The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996 film)
|The Island of Dr. Moreau|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||John Frankenheimer|
|Produced by||Edward R. Pressman|
|Screenplay by||Richard Stanley
|Based on||The Island of Doctor Moreau
by H. G. Wells
|Music by||Gary Chang|
|Cinematography||William A. Fraker|
|Edited by||Paul Rubell|
|Distributed by||New Line Cinema|
The Island of Dr. Moreau is a 1996 American science fiction horror film, the third major film adaptation of H. G. Wells' novel The Island of Doctor Moreau, about a scientist who attempts to convert animals into people. The film stars Marlon Brando, Val Kilmer, David Thewlis, Ron Perlman, and Fairuza Balk, and was directed by John Frankenheimer, who was brought in half a week after shooting started. The screenplay is credited to the original director Richard Stanley and Ron Hutchinson.
In 2010, United Nations negotiator Edward Douglas (David Thewlis) survives a plane crash in the Java Sea and is eventually rescued by a passing boat. Aboard, a man called Montgomery (Val Kilmer) tends to him, and after telling him the boat has no radio, he promises Douglas the captain will take him to Timor after dropping him off. However, when they arrive at Montgomery's destination referred to as "Moreau's Island", he instead advises Douglas to stay with him, ostensibly so he can use the radio on the island.
Montgomery unloads a shipment of rabbits at a pen, and one runs away while he slaughters another for Douglas' meal. They then head on to the Main House where Douglas is warned not to wander. There, he meets a daughter of Dr. Moreau's called Aissa (Fairuza Balk), but Montgomery turns him away from her and leads him to his room. On the way, they discuss how Moreau vanished after becoming obsessed with his animal research. Montgomery locks Douglas in his room, but he manages to escape that night. He then comes across a laboratory where he witnesses the birth of a mutant baby, belonging to and delivered by human-animal hybrids. He is noticed, escapes, and runs into Aissa who leads him to the village of the mutants. On the way, they find the partially eaten corpse of a rabbit, not far from a leopard hybrid called Lo-Mai (Mark Dacascos). At the village, they find the Sayer of the Law (Ron Perlman) whose Law preaches "being human" in terms of restraint and discipline. Dr. Moreau (Marlon Brando), referred to as "The Father" by the mutants, appears. He controls the villagers by using a remote control that causes pain through an implant under the creatures' skin. Moreau forces the village to hand over Douglas only to peacefully take him to the House to discuss the situation.
Douglas, Montgomery and Moreau gather and he introduces his hybrid "children" and later dine. Then, he explains his creations: he introduced human DNA into animals in search of a higher being, incapable of harm. The existing Beast Folk are imperfect, but Moreau claims to be "closer than [Douglas] could possibly imagine" in his quest. Moreau's son Azazello (Temuera Morrison) comes in with the rabbit, to the disgust of Moreau who abhors killing. When he learns of the eaten rabbit, he promises that there will be a trial the next day. Douglas tries to escape by boat, but finds it overrun with rat-like creatures and gives up.
At the trial, Azazello unexpectedly shoots Lo-Mai. His body is burned, and a mutant called Hyena-Swine (Daniel Rigney) comes, notices the pain implant among his remains, then removes his own. Montgomery reveals to Douglas that in addition to the pain, the animals are controlled through regular drugging to prevent them from "retrogressing". Hyena-Swine shows off the removed implant, and so Montgomery sets the other beasts after him. Meanwhile, Douglas tries to contact the outside world, but Montgomery sabotages the radio and Aissa reveals to Moreau that she is regressing as it shows her with cat-like eyes.
Hyena-Swine and his trackers (now on his side and also free of implants) break into the House and confront their Father. Angry over their hybrid nature and no longer under his control, they reject humanity and the Law and kill Moreau. His children grieve, except for Azazello who steals Montgomery's gun and goes to join the savages. Aissa informs Douglas that he can stop her regression with a serum from the lab. However, it turns out Montgomery has gone insane and destroyed it. Douglas also finds samples and a file with his name on them, and finds out that Moreau was planning to use his DNA to stop Aissa's regression permanently, completing his experiments. Meanwhile, Azazello leads the savages to the armory.
The savages have now taken over the island: Azazello shoots Montgomery at the village and Hyena-Swine's faction rampages around the island. Azazello hangs Aissa, but is shot dead by Hyena-Swine after bringing Douglas to him. Douglas manages to survive by telling Hyena-Swine to impose his leadership and be "God Number One" among the others of his faction. During the battle, Douglas escapes and Hyena-Swine is killed in the burning building.
The Sayer of the Law and Assassimon see off Douglas as he leaves. The Sayer of the Law tells Douglas that the hybrids want to return to their natural state of being. In closing narration, Douglas reflects on the savagery that also emerges in humans and claims that he leaves the island "in fear".
- David Thewlis as Edward Douglas, a U.N. agent who gets left to die in the middle of the ocean and comes to the island.
- Val Kilmer as Dr. Montgomery, a former neurosurgeon who is vet on Dr. Moreau's island.
- Marlon Brando as Dr. Moreau, a mad scientist who created the Beast Folk.
- Fairuza Balk as Aissa, a beautiful cat hybrid and Moreau's "daughter" who looks more human than the other hybrids.
- Daniel Rigney as Hyena-Swine, a vicious hyena and pig hybrid.
- Temuera Morrison as Azazello, a dog-like hybrid and Moreau's "son" who is assigned to find the hybrids.
- Nelson de la Rosa as Majai, a miniature version of Dr. Moreau who doesn't speak.
- Peter Elliott as Assassimon, a baboon-like hybrid who is the only primate hybrid and Five Finger Man.
- Mark Dacascos as Lo-Mai, a leopard hybrid who is accused of breaking the laws (suckling water from a stream, walking on all fours, and eating flesh).
- Ron Perlman as Sayer of the Law, a blind goat-like hybrid who is the priest-like figure among the hybrids.
- Marco Hofschneider as M'Ling
- Miguel López as Waggdi
- William Hootkins as Kiril
Original director Richard Stanley spent four years developing the project before getting the green-light from New Line Cinema. The first sign of trouble appeared when Kilmer suddenly decided - for reasons of his own - that he wanted his role cut by 40%. Stanley knew that it was impossible to cut the role of UN diplomat Edward Prendick (later changed to Edward Douglas) by such a drastic amount, but he wanted to keep Kilmer on board, so he hit on the idea of switching him to the role of Dr. Montgomery, Moreau's assistant on the island. Kilmer agreed to this proposal, so the part of Prendick was given to Rob Morrow. The chosen location for the film were the rain forests outside Cairns in North Queensland, Australia.
Three days into filming, New Line fired Stanley. The reasons for Stanley's dismissal were not made clear, but it is likely because of difficulties with Kilmer, who was known to be difficult on sets and was going through a divorce at the time. During the first days' shooting, Kilmer would not deliver the dialogue as scripted, and the footage was deemed unusable. The studio seems to have blamed the director for not getting Kilmer under control.
New Line brought in veteran director John Frankenheimer, who, like virtually every member of the cast and crew, came on board because he wanted the opportunity to work with Brando. Frankenheimer's vision was very different from Stanley's, and he and Brando decided to have the then-current script by Richard Stanley, Michael Herr and Walon Green rewritten by Frankenheimer's previous collaborator Ron Hutchinson. When Morrow also decided to leave the production, Frankenheimer needed to find a new lead actor and brought in David Thewlis to play Douglas. The whole production was shut down for a week and a half while these changes were implemented.
Once shooting resumed, however, the problems did not dissipate. New pages were turned in only a few days before they were shot. Frankenheimer and Kilmer had an argument on-set, which reportedly got so heated, Frankenheimer stated afterwards, "I don't like Val Kilmer, I don't like his work ethic, and I don't want to be associated with him ever again". Because of this, there were two famous phrases Frankenheimer was quoted as saying to the press in reference to Val Kilmer. The first was, "There are two things I will never ever do in my whole life. The first is that I will never climb Mt. Everest. The second is that I will never work with Val Kilmer ever again." The second, more tongue-in-cheek phrase was, "Will Rogers never met Val Kilmer." Frankenheimer also reportedly clashed with Brando and the studio, as they were concerned with the direction he was taking the film.
The making of the film proved so disastrous that Fairuza Balk, who played the female lead, actually tried to escape production, but was caught at the airport and promptly returned to the set.
According to Thewlis, "we all had different ideas of where it should go. I even ended up improvising some of the main scenes with Marlon." Thewlis went on to rewrite his character personally. The constant rewrites also got to Brando's nerves and having no motivation to keep rehearsing new lines, he was equipped with a small radio receiver - a technique he'd used on earlier films. Thewlis recollects: "[Marlon would] be in the middle of a scene and suddenly he'd be picking up police messages and would repeat, 'There's a robbery at Woolworth's.'" Even Brando clashed with Kilmer over the latter's continuing erratic behavior. According to Film Threat magazine, Brando pointed out to him: "You're confusing your talents with the size of your paycheck".
Kilmer has stated that the time filming on-set was "crazy." He was served with divorce papers from his then-wife Joanne Whalley, and Brando was dealing with the suicide of his daughter Cheyenne as well as the implications of a French nuclear test near the atoll he owned. Upon completion of Kilmer's final scene, Frankenheimer is reported to have said to the crew, "Cut, Now get that bastard off my set."
As a joke, Stanley reportedly told the production designer to burn the set down; security was tightened in case he was actually trying to sabotage the project. One rumor surfaced (promoted by Stanley) that he did however manage to sneak back on the set in full costume as one of the many human-animal hybrids. Another reports that he showed up at the film's wrap party where he ran into Kilmer, who was said to have apologized profusely for Stanley's removal from the film.
Thewlis chose to skip the film's premiere.
Eventually, a director's cut was released on DVD, extending the 96-minute film to 100 minutes.
The film was met with negative reviews; Rotten Tomatoes rated the film with a 23% "Rotten" based on thirty-one reviews. The film grossed only $49 million worldwide on a $40 million budget, which, with marketing and other expenses, lost money for the studio 
The Island of Dr. Moreau later got six nominations for the Razzie Awards including Worst Picture and Worst Director, "winning" Worst Supporting Actor for Marlon Brando (Val Kilmer was also a nominee in this category). The film also got nominations for two Saturn Awards: Best Make-Up and Science Fiction Film.
The two earlier film versions of the story:
- 1932's Island of Lost Souls starring Charles Laughton and Bela Lugosi
- 1977's The Island of Dr. Moreau starring Burt Lancaster and Michael York
- Lost Soul: The Doomed Journey of Richard Stanley’s Island of Dr. Moreau, a 2014 documentary on the filming of The Island of Dr. Moreau
- Ascher-Walsh, Rebecca (1996-05-31). "Psycho Kilmer". Entertainment Weekly.
- http://www.theperlmanpages.i12.com/bsmovies/drmoreau.htm[dead link]
- "The Island of Dr Moreau [Between Death and the Devil - The Unofficial Richard Stanley Website]". Everythingisundercontrol.org. 1996-08-23. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- "The Science-Fiction, Horror and Fantasy Film Review". Moria. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- "The Island of Dr. Moreau - Movie Reviews, Trailers, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- "The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996)". Boxofficemojo.com. 1996-09-27. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- Snow, Shauna (1996-09-03). "Morning report". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-12-30.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996 film)|
- The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996) at the Internet Movie Database
- The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996) at AllMovie
- The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996) at Rotten Tomatoes
- A draft of the films screenplay, dated April 26, 1994