Taitung City

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This article is about the city. For the county, see Taitung County.
Taitung
臺東市
County-controlled city
Downtown Taitung City
Downtown Taitung City
Nickname(s): 東市 (Eastern City)
Taitung is located in Taiwan
Taitung
Taitung
Location in the Republic of China
Coordinates: 22°45′30″N 121°08′40″E / 22.75833°N 121.14444°E / 22.75833; 121.14444Coordinates: 22°45′30″N 121°08′40″E / 22.75833°N 121.14444°E / 22.75833; 121.14444
Country  Republic of China
County Taitung
Government
 • Mayor Chen Chien-ke (陳建閣)
Area
 • Total 109.7691 km2 (42.3821 sq mi)
Population (January 2014)
 • Total 107,328
 • Density 980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Website www.taitungcity.gov.tw
Taitung City
Simplified Chinese 台东市
Traditional Chinese 台東市 or 臺東市
Literal meaning Eastern Taiwan
Taitung City in Taitung County

Taitung, officially known as Taitung City (Chinese: 台東市 or 臺東市; pinyin: Táidōng Shì), is a county-controlled city and the county seat of Taitung County, Taiwan. It lies on the southeast coast of Taiwan facing the Pacific Ocean. Taitung City is the most populous subdivision of Taitung County and it is one of the major cities on the east coast of the island.

Due to the Central Mountain Range of Taiwan, ground transportation to Taitung City is very limited. The city is served by Taitung Airport. Taitung is a gateway to Green Island and Orchid Island, both of which are popular tourist destinations.

History[edit]

Taitung City under Japanese rule

Before the 16th century the Taitung plain was settled by agriculturalist Puyuma and Amis tribes. Under the Dutch and during the Qing Dynasty, a large part of east Taiwan, including today's Taitung Prefecture, was called Beinan.

In the late 19th century, when Liu Mingchuan was the Qing Governor of Taiwan, Han Chinese settlers moved into the Taitung region and established a settlement, Taitung State. In the time Taiwan was under Japanese rule the central settlement was called Nankyou Village. After handover of Taiwan from Japan to ROC in 1945, it became Taitung Town and in 1976 it was promoted to Taitung City.

City government[edit]

Taitung City government is headquartered at Taitung City Hall which takes the responsibility for the city general administration and all of its other affairs, from folk, education, cultural popularization, negotiation, emergency help, disaster prevention, environmental taxation, cleaning control, finance, public property control, tellership, taxing help, farming and fishing control, wholesale products, marketing and business administration, urban planning, public establishment, tourism, community development, army service administration, welfare, national health insurance program and indigenous administration affairs.

Departments[edit]

  • Civil Affair Section
  • Financial Section
  • Construction Section
  • Labor Affair Section
  • Social and Army Service Section
  • Aboriginal Administration Section
  • Administration Section
  • Personnel Office
  • Budget, Accounting and Statistics Office
  • Ethics Section[1]

Climate[edit]

Taitung has a tropical monsoon climate, with a wet season from May to October, a dry season from November to April, and consistently very warm to hot temperatures with high humidity. Unlike most tropical climates, however, the dry season is foggy rather than sunny, so that moisture availability during this period is greater than the low rainfall and warm temperatures would suggest.

Climate data for Taitung City (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
23.6
(74.5)
25.4
(77.7)
27.7
(81.9)
29.8
(85.6)
31.4
(88.5)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90)
31.0
(87.8)
29.3
(84.7)
26.9
(80.4)
24.1
(75.4)
28.07
(82.52)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
20.0
(68)
21.8
(71.2)
24.1
(75.4)
26.2
(79.2)
27.8
(82)
28.9
(84)
28.7
(83.7)
27.5
(81.5)
25.7
(78.3)
23.3
(73.9)
20.5
(68.9)
24.5
(76.1)
Average low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
17.4
(63.3)
19.0
(66.2)
21.2
(70.2)
23.4
(74.1)
25.1
(77.2)
26.0
(78.8)
25.9
(78.6)
24.8
(76.6)
23.1
(73.6)
20.8
(69.4)
17.9
(64.2)
21.78
(71.2)
Rainfall mm (inches) 43.2
(1.701)
47.5
(1.87)
43.1
(1.697)
73.8
(2.906)
156.9
(6.177)
247.8
(9.756)
280.5
(11.043)
308.2
(12.134)
299.4
(11.787)
236.0
(9.291)
78.0
(3.071)
41.7
(1.642)
1,856.1
(73.075)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.7 9.6 9.0 11.1 14.1 12.5 10.0 11.0 13.7 9.9 7.8 7.5 124.9
 % humidity 72.7 74.8 75.4 76.5 78.6 79.4 77.0 77.5 77.4 74.3 72.3 70.9 75.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 100.5 82.5 106.6 122.1 142.1 186.9 242.0 212.0 172.0 150.7 113.7 100.4 1,731.5
Source: Central Weather Bureau[2]

Government institutions[edit]

Education[edit]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

TRA Taitung Station
Taitung Airport

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]