Sayyid Dynasty

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For the Delhi sultanate, see Sayyid dynasty.

The Sayyid or Shah Mir Dynasty (also known as the Swati Dynasty) ruled Kashmir for nearly 222 years from 1339 to 1561. During the rule of this dynasty Islam was firmly established in Kashmir. Shah Mir, (that means "The King of Commanders" in Persian) under the title of Sultan Shamas-ud-Din founded the dynasty. Before that time Kashmir was predominantly Hindu. Under the Sayyid dyanasty, Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani, came from Hamadan (one of the oldest cities of Iran), to bring Islam to Kashmir.

As listed in the Rajataranginis he was succeeded by Jamshed 1342-1344, Alau-ud-Din 1344-1355, Shahab-ud-Din 1355-1373, Qutub-ud-Din 1373-1389, Sikandar Butshikan the book-burner 1389-1413, Alishah 1413-1419, Zain-ul-Abdin 1420-1470, Haidershah 1470-1472, Hassanshah 1472-1484, Mohammadshah 1484-1486, Fatehshah 1486-1495 Mohammadshah 1495-1496, Fatehshah 1496-1497, Mohammadshah 1497-1509, Ibrahimshah (s/o Mohammadshah) 1509 Nazukshah (s/o Fatehshah) 1529 (one year), Mohammadshah 1530-1535.[1]

Shah[edit]

Main article: Shah

Sultan Shams-ud-Din Shah was a sayyid, a direct descendant of Muhammad. He worked to establish Islam in Kashmir and was aided by his consequent rulers, specially Sikander But-shikan. He reigned for three years and five months from 1339-42. He was the ruler of Kashmir and the founder of the Shah Mir dynasty. He was followed by his two sons who became kings in succession.[2]

Jamshid[edit]

Sultan Shamsu'd-Din Shah was succeeded by his elder son Sultan Jamshid who ruled for a year and two months. In 1343, Sultan Jamshid suffered a defeat by his brother who ascended the throne as Sultan Alau'd-Din in 1347.[3]

Alau'd-Din[edit]

Sultan Alau'd-Din, two sons became kings in succession, Sultan Shihabu'd-Din and Sultan Qutbu'd-Din.[4]

Reign and successions[edit]

Precedence Name AD
1 Shamsu'd-Din Shah 1339
2 Jamshed 1342
3 Ala'u'din 1343
4 Shihu'd-Din 1354
5 Qutub'd-Din 1373
6 Sikander 1389
7 Ali Shah 1413
8 Zainu'l'Abadin 1420
9 Hasan Shah 1472
10 Muhammad Shah (i) 1484
11 Fateh Shah (i) 1486
12 Muhammad Shah (ii) 1493
13 Fateh Shah (ii) 1505
14 Muhammad Shah (iii) 1514
15 Fateh Shah (ii1) 1515
16 Muhammad Shah (iv) 1517
17 Ibrahim Shah (i) 1528
18 Nazuk Shah (i) 1529
19 Muhammad Shah (v) 1530
20 Shamsu'd-Din (ii) 1537
21 Ismail Shah (i) 1540
17 Nazuk Shah (ii) (i) 1540
18 Ibrahim Shah (i) 1552
19 Ismail Shah (ii) (v) 1555
20 Habib Shah 1557-1561

[5]

Note: Muhammad Shah had five separate reigns from 1484 to 1537.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rājānaka Jonarāja, Jogesh Chandra Dutt, Shyam Lal Sadhu Medieval Kashmir - being a reprint of the Rajataranginis 1993 Volume 3 - Page 330/Page 331 Jamshed 1342-1344 3. Alau-ud-Din 1344-1355 4. Shahab-ud-Din 1355-1373 5. Qutub-ud-Din 1373-1389 6. Sikandar 1389-1413 7. Alishah 1413-1419 8. Zain-ul-Abdin 1420-1470 9. Haidershah 1470-1472 10. Hassanshah 1472-1484 11. Mohammadshah Apr.1484-Oct.1486, .....12. Fatehshah 1486-1495 13. Mohammadshah 1495-1496 14. Fatehshah 1496-1497 15. Mohammadshah 1497-1509 16. Ibrahimshah (s/o Mohammadshah) 1509 17. Nazukshah (s/o Fatehshah) 1529 (one year) 18. Mohammadshah 1530-1535 .
  2. ^ Baharistan-i-Shahi – Chapter 3 – EARLY SHAHMIRS
  3. ^ Baharistan-i-Shahi – Chapter 3 – EARLY SHAHMIRS
  4. ^ Baharistan-i-Shahi – Chapter 3 – EARLY SHAHMIRS
  5. ^ Hasan, Mohibbul (2005) [1959]. Kashmir Under the Sultans (Reprinted ed.). Delhi: Aakar Books. p. 325. ISBN 978-81-87879-49-7. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  6. ^ http://coinindia.com/galleries-kashmirsultans.html

External links[edit]