New South Wales
Italian Forum, Leichhardt
The Inner West is the metropolitan area directly to the west of the Sydney central business district, New South Wales, Australia. The suburbs of the Inner West are predominantly located along the southern shore of Port Jackson (Parramatta River), stretching south to the shores of the Cooks River.
The NSW Government's Metropolitan Strategy adds an extra local government area to its Inner West subregion:
The local newspaper, the Inner West Courier, adds one further local government area:
In real estate terms the following suburbs are classed as being in the Inner West:
Prior to the arrival of the First Fleet, the Sydney region was home to the Darug people. This nation was broken up into a number of Aboriginal clans who tended to live in a certain geographic area. Each clan contained about 50 to 100 people and, to avoid genetic problems, the men would marry women from other clans. So the clans were interrelated and members from one clan would frequently travel in the territory of others, including to hunt, trade and perform ceremonies. They didn't consider themselves owners of the land, rather custodians.
What is now the Inner West was formerly home to two clans, the Cadigal, whose land stretched along Port Jackson from South Head to Lewisham, and the Wangal, whose land was immediately to the west of the Cadigals and stretched to about Homebush Bay. Other clans that would have been regular visitors to the area would have included the Birrabirragal and Muru-ora-dial in what is now the Eastern Suburbs, the Bediagal and Kameygal from the Cooks River area to the south, the Burramattagal from the Parramatta area to the west, and the Wallumattagal, Cammeraigal and Gorualgal from the northern shores of the Parramatta River.
The topography of the Inner West reflects rolling hills intersected by shallow valleys through which waterways including Iron Cove Creek, Hawthorne Canal (formerly Long Cove Creek), Whites Creek and Johnstons Creek flow. These waterways have been drastically altered since the late 19th century by the means of concrete lining. For example, in the 1860s Iron Cove Creek was a freely flowing waterway which in places broadened into ponds that made excellent and picturesque swimming holes. It is now barely a trickle lined by residential areas, parkland and fast-food restaurants.
The suburbs within the region are characterised by medium to high-density housing and include some of the older constructions in Sydney such as the terrace houses of Glebe, Newtown and Annandale. Parts of the inner west have been subject to gentrification, particularly in Marrickville, Newtown and its surrounding areas.
It is also the location of several tertiary institutions such as Australian Catholic University, Catholic Institute of Sydney, the University of Sydney and the University of Technology, Sydney, which is reflected in the high student populations amongst the more downtown areas.
The Inner West also features schools such as Fort Street High School, Burwood Girls High School, Homebush Boys High School, Strathfield Girls High School, Ashfield Boys High School, Presbyterian Ladies' College, Sydney, MLC School, St. Patrick's College, Strathfield, Trinity Grammar School, Newington College and its preparatory school Wyvern House, Sydney Adventist College, Meriden School, Santa Sabina College and Rosebank College. The Inner West's two oldest schools are Newington College (established in 1863) and Rosebank College (established in 1867).
Public transport in the region includes trains, buses, ferries and light rail. Sydney Trains Airport, Inner West & South Line runs from Central station, largely running south of Parramatta Road to Strathfield and then to Macarthur via Granville. The North Shore, Northern & Western Line follows the same route to Strathfield and then branches off to the north to Epping, with stops at North Strathfield, Concord West and Rhodes. The Bankstown Line provides train services to suburbs such as Erskineville, St Peters, Marrickville, Campsie, and Bankstown. There are various bus routes provided largely by Sydney Buses. Sydney Ferries operates services in the inner harbour and Parramatta river. There is also the Inner West Light Rail which runs from Central to Lilyfield, via Pyrmont and Glebe.
Parramatta Road runs through the middle of this area. Although still playing only a small part in the overall transport task, use of bicycles for transport has increased significantly in the Inner West since the 1990s. Denser populations and shorter distances mean cycling is often quicker and more convenient than driving or taking public transport. A network of bicycle paths, signed bicycle routes on local streets and other aids to safe and convenient cycling is developing. Main bicycle routes include an East-West route from Five Dock to the Anzac Bridge cycleway, a Northwest route from Gladesville Bridge to Anzac Bridge, a Southwest Route from Marrickville to the City via Newtown. Groups of local bicycle user groups (BUGs) provide help for new cyclists, under the parent banner of Bicycle New South Wales.
In the state parliament, the region is represented by the electoral districts of Balmain, Canterbury, Drummoyne, Marrickville and Strathfield. At the 2011 state election, these seats were divided amongst the three main parties with Drummoyne and Strathfield being won by the Liberal Party, Canterbury and Marrickville held by the Australian Labor Party, and Balmain going to the Greens Party.
In the federal parliament, the area is represented by the electorates of Grayndler, Reid (which also extends west into Auburn Council), Sydney (which also encompases Sydney's Central Business District) and Watson (which also encompases a substantial section of the Canterbury-Bankstown area). These four seats are currently held by the Labor Party. After the September 2013 elections, the seat of Reid was won by the Liberal/coalition party, for the first time in 91 years.
The Inner West is represented in the National Rugby League by the Wests Tigers, a merger of the Balmain and Western Suburbs clubs. In rugby union the area is represented by Sydney Uni (the University of Sydney) and West Harbour in the Sydney grade competition. Non-competitive activities like walking, cycling and swimming are well catered for. The Inner West also has many semi-professional soccer teams playing in the various divisions of the NSW State Leagues. The most high profile club is NSW Premier League side APIA Leichhardt Tigers.
Commonly played organised sports include Netball, Soccer, Little Athletics, Rugby League, Rugby Union, Softball, Baseball, Sailing, Rowing, Tennis and Lawn Bowls. There are also Ten Pin Bowling, Table Tennis, Ice Skating, Gymnastics and Rock Climbing facilities in the region.
Soccer, swimming, and netball are the children's sports with the highest participation rates in NSW.
The uptake of social media in the young and technically minded demographic has been high. 2010 saw the start of the Inner West Live social media site. With a high follower base on Twitter, the group runs several Tweetups during the year and was quoted as having an impact on the outcome for Inner West seats of the recent NSW Election.
- "1216.0 NSW statistical divisions, subdivisions, local areas". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
- "Centres and corridors — Inner West" (PDF). NSW Department of Planning. Archived from the original on 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
- Australian Suburb Guide: Sydney Inner West Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Speed the Plough — Ashfield 1788-1988, by Sheena & Robert Coupe, published by Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0-9595234-1-3
- [dead link]
- Tovey, Josephine. "Bars open, property up: arise the 'new Paddington'". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- Horin, Adele. "Grunge gives way to gentrification in streets of Newtown". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- Home - Bicycle NSW
- "NSW State Election 2011". Elections NSW. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
- Sydney/Inner West travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Inner West Live - Community Blog by local Inner West people