Spike and Suzy
|Spike and Suzy|
|Publisher||De Nieuwe Standaard
|Number of issues||234|
Spike and Suzy, the British title for Suske en Wiske in Dutch, is a comics series created by the Belgian comics author Willy Vandersteen. The strip has been published as Bob et Bobette in French and Willy and Wanda in the U.S. It was first published in De Nieuwe Standaard in 1945 and soon became popular. Although not in its earlier form, the strip adapted to the Ligne claire style pioneered by Hergé. This change took place when the strip became serialised in Hergé's comics magazine Tintin from 1948 to 1959.
The books revolve around the adventures of the eponymous Spike and Suzy, two children (pre-adolescent or adolescent depending on the album), along with their friends and family. The stories combine elements of comedy, fantasy and science fiction, such as talking animals, time travel and ghosts. The strip still runs daily in De Standaard, and new books continue to be published: as of 2008, 300 books have been published. While they remain popular among readers from the Netherlands, their popularity in Belgium has plummeted since the mid-1990s.
Main characters 
The main characters are a group of friends. In the first regular comic, Suzy and her Aunt Sidonia meet the orphan Spike and unrelated Professor Barabas. In the next comic, they also meet Ambrose. Later, in De dolle musketiers (book #18, 1953), Jerom (called Jethro in the UK version), the self-proclaimed "strongest man in the western hemisphere", was introduced. Apart from Suzy and Aunt Sidonia, none of them are related, and other family is only introduced occasionally to drive a particular story.
- Spike: originally Suske (Flemish diminutive of François/Fransiscus), also known as Willy or Bob, is a young orphan who becomes friends with Suzy and Aunt Sidonia. This happens only in the second album, Het Eiland Amoras from 1946, which would become the first in the regular series. For the first album, the publisher had pushed Vandersteen to go with the name and character "Rikki", but the author soon worked around this and found a way to introduce "Suske", in part because he thought Rikki resembled Tintin too much.
- Spike has black hair with a small trademark spike. He started out as a hyperactive and headlong fighter, not unlike many a young male adolescent in the "Seefhoek", the Antwerp neighborhood where Vandersteen grew up. Only in the first album, Spike would get totally out of control when he heard the battle cry "Seefhoek vooruit!" ("Seefhoek Forward!"), replaced by "Antigoon vooruit" in later reprints. But as soon as his outfit evolved from mere duds towards a more tidy red polo shirt and black trousers, he became a well-behaved and obedient boy. He is smart, brave, idealistic and has few downsides, and as such ends up being less easy for some people to identify with than the more human Suzy. In many ways, he is her opposite. Where she gets emotional, Spike remains rational. Where she gets in trouble with Sidonia or Ambrose, he acts as go-between to restore peace.
- Suzy: originally Wiske (Flemish diminutive of Louise/Louisa), also known as Wanda or Bobette, is the young heroine. Some consider her to be a more interesting character than Spike. She first appeared in the very first out-of-series prequel Rikki en Wiske in Chocowakije from 1945, where she has an older brother Rikki, but he disappears after that story to be replaced by Spike.
- Suzy lives together with him and her aunt Sidonia, and is typically (certainly in the older stories) dressed in a white skirt with a red stripe, and a red ribbon in her fair hair. In the first stories, she looks like a preschooler of about 6 years old, but soon afterwards she evolves into a young teenager of about 12-13. Vandersteen seems to have modelled her after his oldest daughter Leen, of similar age at the time.
- She is strong-headed, impulsive, curious and slightly foolish. Aspects of her character that come naturally with a young teenager who enters puberty, and a great plot device since her repeated stubbornness and inobedience is the source of many an adventure. Since her emotions and human shortcomings often overpower her rationality, she is sensitive to paranormal and mystical happenings that are routinely dismissed by the others. Her relationship with Spike (both are considered orphans) is mostly one between siblings, although at times it looks like there are more feelings under the surface, as she can get quite jealous and querulous when Spike gets female attention. Suzy is also a brave girl, especially when it comes to defending her doll Muffin, for whom she shows unconditional motherly love. Despite her difficult character at times, she appears contrite and righteous. She carries her heart in the right place and won't hesitate to battle injustice.
- Suzy ends most of the albums by winking to the reader from within the very last panel.
- Muffin, originally Schalulleke, later renamed to Schanulleke (sometimes Schabolleke), also known as Molly or Sawdust, is Suzy's doll. A small human (probably female) figure, she is inanimate. She has a major role in a few stories when she gets stolen (album 6, "Prinses Zagemeel"), brought to life, or is turned into a mindless giant. The original name Schalulleke, a Flemish dialect word for a scallion, was not acceptable in the Netherlands since lul is a Dutch slang word for penis.
- Aunt Sidonia, originally called tante Sidonie, later renamed to tante Sidonia, and also once known as Agatha, appears as Suzy's aunt, right from the first album. Sidonia was Vandersteen’s way of providing a caring authority figure for Spike and Suzy without introducing actual parents, who would constrain their adventurous tendencies too much.
- Sidonia is portrayed as a (1950’s) housewife (cooking and cleaning, doing the dishes, complaining when Spike and Suzy don’t show proper respect for her household work), and would nowadays even be called a bit of an anachronism. Nevertheless she also often joins the heroes on their adventures, and occasionally shows unexpected qualities as pilot of the Gyronef.
- Long and extremely thin with gigantic feet (routinely referred to as “ferries”), with a large protruding chin and fair hair, she’s hardly blessed with physical beauty. As such, her looks are often the target of offensive remarks, in particular by a less than subtle Ambrose. On the other hand, her thinness enables her to pull off tricks like hiding herself in a split second from the bad guys behind nearby streetlights and telephone poles.
- Sidonia is also known for her hysterical nervous breakdowns, where she can often no longer utter words while her body ends up as stiff as a wooden plank, and for her (unanswered and unreachable) crush on Ambrose.
- Professor Barabas, is a long-time friend of Suzy and Aunt Sidonia, first met in Het Eiland Amoras (An Island called Hoboken). He starts off as a jungle explorer with topee, but later becomes the archetypical comics professor: glasses, a white laboratory coat, often absent-minded because he is thinking deeply about some scientific question. Although he is not a mad scientist, and entirely benevolent, his inventions regularly cause trouble when they end up in the wrong hands. Which happens more than once because of his lack of streetwiseness in dealing with criminals. His main inventions are the Teletime machine (which enables them to travel through time and space), the Gyronef (a helicopter well ahead of its time), the Terranef (a subterranean vehicle), and the Klankentapper, which enables you to talk with plants and inanimate objects. Contrary to most other main characters, he does not appear in all comics.
- Ambrose, originally called Lambik and once known as Orville, is a bald man (apart from six hairs, three on either side) of about fifty. The original Flemish name was inspired by a local Belgian beer (lambic) that is brewed in Pajottenland, where Vandersteen lived for a short time. He is first encountered in album 3, The Zincshrinker, as a rather stupid plumber, although Vandersteen already created the standalone personage the year before (1945) as "Pukkel" ("pimple" in English).
- In the beginning, Ambrose was presented as a typical working class member of the time: rough and rather simple and uneducated. Prone to alcoholism and other scourges, he also had a somewhat tragic side. This largely came to an end when Vandersteen started to work for Hergé, who didn't like the folksy component. In particular in the period of The Blue Series, Ambrose suddenly becomes sophisticated, bright and brave, even aristocratic (for example he teaches fencing) and is arguably truly the main character of the story in those albums. Later, the personage gets its definitive outfit (black trousers, white starched shirt and a black bow tie) and settles as a middle class part-time father figure for Spike and Suzy, who lives together with Jethro.
- Ambrose is intended as the comic relief of the series. His baldness and pronounced nose inspire ridicule throughout the whole series. Another returning joke is how he brings up his World War 1 military gear (sandbags, barbed wire, helmet, rifle...) when a situation becomes critical. Generally presumptuous, vain and impulsive, he confronts the reader with his own shortcomings. Typically, he considers himself the main hero, and in particular the "brains", since he can't possibly overtrump Jethro when it comes to physical power (and as it frequently turns out, not in the intellectual department either!). His friends then usually play along, just to keep him happy. The relationship between Suzy and Ambrose, one even more stubborn than the other, makes for a great generation conflict that spices up many stories. In the end, Ambrose does have a noble nature, as illustrated by the many occasions that he sacrifices himself for the greater good. But it helps a great deal when he is first assured of recognition...
- Jethro, originally known as Jerom or Jerommeke and also known as Wilbur, is an extremely strong man, brought from prehistory to the Middle Ages by an alchemist in album 18, The merry musketeers, as a mindless weapon.
- Although he is introduced into the series as an opponent, he quickly turns around as he falls in love with Muffin and becomes a caring man instead of a wild beast. Initially he is dressed in a loincloth only (with an occasional cravat added in an amusing attempt to appear more civilized) and speaks in grunts and monosyllables. His prehistoric background causes him to observe the modern world and customs with the naivete (and often unimpeded insight) of a child. But soon afterwards he becomes a smart, sophisticated man, although he still speaks in a peculiar shorthand. He lives together with Ambrose, and his level-headedness is used to contrast with the latter’s foolishness.
- Apart from superhuman strength (used for exploits like squeezing water from rocks in the desert), his special powers include “flashlight eyes” and X-ray vision (at any other time his eyelids remain closed), running faster than sound and stopping bullets with his muscular chest. As such, his character is often used as a deus ex machina solution for the troubles his friends and especially Ambrose get in. But when the scenarists are inspired, he is equally often drugged or away on a trip as to avoid the easy solution for the story.
Other recurring characters 
- Krimson. A principal bad guy, Krimson was introduced in Het rijmende paard (#48, 1963). He survives a plane-crash and starts over as an international drug kingpin in De sissende sampan (#49, 1963) before serving a prison-sentence. In Amoris van Amoras (#200, 1984) Krimson seems to have changed his ways by becoming a project-developer on Hoboken (who even thanks Ambrose for saving his life). This appears to be a passing interest as De Kwaaie Kwieten (#209, 1987) marks his return to form by constructing a top-secret military base capable of fighting extraterrestrials. Growing stronger again, Krimson manages to overthrow the Belgian government (De Krimson Crisis, #215, 1988). For reasons unknown he often suffers from mental breakdowns, throwing fits until his butler force feeds him a large quantity of pills. Despite his name there is no connection between him and the colour crimson, other than that both often have sinister connotations.
- Arthur is Ambrose’s younger brother who grew up in the jungle and gained the ability to fly from the juice of a plant. He is more primitive than his brother, but substantially smarter. He dresses in animal skins and wears a beard, though it is unknown if he, unlike Ambrose, has much hair on his head as he always sports a bowler hat. He spends more time in the air and in trees than on the ground, and therefore has acquired some bird characteristics, such as standing on his hands instead of his feet and chirping while speaking. His favorite food is birdseed. He has appeared in 5 albums so far.
- Sus Antigoon is an ancestor of Spike and discover of Amoras Island. He died of alcohol abuse and therefore always appears as a ghost with a bottle chained to his leg. Because of his drunkenness, Sus Antigoon often brings the protagonists in danger. He has appeared in 12 albums so far.
Character evolution 
Over the course of the series, characters are added and changed, and stories become more didactic. Ambrose and Jethro change significantly: in the beginning, Ambrose was just an amusing fool, but in the Blue Series he appears more sophisticated and heroic, evolving towards a cynical and sceptical man in the current stories. In early stories, Jethro was initially portrayed as an ignorant strong man, who evolved into a sophisticated and quiet man in later works. In most stories Muffin is only a doll, but one very special to Suzy, and they are inseparable. In some stories Muffin comes to life and plays an important role.
In the earliest stories, Willy Vandersteen used fictional countries like "Chokowakije" ("Chocolaslovakia") and "Amoras" (a tropical island, "Hoboken" in the English language version). He dropped the use of those after a few stories, although some later stories revisit Amoras.
While in the early stories large distances were usually traveled using the fictitious Gyronef, an experimental helicopter devised by professor Barabas, starting from the 1960s all air travel is provided by the non-fictional Dutch national airline KLM, making it an early and prominent example of product placement in European comics. Vandersteen chose KLM over the former Belgian national airline SABENA because of his friendship with Ron Winderink, PR manager at KLM.
Publication history 
Willy Vandersteen created Suske en Wiske, beginning publication in De Nieuwe Standaard on March 30, 1945. To Vandersteen's disappointment the editor had renamed the strip's first chapter Rikki en Wiske. The following story was titled De avonturen van Suske en Wiske - Op het eiland Amoras and no longer featured Rikki. After a few years of publication in several newspapers, Vandersteen was approached by Hergé, intent to improve sales of the Dutch language Kuifje, who wanted Suske and Wiske for his publications rebuilt in the Ligne claire style. Vandersteen made the adaptation and Suske en Wiske first appeared in Kuifje and Belgian Tintin on September 16, 1948 with the story titled Het Spaanse spook and Le Fantôme Espagnol in the two languages. In all 8 stories ran until it ended in April 1959, making up the material collected in The Blue Series.
Vandersteen established Studio Vandersteen in 1952 to manage his expanded activities. To have time for other series such as De Rode Ridder (The Red Knight) and Tijl Uilenspiegel, he gave Paul Geerts the job of creating new albums of Suske en Wiske in 1968. Geerts did this until 2001, when he gave this task to Marc Verhaegen. From 2005 on, a team of writers and cartoonists makes the new series, led by Luc Morjeau. These authors are helped by Studio Vandersteen.
Newspapers and magazines 
Before Suske en Wiske appeared as albums, they were published in several newspapers and magazines, such as:
- De Standaard (1945-...) daily newspaper
- Tintin and Kuifje magazines (1948–1959) Éditions du Lombard's French and Dutch sister publications
- TV Ekspres (1972–2001) weekly TV magazine
- Suske en Wiske weekblad (1993–2003) weekly comics magazine
The Red Series and The Blue Series 
The books are generally divided into two groups - The Red Series, and The Blue series. The Red Series contains the vast majority of the books, and is so called because all of the books in this series have a red coloured cover. There are only a few books in the blue series, and they are so called because of their blue cover. The blue series encompasses all those originally published in Tintin and Kuifje. The Red series is everything published before or after. The following album series exist:
- The Flemish non-coloured series (1946–1959): 1-35
- The Dutch non-coloured series(1953–1959): 1-23
- The Flemish two-coloured series (1959–1964): 7,19,20,32-50
- The Dutch two-coloured series (1959–1964): 1,8,10,11,21-50
- The uniform Flemish-Dutch (two-coloured)series (1964–1966): 51-66
- The (uniform) four-coloured series (1967-...): 67-... ; the first 66 albums and the blue series have been re-edited in this series.
- 2.The Blue Series (1952–1957)
Special editions 
Other stories or editions have been published, such as:
- The collector's editions (1958-...)
- Advertisement editions (1965-...)
- Various collections (1972-...)
- Holiday editions (1973-...)
- Luxury editions (1977-...)
- Suske en Wiske Classics (1993–1999)
Albums in English 
Main article List of Spike and Suzy books in English
English translations have been published in three incarnations. The first was in the U.S., under the name of Willy and Wanda. It was then published in the U.K. in the 1990s named Bob and Bobette, a copy of the French title. The final print run was in the U.K. by the title Spike and Suzy.
Other languages 
Translations in other languages (including regional dialects) are plentiful but may exist as short-lived series only.
Books out of the series have been published in the following languages as:
- Afrikaans: Neelsie en Miemsie
- Brabantian: Suske en Wieske
- Chinese (mainland version): 波布和波贝特 (Bobu & Bobete: 1996) or 苏苏和维维历险记 (Susu & WeiWei: from 2011)
- Chinese (Taiwanese version): 達達和貝貝歷險記 (Dada & Beibei)
- Danish: Finn & Fiffi (later: Bob & Bobette)
- Esperanto: Cisko kaj Vinjo
- Finnish: Anu ja Antti
- French: Bob & Bobette
- German: Ulla und Peter (later: Bob und Babette/Suske und Wiske/Frida und Freddie)
- Greek: Bobi & Lou
- Hebrew: Bob & Bobet
- Indonesian: Bobby dan Wanda (later: Suske dan Wiske)
- Icelandic: Siggi og Vigga
- Italian: Bob e Bobette
- Japanese: ススカとウィスカ (Susuka & Wisuka)
- Latin: Lucius et Lucia
- Norwegian: Finn & Fiffi
- Portuguese: Bibi & Baba
- Portuguese (Brazil): Zé & Maria
- Spanish: Bob y Bobette, Bob y Bobet
- Swahili: Bob na Bobette
- Swedish: Finn & Fiffi
- Tamil: Bayankaap & Bayanam
- Tibetan: Baga & Basang
- Persian: بوبی و بوبت ( Bobi & Bobet )
- Polish: Lucek i Luśka
Spin-off series 
There have been various spin-off comic series from Spike and Suzy:
- In 1960, Jerom began publication. It featured the character Jerom (Jethro) and focused on his adventures as a modern day knight.
- In the 1950s, Lambik (Ambrose), ran in the newspaper De Bond. These were then put into the albums called De Grappen van Lambik ("The jokes of Ambrose"). The series was ended in 1962, but in 2004, it resumed with new stories. Seven books in the new series have been released.
- In 2002, Klein Suske en Wiske ("Young Spike and Suzy") ran in the magazine Suske en Wiske weekblad. It charts the adventures of the children when they were very small, along with their pet dog. So far nine albums have been released, containing short sketches.
- In 2013, the first edition of Amoras was released, a spin-off, more adult-oriented series, with a more manga-alike type of drawing and with more violence and strong language. Eight albums are planned, following the story of Spike and Suzy when they are 'flashed' by accident to the year 2047 and find themselves on the isle of Amoras (where they were in the first Dutch album).
Other media 
The strip has made it onto TV, cinema and stage:
- In 1975, BRT produced a TV series consisting of six stories taking the form of a puppet show narrated by Ambrose. These stories were later converted into comics. Dutch broadcaster TROS was the first to air the series with BRT following suit in 1976. Re-runs came in 1985 and 1990.
- In the early 1990s a cartoon-series was made; the episodes were edited versions of already-existing stories with voice-overs from Han Peekel, who hosted comic strip-themed programme Wordt Vervolgd at the time.
- In 1994, a musical was started by the Royal Youth Theatre of Antwerp. It ran for several years, touring the country.
- In 2004, Suske en Wiske: De duistere diamant, a Spike and Suzy live action film was released in French and Dutch called The Dark Diamond.
- A CGI animated film called Luke and Lucy: The Texas Rangers was released in July 2009. Produced by Skyline Entertainment, it is planned to be the first of a series of 13 films.
- The musical Circus Baron breaks a tradition of male actors being cast for the role of Aunt Sidonia.
- "Belgen zijn Suske en Wiske zat". de Volkskrant. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011. "Striphelden Suske en Wiske hebben in 16 jaar bijna driekwart van hun lezers verloren.... De stripfiguurtjes zijn voor de Belgen te oubollig geworden. In Nederland zijn Suske en Wiske nog razend popular."
- Stienen, Alain. "De dolle musketiers" (in Dutch). Suske en Wiske op het www. Retrieved 2005-08-27.
- Peter Van Hooydonck (1994), Biografie Willy Vandersteen. De Bruegel van het beeldverhaal (2e ed.), Antwerpen: Standaard Uitgeverij, pp. 9–10, ISBN 90-02-19500-1
- "Leen Vandersteen 'Ik ben het enige echte Wiske'". Het Nieuwsblad (in Dutch). 17 December 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
- "Van SABENA tot SN Brussels Airlines" (in Dutch). GVA. 1997-11-04. Retrieved 2007-02-27.
- Lambiek Comiclopedia. "Willy Vandersteen".
- Koper, Frank. "Introduction to the history of Spike and Suzy". Suske en Wiske op het www.
- Lambiek Comiclopedia. "Tintin".
- BDoubliées. "Tintin année 1948" (in French).
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