Ahold

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Koninklijke Ahold N.V.
Type Naamloze vennootschap
Traded as EuronextAH
OTCQXAHONY
Industry Retailing
Founded First company founded in 1887
Headquarters Amsterdam, Netherlands
Number of locations 3,008
Key people Dick Boer (CEO), René Dahan (Chairman of the Supervisory Board)
Services Convenience/forecourt store, discount store, drug store/pharmacy, hypermarket/supercenter/superstore, other specialty, supermarket
Revenue 30.27 billion (2012)[1]
Operating income €1.34 billion (2012)[1]
Profit €1.01 billion (2012)[1]
Total assets €14.98 billion (2012)[1]
Total equity €5.87 billion (2012)[1]
Employees 121,000 (2011)[1]
Website www.ahold.com

Ahold or Koninklijke Ahold N.V. is a Dutch international retailer based in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Ahold is an AEX-listed company on NYSE Euronext Amsterdam.

History[edit]

Growth in the Netherlands[edit]

The company started in 1887, with the founding of an Albert Heijn grocery store in Oostzaan, Netherlands. The grocery chain expanded through the first half of the 20th century, and went public in 1948.

Under the leadership of the founder’s grandsons Albert and Gerrit Jan Heijn, the company continued to make a significant impact on food retail in the Netherlands in the next four decades, pioneering self-service shopping, and the development of own brand and of non-food as a grocery store category. The company also influenced culinary development in the country, popularizing products such as wine, sherry and kiwi fruit, contributing to the introduction of the refrigerator in Dutch households and introducing convenience items such as ready meals and frozen pizzas to Dutch consumers.

Albert Heijn became the largest grocery chain in the Netherlands during this time, and expanded into liquor stores and health and beauty care stores in the 1970s. In 1973, the holding company changed its name to "Ahold", an abbreviation of "Albert Heijn holding".[2][3]

International expansion[edit]

In the mid-1970s, the company began expanding internationally, acquiring companies in Spain and the United States. Under a new leadership team, which for the first time did not include any members of the Heijn family, the company accelerated its growth through acquisitions in the latter half of the 1990s in Latin America, Central Europe, and Asia.

Ahold N.V. received the designation “Royal” from Dutch Queen Beatrix in 1987, awarded to companies that have operated honorably for one hundred years.[4] That same year Gerrit Jan Heijn, Ahold executive and only brother of Albert Heijn, was kidnapped for ransom and murdered.[2]

Accounting crisis[edit]

The company’s ambitious global expansion was halted by the announcement of accounting irregularities at some of Ahold’s subsidiaries in February 2003. The CEO, Cees van der Hoeven, and CFO, Michael Meurs, and a number of senior management resigned as a result, and earnings over 2001 and 2002 had to be restated. The main accounting irregularities occurred at U.S. Foodservice, and, on a smaller scale, Tops Markets, in the United States, where income related to promotional allowances was overstated. In addition, accounting irregularities were found at the company’s Argentine subsidiary Disco, and it was determined that the financial results of certain joint ventures had been accounted for improperly.[5]

As a result of the announcements, the company’s share price plunged by two-thirds, and its credit rating was reduced to BB+ by Standard & Poor’s.[6]

Legal ramifications[edit]

The irregularities led to various investigations and criminal charges by both Dutch and U.S. law enforcement authorities against Ahold and several of its former executives.

Dutch law enforcement authorities filed fraud charges against Ahold, which were settled in September 2004, when Ahold paid a fine of approximately €8 million. Ahold’s former CEO, CFO, and the former executive in charge of its European activities were charged with fraud by the Dutch authorities. In May 2006, a Dutch federal court found Ahold’s former CEO and CFO guilty of false authentication of documents and they received suspended prison sentences and unconditional fines.

The United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) announced in October 2004, that it had completed its investigation and reached a final settlement with Ahold.[7]

In January 2006, Ahold announced that it had reached a settlement of US $1.1 billion (€937 million) in a securities class action lawsuit filed against the company in the United States by shareholders and former shareholders.[8] Another class action lawsuit was filed against Ahold’s auditors, Deloitte, but this suit was dismissed.[9] The suit was brought up again by shareholders in 2007,[10] and by a different shareholder group in 2012.[11]

The SEC filed fraud charges against four former executives of U.S. Foodservice: the company’s former CFO, former chief marketing officer, and two former purchasing executives. The purchasing executives settled the charges.[12] The former chief marketing officer was sentenced to 46 months in prison.[13] The former CFO was sentenced to six months of home detention and three years' probation.[14]

Road to recovery[edit]

Anders Moberg became CEO on May 5, 2003.[15] Under his and other new leadership appointed following the crisis, Ahold launched a “Road to Recovery” strategy in late 2003 to restore its financial health, regain credibility, and strengthen its business.[16]

As part of this strategy, Ahold announced it would divest all operations in markets where it could not achieve a sustainable number one or two position within three to five years, and that could not meet defined profitability and return criteria over time. The company divested all its operations in South America and Asia, retaining a core group of profitable companies in Europe and the United States. As part of its Road to Recovery strategy, Ahold strengthened accountability, controls and corporate governance and restored its financial health, regaining investment grade in 2007.[17]

Strategy for profitable growth[edit]

In November 2006, Ahold announced the results of a major strategic review of its businesses.[18] As a result of this review, Ahold launched its strategy for profitable growth focused on strengthening its retail competitive position, particularly in the United States. The company focused on building its brands by creating an improved product and service offering, delivered an improved price position and lowered operating costs; and reorganized the company into two continental organizations led by Chief Operating Officers. As part of the strategy, Ahold further focused its portfolio, including the divestment of U.S. Foodservice (completed in July, 2007, to CD&R and KKR for US $7.1 billion), Tops (completed in December 2007, for US $310 million to Morgan Stanley Private Equity) and the company’s operations in Poland (completed in July 2007, to Carrefour). The company made solid progress in delivering its strategy under the leadership of John Rishton, appointed CEO in November 2007, who had been part of the team that developed the strategy in his previous role as CFO.[3]

In November 2011, under the leadership of Dick Boer, appointed CEO in March 2011,[3] Ahold announced a new phase of its growth strategy, “Reshaping Retail.” This strategy has six pillars - three designed to create growth and three to enable this growth. The six pillars are: increasing customer loyalty, broadening our offering, expanding geographic reach, simplicity, responsible retailing, and our people.[19] In September 2013 Ahold merged with Walmart, Kroger, Albertsons, Safeway, Costco, Ahold, Publix, Winn-Dixie, Loblaw, Delhaize, Carrefour, Rewe, Metro AG, Aldi, Edeka, Intermarche, Tesco, Leclerc, Auchan, Sainsbury, Casino, CBD, Makro, Sonae, Coto, Sendas, D&S, Jusco, Ito-Yokado, Daiei, Seiyu, Uny, Life, Mycal, Dairy Farm, Woolworths (Australia), Coles Myer, Metcash Australia, Foodstuffs, Foodland, Shoprite, Pick 'N Pay, Metro (South Africa), Massmart, Tiger Brands/Spar, and Woolworths (South Africa).

Assets[edit]

Europe[edit]

  • Ahold Coffee Company B.V. – (Netherlands)
  • Ahold Czech Republic a.s. – (Czech Republic)
  • Ahold Retail Slovakia k.s. – (Slovakia)
  • Albert Heijn B.V.(Netherlands/Belgium/Germany)
  • Etos B.V.(Netherlands)
  • Gall & Gall B.V. – (Netherlands)
  • Bol.com – (Netherlands)
  • Gestão de Empresas de Retalho, SGPS. S.A. (JMR) (indirectly 49%) – (Portugal)
  • ICA AB - (Scandinavia) (60%)

Formerly owned

North America[edit]

United States[edit]


Formerly owned

Ahold also formerly owned the Edwards chain of stores but changed most of the stores under that banner to Stop & Shop in 2000.

Central America[edit]

Formerly owned

  • Ahold had a minority interest in La Fragua that operates supermarkets in Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador

South America[edit]

Formerly owned

  • Bompreco, Ahold's joined venture in Brazil, operated several Brazilian supermarket chains.
  • Santa Isabel, Ahold's joint venture in Chile, Peru, Paraguay and Ecuador from 1999 to 2003
  • Ahold owned Disco, which operates supermarkets in Argentina, but afterwords it was sold to the Local Market.

Major shareholders in Ahold[edit]

Ahold's major shareholders are:

  • Stichting Administratiekantoor Preferente Financieringsaandelen Ahold (Capital interest: 18.38%; Voting rights: 5.87%)
  • ING Groep N.V. (Capital interest: 9.26%; Voting rights: 4.92%)
  • BlackRock, Inc. (Capital interest: 0%; Voting rights: 4.65%)
  • DeltaFort Beleggingen B.V. (Capital interest: 11.23%; Voting rights: 3.82%)

(Annual Report 2011)

Key people[edit]

  • Dick Boer, CEO since March 2011. Formerly served as COO for Ahold Europe.
  • Lodewijk Hijmans van den Bergh, Chief Corporate Governance Counsel since April 2010.
  • Jeff Carr, CFO since November 2011.
  • James McCann, Chief Operating Officer Ahold USA.
  • Sander van der Laan, Chief Operating Officer Ahold Europe.
  • Hanneke Faber, Chief Commercial Officer.
  • Abbe Luersman, Chief Human Resources Officer.
  • John Rishton, CEO of Ahold between 2007 and 2011.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Annual Report 2011". Royal Ahold. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Albert Heijn memorial site". Royal Ahold. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Ahold history". Royal Ahold. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "List of company name etymologies". Wikipedia. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Ahold announces significantly reduced earnings expected for 2002". Royal Ahold. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "Ahold shares slump as executives are sacked over US profits error". The Telegraph. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Ahold reaches final settlement with SEC". Royal Ahold. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Ahold receives preliminary approval of settlement of securities class action in the United States". Royal Ahold. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Judge says Deloitte & Touche not liable for Ahold's fraud". Baltimore Business Journal. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  10. ^ http://www.accountancyage.com/aa/news/1774692/deloitte-huge-ahold-claim
  11. ^ http://www.law360.com/articles/307693/deloitte-faces-dutch-shareholder-suit-over-ahold-fraud
  12. ^ "Europe’s Enron: Royal Ahold N.V.". Price College of Business. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  13. ^ "Ex-Ahold Official Mark Kaiser Sentenced to 46 Months in Prison for Fraud". Bloomberg. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "Former Ahold CFO Avoids Prison". CFO.com. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "Ahold to nominate Anders Moberg as President and CEO". Royal Ahold. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  16. ^ "Road to Recovery program highlights". Royal Ahold. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  17. ^ "S&P Lifts Ahold to investment grade; CDS tighter". Reuters. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  18. ^ "Ahold announces strategy for profitable growth". Royal Ahold. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  19. ^ "Ahold presents its six strategic pillars to accelerate growth". Royal Ahold. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]