Sasmuan

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Sasmuan
Municipality
Town hall
Town hall
Nickname(s): Pampanga Mini SEA
Map of Pampanga showing the location of Sasmuan
Map of Pampanga showing the location of Sasmuan
Sasmuan is located in Philippines
Sasmuan
Sasmuan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°56′N 120°37′E / 14.933°N 120.617°E / 14.933; 120.617Coordinates: 14°56′N 120°37′E / 14.933°N 120.617°E / 14.933; 120.617
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Pampanga
District 2nd District
Barangays 12
Government[1]
 • Mayor Nardo Mangalindan Velasco
Area[2]
 • Total 91.80 km2 (35.44 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 27,254
 • Density 300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2004
Dialing code 45
Income class 4th class

Sasmuan (known as Sexmoan until January 15, 1991)[4] is a fourth class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 27,254 people.[3]

Etymology[edit]

The town's former name of "Sexmoan" was how it was spelled in Spanish by friars (with "X" pronounced as "S" as in xylophone) attempting to transcribe "Sasmuan", the original and current name. It was derived from the ancient Kapampangan rootword sasmo, which means to meet, according to a 17th-century Kapampangan dictionary. Sasmoan therefore is synonymous with "pitagmuan" or "meeting place of the datus". It was named "Sasmuan" because it is where the Pampangos meet when they were at war with the Chinese in Guagua.[5]

History[edit]

Sasmuan already had a well-developed system of government well before the era of Spanish colonization. It evolved to be one of the oldest and major settlements in Pampanga by the 16th century. The Santa Lucia Church was one of the first Roman Catholic churches built in the Philippines by the Spaniards with the political and financial support of the Principalia.

Barangays[edit]

Sasmuan is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.[2]

  • Batang 1st
  • Batang 2nd
  • Mabuanbuan
  • Malusac
  • Santa Lucia
  • San Antonio
  • San Nicolas 1st
  • San Nicolas 2nd includes Sitio Remedios
  • San Pedro
  • Santa Monica includes Sitio San Francisco
  • Santo Tomas includes Sitio Sta. Cruz
  • Sebitanan

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Sasmuan
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 21,148 —    
1995 23,146 +1.82%
2000 23,359 +0.18%
2007 26,630 +1.89%
2010 27,254 +0.78%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][6]

Economy[edit]

Sasmuan Fish port

Sasmuan has a unique geography in that it is surrounded by fish ponds. Aquaculture has been the main industry that drives the local economy. The fish from ponds and other areas are sold at the Fish Port.

The town's prime business venture is Sasmuan Delicacies, founded in 1990. It is being sold in many big supermarkets and malls in the Philippines, including SM City Malls.

Culture[edit]

Cuisine[edit]

  • Polvoron- Roasted flour with sugar, milk, and butter or margarine.
  • Tamales- Rice flour with shrimp gravy, garlic, and a little slice of boiled egg steamed in banana leaves.
  • Palapat- A sour fruit from a tree that grows in shallow waters. Often utilised as a condiment.
  • Tabang Talangka- fat derived from talangka, a small breed of crab.
  • Eko- a type of fish sauce.
  • Taklang Dagis - A Stool from Dakung.
  • Dulum/Sinarapan- A small fish found in rivers.

Fiestas[edit]

  • Fiesta San Juan: Celebrated every June 24 in honour of St. John the Baptist. Customarily, visitors to the town are doused with water in imitation of the saint's biblical role. A grand fluvial parade is conducted that lasts throughout the day.
  • Kuraldal Festival: Celebrated every January 6 in honour of the town's patron saint, Saint Lucy. This saint is believed to help not only the blind but women who wish to have fertility and to bear children.

Santa Lucia Parish Church[edit]

Santa Lucia Parish Church

The Santa Lucia Parish Church in Sasmuan is the first church in the province built by Augustinian priests. The heritage church stands right beside the Rio Grande, the ancient waterway that connected Pampanga to Manila and to the rest of the world. The structure is said to have been built by Fr. Jose Duque in the 17th century. It was rebuilt in early 1800 and was reinforced by Fr. Toribio Fanjul in 1884.

The edifice has an interesting and unique façade. It has decorative floral carvings on its main entrance. The old town church is one of the few, if not the only church in the country where the single belfry is situated between the church and the convento. The church, which measures 45 metres (148 ft) long, 11 metres (36 ft) wide, and 6 metres (20 ft) high, also features a grotto of Our Lady of Fatima. Devotees from all over the province flock here to honor Saint Lucy, believed to be a miraculous saint.

Founded in 1590, Santa Lucia is a parish of the Vicariate of St. Joseph in the Archdiocese of San Fernando. The parish celebrates the feast day of its titular patron on December 13.

An author described it as “very beautiful and of very good condition.” When looking at the complex of church and convent, one is stuck by the impression that the round and rectangular openings are capriciously aligned. This makes the façade both interesting and unique.[7]

It was renovated in 2003 under Fr. Teodro P. Valencia, Parish Priest. On June 9, 2007, it was solemnly rededicated.[8] [9]

Images[edit]



Panorama of the Fish port

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Eighth Congress of the Philippines (January 15, 1991). "Republic Act No. 6976: AN ACT CHANGING THE NAME OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF SEXMOAN IN THE PROVINCE OF PAMPANGA TO MUNICIPALITY OF SASMUAN". Philippine Laws and Jurisprudence Databank. 
  5. ^ "Sasmuan". eK! - electronic Kabalen. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  7. ^ http://pampanga.islandsphilippines.com/natural.php
  8. ^ http://lakbaypinas.ph/landmarks.aspx?city=5422&grp=Location&index=2
  9. ^ http://heritagesentinel.wordpress.com/2006/07/28/church-of-santa-lucia-sasmuan-pampanga/

External links[edit]