Shippagan

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Shippagan
Town
The Marina in Shippagan
The Marina in Shippagan
Shippagan is located in New Brunswick
Shippagan
Shippagan
Location within New Brunswick.
Coordinates: 47°44′38″N 64°43′04″W / 47.743889°N 64.717778°W / 47.743889; -64.717778
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
County Gloucester
Parish Shippagan
Founded 1790
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Mayor Tilmon Mallet
Area[1]
 • Total 9.94 km2 (3.84 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1][2]
 • Total 2,631
 • Density 264.7/km2 (686/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 4.5%
 • Dwellings 1,199
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code(s) E8S
Area code(s) 506
Website www.shippagan.ca

Shippagan (2011 population: 2,631) is a Canadian town in Gloucester County, New Brunswick.

Geography[edit]

Shippagan is located in the northeastern part of the Acadian Peninsula: a combination bridge-causeway connects the town with Lamèque Island to the northeast.

The peninsula is approximately 5 km (3 miles) long and at maximum 5 km (3 miles) wide, bordered on the north-west by Shippagan Bay, to the north by Shippagan harbour to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and to the west by St Simon's Bay.

Approximately 99% of the town's residents are Francophone.

History[edit]

The town was founded by the Duguay family, from Paspébiac, Quebec, in 1790. Acadian settlers later joined them. Its location was an ideal spot for exporting timber from further inland, as well as fishing. There are also numerous peat bogs in the area.

Shippagan is home to campuses of the Université de Moncton and New Brunswick Community College.

The name[edit]

The name originates from the Mi'kmaq Sepagun-chiche, which roughly translates as "Ducks' transit route". This name described the immediate region rather than the specific location of the current settlement that inherited the name.

Different spellings have been applied over the years. None of the earliest known francophone explorers such as Jacques Cartier, Samuel de Champlain and Nicolas Denys mentions the name Shippagan, which appears in writing for the first time only in 1656 when Ignatius of Paris, a Capucine missionary, wrote to his superiors recommending the establishment of four or five missionary posts, one of which he called "Cibaguensi", a Latinised form of Shippagan.

During the eighteenth century various orthographies were used for the nearby settlement on the site of what is now Bas-Caraquet,[3] most commonly Chipagan, and this is the name subsequently applied and adapted for modern-day Shippagan. Early English language texts applied the francophone spelling, "Chipagan", but from the early nineteenth centuries various anglophone variants were preferred, such as Shipagan, Ship-a-gang, Shipegan, Shippegan, Shippigan and Shippagan.[4] By the twenty-first century custom had settled on "Town of Shippagan" which on 9 September 2009 was officially reduced to "Shippagan".[5]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Shippagan, New Brunswick[8]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 2,760 —    
1996 2,862 +3.7%
2001 2,872 +0.3%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001A 2,920 +1.7%
2006 2,754 −5.7%
2011 2,603 −5.5%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011E 2,631 +1.1%
(A) adjustment due to boundary change
(E) revised count - Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Shippagan, New Brunswick[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
2,465
2,375 Decrease 4.4% 96.35% 45 Decrease 35.7% 1.82% 10 Steady 0.0% 0.41% 35 Increase 75.0% 1.42%
2006
2,585
2,485 Decrease 7.1% 96.13% 70 Increase 180.0% 2.71% 10 Increase n/a% 0.39% 20 Increase 100.0% 0.77%
2001
2,710
2,675 Increase 2.1% 98.71% 25 Decrease 64.3% 0.92% 0 Decrease 100.0% 0.00% 10 Increase n/a% 0.37%
1996
2,700
2,620 n/a 97.04% 70 n/a 2.59% 10 n/a 0.37% 0 n/a 0.00%

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Shippagan, New Brunswick
  2. ^ Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census
  3. ^ William Francis Ganong (1905). Historical-geographical documents relating to New Brunswick 2. Saint-Jean: New Brunswick Historical Society. 
  4. ^ Donat Robichaud, Le Grand Chipagan - Histoire de Shippagan Beresford, 1976. pp. 19-20.
  5. ^ Mark Barbour (September 2009). "Huit localités du Nouveau-Brunswick changent de nom". Ministère des Gouvernements locaux du Nouveau-Brunswick. Retrieved 28 September 2009. .
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 47°44′38″N 64°43′4″W / 47.74389°N 64.71778°W / 47.74389; -64.71778 (Shippagan)