The Puyuma (Chinese: 卑南族; pinyin: Bēinán-zú; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Puyuma-cho̍k, Pi-lâm-cho̍k), also known as the Pinuyumayan, Peinan or Beinan tribe, are one of the tribal groups of the Taiwanese aborigines. The tribe is generally divided into the Chihpen and Nanwang groups, both resident in Taitung County on the east coast of Taiwan.
In the year 2000 the Puyuma numbered 9,606. This was approximately 2.4% of Taiwan's total indigenous population, making them the sixth-largest tribal group. The Puyuma speak their tribal language as well as Mandarin and Taiwanese. The Puyuma language, however, is dying.
The name "Puyuma" means "unity" or "concord," and was originally the autonym of the speakers of the Nanwang dialect. Zeitoun and Cauquelin (2006) also note that the word Puyuma can be analyzed as pu'-uma, which means "to send to the field."
The earliest records of the Peinan Site were made by Torii Ryūzō, an anthropologist in the early period of the Japanese Occupation of Taiwan. During his four visits to Taiwan for anthropological research, he took two photos of the stone pillars on the ground surface at the Peinan Site
Puyuma villages include (ordered from north to south):
- Puyuma (Nanwang)
Notable Puyuma people
- A-mei, pop singer
- Sun Ta-chuan, former Minister of the Council of Indigenous Peoples
- Saya Chang, singer (and A-mei's younger sister)
- Erica Chiang, singer
- Jane Huang, singer of Taiwanese rock duo Y2J
- Samingad, singer
- Purdur, singer
- Panai, singer
- Tank, singer
- Sangpuy Katatepan Mavaliyw, Puyuma language singer
- Baday, author
- Kuciling Katatepan, traditional carver
- Iming, sculptor
- Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (DGBAS). National Statistics, Republic of China (Taiwan). Preliminary statistical analysis report of 2000 Population and Housing Census. Excerpted from Table 28:Indigenous population distribution in Taiwan-Fukien Area. Accessed 8/30/06
- Teng, Stacy Fang-Ching (2008). A reference grammar of Puyuma, an Austronesian language of Taiwan. Pacific linguistics 595. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University. ISBN 9780858835870.
- Cauquelin, Josiane (1991). Dictionnaire puyuma-français. Paris: Ecole Française d'Extreme-Orient. ISBN 9782855395517.
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