|Regions with significant populations|
|• India • Pakistan|
|• Urdu • Hindi • Awadhi|
|• Islam 100% •|
|Related ethnic groups|
|• Sayyid • Arab • Sayyid of Uttar Pradesh• Sadaat Amroha• Gardezi Sadaat • Sadaat-e-Bilgram •|
Sadat-e-Bara (Urdu: ہسادات بار), sometimes pronounced Sadaat-e-Barha, are a community of Sayyids, originally from a group of twelve villages situated in the Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh in India. This community had considerable influence during the latter days of the Mughal Empire. They were also found in Karnal District and Haryana & Gujarat state in India. Many members of this community have migrated to Pakistan after independence have settled in Karachi, Khairpur State in Sind and Lahore.
History and Origin
The ancestor of Bārha Sayyids, Syed Abu'l Farah left his original home in Wasit, Iraq, with his twelve sons at the end of 13th century (or in the beginning of 14th century) and migrated to India, where he obtained four estates in Punjab.By the sixteenth century Abu'l Farah's descendants had taken over Bārha villages in Muzzafarnagar.
There are four sub-divisions of Barha Sadaat,
- the Tihaanpuri, whose chief town was Jansath,
- the Chatraudi, whose chief town was Sambhalhera,
- the Kundliwal, whose chief town was Mujhera,
- the Jajneri, whose chief town was Bidauli.
The origin of the Sadaat-e-Bara or Barha is traced to the Sayyid Abu Farah Wasiti, son of Sayyid Daud, who came to Ghazni in Afghanistan, from Wasit, at the invitation of Mahmud Ghaznavi. He had four sons who settled in four villages Kundli Tihanpur, Jajner and Chhat-Banur, near the city of Patiala. These four sons founded a number of clans, the main ones being Chhatrodi, Kundliwal, Tihanpuri and Jajneri, from the villages assigned to them. When the Sayyids came to India from Central Asia they preferred to settle in Muzaffarnagar, these people were called the Saiyids of Barha or (Sadaat-E-Barah)]. The area has one of the largest concentrations of Sayyids in India.
The villages are:
- Hashimpur, founded by Sayyed Hashim Barha, a General in the Mughal Army
- Kahlaoda Kalan , Repopulated by Nawab S.Parvrish Ali Khan,Governor of Bengal,Mughal Era.
- Behari near Bhataura
- Behera Sadat
- Sikrehra Khola
- Khedhi Pachenda
- Sarai Rasulpur
- Kamheda, near Jouli
- Saif Pur Nangla, founded by Syed Saif Ali Khan of Mujhera and he named it after him.
- Chand Pur Nangla
- Rasul Pur, Baruki
- Sarai Rasoolpur, founded by Syed Sarfraz Ali
- NagpurMaharashtra India
These villages are mainly inhabited by Zaidi Syeds descendants of Zaid Ash-Shaheed or Zayd Shaheed through Sayyid Abul farah Wasti, some of them are believed to be the descendants of Sayyed Mahmud Khan Barha, Emperor Akbar's commander-in-chief and the Saiyid Brothers, the king makers of the latter Mughal era. According to Saiyid Athar Abbas Rizvi, they are considered among the most authentic Sayyids, along with the saadats or sayyids of Jais and Nasirabad, of Raebareli district. One of the verifiable reasons is that they have a longstanding tradition of maintaining their Shajra-e-Nasab (Syed family tree,) which was an easily verifiable document copied by hand until this day. Main occupation of the people is farming and the land in the area is quite fertile. Main crops are wheat, rice and sugar cane. There are lots of mango orchards around.
Jansath became a centre of attraction during the Mughal Period, the later Mughal rulers were weak & the matters of the Empire were handled by the powerful Sayyids, the influential of them were Sayyid Hassan Ali Khan (Alias Abdullah Khan) & his brother Sayyid Hussain Ali Khan. They changed several Mughal Kings from Farrukh Siyyar to Mohammed Shah at their will & are therefore popularly known in the History of India as "The King-Makers".
Sayyid Hassan Ali Khan & Sayyid Hussain Ali Khan were murdered through a conspiracy in 1720. A battle was fought between the Sayyids & the Mughal army which the Sayyid lost, Sayyid Saifuddin Ali khan, the younger brother of Hassan & Hussain Ali khan was killed in this battle, his tomb is in Jansath at the western entrance of the town.
Jansath at present is a Tehsil in the Muzaffar Nagar District. It has several old monuments of the Mughal times including the house of Sayyid brothers which is called "Rang Mahal". It is a monument to watch with the entrance called “Bada Darwaza”.
Jansath has other old monuments like Sheesh Mahal, Moti Mahal, Badi & Choti Haveli in Jannatabad
Syyid Mubarak Hussain was a Zamidaar of 84 villages in the British rule, and he belonged to Kakrouli village. Syyid Mubarak Hussain had built a Dargah Kadam-e-Rasool in Kakrouli village around 1900 and it was restored by his Grandson Syyid Asad Raza Zaidi in the year 2006. Dargah Kadam- Rasool is very famous in Saadat-e-Bara as a pilgrimage site-it boasts of having the footprints of Prophet Mohammed s.a.
Miranpur was founded by Nawab Sayyed Miran another important qasba in Tehsil Jansath. Sayyed Miran was the grandson of powerful military general Sayyed Masood (Hussamuddin) in King Akbar's rule. Sayyed Miran was a mansabdar of five thousand army in King Aurangzeb's empire. The town is located in southern Muzaffarnagar District, between Jansath and Bijnor at the junction of the Delhi Pauri National highway and Panipat Khatima State Highway. Muzaffarnagar, the district headquarters, is about 33 km north of Miranpur.
After Independence, Zaidi Sadats, migrated to various regions of the Pakistan namely Qila Deedar singh (Gujranwala), Khairpur Mirs. Sindh, Chiniot, Rawalpindi and Karachi. Some important names heading these families were: Nawab Asghar Abbas Zaidi & Syed Muhammad Ameer Zaidi,(settled with his family at Luqman) at Khairpur Mirs sindh Pakistan.
Later, their descendants spread to other parts of the country, including majorly in Karachi and Wah Cantt. In Karachi (Sindh), the prominent areas include the jaffar-e-Tayyar society, Ancholi, Rizvia Society and Abbas Town.
Some of the Zaidi Sadats who settled in Chiniot include Late Syed Abid Raza Zaidi s/o Syed Hajji Hassan Zaidi, Syed Jawad Hussain Zaidi s/o Syed Amman Ali Zaidi. Latter is still alive.
Zaidi Sayyed also migrated from Miranpur to eastern part of Uttar Pradesh namely Utraula a town in Balrampur district and settled in few villages in the outskirts of Utraula town these Sayyeds were said to be invited by then Raja of Utraula and given possession of nearby villages AMYA DEORIA. The descendents of Sayyed Miran are also lived in Nagpur city.Nagpur is the central city of India in Maharashtra State. These descendents are migrated from Delhi to Nagpur in the year of 1780. This family is famous with the name of Mir Aziz faimily in the Nagpur city.the Mir Aziz sahab(1749-1857)was mansabdar in the court of Raje Raghuji Rao Bhonsle the rural of Nagpur city. Zaidi Sayyed also migrated from Jansath to eastern part of Uttar Pradesh namely Sikanderpur,Kandipur in Ambedkar Nagar district.
- People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Three page 1247 Manohar Publications
- The Encyclopaedia of Islam: Supplement : Fascicules 1-2, Clifford Edmund Bosworth, Brill Archive, 1980
- Memoirs on the history, folk-lore, and distribution of the races of the North Western Provinces of India, Sir Henry Miers Elliot, Trübner & co., 1869
- A Socio-Intellectual History of the Isna 'Ashari Shi'is in India by Saiyid Athar Abbas Rizvi Volume 1 Delhi Munshiram Manoharlal