Rishton

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For other uses, see Rishton (disambiguation).
Rishton
Rishton is located in Lancashire
Rishton
Rishton
 Rishton shown within Lancashire
Population 7,350 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SD725305
District Hyndburn
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BLACKBURN
Postcode district BB1
Dialling code 01254
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Hyndburn
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire

Coordinates: 53°46′12″N 2°25′07″W / 53.770110°N 2.418703°W / 53.770110; -2.418703

Rishton is a small town in the Hyndburn district of Lancashire, England, about 2 miles (3 km) west of Clayton-le-Moors and 4 miles (6 km) north-east of Blackburn. It was an urban district from about 1894 to 1974.

Rishton was the first place that the cloth calico was woven on an industrial scale.[citation needed] Its name means "village (or farm) amid the rushes".[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Rishton is situated in an area of low moorland north-east of Blackburn and north-west of Accrington. Its elevation above sea level varies from 250 feet (76 m) in the east where Norden Brook flows into the River Hyndburn, to 785 feet (239 m) on Rishton Height, north-west of the town.[4]

Geology[edit]

0.7 Miles from the town is a former sandstone quarry known locally as Star Delph Quarry,Its use as a sandstone quarry ended in 1897. Part of the quarry contains rocks formed around 130 Million Years ago in the Carboniferous Period, These rocks contain an Imprint from where the roots of a Lepidonendron Tree which are known as Stigmaria. This quarry is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and so it is protected by law.

Schools[edit]

In Rishton there are 3 primary schools. These are St. Peter and St. Paul's Church of England Primary School, St. Charles' Roman Catholic Primary School and Rishton Methodist Primary School. There is also 1 high school, Norden High School and Sports College, which serves children from Rishton and neighbouring towns.

Population[edit]

The 2001 census recorded a population of 7350, in 2,973 households. 97% of the population were in the White British ethnic group.[1][5]

Local government[edit]

The two tiers of local government are Hyndburn Borough Council (a non-metropolitan district with borough status) and Lancashire County Council. Prior to the creation of Hyndburn district in 1974, Rishton had been an urban district, with its own council. It is not within a civil parish.

Rishton is one of the 16 wards on Hyndburn Council, and is represented by three councillors, out of a total of 35 for the district. As of 2013, the ward has three Labour councillors, Harry Grayson, Ken Moss and Clare Cleary. The County Councillor is Miles Parkinson for the Labour party, who is also Leader of Hyndburn Borough Council. [6]

Leisure and tourism[edit]

The facilities at Cutwood Park, between Blackburn Road and the reservoir include a football pitch and a children's playground.[7]

Local pubs/clubs[edit]

  • The Rishton Arms, at the end of Station Road and locally known as The Station because of its proximity to the railway station.
  • The Roebuck inn, High Street
  • Walmsley Arms, High Street
  • The Conservative Club, Cliff Street
  • Free Gardeners Working Men's Club, Parker Street
  • Rishton Sports & Social Club, Walmsley Street (re-opened December 2010, formerly the Legion Working Men's Club, closed down October 2009, closed again early 2012)
  • Rishton Workmen's Club, Commercial Street

Sport[edit]

Cricket[edit]

Rishton has over the years been famous for its cricket team, based at Rishton Cricket Club. Notable professionals who have played for the club include Viv Richards in 1987. Other former professional include, former England Coach Duncan Fletcher, Sky Sports' very own Michael Holding former West Indies international, Aussie fast bowler Jason Gillespie, former South African cricket captain Allan Donald and Sri Lankan right-handed batsman and a right-arm offbreak bowler Kumar Dharmasena.

See Rishton Cricket Club

Sailing[edit]

Sailing has taken place on Rishton Reservoir since the start of the 20th century.[8] East Lancashire Sailing Club is based at the reservoir, and is a RYA training establishment.

Golf[edit]

Rishton Golf Club is located off Petre Crescent and is a 9 hole course.

Churches[edit]

Transport[edit]

The main road through Rishton is the A678 Blackburn to Burnley road; there is also the B6535 (formerly A6064), which connects the town to Great Harwood.[14] In 1997, the Blackburn Southern By-pass section of the M65 motorway opened, bypassing the A678.[15]

In the 19th century, the Leeds and Liverpool Canal was a major transport route in the area. The section of the canal through Rishton was completed in 1810.[16] Rishton Reservoir, which provides water to the canal, was built in 1828.[17] The East Lancashire Railway, which was opened in 1848, crossed the reservoir on a viaduct until 1858; it is now on an embankment.[18]

Rishton railway station, south-west of the town centre, is on the East Lancashire Line. As of 2008 the route is operated by Northern Rail, and consists of one train per hour between Blackpool South and Colne. Bus services are more frequent, and include the Hyndburn Circular routes and Route 152, both operated by Lancashire United.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Key Figures: Area: Rishton (ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  2. ^ "Lancashire". Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. [dead link]
  3. ^ Simpson, David (2002). Northern roots: who we are, where we came from and why we speak the way we do. Sunderland: Business Education Publishers. ISBN 978-1-901888-35-5. OCLC 59292921. 
  4. ^ "Townships: Rishton, A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6". University of London & History of Parliament Trust. 1911. pp. 344–348. Retrieved 2009-02-26. 
  5. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Ethnic Group (KS06): Area: Rishton (ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  6. ^ "Councillors – View by Ward: Rishton". Hyndburn Borough Council. 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 
  7. ^ "Hyndburn Life: Cutwood Park". Hyndburn Life. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  8. ^ Clarke, Mike (2003). The Leeds & Liverpool Canal : a history and guide. Lancaster: Carnegie Publishing. p. 241. ISBN 978-1-85936-013-2. OCLC 54881773. 
  9. ^ a b Watkinson, David (18 June 2007). "Three arrested over church vandalism". Lancashire telegraph. 
  10. ^ stringer, phil. "St Charles Borromeo, Rishton - Roman Catholic". Genuki UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  11. ^ Blackburn Diocese: WHALLEY Deanery
  12. ^ GENUKI: St Peter and St Paul Church of England, Rishton, Lancashire genealogy
  13. ^ a b GENUKI: Rishton, Lancashire genealogy
  14. ^ "Ordnance Survey New Popular Edition Map: Sheet 095". Ordnance Survey. 1947. 
  15. ^ Yeadon, Harry L. (2005). The Motorway Achievement: Building the Network: The North West of England. Chichester: Phillimore & Co. ISBN 978-1-86077-352-5. 
  16. ^ Clarke, Mike (2003). The Leeds & Liverpool Canal : a history and guide. Lancaster: Carnegie Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-85936-013-2. OCLC 54881773. 
  17. ^ Clarke, Mike. "The Leeds & Liverpool Canal in Hyndburn" (PDF). Hyndburn Borough Council. 
  18. ^ Clarke, Mike (2003). The Leeds & Liverpool Canal : a history and guide. Lancaster: Carnegie Publishing. pp. 161, 191. ISBN 978-1-85936-013-2. OCLC 54881773. 
  19. ^ Ruth follows in George's steps

External links[edit]