|Motto||Latin: Persto et Praesto
("I stand firm and I stand first")
|Type||Independent school, Day & Boarding|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Headmaster||Dr Anthony Wallersteiner|
|Chaplain||Rev. Christopher Huxtable|
|Chairman of Governors||Christopher Honeyman Brown|
|DfE URN||110548 Tables|
|Houses||12 Boarding houses|
|Colours||Blue, Red, Gold & White|
|Former pupils||Old Stoics|
Stowe School is an independent school in Stowe, Buckinghamshire. It was opened on 11 May 1923 by J. F. Roxburgh, initially with 99 schoolboys. It is a member of the Rugby Group and Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. The school is also a member of the G20 Schools Group. The headmaster, Dr Anthony Wallersteiner, was recognised as Tatler's Headmaster of the Year in 2007; the school was also shortlisted for the School of the Year award in 2009. The school is currently becoming fully co-educational. As of 2011[update], there are 550 boys and 220 girls.
The school has been based since its beginnings at Stowe House, formerly the country seat of the Dukes of Buckingham and Chandos. Along with many of the other buildings on the school's estate, the main house is now a Grade 1 Listed Building and is maintained by the Stowe House Preservation Trust.
In 2005 the school was one of fifty of the country's leading independent schools which were found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel, exposed by The Times, which had allowed them to drive up fees for thousands of parents. Each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling three million pounds into a trust designed to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in respect of which fee information was shared. However, Mrs Jean Scott, Head of the Independent Schools Council, said that independent schools had always been exempt from anti-cartel rules applied to other businesses, were following a long-established procedure in sharing the information with each other and were unaware of the change to the law (on which they had not been consulted). She wrote to John Vickers, the OFT Director General, saying, "They are not a group of businessmen meeting behind closed doors to fix the price of their products to the disadvantage of the consumer. They are schools that have quite openly continued to follow a long-established practice because they were unaware that the law had changed."
History of the Stowe School
Stowe School opened with its first 99 pupils, mainly aged 13, on 11 May 1923. There were two boarding Houses, Bruce and Temple, then both in the western part of the mansion. The following term Grenville and Chandos Houses were formed in the eastern wing, with Cobham and Grafton following soon afterwards as further parts of the house were converted into accommodation and classrooms. Chatham was the first purpose-built house, designed by the school’s first architect, Sir Clough Williams-Ellis. He had been instrumental in developing a vision for saving Stowe as a new centre of learning to match its crucial role in national culture and politics of the 18th Century. He had personally bought Stowe Avenue in 1922 before old Etonians presented it as birthday gift to the new School in 1924.
Helped by Harry Shaw, who had bought the estate the previous year, the new School succeeded in saving Stowe House and landscape gardens from demolition at their sale in October 1922. The School boasted a double foundation. Edward Montauban chaired the preparatory school committee seeking to found a new leading public school after the First World War and was the first to envisage the new school at Stowe. The finance came later through the Rev. Percy Warrington and the Martyrs Memorial Trust, giving rise to the group of Allied Schools.
J.F. Roxburgh was Stowe’s founding Headmaster. His aim was to produce a modern public school concentrating on the individual, without the unpleasantness of fagging or arcane names then common in other schools. Instead he sought to instil a new ethos enthused with the beauty of Stowe’s unique environment where the best of traditional education would be tempered by liberal learning and every pupil would “know beauty when he sees it all his life”. Pupils and staff would relate in a civilized and open way, showing confidence and respect based on Christian values. Such was Roxburgh’s success in developing this vision that he was recognized as a formative figure in 20th Century English education, “greater than Arnold” in Gavin Maxwell’s words.
Stowe’s early success led to its rapid expansion. Walpole House was added in 1934 and the School reached 500 pupils by 1935. The art school, sports pavilion, and staff housing date from this period too, when the Legal & General Company provided financial support during the recession. Stowe made rapid progress academically too; in 1939 Charles Graves commented in the Daily Mail that “nearly 60% of the boys go to Oxford or Cambridge, which is said to be a higher percentage than that of any other public school”. Teachers included T.H. White, author of the Once and Future King. Among sporting feats Old Stoic Bernard Gadney captained England’s rugby team to take the triple crown in 1936, while in the early 1930s Laddie Lucas and John Langley were both national boy golf champions while still in Grenville House, helped by the golf course originally laid out in 1924. Sir Robert Lorimer’s magnificent Chapel was opened in 1929 by Prince George, while in 1933, on the school’s 10th anniversary, the Prince of Wales launched the repair of the garden buildings with the restoration of the Queen’s Temple as a Music School.
The Second World War saw 270 Old Stoics killed in active service, a high proportion which Roxburgh understandably found difficult to bear. There were also 242 decorations. These included the Victoria Cross for two former contemporaries in Chatham House, Major Jack Anderson and Wing Commander Leonard Cheshire, the later founder of the Cheshire Homes.
There are 11 boarding houses: 8 boy houses and 4 girl houses. These boarding houses are mostly named after members of the family of Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. Each house has a number or letter assigned to it.
|Name||Named After||House Number/Letter|
|Bruce||Lady Mary Campbell (Married to Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos;One of her family names was Bruce)||1|
|Temple||Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham; Earl Temple||2|
|Grenville||George Grenville, the husband of Hester Temple, 1st Countess Temple, mother of Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, and sister of Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham||3|
|Chandos||Duke of Buckingham and Chandos;Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos||4|
|Cobham||Viscount Cobham;Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham||5|
|Chatham||William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, husband of Hester Grenville, sister of Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple||6|
|Grafton||There is no known family connection, the name coming from the local fox hunt, the Grafton Hunt, which takes its name in turn from the Duke of Grafton. Grafton also has a history of supplying the Stowe Beagles with talented Masters and Hunt Staff, many of whom have continued to become Masters of packs around the Country.||7|
|Walpole||This is not a family name. Named after Horace Walpole, who wrote some famous letters about his visits to Stowe in the 18th century. It was his father, Robert Walpole, who was the more notable Walpole in Britain's and Stowe's history, however. Viscount Cobham's political life started under Walpole but his subsequent opposition to him led Cobham to found a political dynasty that played a major part in politics until Victorian times (producing four Prime Ministers). To be named "Nugent" originally.||8|
|Nugent (Girls)||Lady Mary Nugent, daughter of Robert Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent, married to George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of Buckingham. Was originally the 'waiting house' that some new boys entered until their preferred house had a space.||N|
|Lyttelton (Girls – formerly Boys)||Baron Lyttelton,succeeded to the Viscounty of Cobham since Charles George Lyttelton, 5th Baron Lyttelton, after the death of the Richard Plantagenet Campbell Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, and into which title the Barony is now merged. Originally "Stanhope House", which became the Careers, International, and Skills Development departments of the school. Named after Lady Hester Stanhope, niece of William Pitt the Younger, who was the niece of Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple||0|
|Queen's (Girls)||Opened in September 2007 and officially opened by the Queen in November 2007 and thus named after her.||A|
|Stanhope (Girls)||Opened in May 2009 and officially opened by Sir Nicholas Winton.||B|
- 1923–1949: J. F. Roxburgh
- 1949–1958: Eric Reynolds
- 1958–1964: Donald Crichton-Miller
- 1964–1979: Robert Drayson
- 1979–1989: Christopher Turner
- 1989–2003: Jeremy Nichols
- 2003– : Anthony Wallersteiner
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2008)|
Former pupils of Stowe School are known as Old Stoics and include:
- Michael Alexander, Prisoner of War
- Geoffrey Russell, 4th Baron Ampthill
- Major Jack Anderson, recipient of Victoria Cross
- Lord Annan, author and Provost of King's College, Cambridge
- 3rd Earl Attlee, grandson of Clement Attlee
- Alexander Bernstein, Baron Bernstein of Craigweil, television executive, Labour Party member of the House of Lords)
- Oliver Bertram (Motor racing driver)
- Richard Boston (English journalist and author)
- John Boyd-Carpenter, Baron Boyd-Carpenter (British Conservative Party politician)
- Sir Richard Branson (business man)
- Lord Justice Simon Brown (law lord)
- Florence Brudenell-Bruce, actress and model
- Martin Buckmaster, 3rd Viscount Buckmaster OBE
- Charles FitzRoy, 6th Baron Southampton
- James Burnell-Nugent, (Admiral)
- Henry Cavill (actor)
- Leonard Cheshire VC (airman and founder of the Cheshire Foundation)
- Oliver Churchill SOE officer during World War II
- Simon Clegg (Former CEO of the British Olympic Association and current CEO of Ipswich Town Football Club)
- Oliver Colvile, (Member of parliament|Member of UK Parliament)
- John C. Corlette (architect and later teacher at Gordonstoun. Founded Aiglon College, Switzerland, in 1949)
- John Cornford (poet)
- Andrew Croft (explorer and SOE agent)
- Alki David (Director, Actor, Screenwriter, Businessman, Philanthropist and Explorer)
- Chelsy Davy (Former girlfriend of HRH Prince Henry of Wales)
- Simon Digby (oriental scholar)
- John David Eaton (Merchant–Canada)
- Martin Edwards (former chairman of Manchester United)
- Thomas Firbank originator of P company
- Howard Goodall (Musician)
- Michael Grade (TV executive)
- Harry Gregson-Williams (Composer and 1st Music Scholar 1975)
- 2nd Earl Haig
- Edward Hardwicke, (actor)
- Lee Harris (musician and co-manager The Blockheads)
- Sir Jack Hayward – (entrepreneur and former owner of Wolverhampton Wanderers)
- Sir Nicholas Henderson (British diplomat)
- Nigel Henderson (artist) (Artist, asked to leave after burning a Union Flag)
- John Henniker-Major, 8th Baron Henniker (British diplomat)
- Roger Hodgson (musician) – founding member and vocalist of Supertramp
- Oscar Humphries (Journalist)
- Marc Koska, OBE (Inventor) (Designed K1 auto-disable syringe and credited with saving in excess of one million lives)
- Laddie Lucas CBE, DSO, DFC, airman, golfer, author and Member of UK Parliament.
- Nicholas Walter Lyell, Baron Lyell of Markyate (former Solicitor-General and Attorney-General)
- Gavin Maxwell, (author and naturalist)
- Alistair McAlpine, Baron McAlpine
- George Melly (jazz singer & art historian)
- Crispian Mills (musician)
- Christopher Robin Milne (son of A.A Milne)
- George Monbiot (left-wing journalist and political activist)
- Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk – herald
- Chandos Morgan, priest
- David Niven, (actor and author)
- Toby O'Brien, journalist and public relations expert
- Marilyn Okoro (British 400m Athlete)
- Anthony Quinton, Baron Quinton, political and moral philosopher, metaphysician, and materialist philosopher of mind.
- HSH Prince Rainier III of Monaco
- Miranda Raison (actress)
- James Reeves (poet)
- Graham Riddick (British Conservative Party politician)
- John Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury of Preston Candover (Grocer)
- David Shepherd (artist)
- David Stevens, Baron Stevens of Ludgate (UKIP peer)
- Henrik Takkenberg (singer, songwriter)
- Karan Thapar (journalist)
- Michael Ventris (linguist who deciphered Linear B)
- Rollo Weeks (actor)
- Graeme White, (Cricketer, Northamptonshire)
- Sir Nicholas Winton MBE, British humanitarian, nicknamed the British Schindler
- Peregrine Worsthorne (journalist)
- David Wynn (sculptor)
The first recorded match on the school cricket ground came in 1928 when Stowe School played St Paul's School. Buckinghamshire played their first Minor Counties Championship match there in 1947, when the opponents were Berkshire. Between 1947 and 1982 the ground held five Minor Counties Championship matches, the last of which saw Buckinghamshire draw against Bedfordshire. The ground has also hosted a single MCCA Knockout Trophy match which saw Buckinghamshire play Bedfordshire.
The ground has also held a single List A match for Northamptonshire in the 2005 totesport League, against Gloucestershire. and has held fourteen Second XI fixtures for the Northamptonshire Second XI in the Second XI Championship and Second XI Trophy.
In popular culture
In the Channel 4 comedy Fresh Meat, student "JP" is an Old Stoic.
- List of schools in the South East of England
- List of independent schools in the United Kingdom
- List of boarding schools
- Alasdair MacDonald, Stowe: House and School, London: W. S. Cowell, 1951
- Halpin, Tony (10 November 2005). "Independent schools face huge fines over cartel to fix fees". The Times (London). Retrieved 24 May 2010.
- The Office of Fair Trading: OFT names further trustees as part of the independent schools settlement. Oft.gov.uk.
- "Private schools send papers to fee-fixing inquiry". The Daily Telegraph (London). 1 March 2004. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
- [dead link]
- "The Blockheads/Lee Harris". theblockheads.com. Retrieved 2013-13-19.
- "Stowe House 1". Antiques Roadshow. Series 35. Episode 13. 2013-02-22. BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00zjmrd. Retrieved 2013-03-19.
- Other matches played on Stowe School Ground. Cricketarchive.com.
- Minor Counties Championship Matches played on Stowe School Ground. Cricketarchive.com.
- Minor Counties Trophy Matches played on Stowe School Ground. Cricketarchive.com (7 August 1983).
- List-A Matches played on Stowe School Ground. Cricketarchive.com (19 June 2005)
- Second XI Championship Matches played on Stowe School Ground. Cricketarchive.com.
- Second XI Trophy Matches played on Stowe School Ground. Cricketarchive.com.
- Stowe School Website
- Old Stoic Society
- Stowe House Preservation Trust
- Cricket ground record at cricinfo
- The Allied Schools
- Department for Education Performance Tables 2011
- Stowe School Ground at CricketArchive
- Stowe School Ground at Cricinfo