Brierfield, Lancashire

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Brierfield
Railway View, Brierfield, Nelson, Lancashire - geograph.org.uk - 1379036.jpg
Railway View
Brierfield is located in Lancashire
Brierfield
Brierfield
 Brierfield shown within Lancashire
Population 8,199 (2001)
OS grid reference SD850361
Civil parish Brierfield
District Pendle
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NELSON
Postcode district BB9
Dialling code 01282
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Pendle
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire

Coordinates: 53°49′16″N 2°13′44″W / 53.821°N 2.229°W / 53.821; -2.229

Brierfield is a small town and civil parish situated in the Borough of Pendle Lancashire, England. It is located 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north east of the town Burnley, 1 mile (1.6 km) south west of the town Nelson, and 0.5 miles (0.8 km) north east of Reedley. It has a population of 8,200.[1]

History[edit]

The building of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, the Blackburn to Addingham Turnpike road and the railway line from Preston to Colne led to the town of Brierfield developing during the early 19th century. Before these new transport links were constructed, there was just a scattering of farmhouses forming part of the township of Marsden, which also covered what was to become Nelson. The construction in 1832 of the first cotton mill, just off Lob Lane (now Clitheroe Road) close to the Marsden coal pit, led to the massive growth of the settlement during the mid-19th century. New mills were quickly established along the banks of the canal and people flocked to the area to work in the cotton industry, many coming from the mining areas of the North Riding of Yorkshire as the lead seams were worked out. The cotton industry continued to be the main employer until well into the 1960s, and it was only in 2006 that BSN (formerly Smith & Nephew) finally ceased production of woven cloth at Brierfield Mills. After years of disuse, Pendle Council purchased the Mills in 2012, intending to use it as a flagship regeneration project.[2][3]

The town's war memorial features a large pewter lion roaring. The town is well known for its part in the Quaker movement. A Friends meeting house is still in use on the south-eastern boundary of the town, and the bridge over Pendle Water at the foot of the town is called Quaker Bridge.

Schools[edit]

There are three primary schools, and one secondary school in Brierfield. The primary schools are Reedley Road, Walter Street and Holy Trinity. The secondary school is Marsden Heights Community College.

Facilities[edit]

The town is served by Brierfield railway station.

The town's small cinema was replaced by a branch of Dixy Chicken. The town is home to a cyber cafe, which is a part of the Brierfield Action In The Community initiative which aims to improve the social and economical wellbeing of Brierfield residents. The town is also home to a gym, a number of churches and a newly built mosque.

Pendle Community Radio commenced broadcasting on 103.1FM in September 2005. Licensed by Ofcom as a distinct community radio service, it aims to target the borough's Muslim population, a large number of which reside in Brierfield.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish headcount". Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  2. ^ Kirsty Weakley (21 March 2012). "Islamic Help sells building to local authority for £1.5m". Civil Society. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "Pendle Council buys Brierfield Mill for £1.5m". BBC Lancashire. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 

External links[edit]