|• ISO 259||Qalansuwa|
|• Translit.||Kalansuwa or Qalansuwa|
|• Also spelled||Kalansoueh, Qalansuwa (unofficial)|
|• Mayor||(Incumbent: Abdel Baset Salame - Mahmoud Kahdega)|
|• Total||7,800 dunams (7.8 km2 or 3.0 sq mi)|
Qalansawe also Qalansuwa (Arabic: قلنسوة, Hebrew: קַלַנְסֻוָה) (lit. "turban") is an Arab city in the Center District of Israel. According to Israel Central Bureau of Statistics statistics for the end of 2007, the total population was 18,500. Qalansawe is part of the Triangle.
During the Crusader period, the village was known as Calanson, Calansue, Calanzon or Kalensue. In 1128, it was given to the Hospitallers by the knight Godfrey of Flujea. Yaqut (†1229) wrote that Qalansawe, Castle of the Plans, of the Crusaders, was a fortress near Ramle. He adds that "many of the Omayyads were slain there." It remained in Hospitallers hands (except for 1187–1191) until Baybars took it in 1265. However, during this period the lord of Caesarea appears to have retained overlordship. Remnants of a crusader fortress remain today.
In 1596, Qalansawa appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Bani Sa'b of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 29 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summer crops, olives, goats or beehives, and a press for olives or grapes. In the late 19th century, the village was described as being of moderate size, and the seat of a Caimacam. In the centre of the village was a Crusader tower and hall, surrounded by the village houses, mostly made of adobe. Wells and a spring to the west supplied water.
Qalansua remained under Jordanian occupation under May 1949 and was transferred to Israel as part of the Israel-Jordan armistice agreement. Political considerations then prevented the expulsion of the villagers.
In 1962, land ownership dropped to 6,620 dunams, in part due to expropriation of land by Israel in 1953–1954.
In 2001, the ethnic makeup of the city was virtually all Arab Muslims without significant Jewish population. There were 7,700 males and 7,300 females. 53.2% of the residents were 19 years of age or younger, 17.1% were between 20 and 29, 17.9% between 30 and 44, 8.0% from 45 to 59, 1.6% from 60 to 64, and 2.2% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 3.5%.
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- The turban tradition in Islam
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