St Margaret's Church, Hornby

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St Margaret's Church, Hornby
St Margaret's Church, Hornby, from the southeast
St Margaret's Church, Hornby is located in the City of Lancaster district
St Margaret's Church, Hornby
St Margaret's Church, Hornby
Location in the City of Lancaster district
Coordinates: 54°06′41″N 2°38′10″W / 54.1114°N 2.6362°W / 54.1114; -2.6362
Location Main Street, Hornby, Lancashire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Hornby, St Margaret
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 4 October 1967
Architect(s) Paley, Austin and Paley (restoration)
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic, Gothic Revival
Completed 1889
Specifications
Capacity 290
Length 93 feet (28 m)
Nave width 38.5 feet (12 m)
Number of spires 1
Spire height 66 feet (20 m)
Materials Sandstone ashlar
Administration
Parish Hornby with Claughton
Deanery Tunstall
Archdeaconry Lancaster
Diocese Blackburn
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Rev Michael Hampson
Laity
Reader(s) Robin McIlveen
Churchwarden(s) Liz Allison
Parish administrator Martin Edmonds

St Margaret's Church, Hornby, is in Main Street, Hornby, Lancashire, England. The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[1] It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Blackburn, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and the deanery of Tunstall. Its benefice is combined with those of St Michael, Whittington, St John, Arkholme, and St John, Gressingham.[2]

History[edit]

A church was on the site in 1338.[3] The oldest part of the current church is the tower which was built by Sir Edward Stanley, Lord Mounteagle, in 1514. Lord Mounteagle also arranged for the rebuilding of the chancel but this was incomplete when he died in 1524. In 1817 the old nave was demolished and replaced by a new nave.[4] In 1888–89 a restoration was carried out by the Lancaster architects Paley, Austin and Paley. The nave was largely rebuilt, arcades and a clerestory were inserted, the church was reroofed and refloored, the west gallery was removed, the box pews were replaced by modern seating, the vestry was converted into an organ chamber, and a new vestry was built; this was done at an estimated cost of £3,000 (£290,000 in 2014).[4][5][6]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built in sandstone ashlar and its plan consists of a west tower, a nave and chancel under a continuous roof with a clearstory, and north and south aisles. The tower has three stages and is octagonal with the two upper stages being set diagonally to the base. Its parapet is embattled with pinnacles. The middle stage has a clock and a plaque carved with the Mounteagle arms. The nave and aisles have embattled parapets. At the east end is a semi-octagonal apse.[1]

Interior[edit]

In the church is a monument to Dr Lingard, the Roman Catholic priest from St Mary's Church, Hornby, who died in 1851. Also in the church are two fragments of Anglo-Saxon crosses.[7] The organ was built by Abbott and Smith and moved to St Margaret's from Hornby Castle in 1899. It was renovated by Ainscough around 1950 and restored by Harrison & Harrison in 1986.[8] There is a ring of eight bells. Six of these were cast by Abel Rudhall in 1761 and the other two by Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry in 1922.[9] The parish register of baptisms begins in 1742 and that of burials in 1763.[4]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard is a sandstone Anglo-Saxon cross base which is listed at Grade II*.[10] The churchyard also contains the war grave of a Manchester Regiment officer of World War II.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b English Heritage, "Church of St Margaret, Hornby (1071657)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Hornby, St Margaret, Church of England, retrieved 27 October 2008 
  3. ^ Hornby St Margaret, Diocese of Blackburn, retrieved 29 April 2008 
  4. ^ a b c Farrer, William; Brownbill, J. (eds.) (1914), Townships: Hornby, A History of the County of Lancaster 8, pp. 191–201, retrieved 29 April 2008 
  5. ^ Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, p. 237, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8 
  6. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  7. ^ Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) [1969], Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 344–345, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9 
  8. ^ Hornby St. Margaret, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 14 August 2008 
  9. ^ Information Sheet, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 14 August 2008 
  10. ^ English Heritage, "Cross base south of Church of St Margaret, Hornby (1071658)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  11. ^ LEVER, JAMES BERESFORD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 15 February 2013