Taitung City

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This article is about the city. For the county, see Taitung County.
Taitung
臺東市
County-controlled city
Downtown Taitung City
Downtown Taitung City
Nickname(s): 東市 (Eastern City)
Taitung is located in Taiwan
Taitung
Taitung
Location in the Republic of China
Coordinates: 22°45′30″N 121°08′40″E / 22.75833°N 121.14444°E / 22.75833; 121.14444Coordinates: 22°45′30″N 121°08′40″E / 22.75833°N 121.14444°E / 22.75833; 121.14444
Country  Republic of China
County Taitung
Area
 • Total 109.7691 km2 (42.3821 sq mi)
Population (December 2014)
 • Total 106,929
 • Density 970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Website www.taitungcity.gov.tw
Taitung City
Traditional Chinese 台東市 or 臺東市
Simplified Chinese 台东市
Literal meaning Eastern Taiwan
Taitung City in Taitung County

Taitung, officially known as Taitung City (Chinese: 台東市 or 臺東市; pinyin: Táidōng Shì), is a county-controlled city and the county seat of Taitung County, Taiwan. It lies on the southeast coast of Taiwan facing the Pacific Ocean. Taitung City is the most populous subdivision of Taitung County and it is one of the major cities on the east coast of the island.

Due to the Central Mountain Range of Taiwan, ground transportation to Taitung City is very limited. The city is served by Taitung Airport. Taitung is a gateway to Green Island and Orchid Island, both of which are popular tourist destinations.

History[edit]

Taitung City under Japanese rule

Before the 16th century the Taitung plain was settled by agriculturalist Puyuma and Amis aboriginal tribes. Under Dutch rule and during Qing rule, a large part of eastern Taiwan, including today's Taitung, was called "Pi-lam" (卑南).

In the late 19th century, when Liu Mingchuan was the Qing Governor of Taiwan, Han Chinese settlers moved into the Taitung region. Pi-lam Subprefecture (卑南廳) was established in 1875, and was upgraded and renamed to "Taitung State" (臺東直隸州) in 1888. In 1887, the island was made an independent Taiwan Province, which included Taitung Prefecture.[1]

During Japanese rule, the central settlement was called Nankyō Village (南鄉新街). Taitō Chō (臺東廳) was one of twenty local administrative offices established in 1901. English-language works from the era refer to the place as Pinan (from Japanese) and Pilam (from Hokkien).[2] Taitō Town (臺東街) was established in 1920 under Taitō Prefecture, and included modern Taitung City and eastern Beinan Township.

After handover of Taiwan from Japan to ROC in 1945, it became Taitung Township and in 1976 it was promoted to Taitung City.

City government[edit]

Taitung City government is headquartered at Taitung City Hall which takes the responsibility for the city general administration and all of its other affairs, from folk, education, cultural popularization, negotiation, emergency help, disaster prevention, environmental taxation, cleaning control, finance, public property control, tellership, taxing help, farming and fishing control, wholesale products, marketing and business administration, urban planning, public establishment, tourism, community development, army service administration, welfare, national health insurance program and indigenous administration affairs.

Departments[edit]

  • Civil Affair Section
  • Financial Section
  • Construction Section
  • Labor Affair Section
  • Social and Army Service Section
  • Aboriginal Administration Section
  • Administration Section
  • Personnel Office
  • Budget, Accounting and Statistics Office
  • Ethics Section[3]

Climate[edit]

Taitung has a tropical monsoon climate, with a wet season from May to October, a dry season from November to April, and consistently very warm to hot temperatures with high humidity. Unlike most tropical climates, however, the dry season is foggy rather than sunny, so that moisture availability during this period is greater than the low rainfall and warm temperatures would suggest.The highest record of temperature of Taiwan was recorded in Taitung on May 9th 2004, with temperatures peaking above 40 degrees Celsius for the first time in Taiwan's recorded history.

Climate data for Taitung City (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
23.6
(74.5)
25.4
(77.7)
27.7
(81.9)
29.8
(85.6)
31.4
(88.5)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90)
31.0
(87.8)
29.3
(84.7)
26.9
(80.4)
24.1
(75.4)
28.07
(82.52)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
20.0
(68)
21.8
(71.2)
24.1
(75.4)
26.2
(79.2)
27.8
(82)
28.9
(84)
28.7
(83.7)
27.5
(81.5)
25.7
(78.3)
23.3
(73.9)
20.5
(68.9)
24.5
(76.1)
Average low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
17.4
(63.3)
19.0
(66.2)
21.2
(70.2)
23.4
(74.1)
25.1
(77.2)
26.0
(78.8)
25.9
(78.6)
24.8
(76.6)
23.1
(73.6)
20.8
(69.4)
17.9
(64.2)
21.78
(71.2)
Rainfall mm (inches) 43.2
(1.701)
47.5
(1.87)
43.1
(1.697)
73.8
(2.906)
156.9
(6.177)
247.8
(9.756)
280.5
(11.043)
308.2
(12.134)
299.4
(11.787)
236.0
(9.291)
78.0
(3.071)
41.7
(1.642)
1,856.1
(73.075)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.7 9.6 9.0 11.1 14.1 12.5 10.0 11.0 13.7 9.9 7.8 7.5 124.9
Average humidity (%) 72.7 74.8 75.4 76.5 78.6 79.4 77.0 77.5 77.4 74.3 72.3 70.9 75.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 100.5 82.5 106.6 122.1 142.1 186.9 242.0 212.0 172.0 150.7 113.7 100.4 1,731.5
Source: Central Weather Bureau[4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Wenhua Village, Minzu Village, Zijiang Village, Minsheng Village, Baosang Village, Minquan Village, Siwei Village, Zhonghua Village, Renai Village, Jiangguo Village, Datong Village, Chenggong Village, Jianguo Village, Zhongzheng Village, Zhongshan Village, Xingguo Village, Tiehua Village, Tunghai Village, Fuguo Village, Fuxing Village, Xinxing Village, Xinsheng Village, Zhongxin Village, Malan Village, Guangming Village, Fengnian Village, Fengle Village, Yongle Village, Kangle Village, Fengrong Village, Fenggu Village, Fengli Village, Fengyuan Village, Fugang Village, Fufeng Village, Nanrong Village, Yanwan Village, Beinan Village, Nanwang Village, Fengtian Village, Xinyuan Village, Jianhe Village, Jianxing Village, Jianye Village, Zhiben Village, Jiannong Village.

Government institutions[edit]

Education[edit]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

TRA Taitung Station
Taitung Airport

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]