Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation

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Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation
Participant in the Iraq War
Logo of the Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation.png
Active 3 October 2007 - Present
Ideology Sunni Islamism,
Iraqi nationalism,
Leaders Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri
Area of
operations
Iraq, Sunni Triangle
Strength 100000+
Allies Logo of the Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order.png Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order
Opponents

Coalition
IraqIraqi security forces
Iraqi Kurdistan Peshmerga
Special Groups (Iraq)
Mahdi Army

Badr Corps

The Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation (a.k.a. Supreme Council of Jihad and Liberation) is an Iraqi resistance front comprising some 23 militia groups formed in October 2007 and led by former Iraqi vice president and deputy chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council Izzat Ibrahim ad-Douri. The name is also often used to refer to the largest militia in the front, the Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order, which is commanded by Douri himself.[1]

The formation of the coalition was announced on October 3, 2007 in a videotaped message broadcast on the Arab satellite television channel Al Arabiya and in a statement posted on a Ba'athist website.[2]

Ideology[edit]

The group laid down a series of eight terms and conditions in order for negotiations with U.S. forces to take place:[3]

  • 1. Officially recognize the patriotic Resistance and all the patriotic, Arab nationalist, and Islamist Resistance organizations in all their armed and civil organizations as the sole legitimate representative of Iraq and its people.
  • 2. Officially announce an unconditional withdrawal from Iraq – whether that be immediate or in short stages.
  • 3. Halt raids, pursuits, killings, destruction, sabotage, dispossession, and expulsions and withdraw the occupation troops from all population centers.
  • 4. Free all prisoners and detainees without exception and compensate them for their losses.
  • 5. Return to service the Iraqi Army and national security forces, which were declared dissolved by the Americans during their invasion in 2003. They are to be restored in keeping with the rules and traditions that were in force before the American invasion and they must also be compensated for their losses.
  • 6. Pledge to compensate Iraq for all the material and moral losses and injuries caused the country by the occupation.
  • 7. Cancel all laws, decrees, and other pieces of legislation issued after the occupation.
  • 8. Hold direct talks with the Resistance on implementing a program to fulfill the principles adhered to by the Supreme Command if the Americans want to have save face. Otherwise the Americans will simply have to leave in defeat.

Leadership[edit]

In addition to naming ad-Douri head of the group, the Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation also appointed several others to its general staff:[4]

  • Lieutenant General 'Amir Muhammad Amin (Deputy Supreme Commander for Military Affairs)
  • Shaykh 'Ali 'Abdallah al-'Ubaydi (Head of Religious Consultation Body)
  • General Khalid Sulayman Khalaf (Head of National Security Board)
  • Lieutenant General Muhammad Salig 'Alwan (Head of Board for Administrative and Financial Affairs)
  • General Salah ad-Din Ahmad (Head of Board for Information and Mobilization)
  • Dr. Kan'an Amin (Official Spokesman)

Included groups[edit]

The Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation is made up of 23 resistance groups. The coalition is led by a Sufi Muslim group – "The Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order." Ad-Douri is said to have ascribed to Sufism, a mystical form of Islam, in his later years.[5]

The 23 named groups include:[3]

  • 1. The Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order
  • 2. The Army of the Prophet's Companions (Jaish al-Sahaba)
  • 3. The Army of the Murabiteen (Jaish al-Murabiteen)
  • 4. The Army of al-Hamzah (Jaish al-Hamzah)
  • 5. The Army of the Message (Jaish al-Risala)
  • 6. The Army of Ibn al-Walid (Jaish Ibn al-Walid)
  • 7. The United Command of the Mujahideen in Iraq
  • 8. The Liberation Brigades (Kataeb al-Tahrir)
  • 9. The Army of al-Mustafa (Jaish al-Mustafa)
  • 10. The Army of the Liberation of Iraq (Jaish Tahrir Iraq)
  • 11. Squadrons of the Martyrs (Saraya al-Shuhada)
  • 12. The Army of the Sabireen (Jaish al-Sabireen)
  • 13. The Brigades of the Jihad in the Land of the Two Rivers
  • 14. The Army of the Knight for the Liberation of the Self-Rule Area
  • 15. Squadrons of the Jihad in Basra (Saraya al-Jihad al-Basrah)
  • 16. Jihadist Squadrons of Fallujah (Saraya al-Falluja al-Jihadiya)
  • 17. The Patriotic Popular Front for the Liberation of Iraq
  • 18. The Squadrons of the Husayni Revolution of at-Taff (Saraya Altaf al-Husayni)
  • 19. Squadrons of the Liberation of the South (Saraya Tahrir al-Junoob)
  • 20. Army of Haneen (Jaish al-Haneen)
  • 21. Squadrons of Diyala for Jihad and Liberation
  • 22. The Squadrons of Glory for the Liberation of Iraq
  • 23. Kurdistan Liberation Army[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]