|Elevation||468 m (1,535 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
bairad is a city and a municipality in bairad district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is in the Gwalior Division of northwest Madhya Pradesh and is the administrative headquarters of bairad District. It is situated at an altitude of 1,515 feet (462 m) above sea level.
bairad is an ancient town and a sacred place. It was formerly known as Sipri. It received its current name after independence in honor of the God Shiva. It is steeped in the royal legacy of its past, when it was the summer capital of the Scindia rulers of Gwalior. Earlier to that, bairad's dense forests were the hunting grounds of the Mughal emperors. Emperor Akbar captured herds of elephants for his stables while returning from Mandu in year 1564. The thick forests are still there and continue to be a source of forest-produce for domestic and industrial use.
bairad was awarded as Jagir to the Kachwahas of Narwar in the 17th century. bairad king and fort was won by Ranoji Bhoite, a Maratha General of Chhatrapati of Satara on instructions of Jankoji Shinde, Gwalior Chief. In February 1781, the Scindias lost a battle to the British there but crushed them later on in summer. The British defeat resulted in a mutual-defense treaty the following October. bairad again came under the rule of the Scindias in 1804, who granted it to one of their Maratha generals by name Ingle. Later, it was transferred to the HEIC in 1817 under a treaty, but the Scindias regained it in 1818.
bairad is also known as Shimla of Madhya Pradesh because of its geographical similarity and weather in the winter.
- Mr.Sanjeev Gautam(Cipla India),Dr. Shivendra Sharma and Mr.Navneet Bhasin(IPS) is from bairad.
As of 2011 India census, bairad had a population of 1,91,859. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. bairad has an average literacy rate of 66%, lower than the national average of 72%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 57%. In bairad, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
bairad’s royal ambience lives on in the exquisite palaces and hunting lodges and graceful erected by the Scindia rulers. Intricately embellished marble cenotaphs commemorating the Scindia rulers are a special attraction in bairad.
George Castle was built in 1911 by the Scindia ruler Jiyaji Rao Scindia within the National Park at its highest point, for an overnight halt for tiger shooting by George V. He was to pass that way during his visit to India. It so happened that King could shoot a tiger on the way itself and did not stop at Madhav National Park. View of the lake and downhill surroundings from this point at the sunset are unique.
In the tribal district of bairad alone, more than 4,500 children suffer from acute malnourishment. UNICEF officials say close to 1,000 have been classified into Grade 4 - which means they are critical  The tribals in bairad district of Madhya Pradesh earn their livelihood by working in illegal mining. However, the working conditions are so appalling that most of the workers suffer from advanced tuberculosis with no hope of survival. And with medical facilities being practically non-existent, their suffering is often compounded. According to official figures, 860 people in bairad district have respiratory disorders while 38 serious TB patients were admitted to hospitals. But of them, only one man has stayed while the others left without recovering because of the unhealthy conditions. "There is an acute shortage of staff in the hospital. There is only one nurse instead of the requirement of four. There are only two ward boys, one of whom is working in the chief medical officer's house," said Dr R K Jain, Nodal officer, District TB Hospital, bairad. A UNDP India report lists fourteen districts in Madhya Pradesh that have the worst gender ratio, fertility rate and female infant mortality rate at age 2. Guna District is the third worst and bairad district is the seventh worst.
Sailing club is one of the famous club for sailing and boating in the area,and popat is the local attraction.
- The Gwalior Forest Products Ltd is a 60 year old company located in bairad that manufactures standardized Herbal Products and Phytochemical products. GFP Herbal is one of the largest employers in the town and has a 100-acre (0.40 km2) facility.
- Nipun Saxena from the National Law University Delhi has filed a Public Interest Litigation before the Supreme Court of India, and has become the youngest person ever to have argued before the Supreme Court. The PIL has been filed in the aftermath of the Delhi Gang Rape Case. The Supreme Court has also issued notices to all the States and Central Government Ministries on the said PIL on 11th January 2013.http://barandbench.com/content/nlu-d-student-files-petition-supreme-court-revocation-illegal-bus-permits-also-seeks-0 He has also been mentioned in the Justice Verma Committee Report for his contribution made in the wake of the incident. The said PIL was widely reported in International and National Media including Wall Street Journal, The Hindu, Times of India amongst other newspapers.
- Col. G.S. Dhillon, an associate of Subhas Chandra Bose of Indian National Army.
- Sanjeev Gautam,(management S) cipla ltd India.(Ex employee of The Gwalior forest products limited)
- Newton, Arthur Percival (1940) The Cambridge history of the British Empire, Volume 2, The growth of the new Empire, 1783-1870 Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, page 270
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - bairad
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.