The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe

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The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe
The-chronicles-of-narnia-poster.jpg
British release poster
Directed by Andrew Adamson
Produced by Mark Johnson
Phillip Steuer
Written by Ann Peacock
Andrew Adamson
Christopher Markus
Stephen McFeely
Based on The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe 
by C. S. Lewis
Starring William Moseley
Anna Popplewell
Skandar Keynes
Georgie Henley
Liam Neeson
Tilda Swinton
James McAvoy
Jim Broadbent
Ray Winstone
Dawn French
Music by Harry Gregson-Williams
Cinematography Donald McAlpine
Edited by Sim Evan-Jones
Jim May
Production
company
Distributed by Buena Vista Pictures Distribution
Release dates
  • December 8, 2005 (2005-12-08) (United Kingdom)
  • December 9, 2005 (2005-12-09) (United States)
Running time 145 minutes
Country United Kingdom
United States
Language English
Budget $180 million[1]
Box office $745,013,115[1]

The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is a 2005 fantasy adventure film directed by Andrew Adamson and based on The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, the first published and second chronological novel in C. S. Lewis's children's epic fantasy series, The Chronicles of Narnia. It was co-produced by Walden Media and Walt Disney Pictures and distributed by Buena Vista Pictures. William Moseley, Anna Popplewell, Georgie Henley and Skandar Keynes play Peter, Susan, Lucy and Edmund, four British children evacuated during the Blitz to the countryside, who find a wardrobe that leads to the fantasy world of Narnia. There they ally with the Lion Aslan (voiced by Liam Neeson) against the forces of Jadis, the White Witch (Tilda Swinton). The screenplay based on the novel by C. S. Lewis was written by Stephen McFeely and Christopher Markus.

The film was released on December 9, 2005, in both Europe and North America to positive reviews and was highly successful at the box office grossing more than $745 million worldwide, making it 2005's third most successful film. It won the 2005 Academy Award for Best Makeup and various other awards and is the first film in the series of films based on the books. An Extended Edition was released on December 12, 2006, and was only made available on DVD until January 31, 2007, when it was discontinued. It was the best selling DVD in North America in 2006 taking in $332.7 million that year.[2]

Plot[edit]

In the London suburb of Finchley, the Pevensie children, Peter, Susan, Edmund and Lucy, are endangered by a Second World War attack of German bombers. They are then evacuated to the country home of Professor Digory Kirke, who is not accustomed to having children in his house, as Mrs Macready, the strict housekeeper, explains.

While the Pevensies are playing hide-and-seek, Lucy discovers a wardrobe and enters a wintry fantasy world called Narnia. Seeing a lamppost, Lucy encounters the faun Mr. Tumnus, who explains the land she has entered and invites her to his home. He puts Lucy to sleep by playing a lullaby on his flute. When Lucy wakes up, she finds Tumnus grieving, and he explains that Jadis, the White Witch, has cursed Narnia and it has been winter for 100 years. If a human is encountered they are to be brought to her. Tumnus cannot bring himself to kidnap Lucy, so he sends her home. When she returns to Professor Kirke's house, hardly any time has passed in the normal world; her siblings do not believe her story, and when they look in the wardrobe it has a normal back.

One night, Edmund follows Lucy into the wardrobe. He enters Narnia as well, and after searching for Lucy he meets the White Witch, who claims to be Queen of Narnia. She offers him Turkish Delight as well as the prospect of becoming king and having power over his siblings if he brings them to her castle. After she departs, Edmund and Lucy meet again and return; Lucy tells Peter and Susan what happened, but unfortunately, Edmund lies. Professor Kirke talks with Peter and Susan and suggests she is telling the truth, though they are unconvinced.

While running away from Mrs Macready after accidentally breaking a window, the four siblings retreat to the wardrobe and enter Narnia. They discover Mr. Tumnus has been taken by the Witch, and meet Mr. and Mrs. Beaver, who tell them about Aslan. According to the beavers, Aslan intends to take control of Narnia from the Witch. The four must help Aslan; it has been prophesied that if two sons of Adam and two daughters of Eve sit in the four thrones, the White Witch's reign will end.

Edmund sneaks off to visit the Witch. When he arrives at her castle, she is angry that he did not deliver his siblings. The Witch sends wolves to hunt down the children and the beavers, who barely escape. Edmund is chained in the Witch's dungeon, where he meets Tumnus. The Witch demands that Edmund reveal where his siblings are. After Tumnus claims that Edmund does not know anything, The Witch tells Mr. Tumnus that Edmund betrayed him, then turns Tumnus to stone.

While Peter, Lucy, Susan and the beavers travel, they hide from what they believe to be the White Witch. It is really Father Christmas, a sign that the Witch's reign is ending. Father Christmas gives Lucy a healing cordial which will bring back life to any injured and a dagger to defend herself with. Susan receives a bow and arrows and a magical horn that will summon help when blown, and Peter a sword and shield.

After evading wolves led by Maugrim, the group reaches Aslan's camp. Aslan is revealed as a huge and noble lion who promises to help Edmund. Later, two wolves ambush Lucy and Susan. When Peter intervenes, Maugrim attacks him, and Peter kills him. Some of Aslan's troops follow the other wolf to the witch's camp and rescue Edmund. Peter is knighted by Aslan.

The White Witch journeys to Aslan's camp and claims Edmund, but Aslan secretly offers to sacrifice himself instead. That night, as Lucy and Susan covertly watch, Aslan is killed by the White Witch. In the morning he is resurrected because "there is a magic deeper still the Witch does not know". Aslan takes Susan and Lucy to the Witch's castle, where he frees the prisoners that the White Witch turned to stone.

Edmund persuades Peter to lead Aslan's army to fight the White Witch's forces. To stop the Witch from attacking and killing Peter, Edmund attacks the White Witch and destroys her wand, but is gravely wounded by the Witch. As the Witch fights Peter, Aslan arrives with reinforcements and kills her. After Edmund is revived by Lucy's cordial, the Pevensies become Kings and Queens.

Fifteen years pass and the Pevensie children have grown into young men and women. While chasing a white stag through the forest, they encounter the lamppost that Lucy saw on her first trip to Narnia. They make their way through trees, arriving in the wardrobe at the same time and day they left, becoming children again. Lucy later attempts to return to Narnia via the wardrobe, but Professor Kirke tells her he has tried for many years, and they will probably return to Narnia when they least expect to.

Cast[edit]

The radio-announcer that Peter listens to on the rainy day near the beginning of the film is played by Douglas Gresham, co-producer of the movie and C. S. Lewis's stepson.[3] Keynes' voice broke during filming, so some of his voice track had to be re-looped by his sister Soumaya.[3] Mr. Pevensie is only glimpsed in a photo which Edmund tries to retrieve during the bombing, which is of Sim-Evan Jones' father.[4]

With the exception of Tilda Swinton, who was the first choice to play Jadis, the White Witch,[5] casting was a long process. Beginning in 2002,[6] Adamson went through 2500 audition tapes, met 1800 children and workshopped 400 before coming down to the final four actors for the Pevensies. Moseley and Popplewell came from the very start of casting, whilst Henley and Keynes were cast relatively late.[7] Moseley was cast because casting director Pippa Hall remembered she cast him as an extra in a 1998 dramatization of Cider with Rosie. He quit school to learn all his lines and beat 3000 boys to the role of Peter.[8]

Aslan's voice was a contention point. Brian Cox was originally cast in the role on December 9, 2004,[9] but Adamson changed his mind.[10] Liam Neeson sought out the role,[6] and was announced as the voice on July 17, 2005.[11]

Production[edit]

Pre-production[edit]

During the early 1990s, producers Frank Marshall and Kathleen Kennedy were planning a film version.[12] They could not find a space in Britain to shoot the film during 1996,[13] and their plans to set the film in modern times[14] made Douglas Gresham oppose the film,[15] in addition to his feeling that technology had yet to catch up.[14] Perry Moore began negotiations with the C. S. Lewis Estate in 2000.[16] On December 7, 2001, Walden Media announced that they had acquired the rights to The Chronicles of Narnia.[17]

The success of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone prompted the producers to feel they could make a faithful adaptation of the novel set in Britain. "Harry Potter came along, and all those cultural or geographical lines were broken," Mark Johnson explained. "When The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe was being developed at Paramount, the imperative was to set it in the U.S., and it just doesn't hold. [...] It's not the book."[18] Guillermo del Toro turned down the offer to direct due to his commitment on Pan's Labyrinth.[19] Following his Academy Award win for Shrek, director Andrew Adamson began adapting the source material with a 20-page treatment based on his memories of the book.[5] As such the film begins with the Luftwaffe bombing and concludes with an enormous battle, although they do not take up as much time in the novel.[16]

In the novel, the battle is never seen until Aslan, Susan, Lucy and their reinforcements arrive. This was changed in the movie because Adamson said he could vividly remember a huge battle,[7] an example of how Lewis left a lot to the readers' imagination. Other small changes include the reason all four children come to Narnia, in that an accident breaks a window and forces them to hide. Tumnus also never meets Edmund until the end in the novel. Minor details were added to the Pevensies, such as their mother's name, Helen, being the actual first name of Georgie Henley's mother.[3] Finchley as the home of the Pevensies was inspired by Anna Popplewell, who actually is from Finchley.[20] Adamson also changed the circumstances in which Lucy first comes into Narnia. He felt it was more natural that she first see the wardrobe while looking for a hide-and-seek hiding place, rather than just chance upon it exploring the house.[7] The film also hints at Professor Kirke's role in The Magician's Nephew, such as the engravings on the wardrobe, when it is a simple one in the novel, and the Professor's surprise and intrigue when Peter and Susan mention Lucy's discovery in the wardrobe. When Lewis wrote the novel, it was the first of the series and the back-story later outlined by the subsequent books in the series did not exist. Additionally in the novel, the father of the Pevensie children is in London with their mother, but in the film, their father is fighting in the war as Lucy states to Mr. Tumnus when they first meet in Narnia.

Weta Workshop head Richard Taylor cited Hieronymus Bosch's The Garden of Earthly Delights as an inspiration on the film. He felt Narnia had to be less dark and gritty than their depiction of Middle-earth in The Lord of the Rings because it is a new world.[21] Many of Weta's creature designs were designed for digital creation, so when Howard Berger and KNB FX inherited the practical effects work, they had to spend three months retooling approved designs for animatronics.[22] Berger's children would comment and advise upon his designs; they suggested the White Witch's hair be changed from black to blonde, which Berger concurred with as he realized Swinton's wig looked too Gothic.[23]

Filming[edit]

Principal photography began on June 28, 2004,[24] shooting in primarily chronological order.[4] Adamson did this in order to naturally create a sense of mature development from his young actors, which mirrored their real life development.[15] Georgie Henley and Skandar Keynes[6] were never shown the set before filming scenes of their characters entering Narnia, nor had Henley seen James McAvoy in his Mr. Tumnus costume before shooting their scenes together.[3]

The first scene shot was at the disused Hobsonville Air Base for the railway scene.[25] Afterwards, they shot the Blitz scene, which Adamson called their first formal day of shooting.[7]

The filmmakers asked permission to bring in twelve reindeer to New Zealand to pull the Ice Queen's sled. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry denied, citing the potentially deadly Q fever from which the North American reindeer population suffers as the reason. However, ten wolves and wolf hybrids were allowed in for filming in Auckland.[26] To replace the denied live reindeer Mark Rappaport's Creature Effects, Inc. created four animatronic reindeer that were used in shots where the deer were standing in place. The reindeer were designed with replaceable skins to get the most usage; brown for Father Christmas's and white for those of the White Witch.

The cast and crew spent their time in New Zealand in Auckland before moving in November to the South Island. Shooting locations on the South Island included the area known as Elephant Rocks near Duntroon in North Otago, which was transformed into Aslan's camp.[27] The castle scene was filmed in Purakaunui Bay, in The Catlins district, not far from the most southern point in New Zealand.[28]

They filmed in the Czech Republic (Prague and National Park České Švýcarsko), Slovenia and Poland after the Christmas break,[4] before wrapping in February.[29]

Music[edit]

The soundtrack was composed by Harry Gregson-Williams. Gregson-Williams had previously worked with Adamson on Shrek (2001) and Shrek 2 (2004). In addition there are three original songs in the film; Can't Take It In by Imogen Heap, Wunderkind by Alanis Morissette and Winter Light by Tim Finn. Evanescence lead singer Amy Lee also wrote a song for the film, but it was not included in the soundtrack.[30]

The soundtrack was recorded at Abbey Road Studios, London, England, and in Los Angeles, CA. Gregson-Williams employed the 75-piece Hollywood Studio Symphony Orchestra, along with a 140-member choir (mostly members of The Bach Choir) and numerous other solo musicians such as electric violinist Hugh Marsh and vocalist Lisbeth Scott (at his Wavecrest Studio).[31] He composed the original score and then spent late September through early November 2005 conducting the Hollywood Orchestra and overseeing the recording of the English choir.[31] For "colour", he employed instruments used in ancient folk music, and to underscore critical dramatic moments, he added choral textures and, occasionally, a solo voice. The score includes instances of electronic music.[32]

The soundtrack received two Golden Globe Award nominations: "Best Original Score" and "Best Original Song" (for "Wunderkind").

EMI also released a compilation soundtrack entitled Music Inspired by The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe was released on September 2005. The album features songs by Contemporary Christian music artists, such as Bethany Dillon, Kutless, and Nichole Nordeman. It released Waiting For The World To Fall by Jars of Clay as a single. The album went on to win the Special Event Album of the Year at the GMA Music Awards.

Release[edit]

On December 7, 2005, the film premiered in London, going on general release the following day. The film was released December 8, 2005, in the United Kingdom and December 9, 2005, in North America and the rest of Europe.

Box office[edit]

Worldwide, Narnia earned $745,013,115 marking it the 55th highest-grossing film of all-time worldwide. It had a worldwide opening of $107.1 million, marking Disney's fifth largest opening worldwide (at the time it was the largest).[33] It is the third-largest movie worldwide among those released in 2005[34] and it currently still remains the highest grossing movie of the Narnia franchise worldwide, and separately in North America and overseas.[35] Finally, it is also the most successful film of Walden Media worldwide.[36]

United States and Canada

The film opened with $23,006,856 in 3,616 theatres on its opening day (Friday, December 9, 2005), averaging $6,363 per location. The film took in a total of $65,556,312 on its opening weekend (December 9–11, 2005),[37] the 24th best opening weekend at the time (now 54th). It was also Disney's third largest opening weekend at the time (now the 8th largest)[38] as well as the second biggest December opening, behind The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King. It is now fourth following the 2012 opening of The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, the 2007 release of I Am Legend, and the 2009 release of Avatar as well.[39] Additionally, it made the third largest opening weekend of 2005.[40] It grossed $291,710,957 in total becoming the second highest grossing film of 2005 behind Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith.[41] It surpassed the gross of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire by only $1.7 million, although the latter grossed $895.9 million worldwide, ahead of The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe. It is the highest-grossing film of the 2005 holiday period,[42] the second highest grossing Christian film,[43] the 6th largest family - children's book adaptation,[44] the 9th highest-grossing fantasy - live action film[45] and the 10th highest-grossing film overall in Disney company history.[46] Finally, it is the largest film of Walden Media worldwide.

Awards received[edit]

The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe won several awards including the Academy Award for Makeup; the BeliefNet Film Award for Best Spiritual film; the Movieguide Faith & Values Awards: Most Inspiring Movie of 2005 and Best Family Movie of 2005; and the CAMIE (Character and Morality In Entertainment) Award. Others include the British Academy Film Awards for Makeup and Hair and Orange Rising Star (James McAvoy); Outstanding Motion Picture, Animated or Mixed Media; the Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Performance by a Youth in a Lead or Supporting Role (Georgie Henley, Female); the Costume Designers Guild Award for Excellence in Fantasy Film (Isis Mussenden); and the Saturn Award for Costumes (Isis Mussenden) and Make-up (Howard Berger, Greg Nicotero, and Nikki Gooley).

Georgie Henley, in her performance as Lucy Pevensie earned critical acclaim for her performance. She won several awards, including the Phoenix Film Critics Society award for Best Actress in a Leading Role and Best Performance by a Youth. She also won another awards either for Best Young Performance or Best Actress in a Leading Role.

The film was nominated for AFI's Top 10 Fantasy Films list.[47]

Year Award Category/Recipient Result Reference
2005 Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards Best Performance by a Youth in a Lead or Supporting Role - Female
(Georgie Henley)
Won
[48]
Satellite Awards Outstanding Motion Picture, Animated or Mixed Media Won
2006 Best DVD Extras Nominated
78th Academy Awards[49] Best Makeup
(Howard Berger)
(Tami Lane)
Won
Best Sound Mixing
Terry Porter
(Dean A. Zupancic)
(Tony Johnson)
Nominated
Best Visual Effects Nominated
Annie Awards Best Character Animation
Matt Shumway
Nominated
Australian Film Institute Excellence in Filmmaking
(Roger Ford) (Production design)
Nominated
Excellence in Filmmaking
(Donald McAlpine) (Cinematography)
Nominated
59th BAFTA Awards Best Makeup and Hair
Howard Berger
Gregory Nicotero
Nikki Gooley
Won
Best Achievement in Special Visual Effects
Dean Wright
Bill Westenhofer
Jim Berney
Scott Farrar
Nominated
Best Costume Design
Isis Mussenden
Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards Best Family Film (Live Action) Won
Best Young Actress
Georgie Henley
Nominated
CAMIE Awards (no name for this award was given)
Charlie Nelson (Walt Disney Pictures)
Brigham Taylor (Disney vice-president productions)
Mark Johnson (producer)
Philip Steuer (producer)
Douglas Gresham (co-producer)
Andrew Adamson (director)
Ann Peacock (screenwriter)
Christopher Markus (screenwriter)
Stephen McFeely (screenwriter)
Georgie Henley (actor)
William Moseley (actor)
Skandar Keynes (actor)
Anna Popplewell (actor)
(Walden Media)
Won
CFCA Awards Most Promising Performer
Georgie Henley
Nominated
Costume Designers Guild Awards Fantasy Film
Isis Mussenden
Won
11th Empire Awards Best Newcomer
Georgie Henley
Nominated
Best Newcomer
James McAvoy
Nominated
Best Sci-Fi / Fantasy Nominated
63rd Golden Globe Awards Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score
Harry Gregson-Williams
Nominated
Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song
Alanis Morissette
"Wunderkind"
Nominated
Hugo Awards Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation Nominated
Humanitas Prize Feature Film Category
Ann Peacock
Andrew Adamson
Christopher Markus
Stephen McFeely
Nominated
London Film Critics Circle Awards 2005 British Supporting Actor of the Year (James McAvoy) Nominated
British Supporting Actress of the Year (Tilda Swinton) Nominated
MTV Movie Awards MTV Movie Award for Best Villain (Tilda Swinton) Nominated
Motion Picture Sound Editors Best Sound Editing in Feature Film - Dialogue and Automated Dialogue Replacement
George Watters II (supervising sound editor)
Kimberly Harris (supervising adr editor)
Richard Beggs (sound designer)
David Bach (supervising dialogue editor)
David V. Butler (dialogue editor)
Laura Graham (adr editor)
Michele Perrone (adr editor)
Nominated
Best Sound Editing in Feature Film - Sound Effects & Foley
Richard Beggs (supervising sound editor)
George Watters II (supervising sound editor)
Victoria Martin (supervising foley editor)
F. Hudson Miller (sound editor)
R.J. Palmer (sound editor)
John Morris (sound editor)
Suhail Kafity (sound editor)
Chuck Michael (sound editor)
Todd Toon (sound editor)
Gary Wright (sound editor)
Heather Gross (sound editor)
Matthew Harrison (foley editor)
James Likowski (foley editor)
Dan O'Connell (foley artist)
John T. Cucci (foley artist)
Nominated
MovieGuide Awards Best Film for Families Won
Epiphany Prize Won
Online Film Critics Society Awards Best Breakthrough Performance(Georgie Henley) Nominated
Visual Effects Society Outstanding Animated Character in a Live Action Motion Picture

Richard Baneham
Erik-Jan de Boer
Matt Logue
Joe Ksander
For "Aslan"

Nominated
Outstanding Visual Effects in a Visual Effects Driven Motion Picture
Dean Wright
Randy Starr
Bill Westenhofer
Jim Berney
Nominated
World Soundtrack Awards Best Original Song Written Directly for a Film
Harry Gregson-Williams (music)
Imogen Heap (music/lyrics/performer)
For the song "Can't Take It In"
Nominated
27th Young Artist Awards Best Family Feature Film - Drama Won
Best Performance in a Feature Film - Young Actress Age Ten or Younger

Georgie Henley

Won
Best Performance in a Feature Film (Comedy or Drama) - Leading Young Actor

William Moseley

Nominated
2007 Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, USA Best DVD Special Edition Release
For the "Extended Edition"
Nominated
49th Grammy Awards Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (Harry Gregson-Williams) Nominated
Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
(Imogen Heap)

For the song "Can't Take It In"

Nominated

Reception[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe 76% (210 reviews)[50] 75 (39 reviews)[51]

The film received positive reviews from critics, with a 76% "certified fresh" on Rotten Tomatoes and 159 of the listed 209 reviews are positive, with an average rating of 6.9/10. Metacritic gives the movie a 75 out of 100, based on 39 reviews.[52] Respected critic Roger Ebert also gave the film 3 out of 4 stars. Ebert and Roeper gave the movie "Two Thumbs Up". Movie critic Leonard Maltin gave the film 3 out of four stars, calling it, "an impressive and worthwhile family film," though he also said, "it does go on a bit and the special effects are extremely variable."[53] Duane Dudak of the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel gave the movie 3 out of 4 stars. Stuart Klawans of The Nation said, "All ticket buyers will get their money's worth."[54] Elizabeth Weitzman of New York Daily News gave it 4 out of 4 stars and said: "A generation-spanning journey that feels both comfortingly familiar and excitingly original." Critic Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle listed it as the second best film of the year.[55] Kit Bowen (Hollywood.com) gives this film 3 out of 4 stars.[56]

However, John Anderson from Newsday, reacted negatively to the film, stating, "…there's a deliberateness, a fastidiousness and a lack of daring and vision that marks the entire operation."[57]

DVD and Blu-ray release[edit]

The DVD for The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe was released on April 4, 2006. It is available in a standard one-disc set (with separate fullscreen and widescreen editions), and a deluxe widescreen two-disc boxed set with additional artwork and other materials from Disney and Walden Media. The DVD sold four million copies on its first day of release[58] and overtook Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire to become the top selling DVD in North America for 2006.[59] As of December 2008 it has grossed $353.5 million in DVD sales, equivalent to 12,458,637 units sold.[60][61]

Disney later issued a four-disc extended cut of the film on DVD. It was released on December 12, 2006, and was available commercially until January 31, 2007, after which Disney put the DVD on moratorium.[62] The extended cut of the film runs approximately 150 minutes. The set includes all of the features previously released on the two-disc special edition. The two additional discs include a segment called "The Dreamer of Narnia", a previously unreleased feature length film about C. S. Lewis, and additional production featurettes.[63] Most of the extended footage, besides the extended battle sequence, is longer establishing shots of Narnia and footage of the Pevensies walking in Narnia.[64]

The high-definition Blu-ray Disc version was released on May 13, 2008, in the United States, and on June 16, 2008, in the United Kingdom.[65]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (2005)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 
  2. ^ "Narnia dvd sales". the-numbers.com. 2008-12-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d Andrew Adamson, William Moseley, Anna Popplewell, Skandar Keynes, Georgie Henley (2006). The Chronicles of Narnia:The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe Cast Commentary (DVD). 
  4. ^ a b c Richard Taylor, Howard Berger, Isis Mussendun, Roger Ford, Donald McAlpine, Sim-Evan Jones, Harry Gregson-Williams, Mark Johnson (2006). Cinematic Storytellers (DVD). Buena Vista. 
  5. ^ a b Chronicles of a Director (DVD). Buena Vista. 2006. 
  6. ^ a b c Visualizing The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe: The Complete Production Experience (DVD). Buena Vista. 2006. 
  7. ^ a b c d Andrew Adamson, Mark Johnson, Roger Ford (2006). Commentary (DVD). Buena Vista. 
  8. ^ Roya Nikkhah (2008-07-03). "William Moseley on Prince Caspian". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  9. ^ "Brian Cox Cast as the Voice of Aslan". NarniaWeb. 2004-12-09. Retrieved 2007-01-13. 
  10. ^ Wloszczyna, Susan (2005-05-02). "The wonderful world of 'Narnia' SIDEBAR: 'Narnia' nearly ready". USA Today. Retrieved 2007-01-13. 
  11. ^ "Liam Neeson Will Voice Aslan". NarniaWeb. 2005-07-15. Retrieved 2007-01-13. 
  12. ^ Soren Anderson (1995-07-16). "Wholesome fare film proves Hollywood's moral 'cupboard' isn't bare". The News Tribune. 
  13. ^ Marilyn Beck; Stacy Jenel Smith (1996-10-18). "Soundstage space crunch alters filmmaker Marshall's plans". Los Angeles Daily News. 
  14. ^ a b Potts, Kimberly. "20 Secrets about Narnia (Page 2)". Movies.com. Retrieved 2007-01-13. 
  15. ^ a b Fisher, Paul (2005-11-21). "Interview: Andrew Adamson "Chronicles of Narnia - Lion, Witch & Wardrobe"". Dark Horizons. Retrieved 2007-01-07. 
  16. ^ a b Faraci, Devin (2005-08-11). "The Coverage of Narnia - Part 1". CHUD. Retrieved 2007-01-07. 
  17. ^ Davidson, Paul (2001-12-07). "Move Over, Harry - A Real Fantasy Classic Is Coming to Town". IGN. Retrieved 2007-01-07. 
  18. ^ Sam Adams (2007-12-10). "Fantasy films? There's truth in there too". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  19. ^ "Del Toro crafts a harrowing fairy tale". Star Beacon. 2006-12-29. Retrieved 2007-03-28. 
  20. ^ Simon Thompson (2006-07-06). "Popplewell Gives Narnia Sequel Update". Comingsoon.net. Retrieved 2007-02-24. 
  21. ^ Joanna Cohen (2008-12-02). "Richard Taylor on the Weta Workshop and Prince Caspian". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2008-12-02. 
  22. ^ George Rousch (2008-12-02). "Prince Caspian DVD Interview: Creature Effects Wizard Howard Berger". Latino Review. Retrieved 2008-12-02. 
  23. ^ Mike Szymanski (2008-12-03). "More Caspian Clips, Creatures". SCI FI Wire. Retrieved 2008-12-03. [dead link]
  24. ^ Perry Moore; Anna Popplewell, Georgie Henley, Andrew Adamson, Roger Ford, Ben Wooten, Richard Taylor, Howard Berger, Dean Wright, Douglas Gresham (2005). The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe - The Official Illustrated Movie Companion. Harpercollins. pp. 104–113. ISBN 0-00-720817-0. 
  25. ^ "Narnia Filming Underway!". NarniaWeb. 2004-06-28. Retrieved 2007-01-07. 
  26. ^ Alan, Perrott (August 26, 2004). "Animatronic reindeer replace living variety in Narnia film". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2006-11-22. 
  27. ^ "Filming at Elephant Rocks". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  28. ^ The Children's Magical Journey (DVD). Buena Vista. 2006. 
  29. ^ "Narnia Shooting Ends". IGN. 2005-02-16. Retrieved 2007-01-06. 
  30. ^ Mouth, Blabber (2004-11-26). "BLABBERMOUTH.NET - Film Producers: EVANESCENCE-Penned Score Is Figment Of AMY LEE'S Imagination". roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net. 
  31. ^ a b Brennan, Mike. "Exclusive - The Chronicles of Narnia - First Listen". SoundtrackNet. November 14, 2005.
  32. ^ Burlingame, Jon. "Harry Gregson-Williams: A 21st Century Man". Music World via BMI. October 5, 2006.
  33. ^ "WORLDWIDE OPENINGS". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  34. ^ "2005 WORLDWIDE GROSSES". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
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External links[edit]