Swabi District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Swabi District
Location of Swabi District (highlighted in red) within Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Location of Swabi District (highlighted in red) within Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Headquarters Swabi
 • Total 1,543 km2 (596 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,654,000
 • Density 665/km2 (1,720/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 5
Website www.swabipukhtoon.webnode.com

Swabi District (Pashto: سوابۍ‎,Urdu: صوابی‎) is the fourth most popular district in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It lies between the Indus and Kabul Rivers.

Languages and People[edit]

Languages of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Pashto is main language spoken in a specific dialect. Gujri and Punjabi Language (in Hindko dialect) are spoken by few. Urdu being National language is also spoken and understood.

The residents are referred to as Swabiwal. The Mandanr Yusufzai (Afghan tribe) subsection of the Yusufzai clan,Awani or Awanri(pashtun) (Hasankhel, Hussain Khel, Sahib Khel)Malikdeen Khel the Khattack, Dilzak and few family of Gakhar tribe are also live in large area of the swabi from jahangira to nearby swabi and the Jadoon tribe, which are Pashtuns, form a majority of the population.[citation needed]


Map of Swabi district

Swabi is the district capital and big city of the area. Shewa Adda, Topi, Zaida, Yar Hussain and Tordher are also big trading points in the district.

Tobacco is a cash crop of Swabi, along with vegetables, wheat, sugar cane and maize. Its climate is well suited for citrus fruits in particular, but many other fruits like watermelon, peaches and apricots are also grown there.

A six lane motorway connecting Islamabad with Peshawar passes through Swabi District, with an access interchange at the village of Kunda Ambar.

Karnal Sher Khan Interchange has been constructed which connect the area of Tehsil Razar to Motorway. An access road from Shewa Adda to Motorway is also under construction. Industrial area is also located in swabi {gadoon} in which textile is the major product.

Buddhist archaeological sites[edit]

Once part of the Gandhara civilization, Swabi contains many important archaeological sites, which are tourist attractions.[1] Alexander the Great crossed the Indus River where the village of Hund now lies on its right bank. Hund is an archaeological treasure; it was the capital of the Hindu Shahi for nearly three hundred years.

Rani Ghat is another Gandhara archaeological site, containing the ruins of a famous palace belonging to the queen of that era. She was famous for paying Swabi villagers for clean air—they were not allowed to pollute it by winnowing their crops. The ruins on the top of a mountain still attract visitors. As a part of the origin of the Buddhist Gandhara civilisation, it has also garnered re-construction funds from Japanese research institutes. With the help of this money, the local non-governmental organization Shewa Educated Social Workers Association built a walkway to the historical sites, as well as fences to protect the area. It also built a rest house on Baga Mountain. This area attracts many tourists, including Japanese who come here to learn about Buddhism in ancient times.

Aurel Stein recorded in his survey of the Mahaban range "it remains for me to explain the opinion to which I have been led as regards the character and identity of this remarkable site. The nature of the ruins described and the remains they have furnished, makes it clear beyond all doubt; that they mark the position of a Buddhist sanctuary possessed of shrines and monastic establishments.[2]

Streams and rivers[edit]

Pakistan biggest dam tarbela dam is located in Haripur district which touches the topi union council. Swabi is home to several great rivers, the Indus, the Kabul Rivers. There are also several smaller streams. For example Badrai, originating from Buner crossing Salim Khan, Manerai, Swabi, Kala, Darra, Panjpir, Zaida and so on until it meets the Indus river near Ambar. Maini has a stream; the water emerges from the centre of the village. It is used for irrigation. This stream is called china in the local language, meaning "spring". They all have natural springs called china in Maini, chino in Kotha and bayin in Topi.


Swabi is famous for the famous Pashtun folk love story of Yusuf Khan and Sherbano. Visitors come to the village of Shera Ghund (situated along with Shewa Adda) and climb Karamar Mountain in the town of Adina to visit the tomb of Yousaf Khan.

The Indus and Kabul Rivers meet at a place called Kund, a major tourist attraction. The Indus River with its blue colour and the Kabul River's muddy brown waters flow side by side without blending.[dubious ] Another tourist attraction is the Ghazi-Barotha Dam, which is near the Gallah village and Tarbela Dam.There are also the old civilization sites available but the Wapda Cooperative Housing Society had planned the Township with name of Neelab Town, which is not appropriate because it will destroy the Ancient Archaeological site and the history as well, because it is 20 km upstream to the Hund the point of river indus crossed by the Alexander the Great in 227 BC

Mahaban Hill in Gadoon has a scenic beauty. The Pir Galai resort is located here, 6,000 feet (1,800 m) above sea level. From here, one can see Mansehra, Buner and Kaghan Hills.

Sports and games[edit]

The people of Swabi district also take keen interest in modern and conventional games. Left Handed Fast Medium Bowler Junaid Khan, who plays for the Pakistan national cricket team, also belongs to Mathra village near Dagai. Abdul Qadir a well known spinner belongs from Marghuz. Swabi is considered as one of the best volleyball nurseries in the country. Many of the national team players are from this district, such as former national team captain Raheem belongs to Zaida village. Khurram shahzad former boxer in provincial & national team of Pakistan is also from Zaida .

Local and ancient games include Maily, Makha, Kabaddi, horse racing, Akor, Gulu Dandai, Bilori, chindro (female play), and Pat-Patonay.[clarification needed]

Makha, a type of archery, is the traditional game of Swabi. A long bow and arrows made from bamboo sticks are used. Instead of a tip, the arrow has a saucer-shaped distal end called the Tubray. Villages Mangal Chai of and Channi of the Gadoon (Jadoon) have a famous Makha rivalry.

Kabbadi is one of the most popular team sports of the area.

Koda, played with small round shaoe[clarification needed] stones, was a favorite game of Swabiwal in ancient times. It is still played in Maneri Bala and Payan. The games attract sizable crowds, and traditional Pushto music dulkay[clarification needed] is played during tournaments.


Swabi is the second emerging district with high literacy rate in KPK. The Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology is located in Topi. University of SWABI is located in village Anbar. Karnal Sher Khan Cadet College Swabi is located in the village of Ismaila. Women university Swabi Branch at Gulo Deri. Agriculture Research center at Gulo Deri. The commerce college is located in village bamkhel.

Afghan refugee camps[edit]

Two Afghan refugees camps, Bharakay Camp and Fazal Camp,ismaila camp, were established more than 20 years ago[when?] when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan and five million Afghans fled to Pakistan. Bharakay is the largest camp in the country, there is a very famous mountain called koh karamar located in Adina; most of the refugees spoke the same language and had little trouble settling down.[citation needed] there is also a third camp in topi near industrial area gadoon.

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ Archaeological Sites Being Neglected - The Dawn, Pakistan.
  2. ^ Report of archaeological survey work in the North-West Frontier Province By Sir Aurel Stein Page 38

Coordinates: 34°07′N 72°28′E / 34.117°N 72.467°E / 34.117; 72.467