List of town tramway systems in Europe

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This is a list of cities and towns in Europe that have (or once had) town tramway (e.g. urban tramway) systems as part of their public transport system. Cities with currently operating systems, and those systems themselves, are indicated in bold and blue background colored rows. The use of the diamond (♦) symbol indicates where there were (or are) two or more independent tram systems operating concurrently within a single metropolitan area. Those tram systems that operated on other than standard gauge track (where known) are indicated in the 'Notes' column.

Separate lists have been created for the following European countries to improve user-friendliness and to reduce this list article's size:

Lists of town tramway systems in other geographic regions:

 Albania[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Vlorë Horse  ?  ? A photograph of a horse-drawn tramcar, dated 1963 (Peschkes, Part Three, 1987, Page 19), establishes that Albania did have a town tramway service.

 Bosnia-Herzegovina[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Sarajevo Sarajevo Horsecar 1 Jan 1885 1 May 1895 Gauge: 760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in) Bosnian gauge
Electric 1 May 1895  

 Bulgaria[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Sofia Sofia Horsecar "late 19th century"[1]  ? Gauge: ?.
Electric 1 Jan 1901[1] Mix of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge and 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge.[1]

 Estonia[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Kuressaare Steam 1918 1940 Oct
Trams in Tallinn Tallinn Horse 24 Aug 1888 24 Sep 1919 Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)[2]
Electric 28 Oct 1925   Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)[2] Note: Tallinn also operates a trolleybus network.
  ♦ Tallinn - Kopli Steam 26 Jan 1916  ? [2]
Petrol 26 Jan 1916 Nov 1953 [2]
Electric 6 Nov 1951 [5 Nov 1953] Connected with main Tallinn tram system, 05 Nov 1953.

 Isle of Man[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Douglas Bay Horse Tramway*
Upper Douglas Cable Tramway*
Douglas Horse 7 Aug 1876   [3][4] Gauge: 914 mm (3 ft).
Winter service withdrawn from November 1927, current operating season early May – late September. Operation suspended 30 September 1939 – 22 May 1946 because of war.
Cable 15 Aug 1896 19 Aug 1929 [5] Gauge: 914 mm (3 ft)
Winter service withdrawn from 1927.
Douglas Southern Electric Tramway (Marine Drive Tramway) DouglasKeristalPort Soderick Electric 1896 15 Sep 1939 Opened to Keristal 7 August 1896, completed 1897. Operation suspended c.1914 – c.1918 because of war.
Manx Electric Railway Douglas (Derby Castle) – LaxeyRamsey Electric 7 Sep 1893   [6][7] Gauge: 914 mm (3 ft)
Operates seasonally, from March to November.
Note for Manx Electric Railway: Opened to Groudle Glen, 7 September 1893. Extended to Laxey, 27 July 1894. Extended to Ramsey (Ballure), 5 August 1898. Completed to Ramsey (Plaza), 24 July 1899.
Operation suspended LaxeyRamsey, 30 September 1975, restored 25 June 1977.
Snaefell Mountain Railway LaxeySnaefell Summit Electric 21 Aug 1895   Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Operates only during summer season.
Operation suspended 20 September 1939 – 1 June 1946 because of war.

 Latvia[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Daugavpils Tramway Daugavpils Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 5 Nov 1946   [8]
  Jūrmala (Kemeri) Electric 16 Jun 1912 1935(?) [8]
Liepājas tramvajs Liepāja Electric 26 Sep 1899   [8]
Rīgas Satiksme Riga Horse 4 Sep 1882

23 Aug 1903

1901

1909

[8]
Electric 23 Jul 1901   [8] Note: Riga also operates a trolleybus network.

 Lithuania[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Kaunas Horse 5 Jun 1892 15 Apr 1929 [9]
Steam 1914 1936 [9]
  Klaipėda (Memel) Electric 18 Aug 1904

1950

Oct 1934

1967

[9]
  Palanga Horse  ?  ? [9]
  Vilnius Horse 15 Jun 1893 1915 [9]
Petrol 1914 1926 [9]
Electric  ?  ? Gauge: unknown.[9]
Excepting microstates, Podgorica, Reykjavík and Tirana, and possibly Vilnius, are the only European capitals where electric town tramways have not (yet) been built.
Note: Vilnius operates a trolleybus network.

 Luxembourg[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Esch-sur-Alzette canton Electric 29 May 1927 22 Sep 1956  
  Luxembourg City
Horse 22 Feb 1875  ?
Electric 8 Aug 1908 5 Sep 1964  

 Malta[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Valletta Electric 23 Feb 1905 15 Dec 1929

 Moldova[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Chişinău Horse 29 Oct 1888 1914  
Electric 25 Jan 1914 13 May 1961  

 Monaco[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Monte Carlo Electric 1898 1932

 Slovakia[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Bratislava Bratislava Electric 27 Aug 1895    
  Košice Horse 18 Nov 1891 28 Feb 1914  
Steam 7 Jul 1893 28 Feb 1914  
Electric 28 Feb 1914    
  Trenčianske Teplice Electric 27 Jul 1909    

 Slovenia[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Ljubljana Ljubljana Electric 6 Sep 1901 20 Dec 1958 Reintroduction planned
Trams in Piran Piran Electric 20 Jul 1912 31 Aug 1953  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Inline citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Urban transport - History of Sofia Trams". Sofia Urban Mobility Center. 2013. Retrieved 2014-12-16. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Atlas Estonia (ee)". Svenska Spårvägssällskapet [Swedish Tramway Society]. Retrieved 2014-12-29. 
  3. ^ http://www.douglas.org.im/councilinformation.asp?ID=1026
  4. ^ http://www.douglashorsetramway.net
  5. ^ http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/transprt/cable/index.htm
  6. ^ http://www.mers.org.im
  7. ^ http://www.gov.im/categories/travel-traffic-and-motoring/bus-and-rail/heritage-railways/
  8. ^ a b c d e "Atlas Latvia (lv)". Svenska Spårvägssällskapet [Swedish Tramway Society]. Retrieved 2014-12-29. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Atlas Lithuania (lt)". Svenska Spårvägssällskapet [Swedish Tramway Society]. Retrieved 2014-12-29. 

Bibliography[edit]

Sources, references and external links: