nivel Inicial 184 82 102
 Nivel Primario 171 96 75
 Nivel Medio 102 48 54
 Nivel Terciario o  Superior no Universitario 42 9 33
Students enrolled
Educational Level Total State Private
 Nivel Inicial 29.111 14.791 14.320
 Nivel Primario 93.575 58.825 34.750
 Nivel Medio 29.884 21.243 8.641
 Nivel Terciario o Superior no Universitario 12.162 4.597 7.565
Presidencia de la UNLP.
Number 19 School Gral. José de San Martín.

La Plata hosts one of the most renowned universities in Argentina, the National University of La Plata (Spanish: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, UNLP). It has over 75,000 regular students, 8,000 teaching staff, 16 faculties and 106 available degrees.

UNLP students and professors include:

Four high school institutes are under UNLP control, three of them are located in La Plata:

  • Rafael Hernández National High School (Spanish: Colegio Nacional Rafael Hernández)
  • Víctor Mercante Lyceum (Spanish: Liceo Víctor Mercante)
  • Fine Arts High School (Spanish: Bachillerato de Bellas Artes)

La Plata is also home of other three universities:

Students come to these four universities from every part of Argentina and other countries, giving the city a rich young multicultural lifestyle.

There is also an international school for translators, Traductorado.

Architecture and the composition of the city[edit]

View of the City of La Plata and Plaza Moreno from the Cathedral.
The city from the air.
Plaza Dardo Rocha from the air.
View of the Plaza Moreno and the Cathedral.
View of the diagonal 73 in spring.
Courthouse.
Juzgados Federales de La Plata (ex Hotel Provincial).

La Plata is a planned city, urban planning paradigm of the late 19th century. It is also an example of "hygiene", which was becoming important in that time.


The trace of the city, designed by architect Pedro Benoit, characterized by a strict grid, and its many avenues and diagonals. The convergence of the two major diagonals, 73 and 74, which cross the city from east to west and from north to south, respectively, takes place in Plaza Moreno. This square, in whose center is the foundation stone, the heart of the city, is the main square of the city and it is between the City Hall and the cathedral located at 14 N ° 1943 between 51 and 53, High Gothic, with its towers 112 m high, could be completed only in 1999. Highlights of the city are the Museum of Natural Sciences, the building of the Interior, the Provincial Legislature, the new theater and the hippodrome. Many of these buildings were built at the time of the founding of the city, following an international call for proposals. They are often called "buildings erected" and most of them are on the shaft foundation, which blocks are located between 51st and 53rd streets.

Another work is the parent company of Banco de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, located between the streets 6, 7, 46 and 47. This building was designed by architects Juan A. Buschiazzo and Luis Viglione. It opened on 19 April 1886, being amended in 1913 and in the 1970s.


It is a very green city, with its largest so-called "Paseo del Bosque" (or simply 'the forest'), with its lake, amphitheater Martin Fierro, the Zoo and Botanical Garden Victorian astronomical observatory, and Natural History Museum, part of the UNLP, with its famous collections. Other attractions are the nearby Parque Pereyra Iraola great and so-called Republic of children in which it is said, he would have inspired Walt Disney to build Disneyland then, there are videos that prove that Disney, prior to building the park, visited the Republic Children's during his visit to Argentina.

Architecturally the neo-Gothic cathedral called La Colorada, the former central railway station, in 1977 the city lost due to a fire, one of its most valuable monuments: the Teatro Argentino de La Plata, predominantly neoclassic style. Instead they built a new brutalist style theater. The city also has the Estadio Ciudad de La Plata influenced by modern architecture High-tech architecture, through a national competition which was amended in a subsequent project to expand capacity and cover. Is anticipated that by mid-2010s concrete deck semitransaparente Kevlar and plastic resins (which is still in Customs).

Awards received by the city[edit]

The city was awarded at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1889, an event in which the new city was given the two gold medals awarded in the categories "City of the Future" and "Better performance built."

La Plata Cemetery[edit]

The municipal cemetery of La Plata was established in 1886 for the new capital of the province of Buenos Aires. It was designed by Pedro Benoit, who was also responsible for the design of the city. It lies on the intersection of Avenue 31, 72 and diagonal 74 in the southern tip. It has some remarkable architectural features, both in its main entrance as in many of the family vaults, which include neoclassical, Neo-Gothic, Art Nouveau (in its variant of Catalan Art Nouveau), Art Deco and Egyptian revival styles. The main entrance is an impressive neo-classical portico with Doric columns. The Catholic chapel, in Romanesque revival style, was finished in 1950.

Its annex, the Jewish Cemetery, belongs to the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina in La Plata and is located on Avenue 72.

Sports[edit]

The most popular sport in the city, as in the whole country, is football. Among the many clubs that play football in the city, two of them stand out above the rest and these are the clubs Estudiantes de La Plata(known as "pinchas"), who plays in the First Division of Argentine football and Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata(known as "triperos"), currently on Second Division. Estudiantes is the only team who won a National or International Cup on the city. From these two teams came out great players like Martín Palermo, Francisco Varallo, Juan Sebastián Verón and his father, Gustavo and Guillermo Barros Schelotto, Leandro Cufré, among others. The city also has the Liga Amateur Platense de fútbol that encompasses dozens of clubs in the region, such as: Club Atlético Estrella de Berisso, La Plata Fútbol Club, Asociación Nueva Alianza, Club Everton, among others.

Basketball has a place in the Torneo Nacional de Ascenso (National Tournament Ascent), through Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata . In addition, through the Asociación Platense de Basquetbol, the city has leagues and tournaments for all levels and categories (First, Second Ascent, U21, Junior (U19), Cadet (U17), Kids (U15), Pre-Kids (U13)), which involved Clubs: Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata, Estudiantes,Centro Fomento de Los Hornos Club Atenas, Unión Vecinal, Centro de Fomento Meridiano V, Club Cultural y Deportivo Juventud, among others.

Auto racing also has its importance in the city from the hands of the Turismo Carretera. For this competition is a racetrack called Autódromo Roberto José Mouras in honor of the historic Chevrolet driver died in Lobos in 1992.[14] Other information relating to motorsport in the city has to do with the last Argentine Formula 1 pilot, who was the "platense" Gastón Mazzacane that after 21 races in Formula 1 came to compete in the Champ Car and Top Race V6.

Rugby, meanwhile, is a comprehensive discipline of fans in the city. The most representative clubs are: La Plata Rugby Club, Club San Luis, Los Tilos, Universitario and Albatros. From 2012 La Plata will host a round of the IRB Sevens World Series.

Of note is the traditional seat of turf in the city. La Plata has a race track, the third in order of competition and offer careers in the country.

Volleyball teams include Gimnasia y Esgrima and Universitario.

Hockey also claims two teams, Universitario and Santa Bárbara.

Culture[edit]

The culture has a major role in the city of La Plata. This is reflected in the large amount of cultural centers, theaters, museums, cinemas and libraries that are in the city, as well as the Universidad Nacional de La Plata and the observatory.

Pasaje Dardo Rocha Building, named in honor of the city's founder.
Former building of the Teatro Argentino (burnt and demolished in 1977).
  • Cultural centers: Centro Cultural Pasaje Dardo Rocha, Centro Cultural Islas Malvinas, Centro Cultural Estación Provincial, Centro Cultural Viejo Almacén El Obrero, Centro de Cultura & Comunicación, Centro Cultural El Núcleo, Centro Actividades Artísticas CRISOLES, Centro Cultural Los Hornos, Centro Cultural y Social El Galpón de Tolosa.
  • Theaters: Teatro Argentino de La Plata, Teatro Municipal Coliseo Podestá, Anfiteatro Martín Fierro, Teatro La Nonna, Teatro La Hermandad del Princesa, Sala 420, Taller de Teatro de la UNLP, Complejo El Teatro, Teatro La Lechuza.
  • Museums:[15][16] Museo de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Latinoamericano, Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes, Museo Municipal de Bellas Artes, Museo de Arte Fra. Angélico, Museo de Instrumentos Musicales Colección Dr. Emilio Azzarini, Museo Histórico del Fuerte de la Ensenada de Barragán, Museo y Archivo Dardo Rocha, Museo Almafuerte, Museo del Teatro Argentino, Museo José Juan Podestá, Museo de la Catedral, Museo Indigenista Yana Kúntur, Museo Internacional de Muñecos, Museo del Automóvil Colección Rau, Museo del Tango Platense, Museo Policial Inspector Mayor Vesiroglos, Museo Histórico Contralmirante Chalier (Escuela Naval de Río Santiago), Museo Histórico Militar Tte. Julio A. Roca, Museo de Anatomía Veterinaria Dr. Víctor M. Arroyo, Museo de Artesanía Tradicional Juan Alfonso Carrizo, Museo de Astronomía y Geofísica, Museo de Botánica y Farmacognosia Dr. Carlos Spegazzini, Museo y Casa de Descanso Samay Huasi, Museo de Física, Museo de Historia de la Medicina Dr. Santiago Gorostiague, Museo Biblioteca de Química y Farmacia Prof. Dr. Carlos Sagastume, Museo de Odontología, Museo de Ciencias Agrarias y Forestales Prof. Julio Ocampo.
  • Libraries: Biblioteca Central General José de San Martín, Biblioteca Municipal Francisco López Merino, Biblioteca de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Biblioteca de la Legislatura de la Provincia.
  • Cinemas: Cinema San Martín, Cinema 8, Cinema City, Cinema Paradiso, Cinema Rocha, Cine Select, Espacio INCAA km. 60.

There were big personalities in the cultural sphere from the city: Paula Almerares (opera singer, soprano); Dante Anzolini (conductor); Efraín U. Bischoff (historian), José Walter Gavito (sculptor), Osvaldo Golijov (classical composer), Robert Noble (journalist and socialist politician, founder and first editor of the newspaper Clarín), Emilio Pettoruti (painter), Ernesto Tenenbaum (Reporter), María Dhialma Tiberti (writer), Iñaki Urlezaga (classical dancer), Álvaro Yunque (writer), Jorge and Federico D'Elia (actors); Adabel Guerrero (dancer, actress), Alejo García Pintos (film and television actor), Benjamín Rojas (actor), Freddy Villarreal (comedian, actor), Héctor Bidonde (actor), Juan Palomino (actor), Oscar Alberto "Lito" Cruz (actor), Maxi Ghione (actor), Pablo Andrés Martínez (actor), Carlos Mancinelli (musician), among others.

It is worth mentioning other important personalities, not being natives of La Plata, influenced the city's cultural life as Raúl Amaral (writer, poet and journalist. It was part of Ediciones del Bosque), Joaquin V. Gonzalez (historian, educator, writer and politician) and Rafael Hernández (politician and journalist), both founders of the UNLP, Pedro Bonifacio Palacios "Almafuerte" (Poet); Josefina Passadori (writer) Ernesto Sabato (writer and artist), Carlos "Indio" Solari (musician and band member platense Redonditos Patricio Rey and Ricotta), among others.

The city has a great attraction to music, whereas all festival concerts are organized. In addition, this is formed big band music and folklore of Argentina such as Los Redondos, Virus, Guasones, Opus Cuatro, Infonoise, among others.

Festivals, celebrations and events scheduled[edit]

Doll winner 2008, "Arde Troya".

The city of La Plata has the particularity of being the only place (with Berisso and Ensenada) in the country where the burning of Momos (Dolls similar to those cremated at the Fallas festival in Valencia, Spain) is held every New Year's Eve. Hundreds of dolls are burnt to celebrate the end of the year and the beginning of a new year. Competitions for the best doll is awarded by the La Plata municipality and media.[17][18]

Every 18 April is International Day For Monuments and Sites.[19] That day, buses with tour guides leave from the Centro Cultural Pasaje Dardo Rocha to the various historical monuments of La Plata, Berisso and Ensenada, being the activity free.

In addition, every year on 19 November, the anniversary of the city is held with recitals and a fireworks show at the Plaza Moreno.

In La Plata, as well as in all of Argentina, the first day of spring is celebrated along with National Student's Day on 21 September. On this date, the municipality organizes concerts both in the Paseo del Bosque and Plaza Moreno.

Patron saint[edit]

The patron saint of the city and the party of La Plata is Saint Ponciano, the 18th pope of the Catholic Church, who died in Sardinia on 19 November 235.[20] On 19 November is the feast of the Catholic parish of St. Pontian, pope and martyr.[21]

Tourism[edit]

The most important tourist sites are located in the heart of the city's founding, between Streets 51 and 53, being the center of the city's Plaza Moreno. The square separates two great works of the city: the Metropolitan Cathedral of La Plata "Immaculate Conception" and the Palacio Municipal.

The city of La Plata has many monuments and historical sites. Among them are: the Banco Provincia de Buenos Aires headquarters, the Curutchet House, Casa de Gobierno Provincial, Casa Mariani – Teruggi, Centro Cultural Islas Malvinas, Centro Cultural Meridiano V, Centro Cultural Pasaje Dardo Rocha, Iglesia San Benjamín, la Legislatura Provincial, Museo de Ciencias Naturales, the Quinta Oreste Santospago, the Rectorado de la UNLP, Museo Ferroviario of Tolosa, the Teatro Municipal Coliseo Podestá, the Anfiteatro Martín Fierro, the Estadio Ciudad de La Plata, entre otros.

Moreover, staying at the city of La Plata the visitors can tour the monuments of the neighboring cities of Berisso and Ensenada (formerly part of La Plata), finding among these to the Street New York, the Swift Refrigerator, Ukrainian Catholic Parish "Our Lady of the Assumption, Old Station Cultural Centre, Fort Barragán and Historical Museum, the Ensenada Rotary Bridge, among others.

Quema de Muñecos is a traditional celebration every New Year. Young people create giant figures stuffed with fireworks. People vote for the best giant figure. After midnight all the figures are burnt in different parts of the city. The most voted get a prize.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iBK26QS3t3s

People from La Plata[edit]

Notable people

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas Bradley: The photographer of Dardo Rocha (in Spanish)
  2. ^ Felipe Pigna, Los Mitos de la historia argentina, 3, ed. Planeta Historia y Sociedad 2006, p. 153.
  3. ^ Lucesole, María José. "Por Iglesia y en secreto". La Nación. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  4. ^ Rosa, José María. "La fundación de La Plata". Archived from the original on 25 July 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2009. 
  5. ^ "Especiales – La Plata Histórica". El Día. Retrieved 11 January 2009. 
  6. ^ "Historia de La Plata". La Plata Mágica. Retrieved 11 January 2009. 
  7. ^ "Historia de La Plata en "El álbum de La Plata"". Retrieved 11 January 2009. 
  8. ^ Kottek, M.; J. Grieser; C. Beck; B. Rudolf; F. Rubel (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated". Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c d "La Plata Statistical Data (1981–1990)" (in Spanish). National Meteorological Service of Argentina. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "La Plata Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ "Estadísticas de Educación de La Plata". Municipalidad de La Plata. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  14. ^ "Circuito de La Plata". ACTC. Retrieved 2009-03-17. [dead link]
  15. ^ "Atracciones, Museos". La Plata Vive. 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010. 
  16. ^ "Red de Museos de la UNLP". Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP). Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  17. ^ "Recorrida por los tradicionales muñecos de Fin de Año". El Día. 2007. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  18. ^ "Finalizó el concurso: el domingo se conocerán los cinco ganadores". El Día. 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  19. ^ "Cientos de platenses en un tour por los museos". El Día. 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  20. ^ San Ponciano
  21. ^ Basílica de San Ponciano. Historia.

References[edit]

  • Soler, Ricardo (1982). 100 años de vida platense. El Día. Sociedad Impresora Platense. 

External links[edit]

La Plata's web guides[edit]