Saint Vincent's Catholic Medical Center

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about a former hospital in New York. For other uses, see St. Vincent's Medical Center (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 40°44′11″N 73°59′59″W / 40.736416°N 73.999588°W / 40.736416; -73.999588

Saint Vincent Catholic Medical Centers
Sisters of Charity
SVCMClogo sm.png
StVincents.jpg
"Respect, Integrity, Compassion, Excellence"
Geography
Location Manhattan, New York City: Campuses throughout city and Westchester., New York, New York, United States
Organization
Care system Catholic
Hospital type General and Teaching
Affiliated university New York Medical College
Services
Emergency department Previously Level 1, now Closed
Beds 758
History
Founded 1849 (Defunct)
Closed 2010
Links
Website http://www.svcmc.org/
Lists Hospitals in New York

Saint Vincent Catholic Medical Centers (Saint Vincent's, or SVCMC) was a healthcare system, anchored by its flagship hospital, St. Vincent's Hospital Manhattan, locally referred to as "St. Vincent's". St. Vincent's was founded in 1849 and closed under conditions in 2010 that triggered an investigation by the District Attorney of Manhattan.[1] Demolition began at the end of 2012 and completed in early 2013.[2][3][4] Other hospital buildings will be converted into luxury condos and a new luxury building will replace the St. Vincent's building. It was a major teaching hospital in the Manhattan neighborhood of Greenwich Village in New York City.

History[edit]

1849 – 2005[edit]

St. Vincent's was the third oldest hospital in New York City after The New York Hospital and Bellevue Hospital. It was founded as a medical facility in 1849; and named for St. Vincent de Paul, a seventeenth-century French priest, whose religious congregation of the Daughters of Charity inspired the founding in Maryland in 1809 of the Sisters of Charity by St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, a native New Yorker and Roman Catholic convert. St. Vincent de Paul is the patron saint of charities, hospital workers, hospitals, and volunteers.[citation needed]

Drawing on its Roman Catholic heritage, SVCMC's emphasis was on patient-focused healthcare, with a special mission to provide care for the poor and disenfranchised.

"Respect: The basic dignity of the human person is the guiding principal in all our interactions, policies and procedures.
Integrity: Integrity is the consistency between the Catholic identity we profess and the ways in which we act it is that quality of truthfulness, which fosters trust.
Compassion: Compassion is the way we share deep concern, love and care toward each person.

Excellence: Excellence is our way of demonstrating that we can always be more, always be better."[5]

Forty years after the congregation's founding, four Sisters were dispatched to New York City to set up a charity hospital to meet the demands of the poor and disadvantaged. What began as a humble thirty-bed hospital in a small brick house on West 13th Street of Greenwich Village. St. Vincent's served the poor as one of the few charity hospitals in New York City.[6] The hospital opened November 1, 1849 to treat a cholera epidemic raging through the city at the time. After outgrowing those quarters in 1856, the sisters moved to a former orphanage at country-like 11th Street and Seventh Avenue.[citation needed]

In 1870, the first Saint Vincent's horse-drawn ambulance traversed the cobblestone streets of the city.[7] In October 1892, St. Vincent's Hospital launched its School of Nursing.[8] The school received its certification from the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York in 1905, one of the first such schools to be so recognized.[citation needed]

The Sisters admitted patients regardless of religion or ability to pay. The doctors from Bellevue also worked there. St. Vincent’s also operated a soup kitchen. According to an 1892 New York Times article St. Vincent's was distinguished from other hospitals in the city by its feeding of "a large number of tramps and other destitute persons”. The poet Edna St. Vincent Millay got her middle name from the hospital, where her uncle’s life was saved in 1892 after he was accidentally locked in the hold of a ship for several days without food or water.[9]

In 1911, Saint Vincent's Ambulance, manned by hospital interns, responded to the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in Manhattan, where the attendants watched helplessly as those trapped in the fire jumped to their deaths onto the street below. In 1912, Saint Vincent's received and treated victims after the sinking of the Titanic, while mourning the loss of attending physician, Dr. Francis Norman O'Loughlin, who perished aboard the ship. A plaque honoring his memory stood in the hospital's main entrance as a reminder of his dedication and sacrifice.[citation needed]

Under the late William Grace, M.D., F.C.C.P., Director of Medicine and a chest surgeon at St. Vincent's, along with his associate John A. Chadbourn, M.D., in 1968, the hospital established the nation's first Mobile Coronary Care Unit following an example in Ireland. St. Vincent’s first Mobile Coronary Care Unit (MCCU) was configured on a White over Red 1968 Chevrolet Step-Van and utilized a portable battery powered defibrillator/ monitor; a battery-powered electrocardiograph, I.V. kit, resuscitation/ oxygen kit and a drug kit. The success of the Saint Vincent's MCCU Project inspired the development of the "HeartMobile" in Columbus; Medic 1 in Seattle, as well as similar pioneer programs in Marietta, GA ; Montgomery County, MD and Los Angeles in 1970.[6]

In 1975, when the Puerto Rican extremist nationalist group "FALN" bombed Fraunces Tavern in the Wall Street area, Saint Vincent's paramedics and responders from multiple other EMS agencies transported patients to Saint Vincent's Hospital for trauma care.[7]

St. Vincent's was the primary admitting hospital for those injured in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. Pictures of the missing collected in such large numbers that the hospital dedicated an entire outside wall to protect them. For years after the event, the Wall of Hope and Remembrance remained a place of solace and peace.[citation needed]

For more than 150 years, St. Vincent’s Hospital was a beacon in Greenwich Village, serving poets, writers, artists, winos, the poor and the working-class, and gay people. It treated victims of the cholera epidemic of 1849, and the Hudson River landing of US Airways Flight 1549. It was the designated provider for New York and New Jersey members of the U.S. Department of Defense Health Plan.[citation needed]

Over time it expanded to become a major medical and research center. It maintained its connection to the Roman Catholic tradition, and was sponsored by the Bishop of Brooklyn and the President of the Sisters of Charity of New York.[citation needed]

The SVCMC network was formed in 2000, when St. Vincent's Hospital in Manhattan, formerly the St. Vincent Hospital and Medical Center of New York, merged with Catholic Medical Centers of Brooklyn and Queens and Sisters of Charity Healthcare on Staten Island, which included St. Vincent's Hospital (Staten Island), Mary Immaculate Hospital in Queens, St. John's Queens Hospital, Saint Joseph's Hospital in Queens, St. Mary's Hospital of Brooklyn, and Bayley Seton Hospital in Staten Island. In 2003 St. Clare's Hospital was affiliated, and renamed St. Vincent's Hospital (Midtown), but it closed August 1, 2007. St. Mary's Hospital of Brooklyn closed September 23, 2005; Mary Immaculate and St. John's closed March 1, 2009, after being sold to Wyckoff Heights Medical Center in 2006.[citation needed]

Closing[edit]

In 2005, under financial pressure from its charity involvements and rising costs, the SVCMC system filed for bankruptcy. The system launched an aggressive reorganization effort, selling or transferring its money-losing facilities and focusing development on its main hospital, which allowed it to emerge from bankruptcy in the summer of 2007. In the name of modernizing and restructuring, it also announced plans to build a new Manhattan hospital across the street from the current facility, with a planned opening set for 2011.[10] Part of this redevelopment was to include construction of a billion-dollar residential condominium by the Rudin real estate family.[11] The plan was a source of contention with several neighborhood groups, such as the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation and the Municipal Art Society,[12] but the Landmarks Preservation Commission approved the residential components of the plan in July 2009[13][14] but by this date residential development financing was no longer available due to the global financial crisis.

The hospital announced January 27, 2010, that its financial situation had soured further and desperate measures would be required to keep the hospital open. Senators, city council members and congressional representatives all became involved in attempting to save the hospital. St. Vincent's financial crisis, said a Greater New York Hospital Association spokesman, is significant in light of the health budget cuts in Albany. “You can't have this conversation without pointing out that Albany has cut hospital funding seven times in the last two years, and an eighth cut is looming,” says the spokesman. “These cuts are shredding the social safety net and pushing hospitals over the edge.”[15] The hospital entered discussions with Continuum Health Partners, parent corporation of Beth Israel Medical Center, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, and New York Eye and Ear Infirmary and with Mount Sinai Hospital to consider taking ownership of the hospital but both ultimately declined.[16]

April 6, 2010, the board of directors voted to close inpatient care services at St Vincent's Catholic Medical Center, and to sell its outpatient services to other systems. The emergency room stopped accepting ambulances April 9, 2010, delivered its last baby April 15, 2010.[17] April 19, 2010, more than 1,000 staff, representing approximately one-third of the hospital workforce received notice of lay-off.[18] On April 14, 2010, St. Vincent's Hospital Manhattan filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. The petition, filed in Federal District Court in Manhattan, showed liabilities of more than $1 billion.[19]

At 8:00 am, April 30, 2010, the emergency room at St. Vincent's closed, officially shuttering the hospital after 161 years of service to the residents of New York.[20] Hospital administrators said that the vote to close came after a six-month long effort to save the financially troubled institution, but August 21, 2011, prosecutors with the Manhattan District Attorney's Office were reported to have launched an investigation to determine whether administrators intentionally ran St. Vincent's into the ground.[1] The remaining parts of Saint Vincent Catholic Medical Centers, including its nursing homes, home health agency, St. Vincent's Hospital Westchester, and US Family Health Plan, were to continue to operate without interruption, but these entities were sold to other providers' systems.[21]

In October 2011, it was announced that the former main campus at 7-15 Seventh Ave was sold to Rudin Management Company for $260m.[22] CBRE Group represented the seller, Saint Vincent's Catholic Medical Centers. Eyal Ofer's Global Holdings assisted the buyer in the sale.[23]

At the time of its closure St. Vincent's occupied a large real estate footprint in Greenwich Village; it consisted of several hospital buildings and a number of outpatient facilities, had more than 1,000 affiliated physicians, including 70 full-time and 300 voluntary attending physicians, and trained more than 300 residents and fellows annually. As a Catholic hospital, St. Vincent's was officially sponsored by the Sisters of Charity and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn[24]

St. Vincent's was the last Catholic general hospital in New York city. The St. Vincent de Paul Stained Glass Window from St. Vincent's Hospital was saved and gifted to St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center in Paterson, New Jersey, in honor of its legacy of charity. It is proudly displayed in the main lobby of the medical center.[8]

New York City has announced a deal that preserves a historic building and creates a new school on the site of the former St. Vincent's Hospital. City Council Speaker Christine Quinn says the plan also calls for a reduction in the number of new apartments, funds for affordable housing and arts education in local schools.[25]

Medical education[edit]

Main Entrance of St. Vincent's Hospital (1900), Greenwich Village, New York City

SVCMC served as one of two academic medical centers of New York Medical College. It offered a well-respected residency and fellowship program, and also served as a clerkship facility for students of medicine, nursing, physical therapy, and occupational therapy.
Residencies
Anesthesiology, Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Combined Internal Medicine & Pediatrics, Primary Care, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Nuclear Medicine, OB/GYN, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, Pathology, PM&R, Psychiatry, Child Psychiatry, Radiology, General Surgery, Transitional.
Fellowships
Cardiovascular, Critical Care, Endocrinology, Gastroenterology, Interventional Endoscopy, Geriatrics, Hematology/Oncology, Infectious Disease, Pulmonary.
Allied Health Programs
CPR, Advanced Life Support, EMT, Paramedics, Nuclear Medicine Technology.[26]

Medical staff residency training records and Verifications have become available through the Federation Credentials Verification Service (FCVS)[27] Closed Residency program records.[28]

Former facilities[edit]

Notable programs[edit]

St. Vincent's HIV Center
St. Vincent’s was the epicenter of New York City’s AIDS epidemic. It housed the first and largest AIDS ward on the east coast and is often referred to as the “ground zero” of the AIDS epidemic. Although there were other important AIDS wards and treatment centers in New York City, none took on the symbolic and cultural significance of St. Vincent’s.[31]

As one of the first institutions to address and treat HIV and AIDS in the 1980s, St. Vincent's HIV Center was one of the oldest, most experienced and most renowned HIV treatment programs in the US. It provided coordinated outpatient and inpatient primary care and case management services to HIV-positive adults, pregnant women, and children, and also provided HIV prevention services, AIDS education programs, HIV clinical research, and support groups. In addition, SVCMC developed the unique Airbridge Project, which coordinates care for HIV-positive patients who make frequent trips to Puerto Rico.[32] Father Mychal Judge ministered to Catholics dying of AIDS in the early years of the epidemic. Tony Kushner features the hospital in his play Angels In America.

Chinese Outreach Program

Due to its proximity to Chinatown, Manhattan, two miles away, SVCMC has had close ties to the Chinese community throughout its history. In an effort to reach this underserved population, the hospital opened an independent Chinese-speaking inpatient unit, which employed physicians and nurses who spoke Cantonese and Mandarin. They also opened an outpatient facility in Chinatown, provided a free shuttle service from Chinatown to the hospital, and offered Chinese-focused healthcare services such as Acupuncture and Chinese traditional meals.[33]

Cystic Fibrosis Program

One of the most comprehensive and renowned CF programs in the city, the Saint Vincent's Cystic Fibrosis therapy program offered care for patients with cystic fibrosis and attracted patients from around the region.[citation needed]

Perinatal Hospice Center

The Perinatal Hospice was founded in 2007 to meet the needs of parents who discover early in pregnancy that their baby is nonviable outside the womb, and yet chose to carry their baby to term.[citation needed]

John J. Conley Department of Ethics

Closely linked to the Bioethics Institute at New York Medical College, The Conley Ethics Department was a leader in the study of clinical medical ethics and spirituality in healthcare. Chaired by Dr. Daniel Sulmasy, the department strove to integrate the biopsychosocial model of healthcare within the SVCMC system.[34]

Elizabeth Ann Seton Chapel

Because the hospital was founded and manned through much of its history by nuns, its hospital chapel was a primary focus of the hospital architecture, and was symbolically nested at the very center of the hospital. The Chapel, named for St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, offered daily Mass and refuge for patients and hospital staff.[35]

Hospital Pet Care Program

Responding to the unique needs of an urban population, SVCMC instituted a program to help patients provide for the pets during their stay in the hospital. Animals were either walked and fed in patient's home, or were relocated to care facilities or short-term foster homes.[36]

Comprehensive Cancer Center

The Comprehensive Cancer Center provided prevention, diagnosis, treatment and recovery of a variety of malignancies, with a focus on preventing inpatient stays through careful outpatient monitoring. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, even stem cell transplants were provided as day procedures, along with 24-hour emergency care.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hamilton, Brad (21 August 2011). "DA eyes St. Vinny's 'go-for-broke plan'". The New York Post. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
  2. ^ Hughes, C. J. (25 October 2013). "Where St. Vincent's Once Stood". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
  3. ^ Boynton, Andrew (16 May 2013). "Remembering St. Vincent’s". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
  4. ^ Jeremiah Moss (3 December 2012). "St. Vincent's Demolition". Jeremiah's Vanishing New York. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
  5. ^ "Our Mission". [dead link]
  6. ^ a b "St. Vincent's Hospital EMS, New York City". Emsmuseum.org. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
  7. ^ a b Santa Maria, Greg (15 April 2010). "A Death of Historical Significance- The closing of Saint Vincent's Hospital in New York City marks the end of an era". Emsmuseum.org. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
  8. ^ a b "St. Vincent's Hospital School Of Nursing Alumnae Assoc". Stvincentsschoolofnursingalums.org. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  9. ^ Hartocollis, Anemona (2 February 2010). "The Decline of St. Vincent’s Hospital". The New York Times. 
  10. ^ "News Releases". [dead link]
  11. ^ "Rudin Family To Redevelop St. Vincent's Hospital Campus". The New York Sun. May 17, 2007. Retrieved March 30, 2012. 
  12. ^ Collins, Glenn (April 15, 2008). "Clashing Testimony Over St. Vincent's Expansion Plans". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  13. ^ Collins, Glenn (July 7, 2009). "Landmarks Panel Approves Luxury Condo Plan for St. Vincent's Site". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2012. 
  14. ^ Amateau, Albert. "Landmarks approves residential part of St. Vincent's rebuild plan". The Villager 79 (5). Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  15. ^ Benson, Barbara (January 26, 2010). "St. Vincent's Hospital on brink of second bankruptcy". Crain's New York Business. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
  16. ^ Anderson, Lincoln (June 23, 2010). "St. Vincent’s postmortem: Why Village hospital died". The Villager 80 (4). Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  17. ^ Hartocollis, Anemona (April 15, 2010). "Before the Doors Close, Delivering One Last Baby". The New York Times. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  18. ^ Hartocollis, Anemona (April 19, 2010). "Layoffs Announced at St. Vincent's". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  19. ^ "St. Vincent's Files for Bankruptcy". The New York Times. April 14, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  20. ^ Ortiz-Teissonniere, Julio. "Death of a NYC Neighborhood Hospital: ER Shuts Down". Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  21. ^ "SVCMC official website". [dead link]
  22. ^ Webber, Timothy (October 5, 2011). "Rudin Mgmt Closes on $260M Acquisition of St. Vincent's Hospital". CoStar Group. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  23. ^ "City Council green-lights Rudin’s development at former St. Vincent’s site". The Real Deal. March 29, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  24. ^ "SVCMC official website". [dead link]
  25. ^ "NYC reaches deal for St. Vincent's Hospital site". WABC-TV News. March 15, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Residency and Fellowship Programs". [dead link]
  27. ^ "Federation Credentials Verification Service | Credentials Verification". Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB). Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  28. ^ "Federation Credentials Verification Service (FCVS)| Closed Residency Programs". FSMB. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  29. ^ "Continuum Cancer Centers of New York". Chpnyc.org. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  30. ^ "Hospitals, Facilities and Services". [dead link]
  31. ^ "New York City AIDS Memorial". Nycaidsmemorial.org. November 26, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  32. ^ "HIV Services". [dead link]
  33. ^ "Culturally Competent Services". [dead link]
  34. ^ "Saint Vincent's Medical Center Staff". [dead link]
  35. ^ "Pastoral Care at the Elizabeth Ann Seton Chapel". [dead link]
  36. ^ "Patient Pet Care Program". [dead link]

External links[edit]