Sam Wood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people named Sam Wood, see Sam Wood (disambiguation).
Sam Wood
Sam Wood.croop.jpg
Born Samuel Grosvenor Wood
(1884-07-10)July 10, 1884
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died September 22, 1949(1949-09-22) (aged 65)
Hollywood, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Heart attack
Occupation Film director, writer, producer, actor, real estate broker
Years active 1917–1949
Spouse(s) Clara L. Roush (1908-1949) (his death)

Samuel Grosvenor "Sam" Wood (July 10, 1884 – September 22, 1949) was an American film director, and producer, who was best known for directing such Hollywood hits as A Night at the Opera, A Day at the Races, Goodbye, Mr. Chips, and The Pride of the Yankees. He was also involved in a few acting and writing projects.

Career[edit]

Wood began his career as an actor,[1] and worked for Cecil B. De Mille as an assistant in 1915. A solo director by 1919, Wood worked throughout the 1920s directing some of Paramount Pictures's biggest stars, among them Gloria Swanson and Wallace Reid. He joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1927, working with Marion Davies, Clark Gable, Marie Dressler, and Jimmy Durante.[2] In the 1940s, Wood directed Ginger Rogers through her Oscar-winning performance in Kitty Foyle (1940).

At one point, he served as president of the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals.

Personal life[edit]

Wood was married to Clara L. Roush from 1908 to his death in 1949. One of Wood's daughters was film and television actress K.T. Stevens who started her career in one of her father's films, Peck's Bad Boy (1921), credited as 'Baby Gloria Wood'. His oldest daughter was also an actress, Jeane Wood.

Death[edit]

Wood died from a heart attack, in Hollywood, at the age of 65. His grave is located in Glendale's Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery.

Criticism and legacy[edit]

Wood was a conservative in politics. He testified before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947. Groucho Marx, who worked with Wood on A Night at the Opera and A Day at the Races, once called Wood a "fascist"[3] and was furious about Wood's racist comments about African-Americans.[4]

Celebrating the 40th anniversary of Groucho's appearance in 1972 at Carnegie Hall with Dick Cavett, Cavett related on NPR's All Things Considered (May 6, 2012) that Groucho was not a fan of Sam Wood. Allegedly, Wood in frustration said to Groucho, "You can't make an actor out of clay", to which Groucho replied with his lightning wit, " ... and you can't make a director out of Wood!"

For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Wood has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 4296 Hollywood Boulevard.

Filmography[edit]

Earlier films[edit]

With Academy Award nominations and wins in the table

Later films[edit]

Year Film Nominations Won Academy Awards & Nominations
1930 They Learned About Women
The Girl Said No
The Sins of the Children
Way for a Sailor
Paid
1931 A Tailor Made Man
The Man in Possession
New Adventures of Get Rich Quick Wallingford
1932 Huddle
Prosperity
1933 The Barbarian
Hold Your Man
Christopher Bean
1934 Stamboul Quest
1935 Let 'em Have It
A Night at the Opera
Whipsaw
1936 The Unguarded Hour
1937 A Day at the Races 1 0
Madame X
Navy Blue and Gold
1938 Lord Jeff
Stablemates
1939 Goodbye, Mr. Chips 7 1 Best Actor for Robert Donat
Nomination — Outstanding Production for Victor Saville
Nomination — Best Director
Nomination — Best Actress for Greer Garson
Raffles
Gone with the Wind (replaced Victor Fleming for twenty-four days when Fleming temporary left the production due to exhaustion) 13 8 Outstanding Production for Selznick International Pictures
Best Director for Victor Fleming
Best Actress for Vivien Leigh
Best Adapted Screenplay for Sidney Howard
Best Supporting Actress for Hattie McDaniel
Best Cinematography, Color for Ernest Haller and Ray Rennahan
Best Film Editing for Hal C. Kern and James E. Newcom
Best Art Direction for Lyle Wheeler
Nomination - Best Actor for Clark Gable
Nomination — Best Supporting Actress for Olivia de Havilland
Nomination — Best Visual Effects for Jack Cosgrove, Fred Albin and Arthur Johns
Nomination — Best Music, Original Score for Max Steiner
Nomination — Best Sound Recording for Thomas T. Moulton (Samuel Goldwyn Studio Sound Department)
1940 Our Town 6 0 Nomination — Outstanding Production for Sol Lesser
Nomination — Best Actress for Martha Scott
Rangers of Fortune
Kitty Foyle 5 1 Best Actress for Ginger Rogers
Nomination — Outstanding Production for David Hempstead
Nomination — Best Director
1941 The Devil and Miss Jones 2 0 Nomination — Best Supporting Actor for Charles Coburn
1942 Kings Row 3 0 Nomination — Outstanding Motion Picture for Hal B. Wallis
Nomination — Best Director
The Pride of the Yankees 11 1 Nomination — Outstanding Motion Picture for Samuel Goldwyn
Nomination — Best Actor for Gary Cooper
Nomination — Best Actress for Teresa Wright
1943 For Whom the Bell Tolls 9 1 Best Supporting Actress for Katina Paxinou
Nomination — Outstanding Motion Picture
Nomination — Best Actor for Gary Cooper
Nomination — Best Actress for Ingrid Bergman
Nomination — Best Supporting Actor for Akim Tamiroff
1944 Casanova Brown 3 0 Nomination — Best Art Direction (Black-and-White) for Perry Ferguson and Julia Heron
Nomination — Best Music (Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture) Arthur Lange
Nomination — Best Sound Recording for Thomas T. Moulton
1945 Guest Wife 1 0 Nomination — Best Music, Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture for Daniele Amfitheatrof
Saratoga Trunk 1 0 Nomination — Best Supporting Actress for Flora Robson
1946 Heartbeat
1947 Ivy
1948 Command Decision
1949 The Stratton Story 1 1 Best Writing, Motion Picture Story for Douglas Morrow
1950 Ambush

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biography for Sam Wood". tcm.com. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Sam Wood Biography- Hal Erickson, All Movie Guide". moviefone.com. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Sam Wood Biography". Barnes & Noble.com by Hal Erickson. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  4. ^ Joseph Mills, "The Faces of Twentieth Century Comedy" in A Century of the Marx Brothers (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007)

External links[edit]