She Belongs to Me

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"She Belongs to Me"
Song by Bob Dylan from the album Bringing It All Back Home
Released March 22, 1965
Recorded Columbia Recording Studios, New York City January 14, 1965
Genre Folk rock, blues rock
Length 2:50
Label Columbia Records
Writer Bob Dylan
Producer Tom Wilson
Bringing It All Back Home track listing

"She Belongs to Me" is a song by Bob Dylan, and was first released as the second track on his 1965 album Bringing It All Back Home. It was one of the first anti-love songs and one of Dylan's first of many songs that describe a "witchy woman".[1][2] The song may be about fellow folk singer Joan Baez, contemporary siren Nico, or Sara Lownds, the woman that Dylan would wed in November 1965.

Recording[edit]

The version of the song that appears on Bringing It All Back Home was recorded on the afternoon of January 14, 1965 and produced by Tom Wilson.[2] It was performed by the full rock band that Dylan used to accompany him on the songs that appeared on side one of the album, and features an electric guitar part played by Bruce Langhorne.[2][3][4][5]

Different versions of the song were recorded during the January 1965 Bringing It All Back Home sessions. Like the other love song on side one, "Love Minus Zero/No Limit", "She Belongs to Me" had been recorded on January 13 in acoustic versions.[2] An outtake featuring Dylan, Langhorne, and bassist Bill Lee -- stated in the liner notes to have been recorded on January 14, but which Dylan scholar Clinton Heylin dates to January 13 -- was released in 2005 on The Bootleg Series Vol. 7: No Direction Home: The Soundtrack.[2] The song was also recorded on the evening of January 14 in an uncirculated version with just guitars and bass.[2] Another unreleased outtake of the song from the Bringing It All Back Home sessions is said to exist where Dylan is supported only by Langhorne's guitar, with no bass, drums or third guitar.[6]

Meaning[edit]

The title of the song is ironic.[3][7][8][9] Although entitled "She Belongs to Me", the singer clearly belongs to the woman described in the song, and that woman belongs to no one, as alluded to in this line:

She's nobody's child, the law can't touch her at all.[2][7][8]

The lyrics describe how the woman cuts her man down to size but leaves him proud to serve her, as he "bow[s] down to her on Sunday" and "salute[s] her when her birthday comes."[2][7] Other lines celebrate the woman's assertiveness and moral conviction as the singer's tone alternates between devotion and contempt.[9] Some of the lyrics appear to reference Dylan's former lover, folk singer Joan Baez, particularly the line about the woman wearing an "Egyptian ring", since Dylan had given Baez such a ring.[1][9][10] Other lines that may refer to Baez are a line describing her as "an artist" and a reference to being a "walking antique", which may be a reference to Baez' desire to keep Dylan writing protest songs.[9][10] John Cale of the Velvet Underground has stated that he believes the song to be about Nico, with whom Dylan spent some time around the time of the song's composition.[11] An alternate interpretation of the song is that it is a paean to Dylan's muse, depicting it as unapproachable but domineering.[2] According to English artist, journalist and political activist Caroline Coon, the song was inspired by her.[12]

Musical style[edit]

Any bitterness in the lyrics is offset by the gentleness of Dylan's singing and the delicacy of the accompaniment.[10] The song is in a symmetrical 12-bar blues form.[1][2][13] Music critic Robert Shelton has described the song as having a melody that is gentle, with relaxed phrasing and a swaying, waltz-like rhythm,[1] although it does not use the 3/4 time signature of a waltz but rather a 4/4 time signature.[citation needed]

Other releases[edit]

The song, first released on Bringing It All Back Home in 1965, has been subsequently released on several Dylan compilation and live albums, including Bob Dylan's Greatest Hits Vol. II in 1971. It was also included in Martin Scorsese's film No Direction Home and released on its soundtrack album, The Bootleg Series Vol. 7: No Direction Home: The Soundtrack, in 2005, in the form of an outtake from the original recording sessions.[3]

A live performance from Dylan's 1969 Isle of Wight Festival performance was released on Self Portrait in 1970. The song opened the famous May 17, 1966 concert in Manchester's Free Trade Hall, England (popularly but mistakenly known as the "Royal Albert Hall" concert) released on The Bootleg Series Vol. 4: Bob Dylan Live 1966, The "Royal Albert Hall" Concert in 1998.

Cover versions[edit]

The song has been covered by various artists, including Barry McGuire, The Grateful Dead, The Flying Burrito Brothers, Tom Tom Club, Alain Bashung, Leon Russell, Harry Connick, Jr., The Nice, Richard Shindell, Billy Preston, Buddy Greene, Lloyd Cole, Ricky Nelson, Neil Finn and Pajama Club, Buffalo Tom, Ane Brun, Ólöf Arnalds, Trish Murphy and The Rose Garden. It has also been translated into a French version by Francis Cabrel, titled "Elle m'appartient (C'est une artiste)" on his 2008 album Des roses et des orties. Ricky Nelson's country version was a Top 40 hit.[7]

Critical reception[edit]

In a 2005 reader's poll reported in Mojo, She Belongs to Me was listed as the #98 all time Bob Dylan song, and a similar poll of artists ranked the song #53.[14] In 2002, Uncut listed it as the #14 all time Bob Dylan song.[15] The aggregation of critics' lists at acclaimedmusic.net did not place this song in its list of the top 3000 songs of all time, but rated it as one of the 1965 songs "bubbling under" the top 3000.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Shelton, R. (1986). No Direction Home. Da Capo Press. p. 272. ISBN 0-306-80782-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Heylin, C. (2009). Revolution in the Air. Chicago Review Press. pp. 226–227. ISBN 978-1-55652-843-9. 
  3. ^ a b c "She Belongs to Me". allmusic. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  4. ^ Gray, M. (2008). The Bob Dylan Encyclopedia: Revised and Updated Edition. Continuum. pp. 395–396. ISBN 978-0-8264-2974-2. 
  5. ^ "Bruce Langhorne". allmusic. Retrieved 2009-07-22. 
  6. ^ Williams, P. (1990). Bob Dylan Performing Artist: The Early Years 1960–1973. Underwood-Miller. pp. 134–138. ISBN 0-88733-131-9. 
  7. ^ a b c d Trager, O. (2004). Keys to the Rain. Billboard Books. pp. 552–554. ISBN 0-8230-7974-0. 
  8. ^ a b Hinchey, J. (2002). Like a Complete Unknown. Stealing Home Press. pp. 81–85. ISBN 0-9723592-0-6. 
  9. ^ a b c d Gill, A. (1998). Don't Think Twice, It's All Right. Thunder's Mouth Press. pp. 71–72. ISBN 1-56025-185-9. 
  10. ^ a b c Williamson, N. (2006). The Rough Guide to Bob Dylan (2nd ed.). Rough Guides Reference. p. 223. ISBN 978-1-84353-718-2. 
  11. ^ "Desert Island Discs". BBC. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  12. ^ "Biography". "carolinecoon.com". Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  13. ^ Gray, M. (2000). Song and Dance Man III. Continuum. p. 310. ISBN 0-8264-5150-0. 
  14. ^ "100 Greatest Dylan Songs". Mojo. November 2005. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  15. ^ "Uncut – Top 40 Dylan Tracks". Uncut. June 2002. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  16. ^ "Acclaimed Music Top 3000 songs". 27 May 2009. 

External links[edit]