Rosemary Brown (spiritualist)
|Born||27 July 1916|
|Died||16 November 2001(aged 85)|
Rosemary Isabel Brown (27 July 1916 – 16 November 2001) was an English composer, pianist and spirit medium who claimed that dead composers dictated new musical works to her. She created a small media sensation in the 1970s by presenting works purportedly dictated to her by Claude Debussy, Edvard Grieg, Franz Liszt, Franz Schubert, Frédéric Chopin, Igor Stravinsky, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannes Brahms, Ludwig van Beethoven, Robert Schumann and Sergei Rachmaninoff.
- 1 Life
- 2 Critical reception
- 3 Partial list of compositions
- 3.1 Inspired by Claude Debussy
- 3.2 Inspired by Edvard Grieg
- 3.3 Inspired by Franz Liszt
- 3.4 Inspired by Franz Schubert
- 3.5 Inspired by Frédéric Chopin
- 3.6 Inspired by Igor Stravinsky
- 3.7 Inspired by Johann Sebastian Bach
- 3.8 Inspired by Johannes Brahms
- 3.9 Inspired by Ludwig van Beethoven
- 3.10 Inspired by Robert Schumann
- 3.11 Inspired by Sergei Rachmaninoff
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Rosemary Isabel Dickeson was born in London in 1916. She claimed to have been only seven years old when she was first introduced to the world of dead musicians. She reported that a spirit with long white hair and a flowing black cassock appeared and told her he was a composer and would make her a famous musician one day. She did not know who he was until, about ten years later, she saw a picture of Franz Liszt. Many other members of Brown's family were allegedly psychic, including her parents and grandparents, and she herself displayed psychic powers at an early age. She told her parents of events before her birth, and when asked how she knew, she replied that her "visitors" had told her.
She worked for the Post Office from the age of 15. In 1948 she acquired a second-hand upright piano, and took some lessons for three years. In 1952 she married Charles Brown, a government scientist. They had a son and a daughter, before her husband died in 1961. Living in a Victorian terraced house in Balham, South London, she appeared to be an unexceptional middle-aged widow. As for her musical ability, a neighbour who had been a church organist said "She could just about struggle through a hymn".
Then in 1964 Liszt renewed contact and original compositions began flooding in from great musicians of the past. Mrs Brown transcribed pieces from Brahms, Bach, Rachmaninoff, Schubert, Grieg, Debussy, Chopin, Schumann, Beethoven, Mozart and Liszt himself. These included a 40-page Schubert sonata, a Fantaisie-Impromptu in three movements by Chopin, 12 songs by Schubert, and two sonatas by Beethoven as well as his 10th and 11th Symphonies, both unfinished.
Brown claimed that each composer had his own way of dictating to her. Liszt controlled her hands for a few bars at a time, and then she wrote down the notes. Others, like Chopin, told her the notes and pushed her hands on to the right keys. Schubert tried to sing his compositions to her "but he hasn't got a very good voice". Beethoven and Bach simply dictated the notes — a method she said she disliked since she had no idea what the finished product would sound like. She claimed the composers spoke to her in English.
A recording titled The Rosemary Brown Piano Album presents performances of some of the music Brown transcribed.
She published three books: Unfinished Symphonies: Voices from the Beyond (1971), Immortals at My Elbow (1974) and Look Beyond Today (1986).
There is no striking themes, complex structures, depths of feelings, or harmonic, tonal, or rhythmic innovations. During their days on earth all the composers not only created distinguished music but also contributed to the development of compositions for the keyboard. One of the characteristics that made each of them so remarkable was their unpredictability their next composition might well open a new domain in musical sensitivity or technique. Alas, they have now all fallen into desuetude. Nothing new shows up to enrich their post-mortem compositions, and nothing surprises, except perhaps the lack of surprises.
Kastenbaum suggested the composers were secondary personalities of Brown herself.
Brown maintained that she had never had any musical training aside from a few piano lessons, though Harry Edwards says:
A perusal of newspaper reports about Ms. Brown elicit contradictory information about her alleged lack of musical education. Originally she stated that she had had no musical training, later she was reported to have had only a couple of years of music lessons, and recently admitted to belonging to a musical household and being a competent musician and pianist.
According to the psychologist Andrew Neher:
[Brown] loved music as a child, there was a piano in her home while she was growing up, her mother played the piano, and she herself took piano lessons. All of this, together with the enhanced skill often displayed in altered states of consciousness, seems sufficient to account for her musical compositions.
Alan Rich, music critic of New York magazine, having heard a privately issued record of Brown's piano pieces wrote they were just sub-standard re-workings of some of their better-known compositions. After studying the compositions, psychologists came to the conclusion they were the work of Brown's own subconscious. John Sloboda wrote her music offers "the most convincing case of unconscious composition' on a large scale."
Partial list of compositions
Inspired by Claude Debussy
Inspired by Edvard Grieg
Inspired by Franz Liszt
Inspired by Franz Schubert
Inspired by Frédéric Chopin
Inspired by Igor Stravinsky
Inspired by Johann Sebastian Bach
Inspired by Johannes Brahms
Inspired by Ludwig van Beethoven
Inspired by Robert Schumann
Inspired by Sergei Rachmaninoff
- Martin, Douglas (2 December 2001). "Rosemary Brown, a Friend of Dead Composers, Dies at 85". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-29
- Brown, Rosemary. (1971). Unfinished Symphonies. William Morrow. p. 161
- Kastenbaum, Robert. (1984). Is There Life After Death?. Rider and Company. pp. 182-183
- Edwards, Harry (1995). "Rosemary Brown (1931 – )". A skeptic's guide to the New Age. Australian Skeptics. ISBN 978-0-646-24502-7. (from on-line copy in Investigator (104), September 2005, retrieved 2008-09-29)
- Neher, Andrew. (2011). Paranormal and Transcendental Experience: A Psychological Examination. Dover Publications. p. 208
- Brown, Matthew. (2012). Debussy Redux: The Impact of His Music on Popular Culture. Indiana University Press. pp. 36-37