Robert Stephenson and Hawthorns

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Robert Stephenson and Hawthorns Ltd (RSH) was a locomotive builder with works in North East England.

History[edit]

The company was formed in September 1937 when Robert Stephenson and Company, which was based in Darlington took over the locomotive building department of Hawthorn Leslie and Company, based in Newcastle upon Tyne.[1] The goodwill of Leeds locomotive builders Kitson & Co. was obtained in 1938.

RSH locomotive numbering began at 6939, this being the first number following the sum total of locomotives built by Robert Stephenson & Co. and Hawthorn Leslie, (6938).

RSH became part of English Electric in 1955.

Locomotive building at the Newcastle upon Tyne works ended in 1961 and at Darlington in 1964.

Diesel locomotives[edit]

RSH entered the diesel locomotive market in November 1937 with a "direct reversing" locomotive fitted with a Crossley two-stroke engine. There was no reversing gearbox and the diesel engine itself was reversible, as in marine practice. When starting, in either direction, power was supplied by compressed air until the engine fired.[2] One of these locomotives, Beryl (RSH 7697/1953), is preserved at the Tanfield Railway.

Preservation[edit]

Location Name Works Number Built Arrangement Gauge Notes Image
North Tyneside Steam Railway No. 1 Ted Garrett 7683 1951 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Static display awaiting restoration North Tyneside Railway, at Percy Main - geograph.org.uk - 435704.jpg
Avon Valley Railway 7151 1944 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational, boiler ticket expires in 2015. RSH 7151, Hunslet 1837.JPG
Bressingham Steam Museum Millfield 7070 1942 0-4-0CT 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Static display. Crane tank.JPG
Chatham Historic Dockyard Ajax 7042 1941 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational, worked for the Ministry of Defence
East Somerset Railway Meteor 7609 1950 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing restoration
Battlefield Line Railway Richard III 7537 1949 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul BattlefieldLine3.JPG
Colne Valley Railway Jupiter 60 1951 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Built for the Corby Ironstone works. Undergoing overhaul Colne Valley Railway Preservation Society (2).jpg
Electric Railway Museum, Warwickshire Doug Tottman 7284 1945 Bo-Bo 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Built for Kearsley Power Station, rebuilt as battery electric for Heysham Power Station Robert Stephenson & Hawthorn 7284 (6250860062).jpg
Dales Countryside Museum 67345 7845 1955 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) On display, built for CEGB Hams Hall Power Station Exhibit - geograph.org.uk - 1601417.jpg
Darlington Railway Centre and Museum No. 39 6947 1938 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) On display
East Anglian Railway Museum Pen Green (now Thomas) 7031 1941 0-6-0ST (now with side tanks also) 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational, converted into a Thomas the Tank Engine replica in March 2008, boiler ticket expires in 2018 54 first public steaming.jpg
Didcot Railway Centre Bonnie Prince Charlie 7644 1951 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) On static display awaiting overhaul Bonnie Prince Charlie Didcot.jpg
Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway Beano 7661 1959 0-4-0 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Stored awaiting overhaul
Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway Norman 7086 1943 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational
Fulstow Steam Centre Fulstow 7680 1950 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational
Gwili Railway Olwen 7058 1942 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul Bronwydd Arms Gwili Railway geograph-3282182-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Gwili Railway Welsh Guardsman 7170 1944 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational following a return to service in 2014, built for the War Department
Pontypool and Blaenavon Railway 71515 Mech Nav 7169 1945 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational Robert Stephenson & Hawthorn 7159 (6238876664).jpg
Foxfield Light Railway Roker 7006 1940 0-4-0CT 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) On static display awaiting overhaul
Chasewater Railway Nechells No. 4 7648 1951 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational, boiler ticket expires in 2013
Keighley and Worth Valley Railway Southwick 7069 1942 0-4-0CT 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) On static display awaiting overhaul
East Somerset Railway Moorbarrow 7849 1955 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational
Midland Railway - Butterley Castle Donington Power Station No. 1 7817 1954 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational, boiler ticket expires in 2015 Castle Donington No.1 at the Colne Valley Railway (1).jpg
Midland Railway - Butterley George 7215 1945 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing restoration
Museum of Science and Industry Agecroft No. 1 7416 1948 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational Robert Stephenson & Hawthorns 0-4-0ST Agecroft No 1 7416, MOSI, Manchester 23.07.2011 P7230049 (9859706253).jpg
National Coal Mining Museum Progress 7298 1946 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Static display
National Railway Museum Eustace Forth 7063 1942 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul Saddle tank locomotive, Locomotion Shildon, 28 April 2010.JPG
Great Central Railway (Nottingham) Ruddington 7667 1950 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational No. 56 steaming.JPG
Great Central Railway (Nottingham) Corby 7761 1954 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational NTHC and BCM 017.JPG
Peak Rail Zebedee 7597 1949 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul
Peak Rail Royal Pioneer 7136 1944 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul, originally built for the War Department to an Auterity design 'Royal Pioneer' enters Darley Dale station- - geograph.org.uk - 1650017.jpg
Ribble Steam Railway Agecroft No. 2 7485 1947 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) On static display awaiting overhaul Ribble Steam Railway - geograph.org.uk - 558035.jpg
Snibston Discovery Park Mars No. 2 7493 1948 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting restoration
Southall Railway Centre Birkenhead 7386 1948 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational
Spa Valley Railway Samson 7668 1950 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Restoration on hold
Spa Valley Railway Ugly 7673 1950 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational
Spa Valley Railway North Downs 7846 1955 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul, a spare boiler has been purchased
Strathspey Railway 7097 1943 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting overhaul
Swindon Steam Railway Museum Agecroft No. 3 7681 1951 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul
Tanfield Railway 7078 1944 Bo-Bo 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Built for 500v DC overhead system at Kearsley Power Station
Tanfield Railway Beryl 7697 1953 0-6-0DM 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting repair
Tanfield Railway CEGB No. 21 7797 1954 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting overhaul CEGB no21.jpg
Tanfield Railway Lysaghts 7035 1940 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting restoration
Tanfield Railway NCB No. 49 7098 1943 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting overhaul Tanfield Railway pic 9.jpg
Tanfield Railway NCB No. 16 7944 1957 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting restoration
Tanfield Railway NCB No. 38 7763 1954 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting overhaul Tanfield Railway pic 10.jpg
Tanfield Railway NCB No. 44 7760 1953 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting restoration
Tanfield Railway No. 47 7800 1954 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting restoration, ex Celynen South Power Station
Tanfield Railway Hendon 7007 1940 0-4-0CT 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting restoration
Tanfield Railway Sir Cecil A. Cochrane 7409 1948 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Operational
Tyseley Locomotive Works Fred 7289 1945 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul, built for the War Department
Weardale Railway NCB No. 40 7765 1954 0-6-0T 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing overhaul
Private Site Norwood 77 0-6-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Undergoing restoration off site
Private site Castle Donington Power Station No. 2 7818 1954 0-4-0ST 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Awaiting overhaul

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://apps.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=183-dshl&ci
  2. ^ Industrial Railway Record no. 169, June 2002, pp 146-158, ISSN 0537-5347
  • Industrial Railway Society : Various publications.