The Lion in Winter (1968 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Lion in Winter
Lion In Winter1.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Anthony Harvey
Produced by Joseph E. Levine
Jane C. Nusbaum
Martin Poll
Written by James Goldman
Starring Peter O'Toole
Katharine Hepburn
Anthony Hopkins
John Castle
Nigel Terry
Timothy Dalton
Music by John Barry
Cinematography Douglas Slocombe
Editing by John Bloom
Distributed by Avco Embassy Pictures
Release dates 30 October 1968
Running time 134 min.
Country United Kingdom
United States
Language English
Budget $10 million
Box office $22,276,975[1]

The Lion in Winter is a 1968 historical drama made by Avco Embassy Pictures, based on the Broadway play by James Goldman. It was directed by Anthony Harvey and produced by Joseph E. Levine and Martin Poll from Goldman's adaptation of his own play, The Lion in Winter.

The movie starred Peter O'Toole, Katharine Hepburn, John Castle, Anthony Hopkins as Richard the Lionheart (in his film debut), Jane Merrow, and, in early appearances, Timothy Dalton and Nigel Terry.

The critically acclaimed film was a commercial success (the 12th highest grossing film of 1968) and won three Academy Awards, including one for Hepburn as Best Actress. There was a television remake in 2003.

Plot[edit]

The Lion in Winter is set during Christmas 1183, at King Henry II's château and primary residence in Chinon, Anjou, within the Angevin Empire of medieval France. Henry wants his youngest son Prince John (1166–1216, the future John, King of England, reigned 1199–1216) to inherit his throne, while his estranged wife Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine (whom he keeps locked in the Salisbury Tower at Windsor Castle) favours their oldest surviving son Prince Richard (1157–1199, the future King Richard The Lionheart, reigned 1189–1199) as heir. Meanwhile, King Philip II of France, the son and successor of Louis VII of France, Eleanor's ex-husband, has given his half-sister Alais, who is currently Henry's mistress, to the future heir, and demands either a wedding or the return of her dowry.

Katharine Hepburn as Eleanor of Aquitaine.

As a ruse, Henry agrees to give Alais to Richard and make him heir-apparent. He makes a side deal with Eleanor for her freedom in return for Aquitaine, to be given to John. When the deal is revealed at the wedding, Richard refuses to go through with the ceremony. After Richard leaves, Eleanor masochistically asks Henry to kiss Alais in front of her, and then looks on in horror as they perform a mock marriage ceremony. Having believed Henry's intentions, John, at the direction of middle brother Prince Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany (1158–1186), plots with Philip to make war on England. Henry and Phillip meet to discuss terms, but Henry soon learns that Phillip has been plotting with John and Geoffrey, and that he and Richard were once lovers.

Henry dismisses all three sons as unsuitable, and locks them in the dungeon. He makes plans to travel to Rome for an annulment, so that he can have new sons with Alais, but she says he will never be able to release his sons from prison or they will be a threat to his future children. Henry sees that she is right and condemns them to death, but cannot bring himself to kill them, instead letting them escape. He and Eleanor go back to hoping for the future, with Eleanor going back on the barge to prison, laughing it off with Henry before she leaves.

Though the background and the eventual destinies of the characters are historically accurate, The Lion in Winter is fictional; none of the dialogue or action is historical. There was a Christmas court at Caen in 1182 but there was no Christmas Court at Chinon in 1183. In reality, Henry had many mistresses and many illegitimate children; the "Rosamund" mentioned in the film was his mistress until she died. The article on the Revolt of 1173–1174 describes the historical events leading to the play's events. As a matter of historical record, Richard the Lionheart succeeded Henry II, and was followed by John.

Cast[edit]

Background and production[edit]

In October 1967, the actors rehearsed at Haymarket Theatre in London.[2] Production started in November 1967[3] and continued until May 1968.[4]

The film was shot at Ardmore Studios in Bray, County Wicklow, Ireland and on location in Ireland, Wales, and in France at Abbaye de Montmajour, Arles, Château de Tarascon, Tarascon, and Tavasson, Saône-et-Loire. The film debuted on 30 October 1968 (29 December 1968 London premiere).

O'Toole, who portrays Henry II in his old age, had played the same king as a young man in the film Becket just four years earlier.

The sculpted stone figures appearing during the main title music were a lucky, unexpected find by the director while shooting scenes in France. They were filmed along the artist's driveway and later edited to create the title sequence where they appear to be on interior walls of the castle.[citation needed]

Reception[edit]

The film earned an estimated $6.4 million in distributor rentals in the domestic North American market during its initial year of release.[5] It was the 14th most popular movie at the US box office in 1969.[6]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Academy Awards[edit]

The film received three awards out of seven nominations.

BAFTA Awards[edit]

The film received two wins out of seven nominations.

  • Best ActressWin for Katharine Hepburn, jointly awarded with Hepburn's performance in Guess Who's Coming To Dinner
  • Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music—Win for John Barry
  • Best Cinematography—Nomination for Douglas Slocombe
  • Best Costume Design—Nomination for Margaret Furse
  • Best Screenplay—Nomination for James Goldman
  • Best Sound Track—Nomination for Chris Greenham
  • Best Supporting Actor—Nomination for Anthony Hopkins

Golden Globe Awards[edit]

The film received two wins out of seven nominations.

  • Best Motion Picture—DramaWin (Martin Poll, Joseph E. Levine)
  • Best ActorWin for Peter O'Toole
  • Best Actress—Nomination for Katharine Hepburn
  • Best Motion Picture Director—Nomination for Anthony Harvey
  • Best Original Score—Nomination for John Barry
  • Best Screenplay—Nomination for James Goldman
  • Best Supporting Actress—Nomination for Jane Merrow

Other awards[edit]

British Society of Cinematographers

  • Best Cinematography—Win for Douglas Slocombe

David di Donatello Awards

  • Best Foreign Production—Win for Martin Poll and Joseph E. Levine

Directors Guild of America Awards

  • Outstanding Directorial Achievement—Win for Anthony Harvey

Laurel Awards

  • Best Female Dramatic Performance—Win for Katharine Hepburn
  • Best Drama—Nomination

New York Film Critics Circle Awards

  • Best Film—Win

Writers' Guild of Great Britain

  • Best British Screenplay—Win for James Goldman

Writers Guild of America Awards

  • Best Written American Drama—Win for James Goldman

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Lion in Winter, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Bergan 1996, p. 155.
  3. ^ Callan 2004, pp. 90, 100, 105.
  4. ^ Wapshott 1984, p. 145.
  5. ^ "Big Rental Films of 1969", Variety, 7 January 1970 p 15
  6. ^ "The World's Top Twenty Films." Sunday Times [London, England] 27 Sept. 1970: 27. The Sunday Times Digital Archive. accessed 5 Apr. 2014

Bibliography[edit]

  1. ^ "The Lion in Winter, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Bergan 1996, p. 155.
  3. ^ Callan 2004, pp. 90, 100, 105.
  4. ^ Wapshott 1984, p. 145.
  5. ^ "Big Rental Films of 1969", Variety, 7 January 1970 p 15
  6. ^ "The World's Top Twenty Films." Sunday Times [London, England] 27 Sept. 1970: 27. The Sunday Times Digital Archive. accessed 5 Apr. 2014
  • Paden, William (2004). Utz, Richard; Swan, Jesse G, eds. I Learned It at the Movies: Teaching Medieval Film in: Postmodern Medievalisms. Cambridge: Brewer. pp. 79–98. 
  • Bergan, Ronald (1996). Katharine Hepburn: An Independent Woman. Arcade Publishing. p. 155. ISBN 9781559703512. 
  • Callan, Michael Feeney (2004). Anthony Hopkins: A Three Act Life. London: Robson Books. pp. 98, 100, 105. ISBN 186105761X. 
  • Wapshott, Nicholas (1984). Peter O'Toole: A Biography. Beaufort Books. p. 145. ISBN 9780825301964. 

External links[edit]