Rotherfield Peppard

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Rotherfield Peppard
Peppard
Rotherfield Peppard Church.JPG
All Saints' parish church
Rotherfield Peppard is located in Oxfordshire
Rotherfield Peppard
Rotherfield Peppard
 Rotherfield Peppard shown within Oxfordshire
Area  7.73 km2 (2.98 sq mi)
Population 1,649 (2011 census)[1]
   – density  213/km2 (550/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU710815
Civil parish Rotherfield Peppard
District South Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Henley-on-Thames
Postcode district RG9
Dialling code 01491
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Henley
Website http://www.rppc.org.uk
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°31′41″N 0°57′25″W / 51.528°N 0.957°W / 51.528; -0.957

Rotherfield Peppard (often referred to simply as Peppard by locals) is a village and civil parish in the southern, much-wooded Chiltern Hills in South Oxfordshire. It is centred 3 miles (5 km) west of Henley-on-Thames, 4.5 miles (7 km) north of Reading, Berkshire and 1 mile (1.6 km) south-west of Rotherfield Greys. The area officially includes and has a civil parish council that includes Peppard Hill which adjoins Sonning Common and which is 0.6 miles (1 km) from the cluster of the village proper and on the same elevations. Public woodland and meadow Peppard Common in between occupies a ravine. The far east of the area is a golf course and the far west is Kingswood Common which is also wooded common land.

Toponym[edit]

Rotherfield derives from the Old English redrefeld meaning "cattle lands". In the middle of the area is the open-to-the-public land, Peppard Common, once used for grazing and which can be used by parishioners for small timber.

Church and chapel[edit]

The Church of England parish church of All Saints[2] was Norman, but was almost completely rebuilt in 1874.[3] All Saints' is a Grade II* listed building.[4] The ecclesiastical parish has become part of the united benefice of Rotherfield Peppard, Kidmore End and Sonning Common.

Providence Chapel was founded in 1795. It later became Peppard Congregational Church. It is now Springwater Church.[5]

Social and economic history[edit]

Blount's Court is an early 19th-century house with neoclassical features, including a 15th-century doorway and 16th-century panelling.[3] It was the childhood home of Francis Knollys, 1st Viscount Knollys and is now the Johnson Matthey Technology Centre.

Wyfold Court was designed by Somers Clarke and built in 1872–78 for the Lancashire cotton magnate and Conservative politician Edward Hermon (1822–81).[6] It has a 14 window range of non-uniform material, mostly of stone mullion and transom windows with "elaborate carved hoods".[7] The building is of scarlet brick with blue brick diapers (geometric patterns) and yellow stone details.[6] Its style combines the Flamboyant period of French Gothic architecture with a touch of Scots Baronial.[6] The front façade has towers with corner turrets, gargoyles and traceried windows; its garden front has mullioned bay windows and brick gable (facing roof walls) with crocketed heraldic beasts.[6] Indoors, the main corridor is rib vaulted with staircase hall and a multi-storey wide bay window with stained glass of royal coats of arms.[6] In the 1970s critic Jennifer Sherwood summarised its architecture as a "Nightmare Abbey".[6] In 1932 the building was given to the nation and converted into Borocourt Hospital, for patients with learning disabilities.[7] It listed in the middle category, Grade II*, of listed buildings.[7]

The village has thrice been used for settings in the television drama series Midsomer Murders[8] and also for many of the scenes (including the eponymous house) in the Merchant Ivory Productions film Howards End.[9][10]

There was formerly a Peppard F.C., which played in the Combined Counties Football League in the 1990s and Hellenic Football League in the early 2000s until it disbanded.

Amenities[edit]

The civil parish council keeps updated a map of all of the amenities of the area.[11] The village has a Church of England-sponsored primary school,[12] the other shown amenities, as at 2014, starting with pubs, restaurants or cafés are:

  • The Greyhound
  • Rushetta
  • Unicorn
  • Red Lion
  • Tennis Club
  • The Sports Pavilion (run by the CPC and used by various sports teams and volunteering or private meetings)
  • Peppard Stores
  • All Saint's Church
  • Peppard Congregational Church
  • Pet Barn
  • Green Shoots
  • Peppard Wood
  • Carlings Orchard
  • Littlebottom Wood
  • Greatbottom Wood
  • Wyfold RDA

Just beyond the parish border a further place, one of worship is shown, St Michael's Catholic Church.[11]

Demography[edit]

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Homes % Owned outright % Owned with a loan km² km² Greenspace[n 1] km² gardens km² road and rail[1]
Rotherfield Peppard (civil parish) 3803 678 71.2% 19.8% 7.73 6.66 0.82 0.16

Nearest places[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Comprises cultivated fields, woodland, pasture, small public parks and no marshland/heath in Rotherfield Peppard.
References
  1. ^ a b Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005 United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 31 October 2014
  2. ^ All Saints' Church Rotherfield Peppard
  3. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 737.
  4. ^ "Church of All Saints". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 13 February 1985. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Springwater, Peppard Congregational Church: History
  6. ^ a b c d e f Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 738.
  7. ^ a b c English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1180805)". National Heritage List for England.  Retrieved 2014-11-26
  8. ^ Midsomer Murders Locations Retrieved 6 March 2007
  9. ^ "Howard’s End". The Castles and Manor Houses of Cinema's Greatest Period Films. Architectural Digest. January 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Filming locations for Howards End (1992)". IMDb. Retrieved 6 March 2007. 
  11. ^ a b Map of Amenities Rotherfield Peppard CPC
  12. ^ Peppard Primary School

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Rotherfield Peppard at Wikimedia Commons