Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney

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Archdiocese of Sydney
Archidioecesis Sydneyensis
Coat of Arms of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney.svg
Location
Country Australia
Territory South-western Sydney, Canterbury-Bankstown, Inner West, most of Sydney's northern suburbs, lower north shore, eastern suburbs, St George, Sutherland, and the northern part of the Macarthur region
Ecclesiastical province Sydney
Statistics
Area 1,264 km2 (488 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2004)
Increase 1,993,236
Decrease 578,567 (Decrease 29.0%)
Parishes Increase 139
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Latin Rite
Established 1834 as the
Vicariate Apostolic of New Holland and Van Diemen’s Land;
5 April 1842 as the
Diocese of Sydney;
22 April 1842 as the
Archdiocese of Sydney
Cathedral St. Mary's Cathedral
Patron saint Our Lady Help of Christians
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop vacant
Auxiliary Bishops Terence Brady
Peter Comensoli
Apostolic Administrator Peter Comensoli
Emeritus Bishops David Cremin
Geoffrey Robinson
Edward Bede Clancy
Website
Archdiocese of Sydney

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney is a Latin Rite metropolitan archdiocese, located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Erected in 1842 and directly responsible to the Holy See, the archdiocese is responsible for the suffragan dioceses of Armidale, Bathurst, Broken Bay, Lismore, Maitland-Newcastle, Parramatta, Wagga Wagga, Wilcannia-Forbes and Wollongong. The Military Ordinariate of Australia, as well as the Eastern Rite Melkite Catholic Eparchy of St Michael, Archangel and the Maronite Diocese of St Maroun are also attached to the archdiocese.

St Mary’s Cathedral is the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Sydney, a position currently vacant. The latest archbishop has been Cardinal George Pell AC.[1] During the vacancy Bishop Peter Comensoli serves as apostolic administrator sede vacante.[2]

The Archdiocese of Sydney is involved in many different agencies within Sydney to provide services, care and support to people in need, including aged care; education; health care; prayer, worship and liturgy; solidarity and justice; vocations and seminary; youth and young adults ministry.[3]

History[edit]

The Vicariate Apostolic of New Holland and Van Diemen’s Land was founded in 1834. The Diocese of Sydney (Dioecesis Sydneyensis) was elevated on 5 April 1842. Just two weeks later, the diocese was elevated to an archdiocese (on 22 April 1842) and a metropolitan see.

In 1819, two priests were officially authorised by the British government to minister to the Catholics of the Australian colony. Until 1834, the territory now forming the Archdiocese of Sydney and that of the entire Australian mainland and the island of Tasmania, was a distant outpost of the Vicariate Apostolic of Mauritius.

On 12 May 1834, the Vicariate Apostolic of New Holland was erected and Father John Bede Polding, an English Benedictine was appointed as Vicar Apostolic with jurisdiction over what is now the Commonwealth of Australia. On 28 February 1842, the Diocese of Sydney was erected with Bishop Polding as its residential bishop. Some weeks later (14 April 1842) Sydney was made a metropolitan see, with Hobart and Adelaide as suffragans. At that time, the Archdiocese of Sydney included the whole of the eastern portion of the continent, comprising what are now known as the states of New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland.

At present, the Archbishop of Sydney is metropolitan of all the dioceses of New South Wales, with the exception of portions of the Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn, which are geographically situated outside the Australian Capital Territory. The suffragan dioceses are: Maitland (1847), Armidale (1862), Bathurst (1865), Lismore (1887), Wilcannia-Forbes (1887), Wagga Wagga (1917), Wollongong (1951), Parramatta (1986) and Broken Bay (1986).[4]

Cathedral[edit]

St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney; front, facing south.

The "Metropolitan Cathedral of St Mary" is the cathedral church of the Archdiocese of Sydney and the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Sydney. The cathedral is dedicated to "Mary, Help of Christians", Patron of Australia.

St Mary’s holds the title and dignity of a minor basilica, bestowed upon it by Pope Pius XI in 1930.

St Mary's is the largest church in Australia, though not the highest. It is located on College Street in the heart of the City of Sydney where, despite the high rise development of the Sydney central business district, its imposing structure and twin spires make it a landmark from every direction. In 2008, St Mary's Cathedral became the focus of World Youth Day 2008 and was visited by Pope Benedict XVI.

A foundation stone for the cathedral was laid in 1821 by Governor Lachlan Macquarie and completed in 1851. When this cathedral was destroyed by fire in June 1865, plans were put in place for the construction of the current cathedral. Constructed in the Geometric Decorated Gothic Revival style based on the designs of William Wardell, a foundation stone for the current cathedral was laid in 1868, with a dedication Mass held in 1882. Further construction of the nave commenced in 1913 and was dedicated in 1928. The richly decorated crypt was completed in 1961 and the most recent additions, two pinnacled spires, were commenced in 2000 and completed in advance of World Youth Day 2008.

St Mary's Cathedral College, located adjacent to the cathedral, was founded in 1824 and is a secondary day school that caters for approximately 750 boys from Years 5 to 12 and is administered by the Congregation of Christian Brothers.

St Mary's Cathedral Choir, the oldest musical institution in Australia,[citation needed] is formed of approximately 40 choristers and sings at High Mass every Sunday and on special holy days.

Ordinaries[edit]

The following individuals have been elected as Archbishop of Sydney, with a number elected as cardinals, as well as receiving civilian honours. Their highest title is shown here:[4]

Order Name Title Date enthroned Reign ended Term of office Reason for term end
1 John Bede Polding, OSB Bishop of Sydney 5 April 1842 22 April 1842 17 days Elevated to Archbishop of Sydney
Archbishop of Sydney 22 April 1842 16 March 1877 34 years, 328 days Died in office
2 Roger Bede Vaughan, OSB Coadjutor Archbishop of Sydney 28 February 1873 16 March 1877 4 years, 16 days Elevated to Archbishop of Sydney
Archbishop of Sydney 16 March 1877 17 August 1883 6 years, 154 days Died in office
3 Patrick Cardinal Moran Archbishop of Sydney 14 March 1884 17 August 1911 27 years, 156 days Died in office
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Susanna 27 July 1885 26 years, 21 days
4 Michael Kelly Coadjutor Archbishop of Sydney 16 July 1901 17 August 1911 10 years, 32 days Elevated to Archbishop of Sydney
Archbishop of Sydney 17 August 1911 8 March 1940 28 years, 204 days Died in office
5 Sir Norman Cardinal Gilroy, KBE Coadjutor Archbishop of Sydney 1 July 1937 8 March 1940 2 years, 251 days Elevated to Archbishop of Sydney
Archbishop of Sydney 8 March 1940 9 July 1971 31 years, 123 days Retired and appointed Archbishop Emeritus of Sydney
Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati 18 February 1946 21 October 1977 31 years, 245 days Died in office
6 Sir James Cardinal Freeman, KBE Archbishop of Sydney 9 July 1971 12 February 1983 11 years, 218 days Retired and appointed Archbishop Emeritus of Sydney
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria Regina Pacis in Ostia mare 5 March 1973 16 March 1991 18 years, 11 days Died in office
7 Edward Cardinal Clancy, AC Auxiliary Bishop of Sydney 25 October 1973 24 Nov 1978 3 years, 30 days Elevated to Archbishop of Canberra (and Goulburn)
Archbishop of Sydney 12 February 1983 26 March 2001 18 years, 42 days Retired and appointed Archbishop Emeritus of Sydney
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Vallicella 28 June 1988 26 years, 16 days
8 George Cardinal Pell, AC Archbishop of Sydney 26 March 2001 24 February 2014 12 years, 335 days Named Prefect of the Secretariat for the Economy
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria Domenica Mazzarello 21 October 2003 10 years, 266 days

Other information[edit]

People who identify as Catholic in Sydney as a percentage of the local population, according to the 2011 census, divided geographically by statistical area level 1.

There are around 577,000 Catholics in the archdiocese, with a total population of 2,085,000. The Catholic population is 27.7% of the total. There are 139 parishes, in the pastoral care of around 246 diocesan priests. There are some 480 priests in total, including religious priests, working within the archdiocese, including those on lesser duties and retired priests. There are 1,238 religious sisters and 275 religious brothers and five permanent deacons.

While Archbishop of Sydney, Cardinal Clancy established the Seminary of the Good Shepherd in the Sydney suburb of Homebush in 1996. It serves men who are in formation for diocesan priesthood for the Archdiocese of Sydney and a number of dioceses from the province of New South Wales and beyond. The Seminary of the Good Shepherd replaced St Patrick’s College, Manly.[5]

Part of the Archdiocese of Sydney's initiatives for young adults is the social networking site Xt3. Standing for 'Christ in the Third Millennium', Xt3 is a content-driven social networking site launched at World Youth Day 2008, held in Sydney.[6][7]

Controversy[edit]

The Catholic sexual abuse scandal in Australia is part of the wider Catholic sexual abuse scandal which are a series of convictions, trials and ongoing investigations into allegations of sex crimes committed by Catholic priests and members of religious orders.[8]

Across the Archdiocese of Sydney, in 2007, Ross Murrin, 52, a former Sydney Catholic school teacher and Marist brother, accused of indecently assaulting eight male Year 5 students at a Daceyville school in south-east Sydney in 1974, plead guilty to some of the 21 charges.[9]

Pope Benedict's statement[edit]

On 19 July 2008, before a congregation of 3,400 assembled in St Mary's Cathedral, Pope Benedict XVI lamented that child sex abuse had taken place and the pain it caused. He also condemned those responsible for it and demanded punishment for them. However, he did not state or imply that the institutional church, or any of its leaders, accepted any responsibility for what had taken place. His statement reads:[10]

"Here I would like to pause to acknowledge the shame which we have all felt as a result of the sexual abuse of minors by some clergy and religious in this country. I am deeply sorry for the pain and suffering the victims have endured and I assure them that, as their pastor, I too share in their suffering. ... Victims should receive compassion and care, and those responsible for these evils must be brought to justice. These misdeeds, which constitute so grave a betrayal of trust, deserve unequivocal condemnation. I ask all of you to support and assist your bishops, and to work together with them in combating this evil. It is an urgent priority to promote a safer and more wholesome environment, especially for young people."

On 21 July 2008, before flying out of Australia, Pope Benedict met at St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, with two male and two female victims of sex abuse by priests. He listened to their stories and celebrated Mass with them.[11][dead link] The Premier of New South Wales, Morris Iemma, said that "Hopefully it will be a sign of righting the wrongs of the past and of a better future and better treatment by the church of the victims and their families."[12][13] Mark Fabbro, a victim of abuse and member of the Catholic Abuse Survivors Collective, said that while he was “happy to receive the apology, we still consider it indirect and insufficient”. Chris MacIsaac of the victims' rights advocacy group Broken Rites said the Pope had taken his apology further than his previous comments on the issue as he has "never put it quite so strongly before", but expressed disappointment that the Pope had not made his apology directly to sexual abuse victims. One Australian victim of sexual abuse by a Catholic priest has stated in the media: Dealing with the church itself was a hell of a lot more traumatic than dealing with the abuse.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ St. Mary's Cathedral - Archdiocese of Sydney
  2. ^ "Apostolic Administrator for the Archdiocese of Sydney". Archdiocese of Sydney. 27 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Our works and community". Website. Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney. 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Archdiocese of Sydney". The Hierarchy of the Catholic Church. 3 July 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Where have we been?". Seminary of the Good Shepherd. 2009. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  6. ^ Morris, Linda (13 June 2008). "Church launches Facebook for the faithful". The Age (Australia). Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "XT3: More than the Catholic version of Facebook". Rome Reports (Vatican City). 23 December 2009. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "Child abuse scandals faced by Roman Catholic Church". The Telegraph (United Kingdom). 12 March 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "Catholic brother to plead guilty to abuse". ABC News (Australia). 18 September 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  10. ^ Barich, Anthony (1 August 2008). "Pope apologises, celebrates Mass with abuse victims". The Record (Australia). Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  11. ^ The Australian. 2008 http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,24049778-601,00.html |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 21 July 2008. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Pope's Australia sex abuse apology not enough -- critics". Inquirer.net (Philippines). Agence France-Presse. 19 July 2008. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  13. ^ McMahon, Barbara (20 July 2008). "Pope says he is 'deeply sorry' to Australian sexual abuse victims". The Observer (United Kingdom). Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  14. ^ McKenzie, Nick; Epstein, Rafael (17 May 2010). "Priests kept working despite investigations". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 16 May 2010. 

External links[edit]