List of Native American archaeological sites on the National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania

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This is a list of Native American archaeological sites on the National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania.

Historic sites in the United States qualify to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places by passing one or more of four different criteria; Criterion D permits the inclusion of proven and potential archaeological sites.[1] Approximately one hundred different sites in Pennsylvania are listed under this criterion, including both Native American and European sites.[2] This list includes all properties in Pennsylvania that qualify under Criterion D due to the presence of Native American artifacts.


Sites[edit]

[3] Landmark name Image Location County Culture Comments
1 Archeological Site 36 LY 37[4] Canfield Island 2.jpg Loyalsock Township: coextensive with Canfield Island
41°14′32″N 76°57′11″W / 41.24222°N 76.95306°W / 41.24222; -76.95306 (Archeological Site 36 LY 37)
Lycoming Multiple: Late Archaic through Susquehannock
2 Big and Little Indian Rock Petroglyphs[5] Conestoga Township: in the Susquehanna River, south of Safe Harbor
39°55′15″N 76°23′5″W / 39.92083°N 76.38472°W / 39.92083; -76.38472 (Big and Little Indian Rock Petroglyphs)
Lancaster Unknown
3 Book Site (36 Jul)[6] Beale Township: off Legislative Route 3019
40°28′44.5″N 77°30′2.4″W / 40.479028°N 77.500667°W / 40.479028; -77.500667 (Book Site (36 Jul))
Juniata Clemson Island
4 Calver Island[7] Swatara Township: in the Susquehanna River, southeast of Harrisburg
40°12′20″N 76°48′24″W / 40.20556°N 76.80667°W / 40.20556; -76.80667 (Calver Island)
Dauphin Multiple: Late Archaic through Early Woodland
5 Carbaugh Run Rhyolite Quarry Site (36AD30)[8] Franklin Township: atop Snaggy Ridge, west of Carbaugh Run
39°53′2.4″N 77°27′26.39″W / 39.884000°N 77.4573306°W / 39.884000; -77.4573306 (Carbaugh Run Rhyolite Quarry Site (36AD30))
Adams Multiple: Late Archaic through Early Woodland
6 Clemson Island Prehistoric District[9] Halifax Township: southern portion of Clemson Island in the Susquehanna River
40°26′59″N 76°56′41.5″W / 40.44972°N 76.944861°W / 40.44972; -76.944861 (Clemson Island Prehistoric District)
Dauphin Multiple: Early Archaic through Late Woodland Type site for the Clemson Island culture
7 Conestoga Town[10] Manor Township: junction of Safe Harbor and Indian Marker Rds., near Letort
39°57′35.424″N 76°24′1.44″W / 39.95984000°N 76.4004000°W / 39.95984000; -76.4004000 (Conestoga Town)
Lancaster Susquehannock
8 Deffenbaugh Site (36FA57)[11] Deffenbaugh Site.jpg Nicholson Township: on a saddle between two hills, along Old Frame Rd.
39°48′7.2″N 79°51′36″W / 39.802000°N 79.86000°W / 39.802000; -79.86000 (Deffenbaugh Site (36FA57))
Fayette Monongahela
9 Duncan Island (36LA60,61)[12] Martic Township: in the Susquehanna River above Holtwood
39°51′41″N 76°21′49″W / 39.86139°N 76.36361°W / 39.86139; -76.36361 (Duncan Island (36LA60,61))
Lancaster Archaic
10 Dykeman's Spring[13] Dykeman's Spring Hatch House and Pond.png Shippensburg: Dykeman Rd., 0.25 miles (0.40 km) east of Pennsylvania Route 696
40°2′33″N 77°30′57″W / 40.04250°N 77.51583°W / 40.04250; -77.51583 (Dykeman's Spring)
Cumberland Multiple: Early Archaic through Woodland
11 Fisher Farm Site[14] Fisher Farm Site.jpg Unionville: along U.S. Route 220, straddling a rail line
40°54′15.6″N 77°52′40″W / 40.904333°N 77.87778°W / 40.904333; -77.87778 (Fisher Farm Site)
Centre Late Woodland
12 Fisher Site (36GR21)[15] Fisher Site fields.jpg Richhill Township: off Camp Resort Rd. along the Enlow Fork
39°57′36″N 80°28′0″W / 39.96000°N 80.46667°W / 39.96000; -80.46667 (Fisher Site (36GR21))
Greene Monongahela
13 Richard T. Foley Site (36GR52)[16] Richard T. Foley Site with buildings.jpg Jackson Township: along Job Creek
39°49′50.7″N 80°22′53.9″W / 39.830750°N 80.381639°W / 39.830750; -80.381639 (Richard T. Foley Site (36GR52))
Greene Monongahela
14 Francis Farm Petroglyphs Site (36FA35)[17][18] Jefferson Township: off Perry Road, 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the junction of Pennsylvania Routes 51 and 201
40°3′0″N 79°47′30″W / 40.05000°N 79.79167°W / 40.05000; -79.79167 (Francis Farm Petroglyphs Site (36FA35))
Fayette Unknown
15 Frey-Haverstick Site (36LA6)[19] Manor Township: eastern side of the Susquehanna River at Washington Boro, north of Staman's Run
39°59′42″N 76°28′13.8″W / 39.99500°N 76.470500°W / 39.99500; -76.470500 (Frey-Haverstick Site (36LA6))
Lancaster Multiple: Late Archaic through Susquehannock
16 Household No. 1 Site (36WM61)[20] Household No. 1 Site, southern portion.jpg Rostraver Township: off Timms Ln.
40°10′27.7″N 79°46′44.4″W / 40.174361°N 79.779000°W / 40.174361; -79.779000 (Household No. 1 Site (36WM61))
Westmoreland Monongahela
17 Houserville Site (36CE65)[21] College Township: 1300 block of E. College Ave., east of State College
40°48′42″N 77°50′4″W / 40.81167°N 77.83444°W / 40.81167; -77.83444 (Houserville Site (36CE65))
Centre Early and Middle Archaic
18 Indian God Rock Petroglyphs Site (36VE26)[22] Indian God Rock.jpg Rockland Township: on the eastern bank of the Allegheny River above Brandon
41°19′48″N 79°49′27″W / 41.33000°N 79.82417°W / 41.33000; -79.82417 (Indian God Rock Petroglyphs Site (36VE26))
Venango Unknown
19 Byrd Leibhart Site (36YO170)[23] Gravestones at Byrd Leibhart.jpg Lower Windsor Township: Native Lands County Park
39°58′41.4″N 76°29′54″W / 39.978167°N 76.49833°W / 39.978167; -76.49833 (Leibhart, Byrd, Site (36YO170))
York Susquehannock
20 Oscar Leibhart Site (36YO9)[24] Lower Windsor Township: along the Susquehanna River, north of Klines Run
39°59′20.4″N 76°30′1″W / 39.989000°N 76.50028°W / 39.989000; -76.50028 (Leibhart, Oscar, Site (36YO9))
York Susquehannock
21 Locus 7 Site[25] Locus 7 Site.jpg Washington Township: on a bluff above Downers Run north of Fayette City, 2,000 feet (610 m) east of the Monongahela River
40°6′23.88″N 79°50′12.9″W / 40.1066333°N 79.836917°W / 40.1066333; -79.836917 (Locus 7 Site)
Fayette Monongahela
22 Meadowcroft Rockshelter[26] MeadowcroftRockshelter.jpg Independence Township: west of Avella
40°17′11″N 80°29′30″W / 40.28639°N 80.49167°W / 40.28639; -80.49167 (Meadowcroft Rockshelter)
Washington Multiple: Paleoindian through Late Woodland
23 Memorial Park Site[27] Memorial Park Site in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania.jpg Lock Haven: on the southern bank of the Susquehanna River near the confluence of Bald Eagle Creek
41°8′19.2″N 77°25′4.33″W / 41.138667°N 77.4178694°W / 41.138667; -77.4178694 (Memorial Park Site)
Clinton Clemson Island
24 Minisink Archeological Site[28] Manna site cut bank 1.jpg Dingman Township: in the vicinity of Minisink Island
41°17′26.16″N 74°49′44.4″W / 41.2906000°N 74.829000°W / 41.2906000; -74.829000 (Minisink Archeological Site)
Pike Multiple: Early Archaic through Shawnee
25 Murry Site[29] Manor Township: 2 miles south of Washington Boro
39°58′44.4″N 76°27′10.8″W / 39.979000°N 76.453000°W / 39.979000; -76.453000 (Murry Site)
Lancaster Susquehannock
26 North Warwick Historic and Archeological District[30] Crow's Nest Visitor Center.JPG Warwick Township: Pennsylvania Route 345 and Harmonyville, Bethesda, Hopewell, Piersol, Trythall, and Northside Rds.
40°11′18″N 75°46′8″W / 40.18833°N 75.76889°W / 40.18833; -75.76889 (North Warwick Historic and Archeological District)
Chester Multiple: Late Archaic through Late Woodland
27 Park Site 36La96[31] Lcaster PA C Park ballfields.jpg Lancaster: on a knoll in Central Park, midway between the Conestoga River and Mill Creek
40°1′7.07″N 76°17′3.67″W / 40.0186306°N 76.2843528°W / 40.0186306; -76.2843528 (Park Site 36La96)
Lancaster Susquehannock
28 Roberts Farm Site (36LA1)[32] Manor Township: on a knoll above the Conestoga River, just above its confluence with the Susquehanna River, near Conestoga
39°56′42.36″N 76°22′26.86″W / 39.9451000°N 76.3741278°W / 39.9451000; -76.3741278 (Roberts Farm Site (36LA1))
Lancaster Multiple: Late Archaic through Susquehannock
29 Shawnee-Minisink Site[33] Smithfield Township: confluence of Brodhead Creek and the Delaware River
40°59′25″N 75°8′2.7″W / 40.99028°N 75.134083°W / 40.99028; -75.134083 (Shawnee-Minisink Site)
Monroe Multiple: Paleoindian through Late Archaic
30 Shenks Ferry Site (36LA2)[34] Conestoga Township: along Grubbs Creek north of Pequea, ¾ mile above the Susquehanna River
39°54′18″N 76°21′36.72″W / 39.90500°N 76.3602000°W / 39.90500; -76.3602000 (Shenks Ferry Site (36LA2))
Lancaster Multiple: Shenks Ferry through Susquehannock Type site for the Shenks Ferry culture
31 Shoop Site (36DA20)[35] Jackson Township: east of Enders
40°29′14″N 76°49′12″W / 40.48722°N 76.82000°W / 40.48722; -76.82000 (Shoop Site (36DA20))
Dauphin Paleoindian
32 Shultz-Funk Site (36LA7 and 36LA9)[36] Manor Township: above the Susquehanna River near Washington Boro, immediately south of Witmer's Run
39°58′6.355″N 76°27′17.87″W / 39.96843194°N 76.4549639°W / 39.96843194; -76.4549639 (Shultz-Funk Site (36LA7 and 36LA9))
Lancaster Late Woodland
33 Site 36BD90[37] Reconstructed building in Old Bedford Village.jpg Bedford Township: on the grounds of Bedford Village
40°2′31.2″N 78°30′38.41″W / 40.042000°N 78.5106694°W / 40.042000; -78.5106694 (Site 36BD90)
Bedford Monongahela
34 Sommerheim Park Archaeological District[38] Sommerheim Park Archaeological District Apr 13.jpg Millcreek Township: on bluffs above Sommerheim Dr. and Presque Isle Bay
42°6′49″N 80°8′42″W / 42.11361°N 80.14500°W / 42.11361; -80.14500 (Sommerheim Park Archaeological District)
Erie Multiple: Early Archaic through Middle Woodland
35 Squirrel Hill Site[39] St. Clair Township: west of New Florence near the banks of the Conemaugh River
40°22′49.05″N 79°5′20.28″W / 40.3802917°N 79.0889667°W / 40.3802917; -79.0889667 (Squirrel Hill Site)
Westmoreland Monongahela
36 Strickler Site[40] Manor Township: ¾ mile north of Creswell Station, and 1 mile south of Washington Boro
39°58′48″N 76°27′40″W / 39.98000°N 76.46111°W / 39.98000; -76.46111 (Strickler Site)
Lancaster Susquehannock
37 Sugar Grove Petroglyph Site (36GR5)[41][18] Monongahela Township: off Pennsylvania Route 88, 0.7 miles (1.1 km) northwest of its bridge over Whiteley Creek
39°49′36″N 79°57′40″W / 39.82667°N 79.96111°W / 39.82667; -79.96111 (Sugar Grove Petroglyph Site (36GR5))
Greene Unknown
38 Tudek Site[42] Tudek Site.jpg College Township: along Orchard Rd., northeast of State College
40°49′1″N 77°51′3″W / 40.81694°N 77.85083°W / 40.81694; -77.85083 (Tudek Site)
Centre Early and Middle Archaic

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Register of Historic Places Fact Sheet, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Accessed 2010-02-19.
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  3. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words.
  4. ^ Stevenson, Christopher M., and Conran A. Hay. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Archeological Site 36 LY 37. National Park Service, 1981-01-20.
  5. ^ Kent, Barry C., and Susan M. Zacher. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Big and Little Indian Rock Petroglyphs. National Park Service, 1976-11-08.
  6. ^ Beckerman, Ira C. National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form: Book Site (36 Jul). National Park Service, 1980-08-08.
  7. ^ Miller, Patricia. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Calver Island. National Park Service, 2006-06-27.
  8. ^ Beckerman, Ira. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Carbaugh Run Rhyolite Quarry Site (36AD30). National Park Service, 1981.
  9. ^ Beckerman, Ira C. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Clemson Island Prehistoric District. National Park Service, n.d.
  10. ^ Smith, Ira F., III, and Barry C. Kent. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Conestoga Town. National Park Service, 1972-10-31.
  11. ^ George, Richard L. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Deffenbaugh Site (36FA57). National Park Service, 1981-07-31.
  12. ^ Kinsey, W. Fred. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Duncan Island (36LA60,61). National Park Service, July 1982.
  13. ^ Parshall, Earl. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Dykeman's Spring. National Park Service, 1998-11-28. Accessed 2010-02-17.
  14. ^ Stevenson, Christopher M., and Conran Hay. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Fisher Farm Site. National Park Service, 1980-06-05.
  15. ^ Michael, Ronald L. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Fisher Site (36GR21). National Park Service, 1981-01-15.
  16. ^ Herbstritt, James T. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Richard T. Foley Site (36GR52). National Park Service, 1982-11-05.
  17. ^ Herbstritt, James T. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Francis Farm Petroglyphs Site. National Park Service, 1980-07-22.
  18. ^ a b Swauger, James L. Rock Art of the Upper Ohio Valley. Graz: Akademische Druck und Verlagsanstalt, 1974, 115.
  19. ^ Beckerman, Ira C. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Frey-Haverstick Site (36LA6). National Park Service, 1980.
  20. ^ George, Richard L. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Household No. 1 Site (36WM61). National Park Service, 1981-04-30.
  21. ^ Stevenson, Christopher M., and Conran Hay. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Houserville Site (36CE65). National Park Service, 1980-10-15.
  22. ^ Cowin, Verna L. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Indian God Rock Petroglyphs Site (36VE26). National Park Service, 1982-04-15.
  23. ^ Native Americans to Celebrate Saving Susquehannock Village Sites, Susquehanna Greenway Heritage Area, 2009. Accessed 2010-02-17.
  24. ^ Beckerman, Ira C. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Oscar Leibhart Site (36YO9). National Park Service, n.d.
  25. ^ Michael, Ronald L. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Locus 7 Site. National Park Service, 1979-07-16.
  26. ^ Tuttle, Donald L. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Meadowcroft Rockshelter. National Park Service, n.d. Accessed 2010-02-17.
  27. ^ Stevenson, Christopher M., and Conran A. Hay. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Memorial Park Site. National Park Service, 1981-09-01.
  28. ^ National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Minisink Archeological Site. National Park Service, n.d.
  29. ^ Beckerman, Ira C. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Murry Site. National Park Service, n.d.
  30. ^ Cremers, Estelle. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: North Warwick Historic and Archeological District. National Park Service, 1994-05-10.
  31. ^ Kinsey, W. Fred. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Park Site 36La96. National Park Service, July 1982.
  32. ^ Beckerman, Ira C. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Roberts Farm Site (36LA1). National Park Service, 1986.
  33. ^ Shawnee Minisink Site, American University Department of Anthropology, n.d. Accessed 2010-02-17.
  34. ^ Beckerman, Ira C. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Shenks Ferry Site (36LA2). National Park Service, n.d.
  35. ^ Beckerman, Ira C. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Shoop Site (36DA20). National Park Service, 1980.
  36. ^ Beckerman, Ira C. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Shultz-Funk Site (36LA7 and 36LA9). National Park Service, 1980-09-04.
  37. ^ Beckerman, Ira. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Site 36BD90. National Park Service, n.d.
  38. ^ Johnson, William C. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Sommerheim Park Archaeological District. National Park Service, 1981-06-29.
  39. ^ Dragoo, Don W. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Squirrel Hill Site. National Park Service, 1977-04-19.
  40. ^ Smith, Ira F., III. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Strickler Site. National Park Service, 1972-10-31.
  41. ^ Herbstritt, James T. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Sugar Grove Petroglyph Site (36GR5). National Park Service, 1980-07-22.
  42. ^ Stevenson, Christopher M., and Conran Hay. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Tudek Site. National Park Service, 1980-10-10.

External links[edit]