Swabi District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Swabi District
District
Location of Swabi District (highlighted in yellow) within Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Location of Swabi District (highlighted in yellow) within Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Headquarters Swabi
Area
 • Total 1,543 km2 (596 sq mi)
Population (1998)
 • Total 1,026,804
 • Density 665/km2 (1,720/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 5
Website www.swabipukhtoon.webnode.com

Swabi District (Pashto: سوابۍ‎,Urdu: صوابی‎) is the fourth most populous district of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan. It lies between the Indus and Kabul Rivers.

Languages and People[edit]

Languages of Kyber Pakhtunkha.jpg

Pashto is main language spoken in a specific dialect. Gujri and Punjabi Language (in Hindko dialect) are spoken by few. Urdu being National language is also spoken and understood.

The residents are referred to as Swabiwal. The Mandanr Yusufzai (Afghan tribe) subsection of the Yusufzai clan,Awani or Awanri(pashtun) (Hasankhel, Hussain Khel, Sahib Khel)Malikdeen Khel the Khattack are also live in large area of the swabi from jahangira to near by swabi and the Jadoon tribe, which are Pashtuns, form a majority of the population.[citation needed]

Overview[edit]

Map of Swabi district

Swabi is the district capital and big city of the area. Shewa Adda, Topi, Yar Hussain and Tordher are also big trading points in the district.

Tobacco is a cash crop of Swabi, along with vegetables, wheat, sugar cane and maize. Its climate is well suited for citrus fruits in particular, but many other fruits like watermelon, peaches and apricots are also grown there.

A six lane motorway connecting Islamabad with Peshawar passes through Swabi District, with an access interchange at the village of Ambar.

Karnal Sher Khan Interchange has been constructed which connect the area of Tehsil Razar to Motorway. An access road from Shewa Adda to Motorway is also under construction.

Buddhist archaeological sites[edit]

Once part of the Gandhara civilization, Swabi contains many important archaeological sites, which are tourist attractions.[1] Alexander the Great crossed the Indus River where the village of Hund now lies on its right bank. Hund is an archaeological treasure; it was the capital of the Hindu Shahi for nearly three hundred years.

Rani Ghat is another Gandhara archaeological site, containing the ruins of a famous palace belonging to the queen of that era. She was famous for paying Swabi villagers for clean air—they were not allowed to pollute it by winnowing their crops. The ruins on the top of a mountain still attract visitors. As a part of the origin of the Buddhist Gandhara civilisation, it has also garnered re-construction funds from Japanese research institutes. With the help of this money, the local non-governmental organization Shewa Educated Social Workers Association built a walkway to the historical sites, as well as fences to protect the area. It also built a rest house on Baga Mountain. This area attracts many tourists, including Japanese who come here to learn about Buddhism in ancient times.

Aurel Stein recorded in his survey of the Mahaban range "it remains for me to explain the opinion to which I have been led as regards the character and identity of this remarkable site. The nature of the ruins described and the remains they have furnished, makes it clear beyond all doubt; that they mark the position of a Buddhist sanctuary possessed of shrines and monastic establishments.[2]

Streams and rivers[edit]

Swabi is home to several great rivers, the Indus, the Kabul Rivers. There are also several smaller streams. For example Badrai, originating from Buner crossing Salim Khan, Manerai, Swabi, Kala, Darra, Panjpir and so on until it meets the Indus river near Ambar. Maini has a stream; the water emerges from the centre of the village. It is used for irrigation. This stream is called china in the local language, meaning "spring". They all have natural springs called china in Maini, chino in Kotha and bayin in Topi.

Tourism[edit]

Swabi is famous for the famous Pashtun folk love story of Yusuf Khan and Sherbano. Visitors come to the village of Shera Ghund (situated along with Shewa Adda) and climb Karamar Mountain in the town of Kalu Khan to visit the tomb of Yousaf Khan.

The Indus and Kabul Rivers meet at a place called Kundi, a major tourist attraction. The Indus River with its blue colour and the Kabul River's muddy brown waters flow side by side without blending.[dubious ] Another tourist attraction is the Ghazi-Barotha Dam, which is near the town of Topi and the Tarbela Dam.

Mahaban Hill in Gadoon has a scenic beauty. The Pir Galai resort is located here, 6,000 feet (1,800 m) above sea level. From here, one can see Mansehra, Buner and Kaghan Hills.

Sports and games[edit]

The people of Swabi district also take keen interest in modern and conventional games. Left Handed Fast Medium Bowler Junaid Khan, who plays for the Pakistan national cricket team, also belongs to Mathra village near Dagai. Abdul Qadir a well known spinner belongs from Marghuz. Swabi is considered as one of the best volleyball nurseries in the country. Many of the national team players are from this district, such as former national team captain Raheem, from the village of Zaida, khurram shahzad former boxer in provincial & national team of Pakistan is also from Zaida .

Local and ancient games include Maily, Makha, Kabaddi, horse racing, Akor, Gulu Dandai, Bilori, chindro, and Pat-Patonay.[clarification needed]

Makha, a type of archery, is the traditional game of Swabi. A long bow and arrows made from bamboo sticks are used. Instead of a tip, the arrow has a saucer-shaped distal end called the Tubray. Villages Mangal Chai of and Channi of the Gadoon (Jadoon) have a famous Makha rivalry.

Kabbadi is one of the most popular team sports of the area.

Koda, played with small round shaoe[clarification needed] stones, was a favorite game of Swabiwal in ancient times. It is still played in Maneri Bala and Payan. The games attract sizable crowds, and traditional Pushto music dulkay[clarification needed] is played during tournaments.

Education[edit]

The Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology is located in the village of Topi and University of SWABI is located in village Anbar Karnal Sher Khan Cadet College Swabi is located in the village of Ismaila.Women university Swabi Branch at Gulo Deri .Agriculture Research center at Gulo Deri,also turbela dam is present there which generate and supply the electricity to national grid station.

Afghan refugee camps[edit]

Two Afghan refugees camps, Bharakay Camp and Fazal Camp, were established more than 20 years ago[when?] when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan and five million Afghans fled to Pakistan. Bharakay is the largest camp in the country; most of the refugees spoke the same language and had little trouble settling down.[citation needed]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum, the founder of Islamia College University, was raised in Topi
  • Karnal Sher Khan, an army officer and receiver of the Nishan-e-Haider, was born in Karnal Sher Killi (Shewa Adda)
  • Khan Roshan Khan, an historian who wrote many books on Pashtun tribes, including the Shilmani, Kakazai, and Salarzai, was born in Karnal Sher Killi
  • Muhammad Arshad Khan an artist raised in topi and Distt. Sawabai.
  • Air Vice Marshal Yousif Khan From Shewa Swabi.
  • Mr.Shabir Ahmad, Principal Islamia Collegiate School, Islamia College University Peshawar, was born in Kotha, Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
  • Sahibzada Muhammed Khurshid khan Kotha Ex Chief minister NWFP (was the first Pakistani governor of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan. Prior to the independence of Pakistan, the governor had been appointed by the government of British India (based in Calcutta and later Delhi). For almost two years after independence, Pakistan continued to have British governors until the appointment of Sahibzada Khurshid.)
  • Col Abdur Rahim Khan was born and raised in Zaida. He served in the ICS Indian Civil Service before partition and after Independence served as Pakistan's first Ambassador to the UN in Geneva and then at the Headquarters in New York. He was on the UN Commission that granted Libya independence from Italy. He was an avid polo player and a great connoisseur.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archaeological Sites Being Neglected - The Dawn, Pakistan.
  2. ^ Report of archaeological survey work in the North-West Frontier Province By Sir Aurel Stein Page 38

Coordinates: 34°07′N 72°28′E / 34.117°N 72.467°E / 34.117; 72.467