Puyuma people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Puyuma's Moon-shape Monolith ca. 1896

The Puyuma (Chinese: 卑南族; pinyin: Bēinán-zú; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Puyuma-cho̍k, Pi-lâm-cho̍k), also known as the Pinuyumayan, Peinan or Beinan tribe, are one of the tribal groups of the Taiwanese aborigines. The tribe is generally divided into the Chihpen and Nanwang groups, both resident in Taitung County on the east coast of Taiwan.

In the year 2000 the Puyuma numbered 9,606. This was approximately 2.4% of Taiwan's total indigenous population, making them the sixth-largest tribal group.[1] The Puyuma speak their tribal language as well as Mandarin and Taiwanese. The Puyuma language, however, is dying.

The name "Puyuma" means "unity" or "concord," and was originally the autonym of the speakers of the Nanwang dialect (Teng 2008). Zeitoun and Cauquelin (2006) also note that the word Puyuma can be analyzed as pu'-uma, which means "to send to the field."

Peinan Site[edit]

The earliest records of the Peinan Site were made by Torii Ryūzō, an anthropologist in the early period of the Japanese Occupation of Taiwan. During his four visits to Taiwan for anthropological research, he took two photos of the stone pillars on the ground surface at the Peinan Site

Villages[edit]

Puyuma villages include (ordered from north to south):[2]

  • Ulibulibuk
  • Bankio
  • Alipai
  • Pinaski
  • Tamalakaw
  • Rikabung
  • Puyuma (Nanwang)
  • Peinan
  • Balangaw
  • Apapalo
  • Kasabakan
  • Katipul
  • Nirbuaqan

Language[edit]

Main article: Puyuma language

Notable Puyuma people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (DGBAS). National Statistics, Republic of China (Taiwan). Preliminary statistical analysis report of 2000 Population and Housing Census. Excerpted from Table 28:Indigenous population distribution in Taiwan-Fukien Area. Accessed 8/30/06
  2. ^ Cauquelin, Josiane. 1991. Dictionnaire Puyuma-Français. Paris: Ecole française d'Extrême Orient.

External links[edit]