South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service

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South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service
Common name Transit Police Service
Abbreviation SCBCTAPS
SCBCTAPS.SVG
Heraldic badge of the SCBCTAPS
Iv420 20040004 arms greater.jpg
SCBCTAPS Coat of Arms
Motto Safely Linking Communities
Agency overview
Formed December 4, 2005
Preceding agencies
Employees 231
Annual budget $32 million CDN[1]
Legal personality Non government: South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* Province of British Columbia, Canada
Governing body South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service Board
Constituting instruments
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters 300 - 287 Nelson's Court, New Westminster
Police Constables 167[2]
Civilians 62
Elected officer responsible The Honourable Suzanne Anton, Minister of Justice and Attorney General
Agency executive Neil Dubord, Chief Officer
Parent agency South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority
Units Patrol, Communications, Explosive Detection Dog, Bicycle Patrol, Crime Reduction Unit, Intelligence Unit, Training & Recruiting, Professional Standards
Area Offices Richmond
Website
http://www.transitpolice.bc.ca/
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.
Note: Mark Reder[3] is the Chair of the Transit Police Board. Unlike other similar organization, he is not elected into position.

The South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service (SCBCTAPS) (commonly referred to as Transit Police Service, formerly Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority Police Service) is the police force for TransLink, the public transit system of the Metro Vancouver area of British Columbia, Canada.

Formed in December 2005, the SCBCTAPS is the only police force in Canada dedicated to transit, as most other cities use a combination of special constables and a transit division of their local police. SCBCTAPS is a supplementary police agency with the jurisdictional police agency retaining primary responsibility for policing in each jurisdiction they serve.

Transit Police officers have the same authorities and powers as other police officers while on and off duty. They are sworn in as designated provincial constables, with full police powers throughout the province. They focus their efforts primarily on protecting the safety and security of passengers, employees, property, and revenue of Metro Vancouver's transit system.[4]

SCBCTAPS partners with local municipal police forces and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) in enforcing laws in the Metro Vancouver region. If requested, SCBCTAPS officers will also respond to emergencies outside of TransLink properties as would other municipal police forces.

The name change was made pursuant to the Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority Amendment Act 2007, effective November 30, 2007. However, references to SCBCTAPS as GVTAPS will continue to have legal effect.[5]

History[edit]

Former TransLink SPCs Shoulder Patch
Former Transit Police (GVTA) Car (2005-2008)
Transit Police (SCBCTA) Car (2009-)

Today's SCBCTA Transit Police Service can trace its origins to the opening of the first SkyTrain line in December 1985, when the line was opened just prior to the 1986 World Exposition on Transportation and Communication (Expo 86). The Transit Security department of BC Transit was formed at this time. This new complement of security officers included 15 Special Provincial Constables (SPCs). SPCs did not carry firearms, but did carry pepper spray and batons. As the transit system grew, so did the scope and responsibility of these peace officers. In 1999, as the responsibility of transit and transportation on the south coast of British Columbia was reassigned to TransLink (Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority), they became the SPCs new employers.[6]

Initially, the SPCs contacted the Vancouver Police Department and, later, the New Westminster Police Department when they needed to query persons and vehicles. As their needs grew, they earned their own access to police databases and records, getting the attention of the provincial government. The BC government recognized that the SPCs were never initially meant to enforce drug laws or enter into criminal investigations but saw the need for same. SPCs did not have authority to enforce drug laws under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Police Enforcement) Regulation. The police services division of the government re-iterated that the SPCs authority was limited to transit property, and they could not stop suspects fleeing from a separate crime scene or intervene in incidents occurring just outside SkyTrain stations.[6]

In 2003, the BC Association of Chiefs of Police supported TransLink's application to have a Designated Policing Unit under the newly created section of the Police Act. Over the next couple of years, the necessary processes took place, and the Transit Police became operational in December, 2005. Many of the SPCs stayed on, after completing the full training at the BC Police Academy at the Justice Institute of British Columbia to become full constables.[6][7]

In November 2007, the Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority was renamed as South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority pursuant to the Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority Amendment Act 2007, and the police force followed suit.

Organization[edit]

The South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Board (SCBCTA Police Board) is responsible for the governance and oversight of the SCBCTAPS. The board is responsible for appointing officers, including the Chief Officer and Deputy Chief Officer, approving finances and the budget, and establishing policy. Unlike other BC municipal police forces, the Police Board only has appointed members and does not have any democratically elected member (whereas mayors in other police boards act as the chair).[8]

As of 2013, the SCBCTAPS force had 167 sworn officers.[9] In 2006, they reported an average of 18 years of experience.[10] The most senior officer is Neil Dubord, Chief Officer of the SCBCTAPS. The SCBCTAPS reports to the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Board.

Community policing[edit]

SCBCTAPS entered into an agreement with Collingwood Community Policing Centre, a Vancouver Police Department CPC, to also serve in public outreach and education for SCBCTAPS.[11]

Controversy[edit]

As the first transit police force in Canada,[12] there was concern by transit employee unions and interest groups when the decision to arm members was made. The province and BC Association of Chiefs of Police agreed that their designation as police would require the issuance of firearms.[13]

News reports in April 2008 alleged the misuse of Tasers by Transit Police members. It was reported that officers used the Tasers on offenders for the mispayment of transit fares.[14] A 2010 inquiry found that the incidents of taser usage by the Transit Police were legally justified, given the offenders were actively resisting or assaultive toward police during an investigation.[15]

In recent years, arguments have been made that the Transit Police is not an effective use of TransLink's funding or police resources, as one of their primary duties is checking transit fares and issuing tickets.[16] Reports from both sides argue reasons for the existence of police on an urban transit system, and whether a different policing model would be more effective.[17]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Translink 2014 Base Plan and Outlook
  2. ^ Police Resources in British Columbia, 2012
  3. ^ Board Members
  4. ^ "Description of Policing in B.C.". Government of B.C. website. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority Amendment Act 2007 Final version of the Act
  6. ^ a b c "2012 VPD Audit". Transit Police website. Retrieved June 26, 2012. 
  7. ^ "New Transit Police on the Job". British Columbia government web site. Retrieved November 16, 2006. 
  8. ^ SCBCTAPS Police Board
  9. ^ "Transit Police 5-Year Trend Report". SCBCTAPS. Retrieved May 2, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Backgrounder". GVTAPS.bc.ca. Archived from the original on October 20, 2006. Retrieved November 16, 2006. 
  11. ^ Community Policing
  12. ^ "Vancouver transit police begin packing guns". CBC News. December 5, 2005. Retrieved December 25, 2006. 
  13. ^ [1]. Georgia Straight. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  14. ^ "B.C. transit police stun fare cheaters with Taser". CBC News. April 16, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2008. 
  15. ^ "Transit Police Report on C.E.W. Use". March 5, 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Report pans Metro Vancouver's Transit Police model". Surrey North Delta Leader. March 14, 2012. Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Mayors question need for Transit Police". Huffington Post. February 21, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2013. 

External links[edit]