|Regions with significant populations|
|• India • Pakistan|
|• Urdu • Hindi • Awadhi|
|• Islam 100% •|
|Related ethnic groups|
|• Sayyid • Arab • Sayyid of Uttar Pradesh• Sadaat Amroha• Gardezi Sadaat • Sadaat-e-Bilgram •|
Sadat-e-Bara (Urdu: ہسادات بار), sometimes pronounced Sadaat-e-Barha, are a community of Sayyids, originally from a group of twelve villages situated in the Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh in India. This community had considerable influence during the reign of the Mughal Empire. Its members were also found in Karnal District and Haryana, Gujarat & Karnataka state in India. The majority of the members of this community have migrated to Pakistan after independence and have settled in Karachi, Khairpur State in Sind and Lahore.
History and Origin
The ancestor of Bārha Sayyids, Syed Abu'l Farah, left his original home in Wasit, Iraq, with his twelve sons at the end of the 10th century (or in the beginning of the 11th century) and migrated to India, where he obtained four estates in Punjab. By the sixteenth century Abu'l Farah's descendants had taken over Bārha estates in Muzzafarnagar.
There are four sub-divisions of Barha Sadaat in Muzaffarnagar area :
- the Tihaanpuri, whose chief town was Jansath,
- the Chatraudi, whose chief town was Sambhalhera,
- the Kundliwal, whose chief town was Mujhera,
- the Jajneri, whose chief town was Bidauli.
The origin of the Sadaat-e-Bara or Barha is traced to Sayyid Abu Farah Wasiti, son of Sayyid Daud, who came to Ghazni in Afghanistan, from Wasit, at the invitation of Mahmud Ghaznavi. He had twelve sons who settled in four villages Kundli Tihanpur, Jajner and Chhat-Banur, near the city of Patiala. These four sons founded a number of clans, the main ones being Chhatrodi, Kundliwal, Tihanpuri and Jajneri, from the villages assigned to them.
Another descendant of Syed Abu'l Farah was Syed Mohammed Qaziulqazat who was given a post of chief justice and a grant of three villages in Sarnal, Gujarat by emperor Aurangzeb in 1674 AD and he migrated there. His descendants form the branch of Sadat Bárha in Gujarat.
When the Sayyids came to India from Central Asia they chose to settle in Muzaffarnagar; these people were called the Saiyids of Barha or (Sadaat-E-Barah)]. The area has one of the largest concentrations of Sayyids in India.
The villages are:
- Hashimpur, founded by Sayyed Hashim Barha, a General in the Mughal Army
- Kahlaoda Kalan, repopulated by Nawab S.Parvarish Ali Khan,Governor of Bengal, Mughal Era
- Chitora, founded by Mir Syed Jawad Ali [Governor of Royal Iran Army]
- Behera Sadat
- Sikrehra Khola
- Khedhi Pachenda
- Sarai Rasulpur
- Kamheda, near Jouli
- Saif Pur Nangla, founded by Syed Saif Khan of Mujhera; he named it after himself
- Chand Pur Nangla
- Rasul Pur, Baruki
- Sarai Rasoolpur, founded by Syed Sarfaraz Ali
These villages are mainly inhabited by Zaidi Syeds descendants of Zaid Ash-Shaheed or Zayd Shaheed through Sayyid Abul farah Wasti. Some of them are believed to be the descendants of Sayyed Mahmud Khan Barha, Emperor Akbar's commander-in-chief and the Saiyid Brothers, the king makers of the latter Mughal era. According to Saiyid Athar Abbas Rizvi, they are considered among the most authentic Sayyids, along with the saadats or sayyids of Jais and Nasirabad, of the Raebareli district. One of the best reasons for this assertion is that they have a longstanding tradition of maintaining their Shajra-e-Nasab (Syed family tree) -- an easily verifiable document copied by hand to this day. These peoples' main occupation is farming and the land in the area is quite fertile. The main crops are wheat, rice and sugar cane. There are also many mango orchards.
After Independence, Zaidi Sadats migrated to various regions of Pakistan, namely Qila Deedar Singh (Gujranwala), Khairpur Mirs Sindh, Chiniot, Rawalpindi, and Karachi. Some important names at the head of these families were: Nawab Asghar Abbas Zaidi, Syed Muhammad Ameer Zaidi (who settled with his family at Luqman), and Khairpur Mirs Sindh Pakistan.
Later, their descendants spread to other parts of the country, including largely in Karachi and Wah Cantt. In Karachi (Sindh), prominent areas include the Jaffar-e-Tayyar society, Ancholi, Rizvia Society and Abbas Town.
Some of the Zaidi Sadats who settled in Chiniot include the late Syed Abid Raza Zaidi (son of Syed Hajji Hassan Zaidi), Syed Ikram Hussain Zaidi (son of Syed Ashoor Ali Zaidi), and Syed Jawad Hussain Zaidi (son of Syed Amman Ali Zaidi), who is still alive.
Zaidi Sayyed also migrated from Miranpur to Utraula in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh, a town in the Balrampur district, and settled in several villages in the outskirts of Utraula. These Sayyeds were said to be invited by then Raja of Utraula and given possession of nearby villages Amya Deoria. The descendents of Sayyed Miran are also present in Nagpur city. Nagpur is the central city of India in Maharashtra State. These descendents migrated from Delhi to Nagpur in 1780. This family is associated with the name Mir Aziz in the Nagpur city. The Mir Aziz sahab (1749-1857) was mansabdar in the court of Raje Raghuji Rao Bhonsle in the rural of Nagpur city. Zaidi Sayyed also migrated from Jansath to the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh, Sikanderpur, Kandipur in the Ambedkar Nagar district.
- People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Three page 1247 Manohar Publications
- The Encyclopaedia of Islam: Supplement : Fascicules 1-2, Clifford Edmund Bosworth, Brill Archive, 1980
- Memoirs on the history, folk-lore, and distribution of the races of the North Western Provinces of India, Sir Henry Miers Elliot, Trübner & co., 1869
- A Socio-Intellectual History of the Isna 'Ashari Shi'is in India by Saiyid Athar Abbas Rizvi Volume 1 Delhi Munshiram Manoharlal