Sachs Covered Bridge

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Coordinates: 39°47′50.5″N 77°16′34″W / 39.797361°N 77.27611°W / 39.797361; -77.27611
Sachs Covered Bridge
Sauck's, Sauches, Waterworks
Sachs Covered Bridge.jpg
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Adams
Township Cumberland, Freedom
Road Waterworks Road (TR 509 / TR 405)
Crosses Marsh Creek
Coordinates 39°47′50.5″N 77°16′34″W / 39.797361°N 77.27611°W / 39.797361; -77.27611
Length 100 ft (30 m)
Width 15.3 ft (5 m)
Builder David S. Stone
Design Town truss bridge
Material Wood
Built c. 1854
 - Closed May 9, 1968
 - Added to NRHP August 25, 1980
 - PHMC marker erected July 20, 1997[1]
 - Rededicated July 21, 1997
Governing body Adams County Historical Society [2]
WGCB # 38-01-01
NRHP # 80003395 [3]
MPS Covered Bridges of Adams, Cumberland, and Perry Counties TR
Location of the Sachs Covered Bridge in Pennsylvania
Wikimedia Commons: Sachs Covered Bridge

The Sachs Covered Bridge /ˈsɒks/, also known as Sauck's Covered Bridge and Waterworks Covered Bridge,[4] is a 100-foot (30 m), Town truss covered bridge over Marsh Creek between Cumberland and Freedom Townships, Adams County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The bridge was also known as the Sauches Covered Bridge at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg. It is located in the Gettysburg National Military Park and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

During the American Civil War, both the Union and Confederate Armies used the bridge in the Battle of Gettysburg and its aftermath.

History[edit]

The Sachs Covered Bridge was built around 1854 at a cost of $1,544. On July 1, 1863, the bridge was crossed by the two brigades of the I Corps of the Union Army heading towards Gettysburg.[2] The III Corps also crossed the bridge heading to the Black Horse Tavern.[2] Four days later, the majority of General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia retreated over the bridge after the Union victory in the Battle of Gettysburg.[2]

The bridge was designated Pennsylvania's "most historic bridge" in 1938 by the predecessor of the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, the Department of Highways.[4] After a plan in 1960 to replace the bridge,[5] the Cumberland Township officials voted to close the bridge to vehicular traffic, while leaving it open to pedestrians, on May 9, 1968.[6][7] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on August 25, 1980.[3]

On June 19, 1996, a flash flood knocked the bridge from one of its abutments and it incurred substantial damage; an iron bridge on the Marsh Creek was also heavily damaged and another destroyed.[8] A $500,000 restoration on the bridge was already in progress before the flood; an additional $100,000 was raised to repair the damage incurred.[9] The bridge was rededicated on July 21, 1997.[10]

Waterworks[edit]

The Gettysburg Waterworks is the Marsh Creek site of freshwater for Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Originally constructed in 1894, the works were rebuilt by the Pennsylvania Department of Health for the 1913 Gettysburg reunion, when the site had a pumping station, a filter plant, and 4 drilled wells (1 nearly dry). The reservoir is supplied by a 57.5 sq mi (149 km2) drainage area that is upstream of the Sachs Covered Bridge.[11]

Design[edit]

The Sachs Covered Bridge is a Town truss covered bridge. The truss design was developed by Ithiel Town of Connecticut and consists of wooden beams "cris-crossed" to form a lattice.[4] The bridge was one of few remaining Town truss bridges in Pennsylvania.[2] The bridge is 100 feet (30 m) long and 15 feet 4 inches (4.67 m) wide.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Zacher, Susan M (1980). "Sauck's (Sachs) Covered Bridge" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Loski, p. 6.
  5. ^ "Changes coming at pumping station". The Gettysburg Times. December 20, 1960. p. 1. Retrieved August 24, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Historic bridge to close". The Gettysburg Times. May 10, 1968. p. 1. Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  7. ^ Pitzer, Scott A (June 21, 2006). "Municipal officials mull renovations to parking area at Sachs Covered Bridge". The Gettysburg Times. p. A2. Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  8. ^ Major, Matthew (June 20, 1996). "Floods pounds Gettysburg". The Gettysburg Times. p. A1. Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Bridge restoration continues". The Gettysburg Times. June 24, 1996. p. A3. Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  10. ^ Loski, p. 7.
  11. ^ Dixon, Samuel G (December 15, 1913). "Commissioner's Report" (Google Books). Report of the Pennsylvania Commission (Pennsylvania Department of Health): 79. http://books.google.com/books?id=swkTAAAAYAAJ. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
  • Loski, Diana (Spring 2010). "Gettysburg's Covered Bridge" (PDF). Battle Lines (Gettysburg Battlefield Preservation Association): 6–7. Retrieved December 7, 2010.