Shia Islam in Algeria

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Shia Islam in Algeria is composed of tiny minority of Shia Muslim community of Algeria.[1]

History and culture[edit]

Traditionally there have been very few Shias in Algeria, except for those who were around in the Middle Ages, but there are a few native Shias and some converts. Western Algeria was part of Shia Idrisid state when Idris II died in 828 CE. The Fatimid state originated among the Kutama people of Algeria. The dynasty was founded in 909 CE by Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah, who in the late 9th century started a movement among the Kutama Berbers and managed to convert them to Shia Islam. In the Middle Ages local Berber dynasties adopted Shia Islam.[2] Recently, the region has reportedly seen an increasing popular interest in Shi'ism.[3]

The following Shia Muslim observances are commemorated in Algeria:[4]

  • Arba'een of Imam Hussain
  • Mawlid an Nabi, the birth of the Prophet Muhammad
  • Birth of Imam Mahdi
  • Eid al-Ghadeer, commemorates the appointment of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib by Prophet Muhammad as his immediate successor

Population estimates[edit]

The Shia population of Algeria is estimated to be between half to two percent of the total Muslim population of Algeria. According to Pew Forum, it is less than one percent[5] while as per Imam Husayn (as) Encyclopedia the population of Shia in Algeria is around two percent of the total Muslim population of Algeria.[6]


In December, 2006 Algeria's Ministry of Education arrested eleven Shi'ite teachers.[7][8]


  1. ^ "Sunni and Shia: The Worlds of Islam". 26 March 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Martin Stone (1997). The agony of Algeria (illustrated ed.). London: C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 145. ISBN 1850651779. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Sultan Ahmed (29 November 2005). "Mazhab-i-Ahl`ol Bayt (p) spreading increasingly in Algeria". Jafariya News Network (ALGIERS, Algeria). Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Algeria 's National Holidays and other National Celebrations". 17 September 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Estimated Percentage Range of Shia by Country". Pew forum. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Shia Population in: Algeria". The AhlulBayt World Assembly. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Shi'a Teachers Arrested in Algeria". 18 January 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 

External links[edit]