||This article may contain excessive or improper use of non-free material. (March 2011)|
|First appearance||Star Trek, September 8, 1966|
|Affiliation||United Federation of Planets Starfleet|
The Enterprise or USS Enterprise (often referred to as the "starship Enterprise") is the name of several fictional spacecraft, some of which are the main setting for various television series and films in the Star Trek franchise.
According to The Star Trek Encyclopedia, the registry number "NCC-1701" was devised by Matt Jefferies, art director of the first Star Trek series, inspired by an old science fiction cover that Gene Roddenberry liked, with a starship flying through space. Jefferies, who was a pilot, based NCC on 20th century aircraft registration codes. In such 20th century usage, an "N" first letter refers to an aircraft registered in the USA. A "C" for a second letter refers to a civil aircraft. Jefferies added a second "C" because he thought it looked better.
In an interview with the BBC, Jefferies explained that NC was a US designation for commercial vehicles. The Russians used CC CC. He concluded that as common opinion was that any future major space projects would be a combined effort, he would use a combined designation NCC. The 1701 had two functions, it represented the first (01) ship of a 17th federation cruiser design, and that the digits were unlikely to be misread, unlike 6, 8, or 9.
In Gene Roddenberry's original Star Trek pitch, the starship is described as a "United Space Ship," and in two episodes of the original series (TOS), Kirk refers to the "United Space Ship Enterprise".
Star Trek: Phase II 
Before Star Trek: The Motion Picture, Paramount had planned a new Star Trek television series to have been named Star Trek: Phase II. Early in the production, Ralph McQuarrie had been hired to redesign the ship. The major feature of the redesign was to replace the cigar-shaped secondary hull with a larger, triangle-shaped section. McQuarrie's design was discarded in favor of keeping the general shape of the ship intact.
Pre-Federation era 
Three spaceships with the name Enterprise predate the United Federation of Planets.
This Enterprise appears in Star Trek: The Motion Picture among a series of illustrations depicting ships named Enterprise. While this is the only real space craft ever to be actually crewed named Enterprise, it was retroactively entered into continuity. The original name for the orbiter was Constitution but was renamed due to Star Trek fans and the personal intervention of President Gerald Ford.
Registry: USS Enterprise (XCV 330)
Service: circa 2130s
This USS Enterprise (XCV 330) appears in Star Trek: The Motion Picture among a series of illustrations depicting ships named Enterprise. The 1979 Star Trek Spaceflight Chronology describes this "first interstellar liner" as a Declaration-class ship launched in 2123. Its length is given as 300 metres (980 ft), and it has a capacity of 100 crew and 850 passengers. The Star Trek Maps by New Eye Photography Editors, also published in 1979, listed this ship as a Fusion drive probe that was Earth's first attempt to explore another star system. The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, published in 1980, describes the ship as "the very first starship U.S.S. Enterprise". A painting of this ship hangs on the wall of Earth's 602 Club in flashbacks from the Star Trek: Enterprise episode "First Flight". A model of the XCV 330 is on display in Admiral Alexander Marcus' office in Star Trek Into Darkness.
The United Earth Starfleet's Enterprise is the main setting of Star Trek: Enterprise (2001–2005).
The Original Series era 
Registry: USS Enterprise (NCC-1701)
Captains: Robert April (James Doohan, Gene Roddenberry), Christopher Pike (Jeffrey Hunter), James T. Kirk (William Shatner), Willard Decker (Stephen Collins) (refit), Spock (Leonard Nimoy) (refit)
The Federation's first Enterprise is the main setting of the original Star Trek series (1966–1969) and The Animated Series (1973–74). Having undergone an extensive rebuilding and refitting, the Enterprise then appears in Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979) and Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (1982), before being destroyed in Star Trek III: The Search for Spock (1984).
Registry: USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-A)
Class: Constitution refit
Captain: James T. Kirk (William Shatner)
This ship first appears at the conclusion of Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (1986) and is the main setting in the following Star Trek movies which use the original crew. The ship is ordered decommissioned at the end of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. Paperwork included with the model kit indicated the ship was mothballed at the Memory Alpha ship museum. Outside other Star Trek book canon in the Shatnerverse The Ashes of Eden (1996) depicts the Enterprise-A's removal from the mothball fleet before being destroyed defending the planet Chal.
Registry: USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-B)
Class: Excelsior refit
Captains: John Harriman (Alan Ruck), Demora Sulu (Jacqueline Kim), William George and Thomas Johnson Jr
Launched at the start of Star Trek Generations (1994). James T. Kirk is missing, presumed killed, after the ship encounters the Nexus energy ribbon on its maiden voyage. According to Star Trek novels, Demora Sulu becomes captain after Harriman. William George, Demora Sulu and Thomas Johnson Jr are listed as the official captains in various licensed guides including the Haynes Enterprise Manual, etc.
The Next Generation era 
Three ships named Enterprise are featured in Star Trek: The Next Generation and four TNG-era films.
Registry: USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-C)
Service: 2332 – 2344
Captains: Rachel Garrett (Tricia O'Neil), Richard Castillo (Christopher McDonald)
This ship appears in the Next Generation episode "Yesterday's Enterprise" (1990). It was destroyed attempting to defend the Klingon outpost Narendra III from Romulan attack. Survivors included Tasha Yar (Denise Crosby), whose alternate timeline version from "Yesterday's Enterprise" travels with the ship back in time to the battle over Narendra III. The actions of the Enterprise-C's crew became a catalyst for the alliance between the Federation and the Klingon Empire.
Registry: USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-D)
Captains: Jean-Luc Picard (Patrick Stewart), William T. Riker (Jonathan Frakes), Edward Jellico (Ronny Cox)
The main setting of Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987–1994). During Star Trek Generations, the Enterprise was lost in 2371 after an attack by a renegade Klingon Bird-of-Prey (commanded by the Duras sisters) caused extensive damage, leading to a warp core breach. Although the saucer section was safely separated before the breach, the shock wave from the exploding engineering hull threw it out of control, and caused it to crash land on Veridian III.
Registry: USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-E)
Service: 2372 – Active (as of 2387)
Captain: Jean-Luc Picard (Patrick Stewart)
The main setting for the films Star Trek: First Contact (1996), Star Trek: Insurrection (1998), and Star Trek Nemesis (2002). According to Star Trek: Countdown (2009), Data (in the form of the android B-4) assumed command of the Enterprise after Captain Picard retired from Starfleet to become the Ambassador to Vulcan.
Alternate timelines 
25th century 
Registry: USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-F)
Service: 2409 – Unknown
Captain(s): Va'Kel Shon
The USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-F) appears in Star Trek Online and replaces the USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-E) as the flagship of Starfleet. It is an Odyssey-class Federation starship launched in 2409. The Odyssey Class Development Project was based in San Francisco Fleet Yards in Earth's orbit. Like the Galaxy class, the Odyssey class vessels are capable of saucer separation. The vessel also comes equipped with an Aquarius class escort support vessel which launches from the aft section and assists in battle.
Alternate Future 
Registry: USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-D)
Class: Galaxy II (also known as Dreadnought Cruiser from Star Trek Online)
Captain: Admiral William T. Riker (Jonathan Frakes)
In "All Good Things...", the final episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation, the Enterprise-D was shown in an alternate future where it had not crashed during the events of Star Trek: Generations, and instead had been made Admiral William T. Riker's personal flagship. The ship has a third nacelle, cloaking ability, a spinal phaser lance, and large phaser cannons on the saucer section.
Registry: USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-J)
Service: 26th century
The "Azati Prime" episode of Star Trek: Enterprise involves time travel and features a scene in which the Enterprise-J appears. The Enterprise-J operates in a possible timeline during the mid 26th century.
Mirror Universe 
The Mirror Universe first appeared in the original series as reality where the militaristic Terran Empire exists in place of the regular universe's United Federation of Planets ("Mirror, Mirror"). Subsequent episodes have shown that the divergence at least predates the Moon landing, with licensed novels putting the divergence before Shakespeare, or even classic Greek literature.
Registry: ISS Enterprise (NX-01)
Captains: Maximilian Forrest (Vaughn Armstrong), Jonathan Archer (Scott Bakula)
The Star Trek: Enterprise episode "In a Mirror, Darkly" features a Mirror Universe version of the NX-01 Enterprise. This ship is equipped with a cloaking device, deflector shields, a tractor beam, a prototype agony booth, and different exterior markings. It is commanded by Captain Maximilian Forrest, although for a brief time his first officer, Commander Jonathan Archer, takes command following a mutiny. This Enterprise is destroyed by the Tholians.
Registry: ISS Enterprise (NCC-1701)
Captains: Christopher Pike, James T. Kirk (William Shatner), Spock (Leonard Nimoy)
A Mirror Universe Enterprise appears in the original Star Trek episode "Mirror, Mirror". The ship is equipped with an agony booth and the mirror in the captain's quarters conceals Captain Kirk's deadly Tantalus device. The ISS Enterprise was originally the same shooting model as the regular Enterprise. The remastered version of "Mirror, Mirror" includes a CGI version of Enterprise with "ISS" markings on the hull and minor physical differences from USS Enterprise, such as a larger deflector dish, a taller bridge, and altered nacelle details.
Altered reality timeline 
The 2009 Star Trek film takes place in an altered reality created when the Romulan character Nero traveled through time via a black hole.
Measurements for this version's final size range from 610 meters to 910 meters. In an interview in Cinefex magazine No. 118, Industrial Light & Magic Art Director Alex Jaeger discussed the design's growth in size during early production of the film, saying "The reconfigured ship was a larger vessel than previous manifestations – approximately 1,200 feet (370 m) long compared to the 947 foot (289 m) ship of the original series. Once we got the ship built and started putting it in environments it felt too small. The shuttle bay gave us a clear relative scale – shuttles initially appeared much bigger than we had imagined – so we bumped up the Enterprise scale, which gave her a grander feel and allowed us to include more detail." A special feature on starships in the Blu-ray Disc (BD) version of the movie gives the length as 2,379 feet (725 m).
Captain's yacht 
The captain's yacht is a large auxiliary starship built into the design of several Federation starship designs including the Galaxy-class and Sovereign-class. It was docked to the underside of the saucer section. On the USS Enterprise-E, the name of the captain's yacht is the Cousteau. In 2375, the crew of the USS Enterprise-E used the Cousteau to travel to the surface of the Ba'ku homeworld.
Designer Andrew Probert came up with the concept of the captain's yacht while designing the USS Enterprise-D. Although it was never seen in use, it is labeled on the master systems display screen in main engineering, docked at the bottom of the saucer section almost directly opposite the main bridge. Probert suggested possible ways for the yacht to be used during the first season, including not showing the yacht but mentioning it in dialogue, but his ideas were rejected. The Star Trek: The Next Generation Technical Manual (page 164) claims that the producers almost used the yacht in TNG: "Samaritan Snare", but decided to use an "executive shuttlecraft" due to budgetary constraints. According to Patrick Stewart, the yacht would have been called the Calypso. Rick Sternbach designed similar craft into the USS Voyager and the USS Equinox, known as the aeroshuttle and the waverider, respectively. Like on the Enterprise-D, however, these vessels were only depicted on technical schematics and never seen in operation or referred to in dialog.
Ronald B. Moore notes in the Star Trek: The Next Generation Technical Manual that naval tradition would insist on calling such a craft the Captain's gig rather than the Captain's yacht.
Reception and impact 
As the result of a successful letter writing campaign, NASA named the initial flight-test Space Shuttle Enterprise. In 1994, the real aircraft carrier Enterprise hosted a Star Trek convention, and Star Trek memorabilia can be found throughout the ship.
See also 
- Okuda, Michael; Denise Okuda and Debbie Mirek (1999). The Star Trek Encyclopedia. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-53609-5.
- Goldstein, Stan; Fred Goldstein and Rick Sternbach (1980). Star Trek, Spaceflight Chronology: The Human Adventure Beyond Our World—from the First Small Steps to the Voyage of the New U.S.S. Enterprise in the Twenty-Third Century. New York: Pocket Books. p. 112.
- Sackett, Susan; Gene Roddenberry (March 1980). The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture. Wallaby Books. ISBN 0-671-79109-5.
- Leadbeater, Alex (2013-05-23). "Star Trek Into Darkness: 10 Things You Might Have Missed - 8. Admiral Marcus’ Starships Desk". WhatCulture!. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- Asherman, Alan (May 1, 1993). The Star Trek Compendium. ISBN 978-0-671-79612-9.
- "Enterprise-B, U.S.S.". CBS Paramount. Retrieved May 20, 2009. "An upgrade of the Excelsior-class"
- Bick, Ilsa J. (11 2003). Star Trek: The Lost Era: Well of Souls. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-6375-7.
- "U.S.S. Enterprise-E". Viacom. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Star Trek Azati Prime
- Sternbach, Rick (November 16, 2006). "Review of Mirror Mirror Remastered". TrekMovie.com.
- McGorry, Ken (May 1, 2009). "Cover Story: 'Star Trek' Returns". Post magazine. "The Enterprise is 3,000 feet (910 m) long but bad guy Eric Bana's ship is designed to appear a humongous five miles long." (Quote from Russell Earl, co-VFX supervisor for ILM.)
- Robertson, Barbara (May 13, 2009). "Reinventing Star Trek's VFX". Film & Video. "The Narada was six miles long and the Enterprise is 2,000 feet (610 m)." (Quote from Bruce Holcomb, Digital Model Supervisor for Star Trek.)
- Dunlop, Renee (May 26, 2009). "Star Trek: Production Focus". CCGSociety. "One challenge was to sell the weight and scale of the ships that ranged from a 30 foot shuttle to the new Enterprise at 2,357 feet (718 m) long, to the nemesis ship, the Narada, five miles long." (Source Russell Earl & Roger Guyett, co-VFX Supervisors at ILM.)
- "Experience the Enterprise". Paramount Pictures & CBS Studios Inc. "Length: 2,500 feet (760 m)."
- DENNIS JOYCE, STAFF WRITER (October 28, 1994). "CARRIER ENTERPRISE MEETS STARSHIPS ENTERPRISE \ STAR TREK FANS PLAN TO BOLDLY GO ABOARD THE NAVY SHIP FOR CONVENTION TOUR". The Virginian-Pilot Archives. PilotOnline.com. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
- USS Enterprise at Memory Alpha (a Star Trek wiki)
- ISS Enterprise at Memory Alpha (a Star Trek wiki)
- NASA link on the naming of the first Space Shuttle
- Star Trek Fans and Stars Visit Real USS Enterprise, US Navy press release
- Carrier Enterprise Meets Starship Enterprise, The Virginian-Pilot, Oct. 28, 1994
|Spacecraft named Enterprise|
|NASA Space Shuttle (1976–1985) • Virgin Space Ship (2009—) • Star Trek starships (Fictional)|