Qalansawe

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Qalansawe
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew קַלַנְסֻוָה
 • ISO 259 Qalansuwa
 • Translit. Kalansuwa or Qalansuwa
 • Also spelled Kalansoueh,[1] Qalansuwa (unofficial)
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic قلنسوة
Qalansuwa-541.jpg
Qalansawe is located in Israel
Qalansawe
Qalansawe
Coordinates: 32°16′56.34″N 34°59′0.27″E / 32.2823167°N 34.9834083°E / 32.2823167; 34.9834083Coordinates: 32°16′56.34″N 34°59′0.27″E / 32.2823167°N 34.9834083°E / 32.2823167; 34.9834083
District Central
Government
 • Type City
 • Mayor (Incumbent: Abdel Baset Salame - Mahmoud Kahdega)
Area
 • Total 7,800 dunams (7.8 km2 or 3.0 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 18,500

Qalansawe also Qalansuwa (Arabic: قلنسوة‎, Hebrew: קַלַנְסֻוָה) (lit. "turban")[2][3] is an Arab city in the Center District of Israel. According to Israel Central Bureau of Statistics statistics for the end of 2007, the total population was 18,500.[4] Qalansawe is part of the Triangle.

History[edit]

Mosque built on Crusader ruins

From the ninth century and until the Crusader times, Qalansawe was a stop on the Cairo-Damascus road, between Lajjun and Ramla.[5]

During the Crusader period, the village was known as Calanson, Calansue, Calanzon or Kalensue.[6] In 1128, it was given to the Hospitallers by the knight Godfrey of Flujea.[7][6] Yaqut (†1229) wrote that Qalansawe, Castle of the Plans, of the Crusaders, was a fortress near Ramle. He adds that "many of the Omayyads were slain there."[8] It remained in Hospitallers hands (except for 1187–1191) until Baybars took it in 1265.[6] However, during this period the lord of Caesarea appears to have retained overlordship.[6] Remnants of a crusader fortress remain today.[6]

Ottoman period[edit]

In 1596, Qalansawa appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Bani Sa'b of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 29 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summer crops, olives, goats or beehives, and a press for olives or grapes.[9]

In the late 19th century, the village was described as being of moderate size, and the seat of a Caimacam. In the centre of the village was a Crusader tower and hall, surrounded by the village houses, mostly made of adobe. Wells and a spring to the west supplied water.[10]

British Mandate of Palestine period[edit]

At the time of the 1931 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Qalansawe had 225 houses and a population of 1,069 Muslims, including nearby Bedouin encampments.[11]

By 1945, the village had 1540 Arab inhabitants, who owned a total of owned 17,249 dunams of land.[12]

1948, and after[edit]

During the 1948 Palestine war, Jewish forces had decided to "conquer and destroy" or later "expel or subdue" Qalansawe,[13] but the village was not taken[14] and was only transferred to Israeli sovereignty in May 1949 as part of the Israel-Jordan armistice agreement.[15] Political considerations then prevented the expulsion of the villagers.[16]

By 1962, land ownership had dropped to 6,620 dunams, mostly due to expropriation of land by Israel in 1953–1954.[17]

Demographics[edit]

In 2001, the ethnic makeup of the city was virtually all Arab Muslims without significant Jewish population. There were 7,700 males and 7,300 females. 53.2% of the residents were 19 years of age or younger, 17.1% were between 20 and 29, 17.9% between 30 and 44, 8.0% from 45 to 59, 1.6% from 60 to 64, and 2.2% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 3.5%.

Due to marriages among relatives, the residents suffer from a high percentage of genetic diseases, especially hearing impairment.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guerin, 1875, p. 350 ff.
  2. ^ The turban tradition in Islam
  3. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.187
  4. ^ "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  5. ^ Petersen, 2001, pp. 248-249, citing among others Hartmann, 1910, 675, 676
  6. ^ a b c d e Pringle, 1997, p. 77 - 78
  7. ^ Röhricht, 1904, RRH Ad, p. 9-10, No. 121a
  8. ^ Cited in le Strange, 1890, p.476
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 139
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP, II, p. 165
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 56
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970 p.76
  13. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 246
  14. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 302
  15. ^ UN Doc S/1302/Rev.1 of 3 April 1949
  16. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 531
  17. ^ S. Jiryis (1976). "The land question in Israel". MERIP Reports. No. 37: 5–20, 24–26. 
  18. ^ Warzberger, Rachel (2001-03-19). "Close Family Marriages and Polygamy" (RTF). Knesset. Retrieved 2008-07-26.  (Hebrew)

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]