Rotherfield Peppard

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Rotherfield Peppard
Peppard
Rotherfield Peppard Church.JPG
All Saints' parish church
Rotherfield Peppard is located in Oxfordshire
Rotherfield Peppard
Rotherfield Peppard
 Rotherfield Peppard shown within Oxfordshire
Population 1,473 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SU710815
Civil parish Rotherfield Peppard
District South Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Henley-on-Thames
Postcode district RG9
Dialling code 01491
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Henley
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°31′41″N 0°57′25″W / 51.528°N 0.957°W / 51.528; -0.957

Rotherfield Peppard (often referred to simply as Peppard by locals) is a village and civil parish in the Chiltern Hills in South Oxfordshire. It is just over 3 miles (5 km) west of Henley-on-Thames, about 5 miles (8 km) north of Reading, Berkshire and just over 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the village of Rotherfield Greys.

Toponym[edit]

Rotherfield derives from the Old English redrefeld meaning "cattle lands". Within the parish is the open land of Peppard Common, once used for grazing and small timber.

Church and chapel[edit]

The Church of England parish church of All Saints[2] was Norman, but was almost completely rebuilt in 1874.[3] All Saints' is now a Grade II* listed building.[4] The ecclesiastical parish is part of the united benefice of Rotherfield Peppard, Kidmore End and Sonning Common.

Providence Chapel was founded in 1795. It later became Peppard Congregational Church. It is now Springwater Church.[5]

Social and economic history[edit]

Blount's Court is an early 19th-century house with neoclassical features. However, its interior includes a 15th-century doorway and 16th-century panelling.[3] It was the childhood home of Francis Knollys, 1st Viscount Knollys and is now the Johnson Matthey Technology Centre.

Wyfold Court was designed by Somers Clarke and built in 1872–78 for the Lancashire cotton magnate and Conservative politician Edward Hermon (1822–81).[6] The building is of scarlet brick with blue brick diapers and yellow stone details.[6] Its style combines the Flamboyant period of French Gothic architecture with a touch of Scots Baronial.[6] The front façade has towers with corner turrets, gargoyles and traceried windows, and the garden front has mullioned bay windows, crocketed gables with heraldic beasts.[6] Indoors, the main corridor is rib vaulted and there is a lofty staircase hall with a huge window with stained glass of royal coats of arms.[6] In the 1970s the critic Jennifer Sherwood summarised Wyfold Court as a "Nightmare Abbey".[6]

In 1932 Wyfold Court was converted into Borocourt Hospital, an institution for patients with learning disabilities.[7] It is now a Grade II* listed building.[7]

The village has thrice been used for settings in the television drama series Midsomer Murders[8] and also for many of the scenes (including the eponymous house) in the Merchant Ivory Productions film Howards End.[9][10]

There was formerly a Peppard F.C., which played in the Combined Counties Football League in the 1990s and Hellenic Football League in the early 2000s until it disbanded.

Amenities[edit]

The village has a Church of England primary school.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Rotherfield Peppard CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  2. ^ All Saints' Church Rotherfield Peppard
  3. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 737.
  4. ^ "Church of All Saints". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 13 February 1985. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Springwater, Peppard Congregational Church: History
  6. ^ a b c d e f Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 738.
  7. ^ a b "Borocourt Hospital". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 13 February 1985. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  8. ^ Midsomer Murders Locations Retrieved 6 March 2007
  9. ^ "Howard’s End". The Castles and Manor Houses of Cinema's Greatest Period Films. Architectural Digest. January 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Filming locations for Howards End (1992)". IMDb. Retrieved 6 March 2007. 
  11. ^ Peppard Primary School

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Rotherfield Peppard at Wikimedia Commons