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قصي صدام حسين
|Member of the Regional Command of the Iraqi Regional Branch|
18 May 2001 – 9 April 2003
|Director of the Iraqi Special Security Organization|
|Preceded by||Fannar Zibin Al Hasan|
|Succeeded by||Nawfal Mahjoom Al-Tikriti|
|Born||Qusay Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti
17 May 1966
|Died||22 July 2003
|Resting place||Al-Awja, Iraq|
|Political party||Iraqi Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party|
|Spouse(s)||Sahar 1988–2003 (his death)|
|Children||Mustapha Qusay Saddam al-Tikriti (1989–2003; deceased)
Yahya Qusay Saddam al-Tikriti (born 1991)
Yaqub Qusay Saddam al-Tikriti
|Parents||Saddam Hussein (father,1937–2006; deceased)
Sajida Talfah (mother, born 1937)
|Service/branch||Iraqi Republican Guard|
|Years of service||2000-2003|
|Rank||Honorable Supervisor of the Republican Guard|
|Battles/wars||2003 Iraq War|
Qusay Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti (or Qusai, Arabic: قصي صدام حسين; 17 May 1966 – 22 July 2003 ) was the second son of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. He was appointed as his father's heir apparent in 2000.
Qusay's older brother Uday was viewed as Saddam's heir-apparent until he sustained serious injuries in a 1996 assassination attempt. Unlike Uday, who was known for extravagance and erratic, violent behavior, Qusay Hussein kept a low profile. He was married to Sahar Maher Abd al-Rashid; the daughter of Maher Abd al-Rashid, a top ranking military official, and had three sons; One of the sons, Mustapha Qusay (born 3 January 1989 in Tikrit), was killed alongside his father in the shootout with U.S. troops. The other two – Yahya Qusay (born 1991) and Yaqub Qusay – are presumed alive, but their whereabouts are unknown.
Before the 2003 invasion
Unlike other members of his family and the government, little information is known about Qusay, politically or personally. It is believed that until the 2003 Invasion of Iraq Qusay was the supervisor of the Iraqi Republican Guard and the head of internal security forces (possibly the Special Security Organization (SSO)), and had authority over other Iraqi military units.
Qusay played a role in crushing the Shiite uprising in the aftermath of the 1991 Gulf War and is also thought to have masterminded the destruction of the southern marshes of Iraq. The wholesale destruction of these marshes ended a centuries-old way of life that prevailed among the Shiite Marsh Arabs who made the wetlands their home, and ruined the habitat for dozens of species of migratory birds. The Iraqi government stated that the action was intended to produce usable farmland, though a number of outsiders believe the destruction was aimed against the Marsh Arabs as retribution for their participation in the 1991 uprising.
Iraqi dissidents claim that Qusay was responsible for the killing of many political activists. The Sunday Times reported that Qusay ordered the killing of Khalis Mohsen al-Tikriti, an engineer at the military industrialization organization, because he believed Mohsen was planning to leave Iraq. In 1998, Iraqi opposition groups accused Qusay of ordering the execution of thousands of political prisoners after hundreds of inmates were similarly executed to make room for new prisoners in crowded jails.
On the afternoon of 22 July 2003, troops of the 101st Airborne 3/327th Infantry HQ and C-Company, aided by U.S. Special Forces killed Qusay, his 14-year-old son Mustapha, and his older brother Uday, during a raid on a home in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul. Acting on a tip from a cousin of Uday and Qusay, a special forces team attempted to apprehend the inhabitants of the house. After being fired on, the special forces moved back and called for backup. As little as 40 101st Soldiers and 8 Task Force 121 operators were on the scene. After Task Force 121 members took superficial wounds to their arm and calf the 3/327th Infantry surrounded and fired on the house with a TOW missile, Mark 19 Automatic Grenade Launcher, M2 50 Caliber Machine guns and small arms. After about four hours of battle (the whole operation lasted 6 hours), the soldiers entered the house and found four dead, including the two brothers and their bodyguard. There were reports that Qusay's 14-year-old son Mustapha was the fourth body found. Brig. Gen. Frank Helmick, the assistant commander of 101st Airborne, commented that all occupants of the house died during the fierce gun battle before U.S. troops entered.
On 23 July 2003, the American command said that it had conclusively identified two of the dead men as Saddam Hussein's sons from dental records. Because many Iraqis were skeptical of news of the deaths, the U.S. Government released photos of the corpses and allowed Iraq's governing council to identify the bodies despite the U.S. objection to the publication of American corpses on Arab television. They also announced that the informant, possibly the owner of the house, would receive the combined $30 million reward on the pair. Qusay was the ace of clubs in the coalition forces' most-wanted Iraqi playing cards. His father was the ace of spades and his brother was the ace of hearts.
That night, and several nights following Uday and Qusay Hussein's death, celebratory gunfire could be heard throughout Baghdad. Dozens of citizens were injured from bullets coming down.
- CTV.ca Who were Uday and Qusay Hussein? CTV 22 July 2003
- Iraq Crisis Radio Free Europe
- Neil MacFarquhar (23 July 2003). "After the war: Hussein's 2 Sons Dead in Shootout, U.S. Says". The New York Times.
- Raghavan, Sudarsan; Miller, Greg (22 July 2003). The Washington Post http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A31549-2003Jul22?language=printer. Retrieved 21 August 2012. Missing or empty
- "Iraq informant set for $30m reward". CNN. 23 July 2003. Retrieved 15 December 2008.
Uday, 39, and Qusay, 37, had a U.S. government bounty of $15 million each for information leading to their arrest or proof they had been killed. When asked why the informant was in protective custody, the officer involved in the raid said: "People around here know who owned the house."
- Freeman, Colin (6 August 2011). "Saddam's demon seed". The Daily Telegraph (London: TMG). ISSN 0307-1235. OCLC 49632006. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- Gulf News: Qusay given key role in war plans, 17 March 2003
- GlobalSecurity.org: Qusay Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti
- BBC News: Saddam's rival sons, 10 September 2002
- BBC News: Saddam's hated sons, 23 July 2003